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 Open Standards Role in EarthCube (AGU 2013)
 

Open Standards Role in EarthCube (AGU 2013)

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TITLE: Open Standards Role in EarthCube (Invited) ...

TITLE: Open Standards Role in EarthCube (Invited)
AUTHORS (FIRST NAME, LAST NAME): Luis E Bermudez1, David K Arctur2, 1, George Percivall1
INSTITUTIONS (ALL): 1. Open Geospatial Consortium, Gaithersburg, MD, United States.
2. University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States.
ABSTRACT BODY: EarthCube is an NSF initiative that will enable sharing of data in an open and transparent manner, improving access and use of data, allowing scientists to better understand the Earth. EarthCube is based on a network of enthusiasts willing to make the sharing of data a reality. But is just having open data enough? Open data will not accelerate the process a scientist team needs to go through to understand, reformat and use the data. However, agreements among colleagues or adoption of agreements can make a big difference. These agreements also need to be published, freely available, and unpolluted from intellectual property rights issues. The system design requirements to develop cyberinfrastructure for Geosciences need to take into account these open agreements, including open interfaces and open encodings. Once open agreements are in place, it is essential to have in place policy and procedures, and a governance body for maintaining those agreements. This presentation will explore these issues and suggest ways the standard development organizations, like the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), and other coordinating organizations, such as the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) and the Research Data Alliance (RDA), could be involved in this process.
http://www.opengeospatial.org

In AGU 2013 Session: IN43B. Emerging Concepts for Cyberinfrastructure in the Geosciences

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     Open Standards Role in EarthCube (AGU 2013) Open Standards Role in EarthCube (AGU 2013) Presentation Transcript

    • ® Open Standards Role in EarthCube George Percivall, OGC Chief Engineer AGU Session IN43B Emerging Concepts for Cyberinfrastructure in the Geosciences 12 December 2013 Copyright © 2013, Open Geospatial Consortium
    • ANT Glaciology NCAR ANT Astro & Geospace PaleoClimate Solar Terrestial Tectonics Aeronomy ARC Natural Sciences Phy. & Dyn Met. EAR Ed. Atm. Chemistry EarthScope Magnetospheric Phys. Clm & Large Scale Dyn Geophysics IES ARC Sys Science (ARCSS) ARC Obs. Network (AON) Petrology Geochemis try Sediment Geology and Paleobio Geobio & Low Temp Geochem Hydrology Geomomor phology & land use dyn ARC Social Sciences EarthCube CI Biological Infrastruct ure ANT Earth Sciences Phys Ocean Envir. Biology OOI ANT Ocean & Atm. Sci. GeoPRISM Emerging Frontiers (BIO) Software High Perf Computing Networks ANT Organisms & Ecosys. Biological Ocean Ocean Drilling Marine Geology & Geo-phys OCE ED Data Chem Ocean Source of slide: Eva Zanzerkia, NSF
    • The EarthCube Strategy CUASHI DataOne Unidata NCAR IRIS IEDA OOI • Engage all stakeholders: Geosciences end-users Geosciences and CI facilities CI and Computer Science specialists • Build EarthCube iteratively, with community input and assessment in yearly intervals • EarthCube built on existing resources, understanding that different geosciences communities are cannot be uniformly served 3 Source of slide: Eva Zanzerkia, NSF
    • What are the Goals of EarthCube? EarthCube aims to: • Transform research and data management practices within the geosciences community over the next decade • Provide unprecedented new capabilities, including access to data and visualization tools, to researchers and educators • Vastly improve the productivity of the geosciences community • Accelerate research on the Earth system • Provide a knowledge management framework for the geosciences http://earthcube.org/page/about OGC ® Copyright © 2013, Open Geospatial Consortium
    • Open Data and a Culture of Cooperation • EarthCube is based on a network of enthusiasts willing to make the sharing of data a reality. But is just having open data enough? – Open data will not accelerate the process a scientist team needs to go through to understand, reformat and use the data. • Letter to Editor response by 44 persons in EarthCube – “Although the question of who pays for open data is important… – A greater challenge lies in implementing institutional and cultural changes required before data from government-sponsored research can be openly shared” – Science 29 November 2013: V. 342 pp. 1041-4042 OGC ® © GEO Secretariat
    • Cyberinfrastructure for Geosciences • Cyberinfrastructure depends upon agreements for open interfaces and open encodings • Development of cyberinfrastructure for Geosciences need to take into account these open agreements, including open interfaces and open encodings. • Once open agreements are in place, it is essential to have in place policy and procedures, and a governance body for maintaining those agreements. OGC ® Copyright © 2013, Open Geospatial Consortium
    • EarthCube Stakeholder Alignment Data and Principles for Test Governance Meeting Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Nick Berente, University of Georgia Burcu Bolukbasi, UIUC Leslie DeChurch, Georgia Tech University Courtney Flint, Utah State University Michael Haberman, UIUC John L. King, University of Michigan Eric Knight, University of Sydney Barbara Lawrence, UCLA Ethan Masella, Brandeis Uniersity Charles Mcelroy, Case Western Reserve University Support from the National Science Foundation is deeply appreciated: Barbara Mittleman, Nodality, Inc. NSF-VOSS EAGER 0956472, “Stakeholder Alignment in Socio-Technical Systems,” Mark Nolan, UIUC NSF OCI RAPID 1229928, “Stakeholder Alignment for EarthCube,” Melanie Radik, Brandeis University NSF GEO-SciSIP-STS-OCI-INSPIRE 1249607, “Enabling Transformation in the Social Namchul Shin, Pace University Sciences, Geosciences, and Cyberinfrastructure,” Susan Winter, University of Maryland NSF I-CORPS 1313562 “Stakeholder Alignment for Public-Private Partnerships” Ilya Zaslavsky, UCSD
    • Where such standards exist, EarthCube should use formal, internationally approved, geoscience-wide data access/sharing standards and protocols (e.g. ISO, OGC). (v100 R2) Where there are not formal, international standards, please indicate your priority between, on the one hand, EarthCube encouraging development or extension of formal, internationally approved, geoscience-wide data access/sharing standards and protocols (0) versus EarthCube have its own systems of standards and protocols (1). (v101 R2) 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Formal international standards EC encourage where no standards
    • Recent EarthCube awards by NSF • • • • Building Blocks Conceptual Architecture Research Networks Test Governance – an Agile approach OGC ® © GEO Secretariat
    • Agile development benefits from prototyping • Manifesto for Agile Software Development – Individuals and interactions over processes and tools – Working software over comprehensive documentation – Customer collaboration over contract negotiation – Responding to change over following a plan • Innovation and creativity in development occurs most reliably with multiple prototypes OGC ®
    • GEOSS approach relevant to EarthCube GEOSS connects Observations to Decisions
    • GEOSS Interoperability Arrangements - From the GEOSS 10 Year Plan Reference Document - • Interoperability through open interfaces – Interoperability specifications agreed to among contributing systems – Access to data and information through service interfaces • Open standards and intellectual property rights – GEOSS adopting standards; agreed upon by consensus, preference to formal international standards – GEOSS will not require commercial or proprietary standards – Multiple software implementations compliant with the open standards should exist – Goal is that at least one of the implementations should be available to all implementers "royalty-free"
    • GEOSS Data Sharing Principles • Full and Open Exchange of Data • Data and Products at Minimum Time delay and Minimum Cost • Free of Charge or Cost of Reproduction
    • GEOSS Information System and GEOSS DataCORE www.geoportal.org • GEO Portal - new version released last week • More than 14 million discoverable Resources • More than 1.2 million are • Brokered Search of >20 Community Catalogues • Example search: 1081 datasets for Land Cover available as GEO DataCORE © GEO Secretariat
    • GEOSS AIP Architecture Community Objectives GEOSS Vision and Targets Societal Benefit Areas System of Systems/ Interoperability Enterprise Viewpoint Information Framework Earth Observations Geographic Features Spatial Referencing Metadata and Quality GEOSS Data-CORE Abstract/Best Practices Services Information Computational Viewpoint Catalog/Registry Access and Order Processing Services Sensor Web User Identity Viewpoint Optimized Design/Development Use Cases Component Types Engineering Discover Resources Viewpoint Visualize and Access GEOSS User Process and Automate Maintain and Support SoS Publish Resources Registries Best Practices Wiki User Requirements Technology Viewpoint Tutorials RM-ODP Viewpoints GEO Web Portal Components & Services Standards and Interoperability GEOSS Resource Provider Main GEO Web Site GEOSS Common Infrastructure Semantics Registered Community Resources Client Tier Community Portals Client Applications Discovery Broker GEOSS Clearinghouse Test Facility Mediation Tier Community Catalogues Portrayal Workflow Management Servers User Management Processing Servers Sensor Web Servers Model Web Servers Access Brokers Access Tier GEONETCast Data Servers
    • EarthCube Cyberinfrastructure • Agile development and governance • Open Data and a Culture of Cooperation • Building blocks and architecture simultaneously and iteratively • Coordinating organizations – ESIP, RDA, Belmont Forum, OGC and many others • An open community with many opportunities and benefits – http://earthcube.org/ OGC ® Copyright © 2013, Open Geospatial Consortium
    • Thanks George Percivall, OGC Member of EarthCube Test Governance