Health 4-17

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Health Assignment for 4-17-2012. Mr. Fleuhrer asks that you transcribe notes from the PowerPoint

Health Assignment for 4-17-2012. Mr. Fleuhrer asks that you transcribe notes from the PowerPoint

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  • 1. Legal and illegal Drugs• Drug Abuse and the Brain • Addiction • Is the compulsive use of a drug • Despite any cost to health, family, or social standing • Disease that changes the structure and chemistry of the brain
  • 2. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Side Effects • An unwanted physical or mental effect cause by a drug • Examples • Nausea • Dizziness • Drowsiness • Side Effects differ for everyone
  • 3. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Tolerance and Dependence • When someone uses a drug repeatedly the body may develop tolerance to the drug • Tolerance may lead to drug dependence • Body develops a chemical need for the drug and cant function normally without it
  • 4. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Withdrawal • If they stop taking the drug • Symptoms include • Nausea or vomiting • Headaches or dizziness • Fever • Digestion problems • Paranoia or panic • Tremors, seizures, or death
  • 5. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Drug Interactions • Antagonism • Drug antagonism • Occurs when each drug’s effect is canceled out or reduced by the other • Synergism • Drug synergism • Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
  • 6. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Impurities • Many illegal drugs are contaminated with chemicals that may themselves be harmful or cause dangerous drug interactions • May vary from batch to batch
  • 7. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Other Health Risks • Hepatitis and HIV • If drug users share needles to inject drugs, contaminated blood left in the needle can carry disease causing viruses from user to user • May cause hepatitis B or C • Can cause AIDS • Disease that has no cure
  • 8. Legal and illegal Drugs• Dangers of Drug Misuse and Abuse • Other Health Risks • Risks to Fetus and Newborn • Drug abuse by a pregnant woman places her baby at risk for problems • Can have many different problems
  • 9. Legal and illegal Drugs• Legal Risks and Other Costs • Legal Risks • Penalties can carry long prison terms and heavy fines • Will have criminal record • May make it difficult to get a job or admitted into schools
  • 10. Legal and illegal Drugs• Legal Risks and Other Costs • Effects on Family and Friends • Can often become strained as the behavior of the user changes • May be unpredictable mood swings, violent, or withdrawn • Can cause friends and family to grow a part
  • 11. Legal and illegal Drugs• Legal Risks and Other Costs • Costs to Society • Government has spent billions of dollars in efforts to stop illegal drug manufacture and sales • Costs of Drug Abuse • Imprisoning thousands of people for drug related crimes • Medical costs for illnesses and injuries • Premature deaths from drug related homicides and crashes • Lost work productivity because of drug dependency