Ideological MovementsRomanticism: is a non-political movement, but it added an emotional passion to the more political mo...
Classical LiberalismIt emphasized on the rights and liberties that individuals should possess:  Equality before the law ...
Not democratic: not everyone should be allowed to vote (censitary suffrage)Social classes that supported this movement: ...
Economic LiberalismAdam Smith and David RicardoGovernment should not interfere with business, it should stay out of the ...
Other Ideological MovementsRadicalism (Democrats)  Working class leaders  They wanted to extend many of the liberal   a...
Utopian Socialism  It was previous to marxism  They regarded the economic system as aimless,   chaotic and unjust.  Th...
Scientific Socialism, Marxism or Communism  Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels  They wanted to improve the working conditio...
• Feminism  • This movement wanted to expand the rights of    women in both public and private life.  • Main aims: a bette...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Ideological movements

3,984

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,984
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Ideological movements"

  1. 1. Ideological MovementsRomanticism: is a non-political movement, but it added an emotional passion to the more political movements after 1815
  2. 2. Classical LiberalismIt emphasized on the rights and liberties that individuals should possess: Equality before the law Freedom of speech and press Right of own propertyConstitutions: Governments should be limited by written constitutions.Representative Government: elected assemblies or parliaments which should make laws
  3. 3. Not democratic: not everyone should be allowed to vote (censitary suffrage)Social classes that supported this movement: Business and professional classes Enterprising landownersThey wanted changes, but in an orderly way, by processes of legislation, and not by Revolutions.
  4. 4. Economic LiberalismAdam Smith and David RicardoGovernment should not interfere with business, it should stay out of the economy and let businessess compete.“Laissez-Faire”Law of supply and demandFreedom of trade and abolition of tariffs
  5. 5. Other Ideological MovementsRadicalism (Democrats) Working class leaders They wanted to extend many of the liberal arguments to wider segments of the populationRepublicanism (Democrats) Its the continent version of radicalism They are opposed to royalism and monarchies. They supported “Revolutions” Heirs of the “French Revolution” Democrats: “universal male suffrage” Because of police repression they joined in secret societies.
  6. 6. Utopian Socialism It was previous to marxism They regarded the economic system as aimless, chaotic and unjust. They looked for a fairer and more equal distribution of income among all the members of society. Personalities: − Robert Owen − Saint Simon − Charles Fourier and his phalanstère
  7. 7. Scientific Socialism, Marxism or Communism Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels They wanted to improve the working conditions They believed in progress and in society. All the social classes would disappear and “the proletariat” would create a new society without social classes called “Communist Society” All means of production should be owned by society through the Government Surplus value (plusvalía): the worker creates some benefits, that are taken by capitalists, not by workers.
  8. 8. • Feminism • This movement wanted to expand the rights of women in both public and private life. • Main aims: a better education, reforms in property and divorce laws, the right to participate in public debates and voting rights• Nationalism • It defends the right of a group of individuals to be identified with a political entity called “nation”. • Centrifugal nationalism: it destroys already existing empires or nations • Centripetal nationalism: it creates new nations
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×