Free GIS in the Classroom

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12/10/11

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  • Slide from ESRI presentation for GIS Day And correlated the location of the victim’s homes to the source of their drinking water. – A pattern is revealed. He determined that the majority of those who died had gotten their drinking water from the Broad Street water pump and not from bad air coming from the cemetery. After closing that pump the number of cases of cholera dropped dramatically. It turned out that the sewer pipes, buried about 22 feet down, where leaking into the shallow water wells; the shallow wells were only 28 feet deep. The Broad Street pump was only one of many shallow water wells in London. The deeper wells had a thicker buffer of soil between them and the leaking sewer pipes and therefore were less likely to get contaminated. The maps Dr. Snow made constitute a classic use of geographic information to draw epidemiological conclusions. Today, we might use the same principals to locate the cause of an outbreak of West Nile Virus, avian flu, or an unexplained source of food poisoning.
  • Free GIS in the Classroom

    1. 1. Free GIS in the Geography Classroom Alan Parkinson 12 th October 2011
    2. 2. “ Writing the Earth” with GIS [email_address] @GeoBlogs
    3. 3. GIS = Geographical Information Systems
    4. 4. “… a digital map, data located on the map, and a software application (GIS) that links the two together ” Diana Freeman (2004)
    5. 5. Source: ESRI
    6. 6. Where is GIS? Copyright: ESRI UK – used in ESRI / GA GIS courses
    7. 7. Where is GIS? Coastal & Marine Protection Agriculture Defence Search & Rescue Port & Airport Management Land Registry Telecommunications Aviation Retail Education Parks & Recreation Health Museum Economic Development Government Utilities Security Banking Insurance Waste Collection Landscape Planning Asset Management Street Lighting Facility Management Tourism Public Safety Engineering Nature Conservation Logistics Town Planning Highways National Mapping Surveying Forestry Mining Petroleum Copyright: ESRI UK – used in ESRI / GA GIS courses
    8. 8. Bringing your maps to life...
    9. 9. Mapping the unexpected....
    10. 10. Why use GIS ? 1 <ul><li>Highlighted within the KS3 Programme of Study and AB specifications </li></ul><ul><li>A need for pupils to be skilled in this area (‘ vocational’ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural link to enquiry , and use of ICT to display and interrogate data </li></ul>
    11. 11. Why use GIS ? 2 <ul><li>Pupils need to learn what GIS is, but as a way of exploring geography. This should be through using it , rather than learning about the software. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally start with something that the pupils are already confident (and competent) in using </li></ul><ul><li>There should be some plan for progression </li></ul>
    12. 12. GI = Geographical Information What information do you have ? What do you want to do with it ?
    13. 13. Start with the questions that you want to answer... If GIS can help, then this might be an opportunity to use it...
    14. 14. Teachers were seen to promote creative learning most purposefully and effectively when encouraging pupils to question and challenge, make connections and see relationships, speculate, keep options open while pursuing a line of enquiry, and reflect critically on ideas, actions and results. OFSTED Geography Subject Report
    15. 16. ONLINE CPD course… CPD & Events section of GA website
    16. 17. GIS at all key stages in geography... disaster management / planning / water / land reclamation / energy / resources
    17. 18. = VISUALISATION = GIS
    18. 20. 1: Google Earth <ul><li>1 billion FREE downloads – version 6 installed ? </li></ul><ul><li>Historical imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of files shared by users </li></ul><ul><li>Placemarks can hold text, images, video or audio – also produce graphs with embed code – recording fieldwork… </li></ul><ul><li>http://dexautomation.com/googlechartgenerator.php </li></ul>
    19. 22. https://sites.google.com/site/ncge2011/
    20. 23. http://www.merkador.com <ul><li>Quiz – introduces the tools that you can use… </li></ul>
    21. 24. Gavin Brock’s OS Layer
    22. 25. Many Eyes Visualisation Tool Uses ESRI map data A project of IBM http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com/manyeyes 2: Many Eyes
    23. 26. World Maps available...
    24. 27. How it works 1. Login – free and very quick.... 2. Click CREATE VISUALISATION 3. Upload or choose data set
    25. 28. Data entry is in Excel format Web sourced or “student derived”...
    26. 29. Selecting regions on world map shows data...
    27. 30. Zoom into the maps to see detail using mouse scroll wheel...
    28. 31. Can show multiple maps if there are multiple columns of data...
    29. 32. Sample UK Map...
    30. 33. 3: Hurricanes <ul><li>In Hurricane season, so now is the time to teach about them… </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Hazards – link with management / resilience / flooding / longer term impacts e.g. Katrina </li></ul><ul><li>Naming conventions </li></ul>
    31. 34. NOAA: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes/#
    32. 39. Data on map <ul><li>Queries – ask questions (answer questions..) </li></ul><ul><li>Layers – images / polygons / images </li></ul><ul><li>Stories – recording voices and embedding them into bookmarks … </li></ul>
    33. 40. Presenting information – students should be critical of the maps / data they are presented with…
    34. 41. OS OPEN DATA (2010) Free download of MERIDIAN 2 data
    35. 43. ORDNANCE SURVEY – GIS ZONE Good place to start...
    36. 44. Imagine a GIS badge What should you have to do in order to earn it ??
    37. 45. Questions <ul><li>Which GIS do you use ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the barriers to embedding GIS that you have come up against ? </li></ul><ul><li>What solutions have you found that haven’t been mentioned ? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you value for me to put on the portal or to make a short video of…. </li></ul>

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