Learning and Teaching  - putting it all together   A. Theories of Learning
Goals <ul><li>Review some of the more important ideas regarding Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Have these in mind...
Teaching and Learning <ul><li>a reminder of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Theories of Learning </li></ul><ul><li>B. Research </li>...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>1. Glasersfeld </li></ul><ul><li>2. Bruner </li></ul><ul><li>3. Freire </li></ul><ul><li>4...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>1. Ernst von Glasersfeld: Constructivism </li></ul>
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>2. Jerome Bruner: </li></ul>Structure of learning important Readiness for learning Spiral ...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEM...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEM...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEM...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEM...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>4. Jean Piaget: </li></ul>
Piaget’s  Constructivist Theory of Learning “ A student who achieves knowledge through free investigation and spontaneous ...
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operations
Formal Operations Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operations
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>5. Lev Vygotsky </li></ul>Social, Historical and Cultural interactions are critical to lea...
Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING LEARNING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING LEARNING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development ZPD
POTENTIAL LEVEL ACTUAL LEVEL ZPD
CONCEPTUAL SIMILARITIES BETWEEN VYGOTSKY PIAGET and SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM   with an ever so slight lean toward  nurture CO...
VYGOTSKY SOCIAL INTERACTION “ How do children learn best?” DEPENDENT UPON INSTRUCTION SCAFFOLDING ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOP...
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>6. Abraham Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs </li></ul>
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>7. Howard Gardener: Multiple Intelligences </li></ul>
 
A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>8. Benjamin Bloom: Bloom’s Taxonomy </li></ul>
A pause… for reflection… 1. Glasersfeld 2. Bruner 3. Freire 4. Piaget 5. Vigotsky 6. Maslow 7. Gardener 8. Bloom
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Learning and Teaching Part A

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Learning and Teaching - a brief run through the main theories underpinning current ideas of learning and teaching. From September 2004

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  • it will help a lot for my research about effectiveness on teaching. thank you and more power ^_^
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  • This is a great presentation, I will be using some part of it to arrange my PGCE assignment. Thank you
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  • We have called this first session “Learning and Teaching – putting it all together”. We have had several initiatives addressing Learning and Teaching in the school, the last one with Ruth Sutton in May. I shall attempt to “put it all together”.
  • Learning and Teaching Part A

    1. 1. Learning and Teaching - putting it all together A. Theories of Learning
    2. 2. Goals <ul><li>Review some of the more important ideas regarding Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Have these in mind as the T & L committee present their first draft of Key Principles of Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide some ideas to reflect upon </li></ul>
    3. 3. Teaching and Learning <ul><li>a reminder of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Theories of Learning </li></ul><ul><li>B. Research </li></ul><ul><li>C. Practices and Models </li></ul>
    4. 4. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>1. Glasersfeld </li></ul><ul><li>2. Bruner </li></ul><ul><li>3. Freire </li></ul><ul><li>4. Piaget </li></ul><ul><li>5. Vygotsky </li></ul><ul><li>6. Maslow </li></ul><ul><li>7. Gardener </li></ul><ul><li>8. Bloom </li></ul>
    5. 5. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>1. Ernst von Glasersfeld: Constructivism </li></ul>
    6. 6. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>2. Jerome Bruner: </li></ul>Structure of learning important Readiness for learning Spiral curriculum Intuition Motives for learning
    7. 7. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>
    8. 8. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING
    9. 9. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner
    10. 10. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING
    11. 11. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING An act of “knowing”
    12. 12. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING An act of “knowing” Synthesis achieve through dialogue, and
    13. 13. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>3. Paolo Freire </li></ul>Educator MAXIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING Learner MINIMALLY SYSTEMATISED KNOWING An act of “knowing” Synthesis achieve through dialogue, and interaction with the environment
    14. 14. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>4. Jean Piaget: </li></ul>
    15. 15. Piaget’s Constructivist Theory of Learning “ A student who achieves knowledge through free investigation and spontaneous effort will be able to retain that knowledge and will have acquired a methodology that can serve a lifetime”
    16. 16. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
    17. 17. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor
    18. 18. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational
    19. 19. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operations
    20. 20. Formal Operations Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operations
    21. 21. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>5. Lev Vygotsky </li></ul>Social, Historical and Cultural interactions are critical to learning Individuals create Psychological Tools to learn and to master their behaviour. (Language) Zone of Proximal Development
    22. 22. Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    23. 23. ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    24. 24. POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    25. 25. POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    26. 26. POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    27. 27. POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING LEARNING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development
    28. 28. POTENTIAL LEVEL (“ capability ”) ACTUAL LEVEL (“ ability ”) TEACHING LEARNING Showing the Zone of Proximal Development ZPD
    29. 29. POTENTIAL LEVEL ACTUAL LEVEL ZPD
    30. 30. CONCEPTUAL SIMILARITIES BETWEEN VYGOTSKY PIAGET and SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM with an ever so slight lean toward nurture COGNITIVE CONSTRUCTIVISM with an ever so slight lean toward nature
    31. 31. VYGOTSKY SOCIAL INTERACTION “ How do children learn best?” DEPENDENT UPON INSTRUCTION SCAFFOLDING ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT A. Theories of Learning
    32. 32. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>6. Abraham Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs </li></ul>
    33. 33. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>7. Howard Gardener: Multiple Intelligences </li></ul>
    34. 35. A. Theories of Learning <ul><li>8. Benjamin Bloom: Bloom’s Taxonomy </li></ul>
    35. 36. A pause… for reflection… 1. Glasersfeld 2. Bruner 3. Freire 4. Piaget 5. Vigotsky 6. Maslow 7. Gardener 8. Bloom

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