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Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions
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Green port congress 10 oct 2013 Experiences with innovative solutions to reduce diesel exhaust emissions

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The 8th GreenPort Congress will continue the theme of examining the challenges and opportunities of developing good practice and sustainable solutions and applications. …

The 8th GreenPort Congress will continue the theme of examining the challenges and opportunities of developing good practice and sustainable solutions and applications.


Environmental managers, planners, harbour masters, logistics managers, energy managers, sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility executives from ports, terminal operators, shipping lines, shippers, logistics companies and other industry stakeholders, will all come together to learn, discuss, debate and network at the two day Congress and it's associated social events. These include an evening Welcome Reception on 8 October 2013, the Gala Dinner on 9 October 2013 and a Tour of Antwerp Port on 11 October 2013, all of which are included in the delegate fee.

More than 200 port professionals from more than 30 countries and 60 ports, terminal operators, shipping lines, shippers and logistics companies attended the 2012 GreenPort Congress, the 2013 Congress is on course to attract a wider audience than ever before.
- See more at: http://www.greenport.com/congress/about-the-conference#sthash.AK8d2wsb.dpuf

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  • 1. Experiences with innovative  solutions to reduce diesel exhaust  emissions Automotive Ecology BVBA  Heerbaan 27 ‐ 1745 Opwijk ‐ T+32(0)52 52 75 50 ‐ F+32(0)52 52 75 50 – info@automotive‐ecology.eu    www.automotive‐ecology.eu ‐ VAT BE 0816 985 666 – Account ING 363‐0550977‐57 ‐ IBAN BE09 3630 5509 7757 ‐ BIC BBRUBEBB 10 October 2012 MSc Ir. Geerard Collijs
  • 2. Reducing emissions from diesel engines is one of the most important air quality challenges facing many countries and industries. Even with more complex and demanding standards that only apply to newly manufactured diesel engines, millions of diesel engines already in use will continue to emit large amounts of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Particulate Matter (PM), SO2 and CO2 which contribute to serious public health problems and global warming. Evidence from the World Health Organization (WHO) June 2012 reports: •Diesel exhaust emissions have significant effects on human health especially infant mortality and morbidity. •Particulate Matter (PM or black carbon) and PM 2.5 are confirmed to increase cancer risk, cardiovascular illness and premature mortality. 2013 et al LIM Over 6 million mortalities per annum from PM globally. •Clear links exist between air pollutants and the sources of GHG’s which cause climate change. •Nitrogen Oxides NOx, PM and SO2 causes a wide variety of health and environmental impacts: ground‐level ozone (Smog), acid rain, water quality deterioration, toxic chemicals which may cause biological mutations and visibility impairment reducing visibility in urban areas. Innovative technologies designed to reduce diesel emissions from existing engines and non‐road, agricultural and port equipment from ICE engines are available and in operation today. These retro fit technologies ensure that older engines which are in operation today, combined with increasing usage, are not increasing emissions but can actually reduce them! We – Automotive Ecology BVBA and its partner companies are an environmental project development company bringing electro‐catalytic hydrogen on demand combustion catalyst technology & others to the commercial industrial & transport market. On a project basis we offer a low cost/ high ROI retrofit application that has the ability to deliver a revolutionary impact on both emission (GHG) components and fuel consumption and the co‐ benefits of air quality improvement. We can implement projects in conjunction with Governments to provide solutions and methodology for emission reduction, air quality improvement & engine efficiency projects. These projects are undertaken in collaboration with programs such as: the Worldwide Program of Activities (POA), Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Nationally Approved Mitigation Actions (NAMA) in agreement with local governments and aligned with Millennium Development Goals (MDG) under the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework for Climate Change) and align with sustainable development goal locally. Meeting the Challenge Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved
  • 3. Company and Approach Automotive Ecology is a dynamic and innovative company based near  Brussels in Belgium. It started operations in 2009 headed by Mr. Geerard COLLIJS, an automotive engineer, with extensive experience in the  automotive industry. Our ambitions are to invest and develop new technologies that reduce our  ecological footprint by cutting hazardous emissions and fuel consumption  without affecting daily mobility and workability. Technology Company •Product Development •Product  Manufacturing •Technology R&D •Verification •Certification •Traning •Knowhow transfer Project Company •Air Quality  Improvement •Emission Reduction •Engine Efficiency  Projects •National & Regonal  Policy  •Goverments •Development Banks Promotion and Dissemination •Local Partner &  Participant •Local Market  knowhow &  Development •Local Assembly Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved
  • 4. Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved Concept & Benefits Improved Fuel Economy Reduced Emissions
  • 5. The operation of the ECCA (Electro‐Catalytic Combustion Assist ) is based on generating hydrogen gas ‐ using wasted exhaust heat ‐ from demineralized water (Hydrogen On Demand ‐ HOD), which is then injected through the air inlet of the engine. In developing this system our emphasis was optimizing operation of components, quality, durability and safety. The system is designed to continue to function in a safe way within predetermined parameters. Besides this strong product focus and integrated features, we have our own service team for installation, adjustment, control and a yearly maintenance program of the system. The system has been developed in the past 5 years and faces no more defects and “child diseases”. Our proven track record shows that results obtained are a significant added value which are achieved in daily use, in various modalities, both in terms of emissions reduction and fuel economy. The Solution:   Electro‐Catalytic Combustion Assist (ECCA) Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved
  • 6. Port Equipment Experiences Customer Challenge Our customer, MSC Home Terminal, is the largest container terminal in the port of Antwerp. Their aim was to improve the carbon footprint while increasing the competitiveness by reducing diesel fuel consumptions on their larger fuel users. Solution To make fuel consumption and the corresponding emissions more efficient and environment‐friendly, MSC Home Terminal, has equipped 31 of its straddle carriers with the AquaFuelSystemPlus (AQS+). Customer Benefits The 31 modified straddle carriers now use less fuel and thus produce less harmful emissions. The project is a part of a programme by the Port Authority in an effort to promote more environment‐friendly port equipment. The improvements are significant: independent monitoring and tests have shown that the system yields fuel savings, and fewer emissions, with the CO2 content of exhaust gasses falling from 6.4% to 5.3%, a reduction of more than 18%. The amount of carbon monoxide is also reduced by more than 10%, while almost 19% less nitrogen oxides (NOx) are emitted. Thanks to the more efficient combustion, soot (PM) emissions are cut by an amazing 85% at POINT OF COMBUSTION Case Study Environmental benefits for MSC Home Terminal container moving equipment Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved
  • 7. A Antwerp Break bulk stevedore also installed our system on a Gottwald mobile crane used to unload ships.  The client subsequently conducted a fuel consumption measurement by using an external fuel tank on a  weighing scale in order to accurately verify the fuel consumption reduction. In this case, they run the engine at  idle for 4 hours, with and without the system. Then another 2 hours under load with and without using our  system. The results are impressive with a 26% saving at idle and 16% under lead as presented here. Case Study Commercial benefits for Break bulk mobile cranes Port Equipment Experiences - 26 % - 19 % - 78 % - 47 % Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved
  • 8. Commercial benefits for Break bulk mobile cranes Evaluated Impact ‐ Avoided Emissions  Port of Antwerp Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved  Scania DS12 – Straddle Carrier ‐ Container moving Equipment Measurement Without AQS+ With AQS Dif % Avoided Emissions at 4500 yearly running hours CO2 (% Vol) 5,4 4,4 ‐ 18,52 54 ton/year CO (mg/ Nm3) 199 176 ‐ 11,56 63 Kg/year NOx (mg/ Nm3) 1823 1481 ‐ 18,76 9429 Kg/year PM (mg/ Nm3) 10,5 1,6 ‐ 84,76 84,76 Kg/year Eurofins NV; ELO1110/041 Eurofins NV; r010003  Cummins KTA‐38 – Gottwald Mobile Crane Measurement Without H2/O2 With H2/02 Dif % Avoided Emissions at 2500 yearly running hours CO2 (% Vol) 4,6 2,3 ‐ 50,00 159 ton/year CO (mg/ Nm3) 679 504 ‐ 25,77 828 Kg/year NOx (mg/ Nm3) 1645 1332 ‐ 19,03 1773 Kg/year PM (mg/ Nm3) 187 41,2 ‐ 77,97 447 Kg/year Eurofins NV; ELO1112/003 Eurofins NV; ELO1201/019 CO2 -> Avoided Emissions = 1833 ton/year CO -> Avoided Emissions = 2,8 ton/year NOx -> Avoided Emissions = 294 ton/year PM -> Avoided Emissions = 3,1ton/year  Total Evaluated Emission Reductions for the Port of Antwerp
  • 9. Commercial benefits for Break bulk mobile cranes Direct impact on the local community Economic Analysis  Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved https://www.gov.uk/air‐quality‐economic‐analysis Damage costs approach; Damage costs are a simple way to value changes in air pollution. They are estimates of the costs to society of the likely  impacts of changes in emissions. Damage costs assume an average impact on an average population affected by changes in air  quality. Table: IGCB Air quality damage costs per ton, 2010 prices Central Estimate NOX £955/ton PM transport average £48,517/ton -> Economic Appraisal  => 280,770 £/year ‐> 332k€ ‐>  Economic Appraisal => 150,402 £/year ‐> 178 k€  UK Economic Emissions Appraisal  Operator & Competitive Fuel Cost Advantage  31 SC machines Cargotec @ 4500Hrs/yr @ 26 liters that can save 10% ‐> 2,5lts/Hr => 2,5*31*4500ltrs @ 0,7€/ltr (2013 avg) = 244k€/yr  1 Gottwald mobile crane @ 2500Hrs/yr @ 45 liters that can save 15% ‐> 6,75lts/Hr => 6,75 *2500lts @ 0,7€/ltr (2013 avg) = 11,812€/yr
  • 10. AE bvba Local  Project  Participant Corporation – High Fuel  usage – or  Government Letter  Of Intent Pilot Project  Real Time  Demonstration Project  Agreements  CDM or  NAMA or JI World /  Development  Banks Project  Rollout Copyright 2013, Automotive Ecology BVBA‐ all rights reserved Unique Environmental Project  Based Collaborative Approach
  • 11. Contact us Geerard Collijs Managing Director Automotive Ecology BVBA  Address: Heerbaan 27 1745 Opwijk Belgium Phone: +32 52 52 75 50  Mobile: +32 496 06 06 10 Email: geerard@automotive‐ecology.eu Website: www.automotive‐ecology.eu VAT number: BE 0816 985 666  Bank details:  Bank name ING  IBAN: BE09 3630 5509 7757 BIC code: BBRUBEBB
  • 12. Independent research & validation Study nr. 2011‐01‐1964: Effects of Hydrogen Addition to Intake Mixture on Cyclic Variation of Diesel Engine Tomoyuki Hashimoto ‐ Honda R&D Co., Ltd.  Toru Miyamoto ‐ Yamaguchi University Abstract: The present study experimentally investigated cyclic variation of combustion characteristics of a diesel engine with hydrogen added  to the intake air in detail. As a result, there were three ignition modes: (1) hydrogen ignition mode, (2) hydrogen‐assisted ignition mode, and  (3) diesel‐fuel ignition mode. Ignition timing fluctuated from cycle to cycle in each ignition mode and between one ignition mode and another  mode. As the coolant temperature was increased, the number of cycles in diesel‐fuel ignition mode decreased, and indicated thermal  efficiency and cyclic variation was improved. In the case with the blow‐by gas introduced to intake port, preflame reaction of blow‐by gas  first occurred, ignited hydrogen, and then diesel‐fuel was ignited by hydrogen combustion in hydrogen ignition mode and hydrogen‐assisted  ignition mode. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 36, Issue 10, May 2011:  Hydrogen effects on NOx emissions and brake thermal efficiency in a diesel engine under low‐temperature and heavy‐EGR conditions Graduate School, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University Abstract: The energy content of the introduced hydrogen was varied from an equivalent of 2–10% of the total fuel’s lower heating value.  A test engine was operated at a constant diesel fuel injection rate and engine speed to maintain  the same engine control unit (ECU)  parameters, such as injection time, while observing changes in the carbon dioxide produced due to variations in the hydrogen supply.  Additionally, the EGR system was modified to control the EGR ratio. The test results demonstrated that the supplied hydrogen reduced the  specific NOx emissions at a given EGR ratio while increasing the brake thermal efficiency. The rate of NOx reduction due to hydrogen addition  increased at higher EGR ratios compared with pure diesel combustion at the same EGR ratio.  http://www.automotive‐ecology.eu/en/validation/

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