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Revision session 1

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  • 1. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Welcome to Sociology Revision This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary • Sign the register at the door • Take a sheet of paper (or use a notebook) • Take a seat relatively near the front of the room.
  • 2. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology What is Sociology? This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Sociology is the scientific study of the way society is structured and the processes that occur within it.
  • 3. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology What is Sociology? This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Sociology is the scientific study of the way society is structured and the processes that occur within it. scientific Sociology uses an empirical model of investigation: • Develop a theory • Perform experiments to gather data • Analyse data • Refine theory Sociology is grounded in the real, observable and measurable world. structured Sociology assumes from the outset that societies have structures; these may be hierarchical or egalitarian. processes Sociology studies the way in which these structures develop and the relationship between them and individual behaviour. Sociology is therefore concerned with unchanging/barely changing systems. Sociology is therefore concerned with the current effects of these systems.
  • 4. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines. Sociology is a branch of anthropology and involves aspects of history, geography, politics, linguistics, psychology and biology.
  • 5. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines. Sociology is a branch of anthropology and involves aspects of history, geography, politics, linguistics, psychology and biology. anthropology The study of people history The study of past events psychology The study of the brain
  • 6. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines. Sociology is a branch of anthropology and involves aspects of history, geography, politics, linguistics, psychology and biology. anthropology The study of people history The study of past events psychology The study of the brain geography The study of the relationship between humans and their physical environment politics The study of the human use of power
  • 7. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines. Sociology is a branch of anthropology and involves aspects of history, geography, politics, linguistics, psychology and biology. anthropology The study of people history The study of past events psychology The study of the brain geography The study of the relationship between humans and their physical environment politics The study of the human use of power linguistics The study of how languages develop and work biology The study of how the physical body works
  • 8. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology The rationale behind Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Anthropologists noticed early on that people are physically and genetically very similar, but behave in different ways depending on whom they live with. They realised that our society must affect the way we behave.
  • 9. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology The rationale behind Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines Our behaviour is not purely a result of our surroundings; some of it is inherent and has biological explanations. • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary rationale the reasons behind deciding to do something inherent built in
  • 10. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology The rationale behind Sociology This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Sociology is concerned with the non-biological origins of behaviours and ideas.
  • 11. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology The process of socialisation This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Socialisation is the process of adopting attitudes and behaviours from your surrounding environment. This happens through •Family •Mass media •Peers •Formal education Agencies of socialisation Employment agencies make your employment happen. Agencies of socialisation make your socialisation happen.
  • 12. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Primary Socialisation This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation The socialisation that we receive early on in life, usually from our families. Primary socialisation teaches us how to behave like humans. • Socialisation terminology • Summary primary = first secondary = second tertiary = third
  • 13. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Secondary Socialisation This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary The socialisation that we receive later on in life, from families, peers, media and the education system, that ‘refines’ our primary socialisation. Secondary socialisation teaches us to fit into our particular culture. primary = first secondary = second tertiary = third
  • 14. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Canalisation This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines Directing somebody down a certain route. • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Canals direct water. Canalisation directs people.
  • 15. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Appellation This afternoon, we will cover: • What Sociology is • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines Giving somebody a name that tells them how to behave. • The rationale behind Sociology • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation • Socialisation terminology • Summary Je m’appelle... My name is...
  • 16. Sociology GCSE Revision Session 1 Introduction to Sociology Summary This afternoon, we will cover: Sociology: the scientific study of the way society is structured and the processes that occur within it. • The relationship of Sociology to other academic disciplines Socialisation: the process of adopting attitudes and behaviours from your surrounding environment. • The rationale behind Sociology Primary socialisation: teaches us how to behave like humans. • The process of socialisation • Primary socialisation • Secondary socialisation Secondary socialisation: teaches us to fit into our particular culture. Canalisation: the process of directing somebody down a certain route. Appellation: giving somebody a name that tells them how to behave. • What Sociology is • Socialisation terminology • Summary