CODE RED: MOBILEA mobile scenario based training      exercise for CFA          firefighters.     Presented by Brian Quinn
CODE RED: MOBILE• The author is a member of Newham Rural Fire Brigade and a  PhD candidate at RMIT University, Melbourne.•...
Bushfires
Newham and Hanging Rock
PhD projectResearch Questions:• Which theories of game and game design, psychology, spatial  cognition, navigation, decisi...
Cost of Bushfires in Australia 1967-1999
Number of Houses Destroyed 1939-2006
Costs of Black Saturday, Victoria 2009                     From: Estimating the net cost of the 2009 Black Saturday Fires ...
Improving our response to bushfire management.• We need better ways to inform firefighters and the  community.• Can we exp...
The database for Webparklinked locations to multimediacontent classified by locationand by ontological relationshipto othe...
Admiraal et al (2009) reported that “…mobile games... are excellent ways to combine situated, active and constructive lear...
Brown et al, 2010Brown et al, 2010 summarise that mobile devices can reduce cognitive load. However too much support leads...
Why Hanging Rock?
Hanging Rock is in Newham Rural Fire Brigade’s                     area.
Newham RFB
Just before Ash Wednesday Disaster 1983
Technical assistance for the Firefighter.• Fire Behaviour Analysts predict fires and their impact,  particularly using Pho...
Predicting the course of a firePhoenix Rapid Fire created by Dr Kevin Tolhurst, Derek Chong and Dr Tom Duff               ...
Phoenix Rapidfire prediction for a location near                Hanging Rock
The Applications and Devices• GPS tracking using Trimble Juno SB• Visualisations created with Sandbox2 editor included wit...
The Making of CODE RED: MOBILE• Crysis Wars (crytek.com) provides a 3D scene editor which  produces good quality 3D scenes...
Overview of Hanging Rock Fire
7Scenes: editor
Making the Visualisations in Sandbox2• Sandbox2 has a collection of flames, smoke, explosions and  clouds, some of which c...
Collecting images The Mt Beckworth Fire
The Mt Beckworth Fire
Ground fire
Newham Brigade Burn Off
Grass fire
The Racecourse Lake: an iconic feature for finding                   location
The Sandbox2 version above
Rock and Bush textures and general look
Ember attack, Canberra 2003Photo: Pat Scala, Fairfax Syndication. Used with permission.
Ember Storm in Sandbox2
PyroculonimbusLeft: Photo: Monica Minford, Dreamstime.com. Used with permission. Right:                            Sandbox...
Editing Flames and Smoke
AVS4YOU for editing movies
7scenes track and participant’s log in top right hand                      console
Bushfire Events• Car crashes into tree on Colwells Lane• After about 20 minutes the fire spreads South driven by the  nort...
Car Crash at Point of Origin- the POO
Elliptically shaped fire near origin
Part of a slide show in 7scenes featuring the annotated  Spatial Vision map of the Hanging Rock Bushfire
Fire reaches the side of the lake. Hanging Rock and  Race Callers Tower assist in locating fire movie
View from west side of the fire
Slideshow features extent of the fire following the                 wind change.
Movie with static annotated pictures, explaining the                    wind change
Firefighter taking part in CODE RED: MOBILE
Data for Analysis• How many houses participants correctly  decided would burn down.• Selection of correct order of events ...
Rescuing GPS tracks
Xlsx of tracks ready for ArcMap 10 and Geotime 5.3
GPS Tracks (all sessions) on Cricket Oval for CODE                  RED: MOBILE
Geotime 5.3: Tracks, Trails and Active Zones
More Active Zones
Geotime5.3: locating participants as they set off after        reading task marker information
Locating errors in half tracks
Player tracks in Unreal Tournament            unknown source
Heatmap of player activity in Halo Game    http://halowiki.net/p/File:Mesh_guardian_heatmap.jpg
Kernel Density Heatmap of CODE RED: MOBILE                 in ArcMap 10
Nearest Neighbour Heatmap of CODE RED:         MOBILE in ArcMap 10
Searching for the House Markers visualisaed with            Geotime 5.3 (oculus.com)
Unveiling the outliers with Active Site Finder
PRELIMINARY RESULTS• Static Visualisations are as useful as Movies.• With a pass mark of 70% not enough of the firefighter...
In Conclusion• Useful dynamic and static geovisualisations of bushfires can  be made with a COTS game editor.• Location ba...
Acknowledgements• Apple University Consortium, Australia.• CFA, Region 2• Mt Macedon CFA Group: Martin Leitch, Group Train...
Newham Firefighters return to Fire Station         email: pb.quinn@bigpond.com
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Code Red: Mobile - A mobile scenario based training exercise for CFA firefighters - Brian Quinn

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Presented by Brian Quinn (©2012) at the Society of Cartographers 48th Annual Conference

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Code Red: Mobile - A mobile scenario based training exercise for CFA firefighters - Brian Quinn

  1. 1. CODE RED: MOBILEA mobile scenario based training exercise for CFA firefighters. Presented by Brian Quinn
  2. 2. CODE RED: MOBILE• The author is a member of Newham Rural Fire Brigade and a PhD candidate at RMIT University, Melbourne.• CODE RED: MOBILE is the title of a training exercise at the Hanging Rock Reserve in Central Victoria undertaken by members of the Mt Macedon Group of Brigades.• CODE RED: MOBILE is also a mobile experiment to evaluate visualisation treatments as well as the overall success of the training exercise.
  3. 3. Bushfires
  4. 4. Newham and Hanging Rock
  5. 5. PhD projectResearch Questions:• Which theories of game and game design, psychology, spatial cognition, navigation, decision making and learning are most suitable for developing design principles for a time sensitive decision making scenario based game using visualisations on computer and mobile devices?• What are the design principles for visualisations that best support decision making under stressful conditions?
  6. 6. Cost of Bushfires in Australia 1967-1999
  7. 7. Number of Houses Destroyed 1939-2006
  8. 8. Costs of Black Saturday, Victoria 2009 From: Estimating the net cost of the 2009 Black Saturday Fires to the affected regionsCatherine Stephenson, Research Officer, Centre for Risk and Community Safety, RMIT University and Bushfire CRC, John Handmer, Director, Centre for Risk and Community Safety, and Aimee Haywood, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria
  9. 9. Improving our response to bushfire management.• We need better ways to inform firefighters and the community.• Can we exploit some of the technology that the community are familiar with- like mobile devices?• Mobile visualisations at a location familiar to participants may provide training with more impact.
  10. 10. The database for Webparklinked locations to multimediacontent classified by locationand by ontological relationshipto other content. Edwardes etal (2005).Dias (2007) studied visitor use ofWebPark. The users who had thelocation based services on amobile device scored best onlocation based recall ( p 89).
  11. 11. Admiraal et al (2009) reported that “…mobile games... are excellent ways to combine situated, active and constructive learningwith fun” (p 302). 216 students played the game.
  12. 12. Brown et al, 2010Brown et al, 2010 summarise that mobile devices can reduce cognitive load. However too much support leads to a lack oflearning and personal cognitive maps are not then constructed by the participant. A game based approach may lead to thedevelopment of personal cognitive maps.
  13. 13. Why Hanging Rock?
  14. 14. Hanging Rock is in Newham Rural Fire Brigade’s area.
  15. 15. Newham RFB
  16. 16. Just before Ash Wednesday Disaster 1983
  17. 17. Technical assistance for the Firefighter.• Fire Behaviour Analysts predict fires and their impact, particularly using Phoenix RapidFire.• CFA and DSE Fire Mappers use in house mapping products as well as Arcmap.• The State Control Centre in Melbourne assists local Incident Control Centres. At high levels of alert on a day of Extreme Fire Danger for the State all centres are fully staffed.• Aircraft can be called upon to take Infra Red aerial images to find hot spots and fire fronts.• Ground Observers can be tasked to report on the fire.
  18. 18. Predicting the course of a firePhoenix Rapid Fire created by Dr Kevin Tolhurst, Derek Chong and Dr Tom Duff University of Melbourne
  19. 19. Phoenix Rapidfire prediction for a location near Hanging Rock
  20. 20. The Applications and Devices• GPS tracking using Trimble Juno SB• Visualisations created with Sandbox2 editor included with Crysis Wars game (crytek.com)• Maps created from Spatial Vision’s VICMAP BOOK, Central Region which is used by Country Fire Fighters and Incident Control Centres for base maps, paper and electronic.• Visualisations viewed in 7scenes (free version) of mobile game framework (7scenes.com) on iPad New.
  21. 21. The Making of CODE RED: MOBILE• Crysis Wars (crytek.com) provides a 3D scene editor which produces good quality 3D scenes. Real terrain height maps can be used to create the scene’s terrain. Models can be imported from 3DS Max and other 3D graphics editors.• 7Scenes (7scenes.com) is a location based game editor. Free to use for sight- seeing genre.
  22. 22. Overview of Hanging Rock Fire
  23. 23. 7Scenes: editor
  24. 24. Making the Visualisations in Sandbox2• Sandbox2 has a collection of flames, smoke, explosions and clouds, some of which can be affected by a global wind.• It also has a collection of buildings, vehicles, fences which can be edited and used in a scene.• Vegetation collection includes grass and tree types that can be affected by the global wind.
  25. 25. Collecting images The Mt Beckworth Fire
  26. 26. The Mt Beckworth Fire
  27. 27. Ground fire
  28. 28. Newham Brigade Burn Off
  29. 29. Grass fire
  30. 30. The Racecourse Lake: an iconic feature for finding location
  31. 31. The Sandbox2 version above
  32. 32. Rock and Bush textures and general look
  33. 33. Ember attack, Canberra 2003Photo: Pat Scala, Fairfax Syndication. Used with permission.
  34. 34. Ember Storm in Sandbox2
  35. 35. PyroculonimbusLeft: Photo: Monica Minford, Dreamstime.com. Used with permission. Right: Sandbox2 version
  36. 36. Editing Flames and Smoke
  37. 37. AVS4YOU for editing movies
  38. 38. 7scenes track and participant’s log in top right hand console
  39. 39. Bushfire Events• Car crashes into tree on Colwells Lane• After about 20 minutes the fire spreads South driven by the northerly winds.• Fire reaches the east side of the lake after about 3 minutes.• Reaches south of lake after 4 minutes.• Windchange occurs, the eastern flank becomes the new fire front, heading eastwards.
  40. 40. Car Crash at Point of Origin- the POO
  41. 41. Elliptically shaped fire near origin
  42. 42. Part of a slide show in 7scenes featuring the annotated Spatial Vision map of the Hanging Rock Bushfire
  43. 43. Fire reaches the side of the lake. Hanging Rock and Race Callers Tower assist in locating fire movie
  44. 44. View from west side of the fire
  45. 45. Slideshow features extent of the fire following the wind change.
  46. 46. Movie with static annotated pictures, explaining the wind change
  47. 47. Firefighter taking part in CODE RED: MOBILE
  48. 48. Data for Analysis• How many houses participants correctly decided would burn down.• Selection of correct order of events in a debrief task.• Map of their GPS tracks.
  49. 49. Rescuing GPS tracks
  50. 50. Xlsx of tracks ready for ArcMap 10 and Geotime 5.3
  51. 51. GPS Tracks (all sessions) on Cricket Oval for CODE RED: MOBILE
  52. 52. Geotime 5.3: Tracks, Trails and Active Zones
  53. 53. More Active Zones
  54. 54. Geotime5.3: locating participants as they set off after reading task marker information
  55. 55. Locating errors in half tracks
  56. 56. Player tracks in Unreal Tournament unknown source
  57. 57. Heatmap of player activity in Halo Game http://halowiki.net/p/File:Mesh_guardian_heatmap.jpg
  58. 58. Kernel Density Heatmap of CODE RED: MOBILE in ArcMap 10
  59. 59. Nearest Neighbour Heatmap of CODE RED: MOBILE in ArcMap 10
  60. 60. Searching for the House Markers visualisaed with Geotime 5.3 (oculus.com)
  61. 61. Unveiling the outliers with Active Site Finder
  62. 62. PRELIMINARY RESULTS• Static Visualisations are as useful as Movies.• With a pass mark of 70% not enough of the firefighters passed.• Complex to organise.• Ten at a time is probably optimum.
  63. 63. In Conclusion• Useful dynamic and static geovisualisations of bushfires can be made with a COTS game editor.• Location based scenario is a viable option for field training for firefighters and likely other emergency services.• GPS and logs of participant behaviour in location based application can provide rich source of data about individual and group performance as well as the utility of the application.• ArcMap 10 plus Geotime 5.3 are useful tools for analysing behaviours in a mobile location based exercise.
  64. 64. Acknowledgements• Apple University Consortium, Australia.• CFA, Region 2• Mt Macedon CFA Group: Martin Leitch, Group Training Officer• Newham RFB: Brigitte Kny Training Officer• RMIT University: Prof W. Cartwright, Monique Elsley and Chris Marmo, SMGS• Macedon Ranges Shire• Hanging Rock Reserve Staff• Judy and James Quinn
  65. 65. Newham Firefighters return to Fire Station email: pb.quinn@bigpond.com
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