Green technology frontiers; Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

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GASSNOVA HAS A MAJOR AND
VERY DEMANDING MANDATE,
given to us by the nation of Norway: We are to help provide solutions
for CO2 capture and storage (CCS), so that humanity does not make
this world uninhabitable for coming generations.

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Green technology frontiers; Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

  1. 1. GREEN TECHNOLOGY FRONTIERSCARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) BI, JUNE 21, 2012 Anne Strømmen Lycke, Vice President, Gassnova SF 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS• CCS for a better climate• CCS technologies• CCS projects world wide• CCS in Norway• Gassnova SF 2
  3. 3. INCREASED GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTIONINCREASE IN CO2 EMISSIONS • Third World energy consumption will increase • Access to energy will provide better living conditions • The world will be dependent on coal, oil and gas for energy production for decades to come “Climate change waits for no one” 3
  4. 4. LIMITING LONG-TERM GLOBAL TEMPERATURE INCREASE • Temperature should not increase by more than two degrees by 2050 • We must succeed in our efforts to capture and store CO2 from both industry and energy production Source :OECD/IEA 2011 4
  5. 5. CONSEQUENCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS • Combating climate change will not be cheap • The window of opportunity for achieving the 20C target is starting to close… Source :OECD/IEA 2011 5
  6. 6. CCS CAN BECOME A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION! Source: IEA
  7. 7. BUT THE PRICE OF CARBON MUST INCREASE – AND THE PRICE OF CCS MUST DECREASECost/t CO2 • Govt funding When? • Public/private partnership Price of carbon Time
  8. 8. COST OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY POWER Source: GCCSI
  9. 9. COMPARING INDUSTRIES IN EUROPE:CCS COST VS TRADE EXPOSURE 9
  10. 10. EU ROADMAP 2030/2050 - ENERGY MIX EU DECARBONISATION SCENARIOS • 2030 and 2050 range of fuel shares in primary Graph 1: EU Decarbonisation scenarios - 2030 and 2050 range of fuel shares in primary energy consumption compared with 2005 outcome (in %) energy consumption 75% 2030 75% 2050 compared with 2005 outcome (%) 50% 50% • Carbon Capture and Storage will have to be applied from around 25% 25% 2030 onwards in the power sector in order to reach the decarbonisation targets 0% 0% RES Gas Nuclear Oil Solid fuels RES Gas Nuclear Oil Solid fuels 2005 Source: EU energy roadmap 2050 Source: EU“The future of CCS crucially depends on public acceptance and adequate carbon prices” 10
  11. 11. EU ROADMAP 2030/2050 - INVESTMENTS IN COAL PLANTS TO 2050 LOW CARBON SUPPLY TECHNOLOGIES SCENARIO3025 • With the development of CCS,20 coal could continue to play an important role15 Coal w/o CCS in a sustainable and Coal + CCS secure energy supply10 in the future50 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Fossil fuel-fired capacity investments in power generation (GW) Source: EU energy roadmap 2050 11
  12. 12. EU ROADMAP 2030/2050 - INVESTMENTS IN GAS PLANTS TO 2050 LOW CARBON SUPPLY TECHNOLOGIES SCENARIO60 • Gas will be critical for50 the transformation of the energy system40 • With evolving30 Gas w/o CCS technologies gas might Gas + CCS play an increasing role20 in the future100 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Fossil fuel-fired capacity investments in power generation (GW) 12 Source: EU energy roadmap 2050
  13. 13. CONTENTS• CCS for a better climate• CCS technologies• CCS projects world wide• CCS in Norway• Gassnova SF 13
  14. 14. CARBON CAPTURE & STORAGE (CCS)• CO2 Capture • Power production, industrial sources, gas conditioning• Transport • Pipeline or ship• Geological storage • Onshore or offshore • Saline aquifers or depleted oil and gas reservoirs 14
  15. 15. TECHNOLOGIES FOR CCS ARE AVAILABLE BUT NEED TESTING AT A LARGE AND INTEGRATED SCALE Stage of development Commercial refinements Concept Lab testing Demonstration needed Commercial Several projects are Capture Potential future breakthrough First projects are operational (e.g., Transport technologies coming online Weyburn (Canada)). EU now has limited EOR Storage potential Post- combustion Membranes Oxy-fuel Pre-combustion CO2-EOR Chemical Depleted oil R&D looping CO2- Transport Transport and gas fields EGR Saline off- On- aquifers shore shore US has existing CO2 Sleipner (Norway) pipeline network of field has been more than 5000 operational for kilometers around 10 years 15Source: McKinsey report “CCS – Assessing the economics”; team analysis – adapeted by Gassnova SF
  16. 16. MAIN PROCESSES FOR CO2 CAPTURE Rest air andPost Combustion rest CO2Fuel Power CO2Air station Capture CO2 Steam andPre Combustion rest airAir H2 Power stationNatural gas Natural gas CO2 reforming CaptureWater CO2Oxy-fuel N2 CO2 Air O2 Power Conden-Air separation station sation CO2Natural gas Water
  17. 17. POST-COMBUSTIONAMINE PROCESS • Most mature technologies – Amines • Aker Clean Carbon, Fluor, Mitsubishi , Alstom, Cansolv (Shell), Toshiba, Powerspan and others – Chilled ammonia • Alstom – Amino Acids • Siemens • Membranes, Chemical looping 17
  18. 18. CONTENTS• CCS for a better climate• CCS technologies• CCS projects world wide• CCS in Norway• Gassnova SF 18
  19. 19. LARGE-SCALE INTEGRATED PROJECTSOVERWIEV FROM GLOBAL CCS INSTITUTE Nov, 2011 19
  20. 20. PLANNED CCS PROJECTS EUROPEOVERVIEW • NER300 – New Entry Resources – 300 million EU emission unit allowances (EUAs) – Recommendation from EIB to EC Feb 2012 – Decision expected Oct 2012 • European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR) • Joint industry collaborations • UK competitionSource: GCCSI, 2012 • EEA/Norway grants (EØS- midler) 20
  21. 21. ACTIVE CCS PROJECTS WITH CO2 STORAGE • Storage in an aquifer – Snøhvit, Norway – Sleipner, Norway – In Salah, Algeria • EOR – Widespread in Kilde: GCCSI, nov 2011 the US 18.06.2012 21
  22. 22. MEASURED PROGRESS OF LARGE-SCALE INTEGRATEDPROJECTS SINCE 2009 Source: GCCS!, May 2012 22
  23. 23. Boundary Dam, Canada • Company/Alliance: – SaskPower (facility owner), Government of Canada, Government of Saskatchewan and private industry • Size: 110 MW • Capture Technology: – Post-combustion (amine) • Coal-fired power plant • Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) • In operation: 2014 (planned) 23
  24. 24. KEMPER, MISSISSIPPI, USA • Company/Alliance: – Southern Company • Size: 582 MW • Capture technology: – Pre-combustion • Coal-fired power plant • Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) • In operation: 2014 (planned) 24
  25. 25. PLANT BARRY, ALABAMA, USA • Company/Alliance: – Southern Company • Size: 25 MW (150 kt CO2/y) • Capture technology: – Post-combustion (amine) • Coal-fired power plant • CO2 stored in geological Soure: Southern Company formation • In operation: Since June 2011 25
  26. 26. CONTENTS• CCS for a better climate• CCS technologies• CCS projects world wide• CCS in Norway• Gassnova SF 26
  27. 27. NORWAY PUNCHING ABOVE ITS WEIGHT IN CCS • Financial resources • Technical competence and resources • Fossil fuels and Norwegian gas export sustainable in the long term
  28. 28. SLEIPNER: 16 YRS OF SUB SEA BED CO2 STORAGE Photo: StatoilHydro
  29. 29. CCS FOR A BETTER CLIMATE Functioning market International deployment Reduced cost and risk Framework conditions Acceptance in society Early CCS Demo R&D and tech. verification
  30. 30. CONTENTS• CCS for a better climate• CCS technologies• CCS projects world wide• CCS in Norway• Gassnova SF 30
  31. 31. GASSNOVA SFTHE NORWEGIAN STATE ENTERPRISE FOR CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGECLIMIT: Research and development program – Support for technology developmentAsset management – CCS demo projects – Ensure that the State utilises the resources in the best possible mannerAdvisor to the authorities
  32. 32. ASSET MANAGEMENT• CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) – A world class industrial scale centre for testing of carbon capture technology• Full-scale CCS at Mongstad – Realisation of a complete value chain for CO2 capture, transport and storage• Norwegian CCS Study – Assessment of potential full scale CCS-projects in Norway beyond Mongstad
  33. 33. Mongstad
  34. 34. CO2 TECHNOLOGY CENTRE MONGSTAD AMBITIONS• Verify CO2 capture technology owned by vendors• Reduce cost and risk• Development of market• International deployment Photo 20 April 2012
  35. 35. • Two technologies - Aker Clean Carbon - Alstom• Two flue gas sources• 100 000 tonnes CO2/y
  36. 36. CO2 TECHNOLOGY CENTRE MONGSTAD (TCM) 75.12% 20% 2.44% 2.44%
  37. 37. TCM opening 7th May 2012
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. FULL-SCALE CCS AT MONGSTAD• 2006: Agreement between Norwegian state and Statoil• Full-scale CO2 capture from a combined heat and power (CHP) plant• Storting Report No. 9 (2010-2011)“Fullskala CO2-håndtering”• Phase 1: Technology qualification programme – A thorough review of various technologies with regards to HSE, energy efficiency, scale-up etc – Close cooperation with the technology suppliers – There must be no new environmental problems as a result of CO2 technologies that are developed – Basis for concept selection 2014• Phase 2: Pre engineering – New competition open for all qualified technology suppliers – Basis for investment decision 2016 39
  40. 40. FULL-SCALE CCS AT MONGSTADPOST-COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY • Five technology suppliers have been selected to participate in the technology qualification programme – Amine technologies: • Aker Clean Carbon, Mitsubishi, Powerspan /Huaneng Clean Research Institute – Chilled ammonia technology: • Alstom – Amino acid salt technology: • Siemens 40
  41. 41. TRANSPORT AND STORAGECO2 FROM MONGSTAD• Solution for transportation and storage of CO2 should be ready in time for start-up of the planned full-scale facility• At the Norwegian continental shelf• CO2 transported by pipeline• CO2 stored in saline aquifer 41
  42. 42. PROCESS FOR ESTABLISHING CO2 TRANSPORT AND STORAGE Announcement of areas Establish partnershipNomination of potential storage locations OED is considering Organize the partnership announcing areas for for engineering,Five locations nominated within execution and operation exploration of subsea the deadline similar to the petroleum reservoirs for storage of CO2 4. October 2011 industry - based on the nomination and NPD’s «storage atlas» 42
  43. 43. CCS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT - CLIMIT-programme (Gassnova and NFR) Research • From 2005 • Government funding • Whole chain – Capture-Transport-StorageDevelopment • Fossil fuel, industrial use • € 22 mill per year  € 40 mill activity - CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad – TCMDemonstration • In operation May / 2012 • Appr. 6 MNOK Pre- commercial - CCS from CHP at Mongstad Commercial -Nomination of areas for storage of CO2
  44. 44. CLIMIT - TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGESArea Capture Transport StorageMain challenge Cost Assurance Post-combustion Pipeline Injection Pre combustion Ship SimulationFocus areas Oxyfuel CO2 impurities Monitoring Disruptive technology Procedures Procedures
  45. 45. EXAMPLECLIMIT PROJECT: CO2 FIELD LABORATORYObjective: Controlled surface migration experiments:• Determine the sensitivity of monitoring systems• Test & calibrate migration models• Asses monitoring systems• Inform public about injection of CO2
  46. 46. ADVISE AND INFORMATION • Expertise in CSS • Adviser to the Ministry – We always provide independent and professional advice, based on our overall expertise • Knowledge sharing 46
  47. 47. IN CONCLUSION• CCS is required to combat climate change• CCS can be competitive with technology developments and reduction in costs• Regulatory framework and economic incentives are required 47
  48. 48. Thank you for your attention www.gassnova.no
  49. 49. Copyright of all published material including photographs, drawings andimages in this document remains vested in Gassnova SF. Accordingly,neither the whole nor any part of this document shall be reproduced in anyform nor used in any manner without express prior permission andapplicable acknowledgements. No trademark, copyright or other noticeshall be altered or removed from any reproduction. 49

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