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Presentation by Benjamin D. Hennig at the first Neocartography Commission session is set to start directly after the Society of Cartographers conference, and will be held from 3-45pm to 7-15pm at ...

Presentation by Benjamin D. Hennig at the first Neocartography Commission session is set to start directly after the Society of Cartographers conference, and will be held from 3-45pm to 7-15pm at University College London on Wednesday 5th September. More at http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/?p=2566

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From geovisualisation to neocartography: Maps in a digital world Presentation Transcript

  • 1. From geovisualisation to neocartographyMaps in a digital world Benjamin D. Hennig, University of Sheffield b.hennig@sheffield.ac.uk | http://www.viewsoftheworld.net
  • 2. From geovisualisation to neocartography Maps in a digital world I. Geovisualisation II. Mapmakers III. Mapmaking IV. Neocartography?
  • 3. GeovisualisationMaps in a digital world
  • 4. Geovisualisation Cartography is dead! Location, location, location! ?Cartography as a discipline investigates the methods andunderstanding of visualising spatial knowledge.Geovisualisation, in contrast, is more widely understood in a farmore technical way. I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 5. GIS, GIScience, Geovisualisation, Geoweb,… I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 6. MapmakersMaps in a digital world
  • 7. What is a cartographer anyway? I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 8. What is a cartographer anyway? http://www.cartographymaster.eu I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 9. Open Data and Data VisualisationUS government initiative Data.gov (top left), repository Visualizing.org (top right), individuals’ projects Floatingsheep.org (bottom left) andFlowingdata.com (bottom right) (screenshots taken from Bly 2011, US Government 2011, Yau 2011, Zook et al. 2011) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 10. MapmakingMaps in a digital world
  • 11. Evolution of Maps I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 12. The impact of the Internet Britt, M. & WC (Wikimedia Commons). 2006. Partial map of the internet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_map_1024.jpg I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 13. Digital CartographyA: Natural Earth geodata repository, B: Colorbrewer map colour guide, C: Typebrewer map typography guide, D: Indiemapper online cartographyapplication (screenshots taken from Kelso & Patterson 2011, Brewer & Harrower 2011, Sheesley 2006, Axis Maps LLC. 2010) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 14. Neocartography?Maps in a digital world
  • 15. Neogeography “Neogeography combines the complex techniques of cartography and GIS and places them within reach of users and developers.” I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 16. Neocartography“First there was neogeography, a convenient label forthe practice of geography outside of the formallyaccepted geographical disciplines. A convenientlabel, but one which caused some controversy andmud slinging with the aforementioned formallyaccepted disciplines being labelled paleogeographyand with a strong emphasis on the pejorative.So it seems almost inevitable that we now have aproposal […] form a commission on neocartography,looking into the practise of making maps outside ofthe formally accepted cartography profession.”(Gary Gale, http://www.vicchi.org/2011/03/07/after-neogeography-here-comes-neocartography/) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 17. Neocartography“Thankfully there’s been no mention of paleocartography yet; it’sto be hoped that with neocartography we look beyond thelabel to what is trying to be achieved rather than fixating onconvenient labels and pigeon-holing concepts.”(Gary Gale, http://www.vicchi.org/2011/03/07/after-neogeography-here-comes-neocartography/) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 18. Neocartography“Many examples of new and innovative mapping are beingproduced outside the normal orbit of existing cartographers ormap producers. The term neocartographers is being used todescribe map makers who may not have come from traditionalmapping backgrounds, and are frequently using open data andopen source mapping tools. Another difference is in the blurringof boundaries between map producers and map consumers.The availability of data and tools allows neocartographers tomake their own maps, show what they want, and often be theintended audience as well – that is to say they may make themaps for themselves, just because they can. There is a real needfor a discipline to be established to study this essentiallyundisciplined field of neocartography.This new commission tries to stimulate and bring togetherresearch in this area.”(http://neocartography.icaci.org/mission-and-aims/) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 19. Neocartography…and GeographyIn a new approach to cartography we should abandon thesebarriers between the technical side of cartography (which somesee as the science of geographical information, or GIScience,with geovisualisation being a part of it), and the aesthetic as wellas more conceptual side that many traditional cartographersdefend.Contemporary cartography needs to be redefined according totoday’s challenges. This is a chance to revive cartography as themain contributor to a new understanding of our world. As earlycartographers explained the world centuries ago by discoveringpreviously unknown physical spaces, it is now a necessity to tellthe stories of the spaces of humanity. One new role ofcartography is to contribute to an understanding of those spacesthat we still do not fully understand, and to analyse how thesecan be visualised. I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 20. Principles of Digital Mapping I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography?Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 21. Neocartography…and Geography“A lot of cartographers buried their heads in the sand in the 90s,but now we recognise we need to find a better solution to makemaps work on screen. The essence of cartography iscommunication.”(UK Ordnance Surveys head of cartography, Bob Lilley, in an interview with Moss 2007) I. Geovisualisation  II. Mapmakers  III. Mapmaking  VI. Neocartography? Benjamin D. Hennig  Maps in a digital world  1st Session of the ICA Commission on Neocartography. London, 5. September 2012
  • 22. Thanks for your attention!