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Mapping people, not sheep: Why our planet's well-being can look so different

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Talk by Benjamin D Hennig, held at the IDEA CETL Applied Ethics Research seminar programme, University of Leeds, 14th March 2011. More at http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/?p=1236

Talk by Benjamin D Hennig, held at the IDEA CETL Applied Ethics Research seminar programme, University of Leeds, 14th March 2011. More at http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/?p=1236

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Some more notes on the techniques used in these maps as well as a large number of maps (including higher-resolution versions) are published on the website http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/
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  • This is a fantastic presentation and touches upon a very important metric, which is happiness in its braod definition. The Happiness Index may be relcalculated using the methodology employed in this presentation. I wish the readability of some slides was improved. Could you elaborate more on the technique employed in this study? Tools used? Software used? Honestly, this presentation offers a new perspective to understanding happiness and its connectedness to wealth.
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  • Eight key variables: human capital levels in combination with percent of the workforce in the creative class, life satisfaction, GDP per capita, perceptions about local labor market conditions, Internet access, freedom, tolerance, and honesty in electionsMap Source: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/03/predicting-revolution-the-index-of-potential-unrest/71743/
  • GDP Density according to Geography and Economic Development (Gallup, Sachs & Mellinger)

Mapping people, not sheep: Why our planet's well-being can look so different Presentation Transcript

  • 1. IDEA CETL Applied Ethics Research seminar
    University of Leeds
    14th March 2011
    Mapping people, not sheepWhy our planet's well-being can look so different
    Benjamin D. Hennig
    Department of Geography, University of Sheffield
  • 2. Introduction:Maps of the planet’s well-being
    Worldmapper
    A New Projectionfor a Human Planet
    The Map of (Un)Happy People
    Conclusion & Outlook:Better Understanding through Visualisation
    The Road to Happiness
  • 3. I. Introduction:Maps of the planet’s well-being
  • 4. An Unhappy Planet?
    http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/03/predicting-revolution-the-index-of-potential-unrest/71743/
  • 5. A Happy Planet?
    24 of the richest countries of the world (by GDP per capita) which are home to at least two million people,they are home to 13% of the world’s population, and almost 50% of world income (GDP)
  • 6. A Rich Planet!
    The world resized according to each country’s gross domestic product Source: modified and updated map from www.worldmapper .org
    +
    =
  • 7. Source: Prosperity without growth? Sustainable Development Commission (2009)
  • 8. Happiness & Well-being
    “…being ‘happy’ is more than just having a smile on your face – we use the term subjective well-being to capture its complexity. Aside from feeling ‘good’, it also incorporates a sense of individual vitality, opportunities to undertake meaningful, engaging activities which confer feelings of competence and autonomy, and the possession of a stock of inner resources that helps one cope when things go wrong. Well-being is also about feelings of relatedness to other people – both in terms of close relationships with friends and family, and belonging to a wider community.”
    (Source: new economics foundation
    http://www.happyplanetindex.org/learn/calculating/global.html)
  • 9.
  • 10. An Unhappy Planet?
    =
    +
  • 11. II. Worldmapper
  • 12. www.worldmapper.org
    Land Area
    World Population
    People killed in Earthquakes
    Nuclear Weapons
    Total Wealth (GDP) 2015
  • 13. III. A New Projectionfor a Human Planet
  • 14. Map of Sheep in England:
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6919829.stm
    Sheep Map of Great Britain:
    http://www.stitchdirect.com/shopWebSite/php/showProducts.php?plu=MW1076
  • 15.
  • 16. …mapping people, not sheep
  • 17. EU Population Cartogram
  • 18. World Population Cartogram with Elevation
  • 19. Gridded Population Cartogram vs. Worldmapper Population Cartogram
  • 20. A Human Planet
    This is a reprojection of the population distribution, showing where most people are living
  • 21. IV. The Map of (Un)Happy People
  • 22. (Un)Happy Humanity
  • 23. V. Conclusion & Outlook:
    Better Understanding through Visualisation
  • 24.
  • 25. Voter’s Well-being:Few agree with Nick
  • 26. Bangladesh Population Cartogram with Elevation
    Myanmar / Burma Population Cartogram with Elevation
    People’s Environments:Vulnerable Coasts
    Elevation [m]
  • 27. GDP Density
  • 28. The Real Shape of Economic Activity
  • 29. Economic Activity
  • 30. One World – Many Planets
    The map shows the ecological footprint (EF), a measure of the resources used per head in each country. A EF of 2.1 global hectares per capita equals one-planet living on the basis that everyone is entitled to the same amount of the planet’s natural resources.Data Source: New Economics Foundation, Happy Planet Index
  • 31. One Planet – Many People
    When we draw the same map upon the world population cartogram it may not initially appear to be so bad.The countries that consume too much contain fewer people, so not such a problem?However...This map is still misleading – we need to reproject the basemap again for a fair picture
  • 32. Few People – Many Planets
    If we reproject the globe again so that the area of each grid cell is drawn in proportion to the ecological impact of the people who live in that area, then we see that most of the damage is being caused by the rich world and more of that (per capita) by the most unequal countries of the rich world (which China services).
  • 33. Watch all slides of this talk again and see many other maps: www.viewsoftheworld.net
    Who is happy here?
    People having no light at night,
    or those who can afford to waste
    - and shine so much up into space?