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Summary10 people engaged in total72 ‘raw’ problems23 sub-themes47 insights.
Healthy communitiesBy “building healthycommunities” we mean buildingcapital, whether this is natural,human, social, manufactured orfinancial.
The Five Capitals ModelThe Five Capitals Model provides a basis for understanding sustainabilityin terms of the economic concept of wealth creation or ‘capital’.Any community will use five types of capital to deliver its products orservices. A sustainable community will maintain and where possibleenhance these stocks of capital assets, rather than deplete or degradethem.The model allows communities to broaden its understanding of financialsustainability by allowing business to consider how wider environmentaland social issues can affect long-term profitability.
The Five Capitals Model for healthycommunities comprises of five values:1. Natural environment2. Human health and wellbeing3. Social interaction4. Manufactured assets5. Financial assets
Value 1: Natural Capital (environmental)Natural resources (e.g timber, gas, recycling) andprocesses (e.g climate regulation) used withincommunities to produce products or services andmaintain environmental balance.Enhanced by more efficient use of materials, cleanerenvironment and protecting eco-systems.
Sub theme 1. Cost of pollutionKey problems associated with pollutionin Shoreditch and surrounding areas
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 1.1 Industrial waste affect growing areasHow do we reduce the high levels of lead and othercontamination that affects residents’ communitygardens.Lead poisoning can cause abdominal pain, headachesand in extreme circumstances seizures and death1.Therefore produce must be grown in expensive raisedbeds costing more than £10/metre squared2rather thancultivating contaminated soil at ground level.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?# 1.1 Industrial waste affect growing areasNew North Road and Estate Community Gardens andresidents’ gardensWenlock Barn Estate
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 1.2 Congested pollutionHow do we reduce pollution in heavily congested areasof Shoreditch where people walk around?Fine particles from air pollution can lead to short termirritation of the eyes, nose and throat and long-termeffects such as asthma, chronic respiratory disease andlung cancer. Pollution caused 4267 premature deaths inLondon in 2008. A permanent reduction in pollutionwould add 3 weeks to Londoners’ lives.3
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Pedestrians.In particular in roads (rat runs) heavily used to avoidtraffic exclusion zones.# 1.2 Congested pollution
Sub theme 2. Cost of dumpingwasteKey problems associated with dumpingof waste.
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 2.1 Night time economy dumpingHow do we educate those out for the evening to havea good time and not dump litter?Hackney Council spend over £1 million of their £1.1.billion yearly public spending budget4on cleaning thestreets5.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Residents and visitors in the evening extended to workNear pubs, bars, restaurants, takeaways as well asconnecting routes.# 2.1 Night time economy dumping
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 2.2 Dog poo bluesHow do we encourage irresponsible dog owners toensure their dogs’ poo is not fouling the environment?It creates an unpleasant and unhygienic environment forresidents and visitors. 100 cases of toxocariasis, which inextreme cases leads to blindness, are caught by childrenplaying in areas where dog faeces are every year6.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Residents and people visiting the areaMain dog walking routes such as parks, streets andpedestrianised areas# 2.2 Dog poo blues
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 2.3 Low priority recyclingHow can we make recycling fun and a ‘no-brainer’ forpeople and businesses to do as part of their dailyhabits?Britain throws more into landfill than any other country inEurope. Hackney Council’s aim is that by 2020 half of allwaste will be recycled, this is double what is recycledcurrently7. For every tonne over quota there is fine of £150to Council’s8, which cuts into the public spending budget.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Businesses, householders, visitors to ShoreditchBusinesses, householders, parks and throughout thearea# 2.3 Low priority recycling
Sub theme 3. Locally sourced powerKey problems associated with generatingpower locally
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 3.1 Powered by ShoreditchHow could we generate more renewable energy inShoreditch by engaging local businesses and residents?Demand for energy in London is rising by 4% a year.Boris Johnson has set a target that 25% of the capital’senergy should be created from local sources by 2025.9However, the UK is set to miss the EU target of 20%renewable energy production by 2020.10
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?All peoplePotentially the whole area# 3.1 Powered by Shoreditch
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 3.2 Lack of powerHow do we ensure new and expanding businesses getaccess to the power they rapidly need to operate e.g. anew restaurant?Sourcing suitable power can delay the process for a newbusiness moving into the area and is a potential barrier.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?New businesses, expanding businesses.Throughout the area# 3.2 Lack of power
Sub theme 4. Sourcing food locallyKey problems associated with sourcingfood locally
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 4.1 Get it hereHow could we enable local eateries to source local/sustainable food?Londoners spend nearly £11 billion on food a year whichhas travelled an average of 1,300 food miles despite 12,000hectares of Greater London being farmland.1113% ofEngland’s food and drink manufacturing enterprises arelocated in London, employing 31,000 people.12
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Businesses and residentsThroughout the area# 4.2 Get it here
Sub theme 5. Internet speed and coverageKey problems associated with internetspeed and coverage
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 5.1 Slow and expensive internetHow can we influence the two main internet suppliersto install cable into the area to increase connectionspeed and reduce costs?Progress is already being made. The Shoreditch Network collaborationis delivering high speed fibre infrastructure and secure IT cloudservices for the cluster of businesses in Shoreditch. The collaborationcomprises three Tech City based technology businesses – bandwidthinfrastructure provider euNetworks, leading cloud hosting providerCarrenza, and network specialists Optimity.13
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Businesses, residents and visitorsThroughout the area# 5.1 Slow and expensive internet
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 5.2 100% public Wi-Fi accessHow do we ensure everyone who lives or visitsShoreditch gets 100%, fast coverage, for free?One in seven people (14%) insist wifi access is crucial forthem to consider entering a coffee shop while one in tenhave changed venue because of a lack of internet access.Nearly three in five (58%) people admit they connectonline when out shopping.14
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Businesses, residents and visitorsThroughout the area# 5.2 100% public Wi-Fi access
Value 2: Human Health andWellbeingPeoples’ health, wellbeing, knowledge, skills,motivation and relationships.Can be enhanced through support, opportunity,education, training, health promotion, recreation,human rights.
Sub theme 6. Business cost of social exclusionKey problems associated with businesscost of social exclusion
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 6.1 Old Street TubeHow can we create a positive impression for peoplearriving at Old Street tube station?Old Street tube station is particularly important sinceShoreditch tube station closed in 2006; in 2011-12 it had1,336,722 entries and exits15. However, a local hotelrecently lost a corporate client and 1,000 room bookingsdue to its poor appearance.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Businesses, residents and visitors to areaOld Street# 6.1 Old Street Tube
Sub theme 7. Discovering genuine employmentand employability opportunitiesKey problems associated with findingopportunities
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 7.1 Lack of opportunityHow can we help those seeking employment tacklelong-term health problems?78% of the unemployed have been out of work for a yearor more. Many are lone parents with over 40%diagnosed with health problems.16
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Those seeking employment or transition to a new jobAll areas# 7.1 Lack of opportunity
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 7.2 Opportunity unawareHow do we ensure that people are fully aware of allthe opportunities to volunteer and ‘try stuff out’ whenthey think there’s nothing available?Employers are 73% more likely to employ someone thatvolunteers over someone that doesn’t17. Other benefitsinclude improving self-confidence, meeting new peopleand helping build pride in the community.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?UnemployedAll areas# 7.2 Opportunity unaware
Sub theme 8. Developing great employability skillsKey problems associated with developinggreat employability skills
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 8.1 Lack of individual skillsHow can we help specific unemployed people todevelop basic employability skills such as timeliness,good communication and dealing with authority, sothey can operate effectively in the work place?Of Hackney’s population of 246,270, thirty percent areunemployed, with 1,800 of 18-24 year olds not inemployment or education.18
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Unemployed / low skilled / low paidPoorer East London and public housing areas# 8.1 Lack of individual skills
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 8.2 Lack of skillsHow can we help employers find employees from thelocal market?Recruiting from the locality will create ‘local buzz’ whichcreates an environment conducive to innovativeknowledge transfer between businesses and thereforecompetitive advantage over other areas.19
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Small and growing businesses e.g. techAcross wards# 8.2 Lack of skills
Sub theme 9. Attracting and retaining skilledpeopleKey problems associated with attractingand retaining skilled people
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 9.1 Lack of affordable housingHow can we make it possible for residents to stay inShoreditch when local housing is becoming increasinglyunaffordable?People are moving out of Shoreditch which may lead toweaker work ties to the area. An increase of 10km incommuting distance to work reduces the expectedduration of stay in the same job and residence by 2 years.20
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?People on benefits and low paidPoorer East London and public housing areas# 9.1 Lack of affordable housing
Theme 10. Developing a new business model forrecruitmentKey problems associated with recruitinglocal people
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 10.1 The existing recruitment modelHow can we get employers engaged to shift andchange policy on how they recruit for talent fromtraditional filtering e.g. 2:1 grading from ‘Russell groupuniversities’ to something more flexible70% of graduate employers demand at least a 2:1 degree and aquarter of recruiters feel ‘new’ universities produce lowerquality graduates21. 6.9% of employers in the UK insist on takingonly candidates from Russell Group universities22, however onlyone of the six universities in the Hackney area is part of theRussell Group23.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?SME’s, big corporates e.g. FacebookAcross wards# 10.1 The existing recruitment model
Sub theme 11. Healthier lifestylesKey problems associated with adoptinghealthier lifestyles
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 11.1 Educating healthy lifestylesHow can we better educate people about, and getthem to actively engage in, adopting healthier lifestylesdespite rising costs and austerity?People have ‘healthier living’ campaign-fatigue. 57% ofpeople use cost as their excuse for not eating healthyfoods24. 35,709 people in the Borough of Hackney (14.6%of the population) have a long term limiting illness16.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?All demographicsShoreditch wide# 11.1 Educating healthy lifestyles
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 11.2 Competing for disposable timeHow do we make sport relevant and timely as a 3-day-a-week habit when it’s competing against otheractivities like Facebook, YouTube and shopping?33% of adults are involved in group sport activities, thisis the largest single category of social participation25. About of physical activity can result in anxiety levels andfeelings of increased well-being for up to 3 hours afterthe activity26.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?All demographicsShoreditch wide# 11.2 Competing for disposable time
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 11.3 Scary sportHow can we make participation in sport accessible toall by removing the barriers that make it feel formalwhilst creating mass participation?If sport is seen as something that you have to be skilledto do, it can be off-putting to those who lack theconfidence to get involved. 35% of adults don’tparticipate in sport because they don’t have someone todo it with27.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?All demographicsShoreditch wide# 11.3 Scary sport
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 11.4 The poor health trapHow can we make is possible for those on low incometo eat healthily, do more exercise and reducedependency (in specific cases) on drugs, alcohol andunhealthy food?1/3 of unemployed in Shoreditch have a long-termhealth problem. In addition, the average life of someoneliving in East London is 4 years shorter than the nationalaverage of 85 for men and 89 for women.28
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?All demographicsShoreditch wide# 11.4 The poor health trap
What is the problem?Why does it matter?# 11.5 Ethnicity dietsHow can we encourage various community groups whohave specific diets with very high fat content toconsider healthier choices?Some groups are constrained in terms of what they eat by,for example, their religion. BME groups generally haveworse health than the overall population29. Nearly a fifth ofall Londoners are obese, whereas 41% of the Black Africanfemale population living in London are obese30.
Who does it affect?Where does it happen?Specific community groupsShoreditch wide# 11.5 Ethnicity diets
Value 3: Social CapitalSocial interactions such as families, communities,organisations, and groups that help us maintain anddevelop human wellbeing.Can be enhanced through shared values and trust.
Sub theme 12: Spatial InformationKey problems associated with makinginformation about spaces more visibleand accessible to groups of people…
# 12.1 Community space mappingHow do we identify places across Shoreditch that aresignificant to different groups of people (say a bingoclub, a mosque, a café) to enable smartercommunication?Money and time could be wasted on ineffectualcommunications campaigns. Knowing what people viewas significant allows more effective targeting ofcommunications about, and delivery of, services.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 12.1 Community space mappingProfessionals wanting to communicate moreeffectively with groups in Shoreditch. People wantingaccess to, or to join, a groupWe don’t know! Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 12.2 What’s planned?How do we keep people informed about what planningapplications are in progress across Shoreditch andenable easier access to and influence of the process?If people don’t know about planning applications, theycan’t comment or influence development happening intheir local area. Public notices on lampposts andcomplex websites are not accessible to all, particularlythe disabled and those without internet access.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 12.2 What’s planned?Everyone living in Shoreditch.Any areas where development activity is going to takeplace or where someone with a development interesthas identified.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 13: Eliminating assumptionKey problems associated witheliminating assumptions aboutcommunities and their views to createbetter understanding of communities’wants and needs…
# 13.1 Local perceptions of placeHow do we help the council better understand localviews on what does and doesn’t constitute an area,rather than relying on administrative boundariesdrawn on a map?Administrative boundaries may not reflect what parts ofan area are important to members of the community,resulting in services being targeted in the wrong placeand being less effective.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 13.1 Local perceptions of placeResidents of ShoreditchPlannersShoreditchWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 13.2 What they say it isHow can you measure the impact of any interventionson the social capital of different groups in Shoreditch?Social capital is what the recipient of the interventionthinks it is, not what the provider of the interventionsays it is. Actual and perceived impacts of interventionmay be viewed differently by conflicting parties.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 13.2 What they say it isRecipients of interventions designed to improve socialcapital in ShoreditchAcross Shoreditch in areas where specific groups areactiveWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 13.3 Park user conflictHow can we better tap into park users’ view on the useof the park without resorting to traditional focusgroups and the usual suspects?Parks add five percent to the value of dwellings within500 feet of them but also add value in terms of healthbenefits, community cohesion and reducing pollution31.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 13.3 Park user conflictDog walkersSports usersResidents who live next to it.Shoreditch Park (one of fifty six in Hackney)Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 14: Creating connectionsKey problems associated withcreating connections betweendisparate groups of people…
# 14.1 Digital apprenticeshipsHow can we help young people get actively involved inDigital Shoreditch now, in order that they areparticipants in the long term future?Better links between Digital Shoreditch and Hackney’s57,024 young people32will help to avoid a massiveseverance between it and the immediate localcommunity (such as has occurred in Canary Wharf33).What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 14.1 Digital apprenticeshipsYoung people at secondary school and in furthereducation.Within the schools and colleges of Shoreditch and thesurrounding areas. Within the businesses of Tech City.Across various online communities.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 14.2 Empowering non-techiesHow can the technology businesses of Shoreditchconnect and empower non-technical members of thelocal community?144,473 people live, work and play in Shoreditch34and52% of the economy is in sectors other than science,technical and professional, information andcommunication35.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 14.2 Empowering non-techiesAnyone not part of the Tech City communityNon digital (analogue) parts of Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 14.3 Digital community feedbackHow do we prevent community members who do nothave access to social media etc. from becomingmarginalised from the debate that affects them?In the UK 21% of adults do not have access to theinternet and 4 in 10 users do not have a socialnetworking site profile36. For a truly healthy Shoreditchcommunity, developments such as Tech City should notresult in marginalisation of its members.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 14.3 Digital community feedbackNon-digital populationShoreditch and the immediate area.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 15: Positive transitionKey problems associated withensuring transitory nature of some ofthe community members ofShoreditch has positive impact…
# 15.1 As you’d like itHow can we minimise, or indeed eliminate, antisocialbehavior, noise pollution and property destruction thatcan occur from transitory night life communities whotake less care than they might in areas where theylive?There were 2056 crimes in Hackney per 1000 residentsin January 2013, nearly 400 of which were cases of anti-social behaviour.37Residents’ quality of life can beaffected and friction can build up between residentcommunities and the transitory population.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 15.1 As you’d like itResidents of ShoreditchShoreditch High StreetBrick LaneWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 15.2 Capturing transitory valueHow can the social capital that occurs in Shoreditchduring different points of the day be made moreaccessible to other areas such as Hackney or TowerHamlets?Shoreditch contains transitory populations who come into work and leave again but maybe don’t take back andshare the ‘Shoreditch Experience’.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 15.2 Capturing transitory valuePeople who work, but not live, in Shoreditch.In the businesses of Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 16: Volunteer constraintsKey problems associated withcapitalising on peoples’ desire tovolunteer despite the constraints theymay have…
# 16.1 Minutes look after the hoursHow do we aggregate the slivers of peoples’ limitedtime and their know how to make a difference in thecommunity?Even a few minutes volunteering can make a realdifference from writing a letter to a sick child to makingresusable bags to support recycling.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 16.1 Minutes look after the hoursAllEverywhereWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 16.2 Green volunteersHow do we help those who want to volunteer in greenspaces know where they can do so and whatopportunities exist?£7.8 million is budgeted to manage and maintainHackney’s 56 parks, gardens and open spaces in 2013-1438which is £1.2 million less than the year before39.Volunteers could make a significant contribution.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 16.2 Green volunteersParks department staffLocal people with an interest in green spaces and apotential desire to volunteer.Parks in HackneyWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
Value 4: Manufacturing assetsIncludes buildings, transport, communications, andavailable technology and tools within communities.Can be enhanced by more sustainable and efficientuse of these assets.
# 17.1 Ready, steady, tech!How can we use any underutilised digital infrastructurethat comes with Tech City (e.g. fast video links etc.) tohelp people communicate, create new businesses orproduce other forms of value?Tech City has seen £50 million investment from thegovernment40but the infrastructure is not used efficiently24/7. Exploiting this could help maximise returns on theinvestment while creating new businesses and helpingtheir routes to market and so on.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 17.1 Ready, steady, tech!People who want to access technology but don’t ownany.Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 18: Mobile asset utilisationKey problems associated withenabling better utilisation of mobileassets and their by-products…
# 18.1 UpcyclingHow can we use any excesses that Shoreditchproduces (e.g. heat from businesses, waste food fromrestaurants) for the good of the community?Harnessed wasted resource would be of value to thelocal community if appropriate systems were designedand implemented. Also there would be greater tiesbetween the tech-city and surrounding residents.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 18.1 UpcyclingBusinesses that have any excessesCommunities that may be losing outShoreditch shops, restaurants, businesses.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 18.2 Disparate deliveriesHow can we minimise the waste in energy and fuelthat results from disparate deliveries coming intoShoreditch on a daily basis?The current approach results in: wasted energy,congestion, CO2 emissions, noise, pollution. Trafficcombustion causes 5000 premature deaths in the UKeach year41.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 18.2 Disparate deliveriesCompanies that order thingsBusinesses in ShoreditchWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 18.3 Cyclic kineticHow can we capitalise on the kinetic energy that isproduced each time someone rides on a Boris Bike?One person cycling for an hour 30 days a month couldproduce 3 kWH, this is equivalent to 1% of an averagefamilies energy usage42.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 18.3 Cyclic kineticEveryone who uses a Boris Bike.Shoreditch and beyond (through the network of BorisBike hubs).Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 19: Fixed asset utilisationKey problems associated withenabling better utilisation of existingfixed assets…
# 19.1 Filling empty spacesHow can busy night-time assets be used to createsocial capital during the day (and vice versa with assetssuch as school buildings to create social capital atnight).Groups who might need spaces to use, and maytypically require a new community building, could usebuildings lying dormant in the day. Publicly fundedbuilding such as schools would produce greater returnson their investment, representing better public value.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 19.1 Filling empty spacesNight time communityDay time communityAcross ShoreditchWho does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 19.2 Green & blue space usageHow can our parks and waterways and associatedfacilities be viewed by the local community as outdoorleisure centres or outdoor community centres?Communities are not using parks as much as they mightand residents’ health and well-being could benefit.Tackling this problem would provide data on utilisation,which in turn could secure future funding.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 19.2 Green & blue space usageParks departmentLocal entrepreneurs (e.g. someone who want toestablish a business, say a café, in a park)56 parks and any waterways, rivers or lakes inHackney (or Tower Hamlets).Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 19.3 Capital mappingHow could we better know what all the different bitsof ‘kit’ (small and large including analogue as well asdigital hardware) that exists across Shoreditch are, andhow they are being used?If we knew what tools, machines and other physical kitexisted, then the data could allow new value to becreated with the community accessing a ‘library’ of hardinfrastructure information.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 19.3 Capital mappingAnyone who wants to know about manufacturedcapital in Shoreditch.Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 19.4 Empty office useHow could we make use of Shoreditch office space thatis empty at night?Closed offices at night represent a significant amount ofspace that is currently wasted and may be able to beused to good effect by community groups.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 19.4 Empty office useOffice landlordsBusiness ownersResidentsOffices in Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Value 5: Financial assetsA measure of success in the form of shares, bondsand cash.Can be enhanced by ensuring this is balanced byenvironmental, human, social and manufacturingvalues, fair distribution of wealth, creating wealth incommunities.
Sub Theme 20: Community ledinvestmentKey problems associated withenabling the community to lead oninvestment decisions in and aroundShoreditch…
# 20.1 Community cooperativeHow can we enable neighborhood level economies ofscale and increased purchasing power for investmentsin renewable energy?An average 3Kw solar panel installation costs anindividual around £6500.43If householders could formcooperatives more easily, discounts could be availablefor group purchases.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
Shoreditch population unable to engage in renewableenergy.Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?# 20.1 Community cooperative
Sub theme 21: New investment modelsKey problems associated withdeveloping new investment models tomanage risk…
# 21.1 Retrofit investment riskHow can we create an investment model that reducesthe risks associated with big ‘retrofit’ investments andcreates suitable financial models for landlords andprivate, public, social stakeholders?Scalable and rapid retrofit is not taking off because of alack of stability and new business models perceived asrisky.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 21.1 Retrofit investment riskBig business, households and Local Authority assets.Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 21.2 Business growthHow do we find investors prepared to take risks onnew businesses?The government has invested £50 million into TechCity40. However, new and ongoing investment isrequired for Tech City to thrive and for other non-digitalaspects of Shoreditch to grow from a businessperspective.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 21.2 Business growthExisting businesses who want to expand.New businesses who want to start upInvestment communityAcross Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
# 21.3 Renewable purchase powerHow can we enable business level economies of scaleand increased purchasing power for investments inrenewable energy?Cost of investment in renewables can be off-putting tobusinesses who have already made investments insetting up or growing their business.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 21.3 Renewable purchase powerBusinesses, owners and senior executives.Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 22: Growth climateKey problems associated withcreating conditions for businesses toremain and grow in Shoreditch…
# 22.1 Affordable work spaceHow can we create a way for those businesses who areexpanding or have a growth strategy to move intoappropriate, and affordable, managed work space?There is a risk that young successful businesses willoutgrow their initial premises and not have analternative that keeps them in Shoreditch. If they leaveShoreditch, then the local economy will suffer.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 22.1 Affordable work spaceNew businesses in Shoreditch with plans to growExisting businesses in Shoreditch experiencinggrowth.Across Shoreditch.Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
Sub theme 23: Local assets, newincomeKey problems associated with usinglocal assets to generate newincome…
# 23.1 Selling the use of green spaceHow can we promote and the use of green spaces tocompanies to launch products in, hold events in,operate businesses from?Maintaining or increasing maintenance has associatedincreased costs. Parks need income against a backdropof a reduction in budget by £1.2 million in the lastyear38&39.What is the problem?Why does it matter?
# 23.1 Selling the use of green spaceParks department.Businesses who can utilise outside space.Parks in and around Shoreditch (56 in Hackney).Who does it affect?Where does it happen?
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17. http://www.homegroup.org.uk/blog/Pages/why-should-i-volunteer.aspx18. http://shoreditchworks.com/hackney-community-college-apprenticeship-launch19. Storper, M. (1999). The Resurgence of Regional Economies, Ten Years Later: The Region as Newxus ofUntraded Interdependencies. In J. Bryson, N. Henry, D. Keeble, & R. Martin, The Economic GeographyReader (pp. 209-215). Chichester: Wiley.20. Ommeren, Rietveld and Nijkamp (1999) Job Moving, Residential Moving, and Commuting: A SearchPerspective. Journal of Urban Economics 46 pp. 230-25321. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/universityeducation/9375897/Graduate-jobs-Do-graduates-need-a-first-class-degree-to-get-a-good-job.html22. Sims, J M. (2007) Not Enough Understanding – Student Experiences of Diversity in UK universities.Runnymede Trust23. http://www.russellgroup.ac.uk/our-universities.aspx24. http://livinggreenmag.com/2013/04/26/food-health/the-truth-about-the-cost-of-eating-healthy/25. Coalter, F. (2005) The Social Benefits of Sport. University of Stirling: Scotland26. OECD (2003) Health at a Glance. OECD Publishing.27. http://www.activecommunities.com/blog/the-top-excuses-for-not-exercising-study/28. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/mortality-ageing/mortality-in-england-and-wales/average-life-span/rpt-average-life-span.htmlAppendix Continued
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