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Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!
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Photography - A Sip from a Firehose!

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Transcript

  • 1. Photography A small sip from a firehose!
  • 2. Digital Single Lens Reflex Camera (DSLR Camera) Aperture Light Sensor Shutter Mirror
  • 3. 3 Pillars to Proper Exposure 1. Shutter Speed 2. Aperture 3. ISO
  • 4. ISO Aperture Shutter Speed Proper Exposure
  • 5. Shutter Speed • The amount of time the shutter (curtain) is open to allow light to expose the sensor (or film). – Expressed in seconds or fractions or a second • For example 1/400 sec. – Doubling or halving = 1 full stop of light • For example, 1/800 is 1 stop down from 1/400 • The faster the shutter speed, the less light is allowed to hit the sensor.
  • 6. Aperture • The opening in the lens that controls the amount of light that enters the body of the camera. – Expressed in f numbers • For example f5.6 – The larger the number, the smaller the opening • F22 is a smaller hole than f5.6 • Each “stop” is represents ½ the light (or double) – Full stops are: f 1.4, 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22, 32
  • 7. ISO • The expression of the sensor’s (or film’s) sensitivity to light. – Expressed as ISO • For example ISO 400 – or 400 ISO. – Doubling (or halving) equals 1 full stop of light • For example ISO 200 is 1 stop down from ISO 400.
  • 8. Baseline Exposure Sample We’ll assume that this is the proper exposure for the following exercise. Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400
  • 9. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = Shutter- 1/1000 Aperture- f8 ISO800
  • 10. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = Shutter- 1/1000 Aperture- f5.6 ISO400
  • 11. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = Shutter- 1/2000 Aperture- f4 ISO400
  • 12. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f5.6 ISO200
  • 13. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = ShutterAperture- f11 ISO-
  • 14. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = Shutter- 1/250 ApertureISO-
  • 15. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = ShutterAperture- f11 ISO-
  • 16. Baseline Exposure Sample These settings will yield exactly the same exposure! Shutter- 1/500 Aperture- f8 ISO400 = ShutterApertureISO1600
  • 17. But why do I care?
  • 18. Shutter Speed • Slow shutter speeds cause blur! – Hand-hold 1/focal length • Some lenses may have Vibration Reduction (VR) for Nikon and Image Stabilization (IS) for Canon. This is a useful too, but I don’t count on it!
  • 19. 1/80 f4.5 ISO 400 Focal Length 135mm
  • 20. Shutter Speed • Slow shutters can be used for creativity as well. 5.8sec (tripod) f4.5 ISO 640 Focal Length 24mm
  • 21. Shutter Speed • Fast shutter speeds freeze action! – Great for sports or creative shots • Normally require a lot of light or….what? 1/2500 f5.6 ISO 800 Focal Length 280mm
  • 22. Shutter Speed • Fast shutter speeds freeze action! 1/4000 f8 ISO 800 Focal Length 210mm
  • 23. Aperture (Depth of Field) • Wide open apertures (large aperture, small fstop) – Very shallow Depth of Field (DOF) • Small area of the subject will be in focus and background/foreground will be blurred
  • 24. 1/200 f3.5 ISO 4000 Focal Length 105mm (fixed macro)
  • 25. Aperture (Depth of Field) • Ultra Wide open apertures (large aperture, small fstop) – Extremely shallow Depth of Field (DOF) – Subject is a feature within the subject (single eye for example)
  • 26. 1/6400 f1.4 ISO 400 Focal Length 105mm (fixed macro)
  • 27. Aperture (Depth of Field) • Stopped down apertures (small aperture, larger fstop) – Wide Depth of Field (DOF) • Larger area of the subject will be in focus as will increasing amount of background/foreground.
  • 28. Aperture (creative use)
  • 29. 1/3200 f14 ISO 4000 Focal Length 105mm (fixed macro)
  • 30. Aperture •Intentional use of DOF – show/hide as you desire This table wasn’t ready to be photographed *as seen in Ceremony Magazine 1/400 f5 ISO 800 Focal Length 200mm
  • 31. Aperture Intentional use of DOF – makes focusing easier 1/4000 f8 ISO 800 Focal Length 500mm (pacing)
  • 32. ISO Lower ISO = Better quality, lower noise 1/2500 f2.8 ISO 800 Focal Length 200mm
  • 33. ISO Higher ISO = Lower quality, Higher noise 1/50 f2.8 ISO 25,600 Focal Length 98mm
  • 34. ISO Higher ISO - Sometimes you just HAVE to! 1/30 f2.8 ISO 25,600 Focal Length 86mm
  • 35. Light • Not all light is created equal – Window light – Direct sunlight – Open Shade – Flash (on-camera, off-camera, studio) – Bulbs – Reflected – Diffused
  • 36. Light • The BIGGER the source, the better! – The sun is not a big source. – A large panel close to the subject is.
  • 37. Diffused • Beautiful light
  • 38. Look at Eyes for Lighting
  • 39. On Camera Flash generally not preferred •Very small source – small catch light •Harsh shadows •Good for snapshots at the beach or in direct sunlight situations. •Force your camera flash on.
  • 40. Bounced On Camera Flash …better
  • 41. Off Camera Flash
  • 42. Off Camera Flash
  • 43. Window Considered by many to be the best!
  • 44. Studio (and paper)
  • 45. Reflector One of my favorites for control
  • 46. Composition • We see life from somewhere around 5-6’. – Show the viewer something different than that. – They won’t know why the like it, they just will. – Get down on the ground. – Climb up in trees or on chairs. – Put the subject down on the ground.
  • 47. Rule of Thirds • Says “Don’t center your subject.
  • 48. Rule of Thirds in Practice
  • 49. Dare to be different Take 1 normal & 1 “risky”
  • 50. Rules are Made to be Broken
  • 51. Low Point of View
  • 52. High Point of View
  • 53. Lead your subject
  • 54. Lead your subject
  • 55. Don’t Do This! You lose the story
  • 56. Leading Lines
  • 57. Multiple People •Avoid lining up eyes •Create triangles •If it bends, bend it!
  • 58. Multiple People •Avoid lining up eyes •Create triangles •If it bends, bend it!
  • 59. Multiple People •Avoid lining up eyes •Create triangles •If it bends, bend it!
  • 60. Questions?

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