High Blood Pressure ProjectPresentation Transcript
High Blood Pressures Effect on CVD By: Tracy Heffernan Meghan Vadeboncoeur Jake Richards Stephanie Sailor Dylan Frisbie Dexter Castro Brian Dubuc Miranda Elkanich
High Blood Pressure
Well first, blood pressure is the force of blood against your arteries and the force at which your heart pumps your blood through your arteries.
High blood pressure, or Hypertension, is when your blood pressure is abnormally high. Usually exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg (millimeters of Mercury).
Some complications caused by High Blood Pressure are Stroke, Atherosclerosis, Heart Attack, Congestive Heart Failure, and Kidney Failure.
Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a condition in which a type of plaque is collected on the walls of arteries. It occurs when a large amount of fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of the arteries. When plaque builds up, it can slow or block of the flow of blood through the artery and can cause damage to the organs, coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, loss of blood to limbs, Angina Pectoris, or a pulmonary embolism.
Different Kinds of Blood Pressure
Diastolic Pressure is the pressure on the heart and blood vessels when the heart relaxes and allows blood to fill its ventricles or cavities.
Systolic Pressure is the pressure on the heart and blood vessels when the heart contracts and pumps blood throughout the body.
The combination of Diastolic Pressure and Systolic Pressure is what creates the measurement of Blood Pressure (120/80 is healthy, 120 being the Systolic Pressure and 80 being the Diastolic Pressure).
How is Diabetes Related to High Blood Pressure?
Diabetes is when you have too much glucose in your blood stream.
Glucose is the sugar in your bloodstream that is absorbed by your cells. Glucose is in all food and is the energy that lets you get up in the morning.
Diabetes doesn't so much affect High Blood Pressure as High Blood Pressure affects Diabetes; most people who have Diabetes have High Blood Pressure.
Prevention of Pre-Hypertension
There are many drugs that can lower high blood pressure. Some rid the body of excess fluids and salt. Others reduce the heart rate and blood pressure by allowing the walls of the blood vessels to widen.
People with prehypertension and high blood pressure should:
follow the advice of their doctor
stay on their medication and follow all instructions
lose weight if overweight
eat heart healthy foods and
Adults should get at least 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise most days of the week. (Children need at least 60 minutes a day.) Doing less than this will lower your health benefits. Moderate aerobic exercise is generally defined as requiring about as much energy as walking 2 miles in 30 minutes.
High blood pressure is one of the most common risk factors for heart disease.
When blood pressure goes up, the heart has to work harder than normal. This puts the heart and the blood vessels under a strain. If high blood pressure is not treated, the heart will have to work even harder to pump enough blood and oxygen to meet the body's needs. The heart enlarges when it is forced to work harder than normal for a long time. An enlarged heart may have a hard time meeting the demands put on it.
Having high cholesterol means that you have too much cholesterol in your blood and cholesterol collects on the walls of arteries. The more cholesterol on the artery walls, the more pressure from the flow of blood there is which is known to be high blood pressure. High cholesterol makes it so there is more of a risk of high blood pressure which makes larger, more dangerous problems.
Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure
In conclusion High Blood Pressure is unfortunate to have.