When you say Romania you say the Carpathians, the Black Sea, the Danube Delta, the monasteries in the North of Moldavia, and the ancient traditions of Maramures. There is also, Transylvania with its well-known legend of Dracula, the sweet wine, and the tasty traditional cuisine. But above all, Romania is a beautiful country due to its people’s hospitality. As the geographical area is not that wide, the variety of sights may strike you as surprising. In Romania you can go to the seaside for a perfect tan but you may as well reach the highest peaks of the wild mountains, explore the deep caverns or the Danube Delta. And you still have choices, as you can spend your time enjoying the prosperity of a traditional household, with good food and excellent wine.
Bucharest is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania. It is located in the southeast of the country and lies on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River.
Its eclectic architecture is a mix of historical, interbellum, Communist-era and modern. Although many buildings and districts in the historic centre were damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes and Nicolae Ceauşescu's program of systematization, much survived. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom.
Bucharest is situated in the south eastern corner of the Romanian Plain.As with many cities, Bucharest is traditionally considered to have seven hills, in the tradition of the seven hills of Rome.
Bucharest has a continental climate, characterised by hot dry summers and cold winters. Due to its position on the Romanian Plain, the city's winters could get windy, even though some of the winds are mitigated due to urbanisation. Winter temperatures are often below 0°C, even though they rarely drop below -10°C. In summer, the average temperature is approximately 23°C (the average for July and August), despite the fact that temperatures sometimes reach 35-40°C in mid-summer in the city centre.
It is the region with the shortest winter. Against a background of temperate climate, the Danube Delta is situated in an arid area with winds from the North and North-East. You can feel the Pontic influences, the cold and wet air from the West.
The annual average temperature is over 11 degrees, the hot summers with 22-23 degrees and the winters with blizzards and temperatures under 0 degrees for about 20 days.
The most reduced rainfalls in the country are around 350 mm, the summer torrential rains are well known and the drought is not felt because of the humid substratum.
In August 1990, the Danube Delta was declared by UNESCO reservation of the biosphere. It is made up of the delta, the complex of lagoons Razim-Sinoe and Valea Dunarii upstream until it gets to Cotul Pisicii, measuring a surface of 591.200 ha. This represents 2.5% of Romania's territory. In this area, the vegetal associations comprise of over 1.150 species of plants grouped as it follows:
aquatic plants - hydrophilic submersibles or natante, nenuphars, yellow water lilies, club mosses, sword flags, etc.
the floating reed islet, 19.5 km² - floating island, thick of 0.60-2 m, made up of roots and reed rhizomes.
the riverside coppices of willow trees, poplar trees, red and white sea buckthorns
exotic forests on Letea and Caraorman narrow reefs made up of autumnal and pedunculate thick oak trees, black and white poplar, alder trees, elm trees etc., shrubs like the hawthorn, the cornel tree, the privet, Mediterranean vegetation, ivy and Virginia creeper.
Sibiu is situated near the geographical center of Romania. Set in the Cibin Depression, the city is about 20 km from the Făgăraş Mountains, 12 km from the Cibin Mountains, and about 15 km from the Lotrului Mountains, which border the depression in its southwestern section.
The Cibin river and some roads of national and international interest run through Sibiu, which is also an important city for the railway transportation, as the meeting point of east-west and north-south routes.
Sibiu's climate is temperate-continental with average temperatures of 8 to 9° C. The multi-annual average of rainfall is 662 l/mp, and there are about 120 days of hard frost annually.
The city of Sibiu was one of the most important fortified cities in Southeastern Europe. Multiple rings were built around the city, most of them out of clay bricks. The south-eastern fortifications are the best kept, and all three parallel lines are still visible. The first is an exterior earth mound, the second is a 10-meter-tall red brick wall, and the third line comprises towers linked by another 10-meter-tall wall. All structures are connected via a labyrinth of tunnels and passageways, designed to ensure transport between the city and lines of defense.
In the 16th century more modern elements were added to the fortifications, mainly leaf-shaped bastions. One of these survived to this day, as the Haller Bastion (all the way down Coposu Boulevard).
For 2007Sibiu is European Cultural Capital by UNESCO
The Berca-Muddy Volcanos are a geological and botanical reservation located in the Berca commune in the Buzæu County in Romania. Its most spectacular feature is the muddy volcanos, some small (a few meters high) volcano-shaped structures caused by the eruption of natural gasses.
The geological phenomenon
As the gasses erupt from 3000 meters-deep towards the surface, through the underground layers of clay and water, they push up underground salty water and mud, so that they overflow through the mouths of the volcanos, while the gas emerges as bubbles. The mud dries off at the surface, creating a realatively solid conical structure, resembling a real volcano. The mud expelled by them is cold, as it comes from inside the Earth's continental crust layers, and not from the mantle.
The reservation is unique in Europe, with similar phenomena being observed in Siberia and Australia.
The muddy volcanos create a strange lunar landscape, due to the absence of vegetation around the cones. Vegetation is scarce because the soil is very salty, an environmental condition in which few plants can survive. However, this kind of environment is good for some rare species of plants, such as Nitraria schoberi and Obione verrucifera.
The phenomenon can be observed on two separate locations near the Berca commune, dubbed the Little Muddy Vulcanos and The Big Muddy Vulcanos.
Braşov is one of the largest cities in Romania. It is located in the center of the country and surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains. The city provides a mix of wonderful mountain scenery in the nearby Poiana Braşov and medieval history with Germanic influences in the old town. The city is 160 km from Bucharest.
Other than Braşov city and its immediate attractions, the resorts of Sinaia and Predeal, which are quite a far way out from the city and are considered separate administrative entities, also offer great tourism.
Braşov has relatively cold and wet weather, especially at night. This region of Romania enjoys four seasons (i.e. spring and autumn as well as winter and summer). The average temperature is 7.6 degrees Celsius only, even though in summer temperatures may reach up to 35 degrees Celsius.
What to see:
Old Town including the Black Church and main square or Council Square (Piata Sfatului). Features medieval buildings in different architectural styles. Everything is situated around the main square (Piata Sfatului). The picturesque pedestrian-only Republicii street, the Black Church, former Council House, indoor and outdoor terraces and restaurants, the Orthodox Cathedral, Muresenilor House, the Hirscher House and more.
The Romanian Black Sea Coast – 245 km long- is smoothly going down from Midia Cape to Vama Veche (Bulgarian border point); alongside 82 km ,19 localities are present, out of which 13 are tourist resorts.
The Romanian seaside has a special natural tourist potential, with main balneal resources.
The wide beach smoothly goes down to the sea and allows sea baths and water skiing.
The thick layer of sand offers the best conditions for sun baths – heliotherapy and sand baths.
The water by the sea shore gets warm faster in full season, reaching between 180 – 250C, even more. The sea water has a low salinity and together with the thermic water-air contrast, the waves and aerosols influence generates a special cure – thalasotherapy.
Besides the above, natural attractions increase the seaside potential, such as :
1.The presence of an original fish fauna - sturgeons and dolphins, as well as the lack of sharks and other dangerous species;
2.Lakes for leisure and water sports;
3.Forests (Comorova), parks and natural reservations, contribute to a favorable climate for the individual.
The Romanian Black Sea Coast resorts are a wonderful blend of the old and new. Tourists who come to visit us have the opportunity to enjoy the traditional culture of the region (mixture of Romanian, Greek, Macedonian and Turkish influences) and as well as reek the benefits of the modern tourist facilities.
Placed in the South-East of Romania (see map), Constanta county, together with Tulcea county, belongs to Dobrogea (see map), one of the oldest Romanian provinces.
Bordered by the Danube river to the West, Constanta county is bathed by the waters of the Black Sea to the East. Romanian coast is 245 km long (82 km in Constanta county, between Midia Cape and Vama Veche, (the border point to Bulgaria).
The Dobrudjean Plateau, with its main units: Casimcea Plateau, Istria Plateau, Medgidia Plateau and Mangalia Plateau, are the typical features of the county relief .
The climate is continental, characterized by dry and harsh winters, with strong winds and hot summers, proper to the helio-marine cure. The Romanian Black Sea Coast, with the same geographical latitude as San Remo, Monaco, Nice, Rimini, has the advantage of an Eastern orientation, permitting a long-lasting sun exposure (over 10 hours a day).
This geographical position has facilitated the development of transports throughout Constanta county ; the ports of Constanta, Mangalia and Midia , as well as by the Danube - Black Sea Canal, linking Constanta port with the Danube river, by Ostrov, Cernavoda and Harsova ports, are typical for same.
The Tourism is a main feature of the county economy, concentrating about 41% (over 121,000 accommodation places) out of the country tourist potential.
Land area: 7,071 sq. km.
Population: 746,700 inhabitants, as of July 1st 1997
The city of Drobeta Turnu Severin is situated in the west side of Oltenia, in southwest of the country. It is built on one of the terraces on the left bank of the river Danube, not far from the Danube's emergence from the Iron Gates Gorge. It has the centre on 22°33' east longitude and 44°38' north latitude, in the sub-carpatic depression of Topolnita. It is located on the number 70 European road, and is 353 km away from Bucharest
Traian' bridge: built by Apollodor of Damasc (103 - 105), was ruined in the III-rd century. All that remains are the vestiges of the bridge supports (feet) on both sides of Danube.
Doftana is a Romanian prison that was used in the 1930s to detain political prisoners. It is situated close to the village with the same name, in the Telega commune. During the communist regime it was transformed into a museum, which has been deserted due to lack of funds.
Timişoara is with 336,089 inhabitants one of the largest cities in Romania. It is a large economic as well as cultural center in Banat in the west of the country.
It is a multicultural city with influential minorities, primarily Hungarians, Germans, and Serbs, as well as Italians, Bulgarians, and Greeks. It was the birthplace of Johnny Weissmuller (an Olympic swimmer, best known for his role as Tarzan).
The city is also called "Little Vienna", because it belonged for a very long time to the Habsburg Empire and the entire city center consists of buildings built in the Kaiser era, which reminds one much of the old Vienna. Timişoara is an important university center with the emphasis on subjects like medicine, mechanics and electro-technology. An industrial city with extensive services, it was the first European city to be lit by electric street lamps in 1884. It was also the second European and the first city in what is now Romania with horse drawn trams in 1867. There are numerous claims that Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, built one of Timişoara's footbridges over the Bega.
A Dacian settlement near Sighiøoara known as Sandova dates as far back as the 3rd century BC. It was the site of an Imperial Roman castrum and legion base from the 2nd century. During the 12th century, German craftsmen and merchants known as the Transylvanian Saxons were invited to Transylvania by the King of Hungary to settle and defend the frontier of his realm. The chronicler Krauss lists a Saxon settlement in the actual Sighiøoara by 1191. By 1280 it was known by the Latin name of Castrum Sex, and by 1298 by the Saxon name of Schespurch resp. Schaesbrich. By 1337 Sighiøoara had become a royal center for the kings, who awarded the settlement urban status in 1367 as the Civitas de Segusvar.
The city played an important strategic and commercial role at the edges of Central Europe for several centuries. Sighiøoara became one of the most important cities of Transylvania, with artisans from throughout the Holy Roman Empire visiting the settlement. The German artisans and craftsmen dominated the urban economy, as well as building the fortifications protecting it. It is estimated that during the 16th and the 17th centuries Sighiøoara had as many as 15 guilds and 20 handicraft branches. The Baroque sculptor Elias Nicolai lived in the city. The Wallachian prince Vlad ﬁepeø, probably born near Sighiøoara in 1431, minted coins in the city and issued the first document listing the city's Romanian name, Sighiøoara.
Central Sighiøoara has preserved in an exemplary way the features of a small medieval fortified city, it has been listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Each year, a Medieval Festival takes place in the old citadel in July.
Târgu Mures (Hungarian: Marosvásárhely, German: Neumarkt an der Mieresch or Szeklerneumarkt) is first mentioned in 1332 as Novum Forum Siculorum (the New Borough of the Szeklers). The city has been an important cultural and educational center since the 16th century, and has always been characterized by ethnical diversity.
Unfortunately, during the communist era, Târgu Mures has suffered from ethnic cleansing, where Romanian authorities forcefully exiled Hungarian, German or Jewish population from Transylvania, bringing instead Romanian and Roma population from the less-developed eastern and southern parts of the country.
Nevertheless, Târgu Mures is still a diverse place. According to the 2002 census, the city has a population of 150,000, of which 50% is Romanian, 47% Hungarian, 2.5% Roma, and the rest mostly German. The confessional breakdown is Orthodox (46%), Reformed (30%), Roman-Catholic (14%), Greek-Catholic (3%), Unitarian (3%) and other (4%).
Beautiful Maramures is the most remote of our destinations, located in northwest Romania, bordering the Ukraine along the Tisa river. This is the most isolated and undeveloped land in Romania. The region consists of low mountains, green hills and long river valleys extending across northern Romania to Bucovina.
Its inhabitants are mostly peasants living in small villages throughout the valley, still abiding by the same traditions as did their ancestors of hundreds of years ago. Many still have no electricity or running water; few own telephones or automobiles. The region is famous for its wooden churches and elaborately carved gates, its colorful peasant costumes of red, white and black, and hand-dyed and woven rugs.
The Merry Cemetery, in neighboring village of Sapinta, honors its deceased with wooden gravemarkers, carved and painted with depicting them at their trades and inscribed with humorous rhymes (in Romanian) about their lives.
Welcome to the fortress of Hunedoara, that became the castle of the most pre-eminent king of the medieval - Matia Corvin.
The monument has a special glamour due to its different construction styles, the presence of military and civil innovations as well as for the impetuous court life that animated it for more than 400 years.
The Corvins' Castle impresses by the presence that dominates the city of Hunedoara. For those ones attracted by the Middle Age, the Corvins' Castle represents an unique monument in Romania and one of the most interesting in Europe.
Iasi, the capital of Moldova (the province), is nicknamed the cultural capital of Romania. One of its highlights is the splendid neo-gothic Palace of Culture. It will take you more than a day to visit the palace, not in the least because it houses four museums (its most famous two probably being the Art Museum and the Moldovian History Museum).
The city boasts the oldest public university of Romania and still is a incredibly popular student town. The older part of the former capital of Moldova is very inviting with its many museums and churches, such as the 'Saint Nicholas' which is the first church with the unique external walls painted style, applied latter on the famous Bukovina monasteries or 'Trei Ierarhi' dating from the 17th century with its carved-stone facade - Iasi has seven monasteries inside its city limit. Many 19th century style buildings still shape the city flavor, one of them being 'Traian' Hotel designed by Gustave Eiffel. Many museums, old fashion parks and surprisingly an incredible number of statues posted at almost every corner.
Bran Castle, situated near Bran and in the immediate vicinity of Braşov, Romania, is a national monument and landmark.
The fortress is situated on the border between Transylvania and Wallachia, on Highway 73. In addition to its unique architecture, the castle is famous because of persistent myths that it was once the home of Vlad the Impaler, a famous or infamous medieval warlord; however, there is no evidence that he ever lived there. According to most accounts, the Impaler spent two days in the Bran dungeon, as the area was occupied by the Ottoman Empire at the time. Because of the (disputed) connections between Vlad and the fictional character Dracula, the castle is marketed to foreign tourists as Dracula's Castle; see below.
The castle is open to tourists, who can view the inside by themselves or as part of a guided tour. At the bottom of the hill is a small park to which examples of traditional Romanian peasant structures (cottages, barns, etc.) from across the country have been moved.
View from inside.
The castle passed through royal hands for many generations. For many years at the beginning of the 20th century, it was the principal home of Queen Marie, who, despite her British birth and upbringing, became quite a Romanian patriot. The castle is decorated largely with artifacts from her time, including traditional furniture and tapestries that she collected to highlight Romanian crafts and skills. It was inherited by her daughter Princess Ileana of Romania, and was later seized by the Communist government of Romania in 1948. For many years it was tended to erratically, but after 1980s restoration and the Romanian Revolution of 1989, it became a tourist destination. The legal heir of the castle is the Princess's son Dominic von Habsburg and in 2006 the Romanian government returned it to him (Habsburg is an architect in New York City). In 2007, von Habsburg put the castle up for sale for a price of £40,000,000 ($77,000,000).
The secret passage inside the castle. It connects the first to the third floor
Allegedly, Bram Stoker, who fashioned portions of his character Count Dracula based on aspects of Vlad the Impaler, used Bran Castle as his model for Dracula's castle. Bran Castle was subsequently featured in multiple film adaptations of Dracula, and has informally become known as Dracula's Castle. The local economy has made use of the connection to boost tourism; a small market exists at the castle gates selling every imaginable article connected with, or depicting the portrait of, Dracula and vampires.
This information is actually a misnomer. Vlad's Castle was the one at Poienari in Wallachia, not in Transylvania.
ROMANIA TWIN FILM CREW TwinFilm Romania is one of the six subsidiaries of the International TwinFilm group, founded in 1991. TwinFilm Romania was established in 2002 and produces national and international commercials under the management of the German twin brothers Andreas and Thomas Habermeyer. The TwinFilm office is conveniently located in the very heart of Bucharest next to the new five Star Hotel Howard Johnson Grand Plaza. It is within walking distance to shopping, nightlife, fine dining and some of city's best sightseeing. The office is managed by the skilled executive producer George Toader and offers its clients all the amenities to generate high quality commercials: International telephone lines, high-speed cable internet, DVD and video equipment, private meeting space are available to TwinFilm clients during their stay in Bucharest. The young and enthusiastic crew manages all production departments from location scout, casting to props and set dressing, all tailored to the needs of each commercial shoot. TwinFilm Romania effectively accommodates tight budgets while ensuring high production value. In Romania there is virtually no limit to the range of locations available to shoot. From the rolling hills and painted monasteries of Moldavia in the Northeast, to the Carpathian mountain range and frozen-in-time charming villages of Transylvania in the West, to the sandy beaches of the Black Sea coast in the Southeast, Romania offers a wider variety of filming locations than anywhere else in Eastern Europe. Bucharest, once known as the “Little Paris” of Europe, has a mixture from glorious Belle Époque buildings and many 18th and 19th century palaces to modern building complexes with a lot of museums, theatres, opera houses and concert halls - Bucharest has become one of the most suitable filming locations in Central Europe.
ROMANIA HOTELS MARRIOTT: http://marriott.com/property/propertypage/BUHRO NOVOTEL: http://www.novotel.com/novotel/fichehotel/gb/nov/5558/fiche_hotel.shtml HILTON: http://www.athenee.palace.hilton.hotel.tourneo.ro/F_New/ HOWARD JOHNSON http://www.hojo.ro/ CROWNE PLAZA: http://www.ichotelsgroup.com/h/d/cp/1/en/hotel/buhrm?rpb=hotel&crUrl=/h/d/cp/1/en/hotelsearchresults SOFITEL: http://www.sofitel.com/sofitel/fichehotel/gb/sof/1714/fiche_hotel.shtml GOLDEN TULIP: http://www.goldentulip.com/PropertySearch.aspx?Country=RO&City=Bucharest
ROMANIA TEMPERATURE AVERAGES in ROMANIA: SummerWinterAnnual average Romania's location gives it a continental climate, particularly in Moldavia and Wallachia (geographic areas east of the Carpathians and south of the Transylvanian Alps, respectively) and to a lesser extent in centrally located Transylvania, where the climate is more moderate. A long and at times severe winter (December-March), a hot summer (April-July), and a prolonged autumn (August-November) are the principal seasons, with a rapid transition from spring to summer. In Bucharest, the daily minimum temperature in January averages -7oC (20oF), and the daily maximum temperature in July averages 29oC (85oF). It rains especially in the mountains and in the plains (during spring, summer and autumn). Quick showers of rain happen often during summer, but they don't last long usually (july, august). Wind average speed is of 30m/s but Romania is not a very windy country. Winds come usually with summer storms.