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Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
Uses and Characteristics of Money
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Uses and Characteristics of Money

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Economic Definitions

Economic Definitions

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  • 1. Money Its Uses and Characteristics
  • 2. Uses of Money Explained <ul><li>Money, as defined by dictionary.com, is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any circulating medium of exchange, including coins, paper money, and demand deposits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, for the purposes of economics, money actually has three distinct uses, some of which are not adequately covered in the above definition. </li></ul><ul><li>These uses are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a Medium of Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a Unit of Account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a Store of Value </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. …a Medium of Exchange <ul><li>By definition, a Medium of Exchange is anything that is used to determine value during the exchange of goods and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Money allows us to use systems of trade beyond the Barter System. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bartering is directly trading one good or service for another. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your money acts as a common ground for determining value. </li></ul>
  • 4. …a Unit of Account <ul><li>Money can be used as a means to compare the values of goods and services. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use the monetary value assigned to a specific good or service to compare it to one offered by a different provider. </li></ul><ul><li>Money allows us to compare similar offers for goods and services to determine the best value. </li></ul>
  • 5. …a Store of Value <ul><li>Money is used to maintain the value of a transaction over time. </li></ul><ul><li>If you receive monetary compensation for a good or service, the actual amount that your received does not change if you do not use it immediately. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can spend, or exchange, your money at a later time without penalty. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, the functional value of the stored money may change over time due to other factors. </li></ul>
  • 6. What then is Money? <ul><li>An item must have six key characteristics to be considered as “Money”. </li></ul><ul><li>These Characteristics are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divisibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptability </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Durability <ul><li>Durability means that the item must be able to withstand being used repeatedly. </li></ul><ul><li>Items that are considered Currency, coins and paper bills used as money meet this requirement. </li></ul>
  • 8. Portability <ul><li>Portability means that individuals are able to carry money with them and transfer it easily to other individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>This is why coins and paper money have historically proved popular. </li></ul>
  • 9. Divisibility <ul><li>Divisibility means that the money can easily be divided into smaller units of value. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, different coins and notes convey these fractional values. </li></ul>
  • 10. Uniformity <ul><li>Uniformity means that all versions of the same denomination of currency must have the purchasing power. </li></ul><ul><li>As an example, a 1928 $2 bill will still buy $2 worth of goods or services today. </li></ul>
  • 11. Limited Supply <ul><li>Limited Supply means that restrictions on the amount of money in circulation ensure that values remain relatively constant for the currency. </li></ul><ul><li>The responsibility for maintaining an adequate money supply falls on the Federal Reserve System. </li></ul>
  • 12. Acceptability <ul><li>Acceptability means that everyone must be able to use the money for transactions. </li></ul><ul><li>In the United States this is indicated on our paper bills by the notation: “This note is legal tender for all debts, public and private”. </li></ul>

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