Simple Divergent, Emergent &
Convergent Thinking
Fan > Explore > Focus
!

I came to this presentation
via a circuitous route. So I
am going to take you on a
bit of the same journey.
!

The approach I describe here is a mashup
of concepts from Eric Knight Reframing;
Dave Gray, Sunni Brown and James
Macan...
Reframing

The
Streetlight
Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

It starts with an old story
about how we can go looking
where ...
The Streetlight
An old story with many variants:
1. A man is looking for his keys
under a streetlight
2. A person comes an...
The
Streetlight

Reframing
Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

And an idea
from Eric Knight
that needs to be
shared.

Fan &
F...
Reframing
Eric Knight 2012 in Reframe writes that
earnest, well-meaning, intelligent people use
a ‘magnifying glass’ to so...
Reframing
Eric suggests we start with a camera lens:
– A wider field of view
– Able to focus at different distances,
givin...
Reframing

Which leads to
two important
ways of thinking.

The
Streetlight

Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

Fan &
Focus

...
Two Skills

Divergent
Thinking

Convergent
Thinking
Michelle James
CEO, The Center for Creative Emergence
www.creativeemergence.com

Words
Chart With Some Techniques
Divergent
Brainstorming
Forced
Analogy
(& Dictionary
Method)

Text
Affinity
Diagram

Value Stre...
Reframing
The
Streetlight
Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

That have been put
together in a simple,
powerful way.

Fan &
F...
Fan & Focus
Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions
presents this model:

Seeking as many
options as possible

FAN

Divergent Th...
Fan & Focus
Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions
presents this model:
Transition Point

Seeking as many
options as possible

...
Fan & Focus
Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions
presents this model:
Transition Point

Seeking as many
options as possible

...
Fan & Focus Issues

Preconceived ideas /
Lack of creativity

Ignoring/overlooking possibilities

Short-changing one phase
Reframing
The
Streetlight
Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

But something was
missing. Some sort
of ‘incubation’.

Fan &
Fo...
Emergent Thinking

Explore!!!
Reframing
The
Streetlight
Divergent &
Convergent
Thinking

Fan &
Focus

Which led to
the final form
of the model.

Emergen...
Fan, Explore & Focus
Spend some time ‘in between’ fanning and
focussing – exploring what you are finding out.

Seeking as ...
Tools & Techniques
FAN
•
•
•
•
•

Brainstorm
Daydream
‘Tinker’
Imagine
Provocative
questions
• Gap analysis
• Case studies...
!

All the best on your journey
– and at every point make
sure you know whether you
are fanning, exploring or
focussing!
© Performance People Pty Ltd, 2013
www.performancepeople.com.au
With appreciation for the contributions of Eric
Knight Ref...
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Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking

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This slideshow is a segment taken from workshops on decision making and problem solving. I hope you enjoy this considered approach to problem solving.
...Geoff
(www.performancepeople.com.au)

Published in: Business, Education, Technology
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  • I just found a really great cartoon representation of this process on the frontpage at Innovation Games. http://www.innovationgames.com/ideas-to-action/

    ...Geoff
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  • Very handy - thank you Geoff - about to run a level 3 for a client! provides excellent options! thank you :)
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Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking

  1. 1. Simple Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  2. 2. ! I came to this presentation via a circuitous route. So I am going to take you on a bit of the same journey.
  3. 3. ! The approach I describe here is a mashup of concepts from Eric Knight Reframing; Dave Gray, Sunni Brown and James Macanufo Gamestorming; Ian Dixon of Dixon Partners; and Michelle James of The Center for Creative Emergence.
  4. 4. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking It starts with an old story about how we can go looking where we are comfortable, rather than where answers can be found. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  5. 5. The Streetlight An old story with many variants: 1. A man is looking for his keys under a streetlight 2. A person comes and helps him 3. They cannot find the keys 4. When challenged. the man admits he dropped his keys ‘over there’ 5. He is looking here, because he can see in the light
  6. 6. The Streetlight Reframing Divergent & Convergent Thinking And an idea from Eric Knight that needs to be shared. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  7. 7. Reframing Eric Knight 2012 in Reframe writes that earnest, well-meaning, intelligent people use a ‘magnifying glass’ to solve problems
  8. 8. Reframing Eric suggests we start with a camera lens: – A wider field of view – Able to focus at different distances, giving multiple ‘frames of reference’
  9. 9. Reframing Which leads to two important ways of thinking. The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  10. 10. Two Skills Divergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  11. 11. Michelle James CEO, The Center for Creative Emergence www.creativeemergence.com Words
  12. 12. Chart With Some Techniques Divergent Brainstorming Forced Analogy (& Dictionary Method) Text Affinity Diagram Value Stream Mapping The Creative Whack Pack Six Thinking Hats Mind Maps/ Concept Maps/ Topic Maps Graphics Flowcharting/ Process Flow Nominal Group Technique Prototype/ Pilot Trial Convergent
  13. 13. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking That have been put together in a simple, powerful way. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  14. 14. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Seeking as many options as possible FAN Divergent Thinking
  15. 15. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Transition Point Seeking as many options as possible FAN Divergent Thinking
  16. 16. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Transition Point Seeking as many options as possible FAN Selecting the option(s) to implement FOCUS Divergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  17. 17. Fan & Focus Issues Preconceived ideas / Lack of creativity Ignoring/overlooking possibilities Short-changing one phase
  18. 18. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking But something was missing. Some sort of ‘incubation’. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  19. 19. Emergent Thinking Explore!!!
  20. 20. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking Fan & Focus Which led to the final form of the model. Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  21. 21. Fan, Explore & Focus Spend some time ‘in between’ fanning and focussing – exploring what you are finding out. Seeking as many options as possible Teasing out possibilities Selecting & refining the option(s) to implement FAN FOCUS EXPLORE Divergent Thinking Emergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  22. 22. Tools & Techniques FAN • • • • • Brainstorm Daydream ‘Tinker’ Imagine Provocative questions • Gap analysis • Case studies (seeing what others did) EXPLORE • 5 whys • 6 thinking hats • Stakeholder analysis • Risk analysis • SWOT analysis • Mind-mapping • Force field analysis • Forced analogy FOCUS • Cost-benefit analysis • Prioritisation • Modelling • Pilot test • Flowcharting • Tasking/ delegation
  23. 23. ! All the best on your journey – and at every point make sure you know whether you are fanning, exploring or focussing!
  24. 24. © Performance People Pty Ltd, 2013 www.performancepeople.com.au With appreciation for the contributions of Eric Knight Reframing; Dave Gray, Sunni Brown and James Macanufo Gamestorming; Ian Dixon of Dixon Partners; and Michelle James of The Center for Creative Emergence. Added to SlideShare by GeoffatPerformancePeople
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