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Harvard referencing



Harvard Referencing for the Community Skills Initiative

Harvard Referencing for the Community Skills Initiative



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Harvard referencing Harvard referencing Presentation Transcript

  • Harvard Referencing Be consistent and precise!The Community Skills Initiative
  • During this presentation, you will learn: Why we reference our work How to use in-text references competently How to compile lists of end references, for books, journal articles and web pages.The Community Skills Initiative
  • Why reference?To avoid plagiarismTo acknowledge direct quotesTo provide evidence to support argumentsSo that readers can check how much preparation has gone into your work and can find extra informationThe Community Skills Initiative
  • In-Text References  These appear in the main body of the text to indicate the source of your information  Use in-text references whenever you mention facts written by someone else, or when you include someone else’s ideas  Write the surname of the author and the date of publication, in brackets e.g. (Greaves, 2004)  Use letters after the date to distinguish between books by the same author published in the same year (Greaves, 2004a)The Community Skills Initiative
  • In-Text References  Include a reference at the end of a sentence. (Greaves, 2004)  Greaves (2004) says that references can be written in the middle of a sentence.  “For direct quotes, use speech marks and state the page number of the source in the reference.” (Greaves, 2004, p.72)  Remember that what you put in the in-text reference must direct the reader to the correct reference in the end list.The Community Skills Initiative
  • End List References / Bibliography  The end list is a list of sources that you have either quoted directly or used arguments from, listed in alphabetical order by author (or editor) surname  Be consistent with formats – capitals & italics should be used in the same way throughout  You should also include a bibliography of items consulted but not cited in your workThe Community Skills Initiative
  • End list references - books MEGGS, P.B. (ed.) (1998) A history of Graphic Design, 3rd ed., Chichester: John Wiley In-text – (Meggs, 1998)  1st & 2nd author / editor surnames (include (ed.) if editors) in capitals  Publication year in brackets  Title in italics  Edition number (where relevant)  Place of publication  Publisher  Also note the punctuation between each piece of information about your sources.The Community Skills Initiative
  • Journal articles: GERA, T. (2002) “Keep your hair on”, New Scientist, 23 (12), 13 October, p. 28-35 In-text – (Gera, 2002)  Article author in capitals  Publication year in brackets  Article title in speech marks  Journal title in italics  Volume & issue / part number, and publication date  Page numbersThe Community Skills Initiative
  • Web Sites Jazz review. Your complete resource for jazz music reviews. Online. Available from: http://www.jazzreview.com. [Accessed 18 October 2003] In-text – (Jazz review, accessed 2003)  Title of web site in italics  Web site address underlined  The date you accessed the site in square brackets (this is important as web pages can change frequently)The Community Skills Initiative
  • Referencing Using the book details that you found on the library catalogue, produce an in-text and an end-list reference. In-text: (Author surname, date of publication) End-list: AUTHOR. (ed.) (Publication year) Title, ed., Place of publication: Publisher.The Community Skills Initiative