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Gehl Architects UN Global Compact COP 2010

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  • 1. UNITED NATIONSGLOBAL COMPACTGEHL ARCHITECTS | COMMUNICATION ON PROGRESS 2010
  • 2. GLOBAL COMPACT Launched in July 2000, the United Nations (UN) Global Compact is both a policy platform and a practical framework for companies that are committed to sustainability and responsible business practices. UN Global Compact aligns business Through a wide spectrum of specialized operations and strategies everywhere with workstreams, management tools, resources, ten universally accepted principles in the and topical programs, the UN Global Compact areas of human rights, labour, environment aims to advance two complementary and anti-corruption. By doing so, business, objectives: as a primary driver of globalization, can help ensure that markets, commerce, technology 1. Mainstream the ten principles in business activities and finance advance in ways that benefit around the world economies and societies everywhere. 2. Catalyze actions in support of broader UN goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) As social, political and economic challenges (and opportunities) — whether occurring at By doing so, business, as the primary agent home or in other regions — affect business driving globalization, can help ensure that more than ever before, many companies markets, commerce, technology and finance recognize the need to collaborate and partner advance in ways that benefit economies and with governments, civil society, labour and the societies everywhere and contribute to a more United Nations. sustainable and inclusive global economy. This ever-increasing understanding is reflected The UN Global Compact is not a regulatory in the Global Compacts rapid growth. With instrument, but rather a voluntary initiative that over 8700 corporate participants and other relies on public accountability, transparency stakeholders from over 130 countries, it is and disclosure to complement regulation and the largest voluntary corporate responsibility to provide a space for innovation. initiative in the world.2 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 3. The UN Global Compact asks companies to embrace, support and enact,within their sphere of influence, a set of core values in the areas of humanrights, labour standards, the environment and anti-corruptionHUMAN RIGHTS ENVIRONMENTPrinciple 1: Businesses should support Principle 7: Businesses should support aand respect the protection of internationally precautionary approach to environmentalproclaimed human rights; and challenges;Principle 2: make sure that they are not Principle 8: undertake initiatives to promotecomplicit in human rights abuses. greater environmental responsibility; and Principle 9: encourage the developmentLABOUR and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.Principle 3: Businesses should uphold thefreedom of association and the effective ANTI-CORRUPTIONrecognition of the right to collectivebargaining; Principle 10: Businesses should work againstPrinciple 4: the elimination of all forms of corruption in all its forms, including extortionforced and compulsory labour; and bribery.Principle 5: the effective abolition of childlabour; and An integral part of the UN Global CompactPrinciple 6: the elimination of discrimination commitment are the individual membersin respect of employment and occupation. Communication on Progress (COP). Gehl Architects joined the UN Global Compact in 2008, and this document is our first COP. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 3
  • 4. GEHL ARCHITECTS – IN BRIEF THE HUMAN DIMENSION Gehl Architects - Urban Quality Consultants is a consulting firm offering expertise in the fields of architecture, urban design and city planning. Our work is based on the human dimension – the built environment’s effect on social interaction between people in urban design. We consider the lively and widely used public realm to be one of the most important keys to quality in cities. We develop solutions based on detailed analysis of the existing social and built context in the form of public life and public space surveys. Thus our design and planning solutions are based on a comprehensive understanding of people’s use of public space and the way people experience urban quality. RESEARCH AS THE FOUNDATION The work of Gehl Architects is based on Professor Jan Gehl’s 40 years of extensive research on life in public spaces. This research deals with the many factors that influence public life and public space and how people use it. Although physical aspects of humans such as our senses and the way we walk and sit are timeless, we continue our research to further develop our knowledge regarding how the physical environment influences social interaction. The initial research was published in Professor Jan Gehls 1971 book, Life Between Buildings, that continues to be a widely used handbook on the relationship between public spaces and social life in cities and has been translated into more than 25 languages. Through the years we have published a number of books, reports and articles that document the research, the theories, the methods and the work including many Public Space Public Life Studies carried out in cities all over the world.4 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 5. OUR BASE IS COPENHAGEN, OUR TEAM IS MULTIDISCIPLINARYOur base is Copenhagen, a city we have collaborated with, studied and worked in for more than 40years. Our large scale Public Space Public Life Studies in Copenhagen in 1968, 1986, 1995 and 2005have provided Copenhagen with a unique insight and documentation of the public life and a substantialknowledge of what works and what doesn’t work when it comes to making cities for people. In greatpart based on this research, Copenhagen has become one of the worlds most people friendly citiesand a global leader when it comes to pedestrians and cycling.Our interdisciplinary team of 35 people include architects, urban designers, landscape architects,graphic designers, sociologists, anthropologists and cultural theorists. Additionally, Gehl Architectsemploy several senior consultants each internationally recognized experts within their field. Themanagement consists of two partners, Professor Jan Gehl and Helle Søholt, three directors and anumber of associates. The office consists of three teams – Gehl Institute, Gehl Cities and Gehl Studio. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 5
  • 6. GEHL INSTITUTE BUILDING CAPACITY AND EMPOWERMENT The Institute team builds capacity and empowers individuals, communities, institutions and organizations through teaching, knowledge-sharing activities and communication that focus on change- of-mindset towards making cities for people. The services are provided through lectures, seminars, symposia and workshops. The Institute team also provides project reviews, direct city and client consultancy and other forms of advocacy work on a global basis. The clients are both public bodies and institutions on a state, regional and local level as well as non-governmental organizations, foundations and other entities all over the world that work to promote people-friendly and sustainable city planning. The Institute team have worked in locations such as Copenhagen, Helsingborg, Rio de Janeiro, Mexico City and Kunsan. GEHL CITIES PROVIDING INTELLIGENCE TO MAKE CITIES BETTER The Cities team work to make existing cities better by providing politicians, city administrators and other decision-makers with the much needed data on the many factors that influence public life and public space in cities and how people use it. Gehl Cities work grows directly from Jan Gehl’s 40 years of extensive research on life in public spaces. The Cities team not only provides systematic data through internationally recognized methods but also produces recommendations for concrete improvements that the cities can engage in. The clients are primarily cities, of all sizes and from all over the world, that want to create a more people-friendly environment. The Cities team have carried out projects in cities such as Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm, Malmö, London, New York, Sydney, Melbourne, Istanbul, Chennai and Chongqing. GEHL STUDIO MASTERPLANNING WITH PEOPLE IN MIND The Studio team develop masterplans and design solutions for existing cities as well as new cities and city areas. The extensive research on public space and public life in cities, carried out by Professor Jan Gehl and Gehl Architects, has produced insights and findings that are easily applied to masterplanning. These findings inform the design solutions with a humanistic core, whether it be in the case of a street or a square or it be on the scale of a neighbourhood or a city quarter. The clients are both private developers as well as cities that want to develop cities and city areas according to a more people-friendly planning philosophy. The Studio team have worked in cities and places such as Vienna, London, Muscat, Los Angeles and Brighton.6 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 7. ConnectedComfortable Muscat City for people Intense Inviting Ge Gehl Architects Urban Qu lit Consultants Gl Kongevej 1, 4.tv 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Køben eh hit cts Urban Qua i itect t ts rb Quality onsultant Gl. ongeve it nsult n ult nt l ongeve n vvej .t .tv 1610 øbe tv 61 øben rk www k wwwww ww 7
  • 8. OUR STATEMENT OF CONTINUED SUPPORTGehl Architects – Urban Quality Consultants Gehl Architects work to create sustainablejoined the United Nations Global Compact in environments and promote a holistic lifestyle.2008 and we continue to support the initiative. Our approach to design extends beyond the use of sustainable materials and includesOur vision is to create better cities. We a strong advocacy for walking, cycling andaspire to create cities that are lively, healthy, alternative transport – issues that addressattractive, sustainable and safe - and thereby global challenges such as environmentalimprove people’s quality of life. conditions, social inequality and health.At Gehl Architects we firmly believe that a We aspire to address all the issues, that havegood city is a city where the human scale in a foundation in the United Nations Globalcity planning is looked well after. By allowing Compact initiative, in all of the projects wethe aspirations for the public realm to drive the develop around the world but also through ourdesign process, the public spaces can serve communication effort, our capacity buildingas a place for all, while embracing the unique as well as in the office amongst ourselves.qualities and amenities of the specific urban The core of the United Nations Globalcontext: A city should open up, invite and Compact initiative is sitting at the heart of theinclude people, having different activities and decade long effort of our team to improve thepossibilities and thereby ensuring multiplicity world’s cities and make them places of qualityand diversity. for all people. Hence it is with great pride that we express our continued support to theAll the ten principles of the United Nations United Nations Global Compact initiative.Global Compact are played out in the publicrealm and in the city as such. And all the tenprinciples can be supported by a sustainedfocus on making the public realm open,accessible, democratic and a place of quality Helle Søholt and Jan Gehlfor all people. Founding Partners Gehl Architects – Urban Quality Consultants Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 8
  • 9. ”Whereas neglect has just about extinguished city lifein some economically developed countries, pressurefrom developments has pushed life into extremelyadverse conditions in many countries with lessdeveloped economies. In both cases making city lifeviable will require careful work with people’s conditionsfor walking, bicycling and using the city’s outdoorspace.Core issues are respect for people, dignity, zest forlife and the city as meeting place. In these areas,the difference between the dreams and desires ofpeople in various parts of the world are not dramatic.The methods for dealing with these issues are alsosurprisingly similar, because it all comes down topeople, who have the same basic point of departure”.Professor Jan Gehl, Cities for People, Island Press, 2010
  • 10. GEHL ARCHITECTS INITIATIVES TO IMPLEMENT GLOBAL COMPACT PRINCIPLES IN OUR WORK HUMAN RIGHTS LABOUR Principle 1 Principle 3 Businesses should support and respect the Businesses should uphold the freedom of protection of internationally proclaimed human association and the effective recognition of the rights. right to collective bargaining Principle 2 Principle 4 Make sure that they are not complicit in human The elimination of all forms of forced and rights abuses compulsory labour Principle 5 Our actions The effective abolition of child labour Our mission is to create better cities, and we consider the good city as human. We plan and Principle 6 design citities based on the human scale and in The elimination of discrimination in respect of respect of people’s daily life. We seek to create employment and occupation. lively, safe, sustainable and healthy cities all over the world. We seek to increase quality of life. Our actions As a consultancy company who operates When hiring people to work with us or when internationally, in developed and developing collaborating with others neither race, color, sex, countries, we think it is our responsibility to language, religion, political beliefs or nationality, is advocate and uphold the human rights where we used to discriminate. It is solely educational and work as well as at our office. professional experiences that form the basis for our hiring policy. We furthermore actively seek to engage and embrace across cultures whenever possible. It is free to everyone to enter unions and associations and all our staff have individual contract that are designed according to the Danish work legislation and requirements. We do not employ underage persons.10 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 11. ENVIRONMENT ANTI-CORRUPTIONPrinciple 7 Principle 10Businesses should support a precautionary Businesses should work against corruption in allapproach to environmental challenges its forms, including extortion and bribery. Our actionsPrinciple 8 We dissociate from corruption of every kindUndertake initiatives to promote greater and advocate democratic values, respect andenvironmental responsibility; and transparency in our work. These values are also an essential part of our relation to partners,Principle 9 clients and employees. We have not beenEncourage the development and diffusion of involved in any kind of corruption.environmentally friendly technologiesOur actionsCreating more sustainable cities is part of ourcore business. We base our vision on ProfessorJan Gehl’ 40 years of research on how peopleand cities interact and have from the beginningapproached a more sustainable way of living –environmentally, social and economical – andacknowledged the environmental challenges thatwe face. Many of our projects aim to engage inenvironmental questions, aiming to maintain anddevelop sustainable actions and solutions. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 11
  • 12. EXAMPLE #1: MEXICO CITY/MEXICO – BICYCLE MOBILITY PLAN In Mexico City the average time spent in traffic to provide consultancy services to advice on every day is 2.5 hours, 26 pedestrian are killed a transport improvement project establishing every day from traffic injury. The city is facing new bicycle infrastructure in Mexico City. The tremendous challenges to turn itself around to ambition is to establish a total of 300 km of new more livable and sustainable solutions that also in bicycle tracks over a period of four and a half terms of mobility respond better to the needs of years. the many poor inhabitants in the city. Gehl Architects consultancy has resulted in In developing countries access to varied modes the Bicycle Mobility Strategy for Mexico City of transportation is an important issue, mainly which integrates a series of initiatives and because the infrastructure of many cities are recommendations and targets all relevant planned more for the cars and less for people stakeholders, from politicians to city officials to it may seem. The mobility aspect is distinct the city staff responsible for the operational level. in more poor cities, since large parts of the population often don’t have the opportunity to The overall vision for the Bicycle Mobility have a car and therefore need to move about in Strategy is to create a more competitive, other ways. By refining and creating sidewalks equitable, and sustainable Mexico City. In this and bicycle lanes, and improving the public sense, the project is much more than a project transportation systems we help to ameliorate providing bicycle paths for cyclists. The project mobility opportunities for everyone. This mobility will have a tremendous impact on the daily life of oriented development becomes part of creating every citizen in Mexico City - how they perceive a more social and democratic city – equal access and experience their city, the quality of air, how to mobility. they use their time, and where and how they move. The Mobility Strategy Plan for bicycles Gehl Architects worked with The Secretaria aims to be part of the overall solution to Mexico de Medio Ambiente del Districto Federal (City City’s challenging situation and will be part of of Mexico City, Environmental Department) & achieving the city’s overall goals. Universidad Nacional Autónoma De Méxicoto12 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 13. EXAMPLE #2:AMMAN/JORDAN – URBAN REALM STRATEGYThe Greater Amman Municipality employed Gehl dominated space has been developed into aArchitects to develop strategies for two pilot people friendly space with focus on recreationalprojects that could be used as the benchmark for activities. In collaboration with Nyvig Trafficdeveloping inviting public spaces in the city in the Engineers, design guidelines were developedfuture. The two areas, Ashrafiyeh and Sweifieh, for a car free area with proposed upgrades torespectively a district in the old city and a more buildings surrounding the square, and strategiesmodern development, are quite different in for organizing traffic including new taxi ranks andcharacter and therefore represent a wide range of bus stops.design problems to be considered. In Sweifieh strategies have been developed toWe advocate for an increased prioritization of the create a hierarchy of new urban spaces includingpublic space, of pedestrianism and the role of the a detailed space program for the main pedestriancity space as a meeting place for all city dwellers. street. The strategy is based on a detailed lifeBy prioritizing the public spaces you improve and urban quality analysis of this 5 km2 keythe social and cultural life in the city. Creating retail area that is the most popular internationalgood public spaces invites interaction between brand shopping street in the city. Wakalatpeople. The two areas in Amman, Ashrafiyeh and Street opened as a pedestrian street in 2007. InSweifieh, were very traffic dominated and we collaboration with Nyvig Traffic Engineers, wehelped transform them into public spaces that developed strategies to reduce through trafficinvite human interaction, plus are more safe and and parking search traffic, as well as for newhealthy environment. parking systems while optimizing existing parking options.Ashrafiyeh is located in one of the originalseven hill districts of the city. The site is anexisting undeveloped public space, situatedbetween the largest hospital in the country anda major mosque. This vital, yet otherwise traffic Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 13
  • 14. EXAMPLE #3 GUANGZHOU/CHINA – MOBILTY ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT Gehl Architects in collaboration with ITDP In Guangzhou we worked with local planners to (Institute for Transport and Development Policy) introduce principals for the entire system, as well and local planners in Guangzhou have developed as for a specific site, emphasizing the importance new people oriented principles for the public of putting people in the centre of public space transportation system and suggested design planning surrounding public transport. concepts for new public spaces along the BRT (Bus Rapid Transit). With the implementation The work resulted in a change of the overall in Guangzhou of new public transport the strategy and a design concept for a specific site, connections to the surrounding neighbourhoods stating a best practice approach for the public become crucial for the success of the project. spaces to come. Public transport users arrive, almost without exception, as pedestrians, bicyclist or by other modes of public transport. This is the case all over the world. This means that the quality for people in the transit zones becomes extremely important for the experience and use of the public transport system.14 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 15. EXAMPLE #4NEW YORK CITY, USA – URBAN REALM & BICYCLE STRATEGY World Cla ss Streets: Remaking New York City’s Public Realm 3In 2007, Gehl Architects were engaged to advice and promoting a balance between modes ofon both long-term and short-term improvements transportation including the implementation ofin-line with the New York City Mayor’s PlaNYC several new public spaces and the completion ofInitiative: A vision for a “greener, greater NYC” in a comprehensive bicycle lane network. This work2030. A key strategy is to “re-imagine the City’s is published in the “World Class Streets” reportpublic realm” and develop an urban environment which is part of an ambitious and far reachingthat is people friendly. Quantitative goals include effort to place New York at the forefront of urbana 30% reduction of C02 emissions, planting 1 development.million trees, implementing 300 km of cyclelanes as well as performance standards such as The project has so far doubled the amount ofensuring all citizens are within a 10 minute walk bicycle lanes in NYC and as a result twice asof a public open space, doubling the percentage many New Yorkers commute to work on bicycle.of cyclist commuters and reducing traffic related A seven mile car-free route, known as Summerdeaths by 50%. Streets, from Brooklyn Bridge to Central Park, opened in the summers of 2008 and 2009. OverWorking together with the Mayor’s office, 300,000 people attended the events, somethe Department of Transportation as well as trying bicycling on city streets for the first time.business and community stakeholders and The event earned rave reviews from New Yorkersinterests groups, Gehl Architects were hired to and local papers, catching the attention of citiesanalyse the current condition of NYC’s public across the world.realm. The analysis led to a strategic visionaimed at improving conditions for pedestrians Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 15
  • 16. SPEAKING OUT LOUD Achieving change, whether it be changing the Speaking out loud has been an integral part of world at large or changing the various smaller Gehl Architects activities and worldview, as it worlds of family, friends, relations, workplace were, ever since the company was founded in or indeed the world of cities, requires that 2000. And before that, speaking out loud formed one voices concern and engages in raising an integral part of founding partner, Professor awareness of the important issues whenever Jan Gehls activities, for more than four decades, possible and that one speaks out loud. when teaching and lecturing at the School of Architecture, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Being a private company engaged in changing Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark, and in academic the cities of the world to better cities for all institutions around the world. people we apply several means to both speak out loud and be heard. Speaking out loud in In relation to the United Nations Global Compact the form of lectures and keynotes, knowledge initiative we consider the activity of speaking sharing, capacity building, and communication out loud about our commitment to the Global are some of the means we employ. Compact, and the wider implications of the principles within the sphere of influence that is ours, as very important.16 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 17. KNOWLEDGE SHARINGFrom the very beginning of Professor Jan Gehls world. The basic motivation has been to makeacademic career in the 1960’s knowledge sharing knowledge available in a form that would allowhas formed a basic principle by which to live. local people and decision makers to promoteRaising the awareness of the way people are change. The principle of knowledge sharing hastreated – or as it were, aren’t treated well at all – been maintained also through the many booksin cities around the world and the implications of and reports that Professor Jan Gehl and Gehlthis on the level of well-being and the quality of Architects have published over the years, sharinglife attained has been communicated to decision the methods and tools we have developed withmakers through reports and empirical data everyone interested.and has been shared with cities all around the Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 17
  • 18. CAPACITY BUILDING An integral part of many of the large Public Space has been an important goal in our activities ever Public Life surveys that Gehl Architects have since the beginning. This teaching activity has carried out over the years is the cooperation with since developed into actual capacity building both schools and universities, as well as with city programs that have been employed in many officials and administrators, in the cities being cities in Latin, South and North America, in Asia, surveyed. Teaching and educating local people so Oceania, Europe and in the Middle East. We that they can continue monitoring developments emphasize to equip people with better means and promote awareness of the issues at stake of sustaining and developing their own quality of after we as private consultants have left the city life.18 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 19. COMMUNICATIONConnected to our efforts of knowledge sharing or even a duty to share our knowledge withand capacity building we also devote much focus people. This has brought us to Cape Town, Saoto communication in articles, public lectures, and Paolo, Chennai, Guadalajara and many otherpresentations on symposia and conferences, places in the world, where there is a need to puton our webpage and not least through our blog, more focus on treating people well in cities butMaking Cities for People. The lecture activity is where the means to achieve this may not be aswidespread, and we make an effort to travel to abundantly present as in many western cities.all corners of the world to share our methods and Our blog-initiative is also used to swiftly sharesolutions to making cities better for people. We news and knowledge that can contribute tohave made it a company policy also to engage in change in terms of better cities for people all overlecturing activities when the immediate reward the world.in terms of fee or new jobs is not necessarilypresent, but where we sense there is a need Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 København V · Danmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 19
  • 20. Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 København V Tel: +45 32 950 951 · Fax: +45 32 950 958mail@gehlarchitects.dk · www.gehlarchitects.dk

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