Norway – a leading role in CCS development

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GASSNOVA HAS A MAJOR AND
VERY DEMANDING MANDATE,
given to us by the nation of Norway: We are to help provide solutions
for CO2 capture and storage (CCS), so that humanity does not make
this world uninhabitable for coming generations.

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Norway – a leading role in CCS development

  1. 1. NORWAY – A LEADING ROLE IN CCS DEVELOPMENT Anne M. Blaker og Staale Aakenes, Gassnova SF 10/15/2012 1
  2. 2. SnøhvitLOCATION OF CCS PROJECTS IN NORWAY Existing Mongstad Kårstø Projects Sleipner Google
  3. 3. Few big CO2 emission pointsMainland NorwayIn total 34 emission points > 100,000 t/yr3 emission points>1,0 million t/yr10 emission points> 400,000 t/yr
  4. 4. NORWAY PUNCHING ABOVE IT’S WEIGHT IN CCS • Oil and energy cluster • R&D based industrial development • Financial resources • Making fossil fuels sustainable • A driving force vs. the climate challenge Photo: Scanpix
  5. 5. THE NORWEGIAN CLIMATE POLICY• A Climate accord in the Norwegian Storting (parliament) : • Global target: limit average temperature rise to 2°C above pre-industrial level • Strengthen Norway’s “Kyoto commitment” from 1% above 1990-level to 9% below 1990 level • Reduce Norway’s carbon emission footprint with 40% within 2020 • Reduction of >20 MtonCO2 • Norway shall be “carbon neutral” within 2030 • Carbon emission reductions may be domestic/offshore reductions or through purchase of international emission credits • However – the target is that 50%-65% of the reduction shall be domestically• Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg’s New Year Address 2007: • “Norway will take a pioneer role for development of technologies for CO2 capture and storage within 7 years – demonstrated at the European CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad” • “This is a large, national project and can be compared to the US Moon Landing project in the 1960’s” 5
  6. 6. CCS IN NORWAY - STATE INVOLVEMENT Regulator Commercial market, industry involvement State taking an active part Technology development2005 20XX
  7. 7. GASSNOVA SFTHE NORWEGIAN STATE ENTERPRISE FOR CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGECLIMIT: Research and development program – Support for technology developmentAsset management – CCS demo projects – Ensure that the State utilises the resources in the best possible mannerAdvisor to the authorities Page 7
  8. 8. CCS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTACTIVITIES IN NORWAY - CLIMIT-programme (Technology development state aid) Research - Research centres (for Environmentally Friendly Energy) • BIGCCS Centre (CCS) • SUCCESS (CO2 storage) - ECCSEL (European CCS Laboratory infrastructure)Development - CO2 storage field laboratories (Svalbard and Hurum)Demonstration - CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad – TCM • In operation May 2012 Pre- - CCS from CHP at Mongstad commercial • Under planning/Planned decision 2016 • Technology qualification programme - Sleipner - 16 yrs of sub sea bed CO2 storage Commercial - Industry participation - to develop an ownership and operation model for CO2 transport and storage
  9. 9. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Cash Flow [M€] Large investments Long time horizon for commercialisation Unclear frameworks 0 Research CLIMIT/NRC -1 Development & demo CLIMIT/Gassnova -10 Early mover projects Gassnova - 100 2012: ~14 M € ~11 M€ ~41 M€ Research Developm Demo Precom. Fullcom.
  10. 10. CCS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT:SHORT AND LONG TIME PERSPECTIVES INTHE CLIMIT PROGRAMME STRATEGY 10
  11. 11. R&D&D PRIORITY AREAS • Broaden the research and increase the depth to obtain basic insight in the important chemical processes • Priority to next generation technology and more groundbreaking solutions • Increased international project cooperation • Across disciplines Page 11
  12. 12. CO2 TECHNOLOGY CENTRE MONGSTADAMBITIONS• Verify CO2 capture technology owned by vendors• Reduce cost and risk• Development of market• International deployment Photo 20 April 2012 75.12% 20% 2.44% 2.44%
  13. 13. CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad• Two technologies - Aker Clean Carbon - Alstom• Two flue gas sources• 100 000 tonnes CO2/y
  14. 14. FULL-SCALE CO2 CAPTURE MONGSTAD (CCM)COOPERATION BETWEEN THE NORWEGIAN GOVERNMENT AND STATOIL • 1,2 Mt/y CO2 at full capacity CH • The CCM facility: an open process, capturing CO2 from exhaust gas • An open process: Need to manage the additional health and environmental challenges • A technology qualification programme is on-going 14
  15. 15. FULL-SCALE CO2 CAPTURE MONGSTAD (CCM)FIVE TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN SELECTED TO PARTICIPATE IN THETECHNOLOGY QUALIFICATION PROGRAMME • Amine technologies: – Aker Clean Carbon – Mitsubishi – Powerspan/ Huaneng Clean Research Institute • Chilled ammonia technology: – Alstom • Amino acid salt technology: – Siemens 15
  16. 16. FULL-SCALE CO2 CAPTURE MONGSTAD (CCM)• Financed by the Norwegian State• Project execution by Statoil• Planning phase: – Technology qualification programme Mongstad • Post combustion capture technology • TQP amine programme (HSE effects of amine, closing knowledge gap) • Basis for concept selection 2014• New competition – Open for all qualified technology suppliers – Pre engineering (FEED) 2014 – 2016 – Basis for investment decision 2016 – Planned start up 2020 16
  17. 17. SLEIPNER: 16 YRS OF SUB SEA BED CO2 STORAGE Photo: StatoilHydro
  18. 18. CO2 TRANSPORT & STORAGE NORWAY• Transport: Pipeline• Geological storage: Offshore – saline aquifers• Process for establishing CO2 Transport & storage: − Potential storage locations nominated − Announcement of areas − Establish industrial partnerships (similar to the petroleum industry) 18
  19. 19. CCS FOR A BETTER CLIMATE Functioning market International deployment Reduced cost and risk Framework conditions Acceptance in society Early CCS Demo R&D and tech. verification
  20. 20. COST FOR ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY POWER Source: GlobalCCSInstitute.com
  21. 21. CLIMATE CURE: TOTAL ABATEMENT COSTSEMISSION REDUCTIONS WITHIN 2020 15.10.20 21 12
  22. 22. CLIMATE CURE:ABATEMENT WITHIN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY 15.10.20 22 12
  23. 23. COSTS FOR CCS – NORWEGIAN SOURCESPETROLEUM RELATED ACTIVITIES, ONSHORE Totalt (MNOK) Per år (kNOK) Lavt Høyt Lavt Høyt Investeringskostnader Pre DG3 1 600 4 600 Fangstanlegget 4 000 7 000 Hjelpesystemer, tie-ins, an 1 500 4 000 Lager 1 400 1 600 Rørledning 1 800 2 100 Total investering 10 300 19 300 700 1 200 Driftskostnader 400 700 Totale kostnader 1 100 1 900 Per tonn unngått 1 300 2 300 CA$ 230 - 400 • Existing, but not a specific source - extensive cost for tie-ins & utilities • Several site specific requirements included • FOAK: Signficant planning costs • Gas power, 1 Mt p.a. • Offshore storage, 100 km pipelline Gassnova mai/2011
  24. 24. CCS COST EFFECT: IMPACT ON COMPETITIONSource: Copenhagen Economics based on IEA (2005), Smale et al. (2006). McKinsey and Ecofys(2006), and Climate Strategies (2007).
  25. 25. THE COST CHALLENGE Innovate Build€/ton capacities Demonstrate! Share it! Build NO, offshore tax acceptance Robust CO2 price US, EOR Funding Long term policies EU ETS Reinforce 0 commitment Time
  26. 26. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION• International deployment of technology: – R&D&D projects potential funding by CLIMIT – Participation in international demo (TCM) and full scale projects (CCM) – Vendors and technology users – A world market for technology• A functioning market: – Harmonized framework conditions and regulation – Carbon price
  27. 27. Welcome to Mongstad! 27
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