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OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians
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OHA 2008 - Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians

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Densho\'s Director of Information and Technology Geoff Froh presents a broad overview of metadata concepts and their application to oral history projects through the experiences of the Densho project. …

Densho\'s Director of Information and Technology Geoff Froh presents a broad overview of metadata concepts and their application to oral history projects through the experiences of the Densho project. (Delivered 10/18/2007 at the Oral History Association Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA)

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  • Transcript

    • 1. The Japanese American Legacy Project Preserving the past, inspiring the future
    • 2. Making Sense of Metadata: A Practical Overview for Oral Historians Geoff Froh, Densho OHA Pittsburgh October 18, 2008
    • 3. Today…
      • Metadata Basics
      • Metadata Standards for Oral History
      • Metadata in Oral History Practice
    • 4. Metadata Basics
    • 5. What Is Metadata?
      • “ Data about data”
      • “ Structured information that describes the attributes of an information package for the purpose of identification, discovery and management” (Taylor 2004)
    • 6. A Simple Example Title Author Publisher Date Format Bitrate Subject Size Owner
    • 7. What Are the Types of Metadata?
      • Descriptive
        • What is it? What is it called? What is it about?
      • Administrative
        • What format is it? When was it created? Who owns it?
      • Structural
        • What are the parts? How are they related?
    • 8. What Is a Schema?
      • A definition of the structure and semantics
        • Elements/attributes
        • Documentation of intended meaning
      • Provide rules for the values
        • Syntax
        • Controlled vocabularies
    • 9. How Is Metadata Recorded?
      • Together with the resource
        • Embedded in the file format
        • Wrapped into a single file
      • Separate from the resource
        • Database
        • Structured flat-file (XML)
    • 10. What Is XML?
      • Text-based format for data exchange
      • Data definition bundled with the data
      <Book> <Title>Listening Is An Act of Love</Title> <Author>Isay, David</Author> <ISBN>0143114344</ISBN> . . . </Book>
    • 11. Why Metadata?
      • Resource Discovery
        • Help Users Find Things
      • Archiving and Preservation
      • Make Things Last
      • Interoperability
      • Allow Groups to Exchange Things
    • 12. Metadata Standards for Oral History
    • 13. What Are Standards And Why Would We Need Them?
      • Standards Are An Agreement:
        • To Use a Common Schema
        • To Participate and Collaborate
      • Standards Provide:
        • Interoperability (I can share what I create)
        • Guidance (I can learn how to create)
    • 14. DC: Dublin Core
      • A generalized method for describing all kinds of electronic (and non-electronic) resources
      • Developed by broad coalition of users
      • Supported by a wide range of applications
      • Simple – 15 core elements
    • 15. EAD: Encoded Archival Description
      • A method of encoding finding aids – a description and inventory of materials in an archive
      • From the archival and library science traditions
      • Complex
      • Archivists’ Toolkit
    • 16. TEI: Text Encoding Initiative
      • A way of representing textual materials (monographs, performances, transcripts)
      • Used by a variety of disciplines across the humanities
      • Usually encoded by hand (oxygenXML)
      • Requires an application profile (TEI-Lite)
    • 17. METS/PREMIS
      • A container format for digital objects
      • Focused on the exchange of resources and metadata between institutions
      • More for machines than for humans
      • Supported by a few applications (CONTENTdm); but usually custom solutions
      • Complex – modular structure
    • 18. Why So Many Standards?
      • Different uses, different users
      • Same resource may be described in multiple ways
      • Mix and Match = OK
      • Sometimes, standards are not enough…
    • 19. Metadata in Oral History Practice
    • 20. Wayback Machine: Circa 2000
      • Legacy data
        • Created by non-experts
        • Trapped in silos
      • Standards still emerging
        • No good examples to follow
        • Very few tools
      • Roll our own…
    • 21. Densho Archive Framework
    • 22. Two Questions
      • Who Will Use Our Metadata?
      • How Will We Produce Our Metadata?
    • 23. Who Uses Our Metadata?
      • Audience analysis
        • Staff
        • Densho Digital Archive & public website visitors
      • In the Future …
        • Partner repositories
        • Search agents
    • 24. Metadata Tools
    • 25. Metadata Tools
    • 26. Metadata Tools
    • 27. Metadata Tools
    • 28. Metadata Tools
    • 29. Metadata Tools
    • 30. How Do We Produce Metadata?
      • Workflow analysis
        • When does metadata capture happen?
        • Who is responsible?
      • Custom web application – Densho Archive Manager
    • 31. Metadata Tools
    • 32. Metadata Tools
    • 33. In Summary…
      • Metadata is about discovery, preservation and interoperability
      • Standards provide guidance
      • Metadata should serve local needs
    • 34. Thank you! http://www.densho.org/ http://archive.densho.org/

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