Wireless IG: Installation Guide
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Wireless IG: Installation Guide Document Transcript

  • 1. ! encor e n etworks • TM Revision A, April 2006 Document Part Number 15953.0001 Copyright 2006 Encore Networks, Inc. All rights reserved. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide The following BANDIT chassis can hold a wireless card for connection to a wireless network: • the original BANDIT • the BANDIT IP • the BANDIT Plus • the BANDIT Mini • the ILR-100 • the VSR-30 The wireless card in the ILR-100 and the BANDIT Mini is internal; the other chassis’s expansion ports can hold a card in the external expansion port. Each chassis can use a card for access to one of the following wireless networks: • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) wireless network • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) wireless network The card installed depends on the wireless carrier and network you wish to use; you order a CDMA or GSM card according to the technology the carrier uses. When you order a CDMA wireless card for the BANDIT, the carrier-specific software is loaded on the wireless card before shipment. A GSM carrier provides a Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) to insert into the GSM wireless card. Note: This document is a quick guide to preparing the BANDIT device for wireless access. For details, see the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Hardware Reference Guide and the VPN and Legacy- to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide. A wireless network card provides a connection to a wireless access point, supporting the BANDIT as a wireless terminal. (The BANDIT does not act as a gateway or AP for other wireless devices. That is, it does not provide a connection through which other terminal wireless devices, such as a cellphone or a wireless laptop computer, can reach a wireless network.) Figure 13 illustrates the BANDIT’s wireless and wired connections. The BANDIT can send a transmission through a wireless carrier or through a wired network. Broadband Access Network Device for Intelligent Termination (BANDIT), BANDIT IP, BANDIT Mini, BANDIT Plus, Encore Legacy-to-IP Operating System (ELIOS), IP Banking Router 10 (IBR-10), IP Legacy Router 100 (ILR-100), Remote Data Unit (RDU), Selective Layer Encryption (SLE), VPN Satellite Router (VSR), VSR-30, and VSR-1200 are trademarks of Encore Networks, Inc. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. See the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide for statements on Product Warranties and on Limitation of Liability.
  • 2. 2 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide Figure 13. BANDIT Connections to External Wired IP Network, to Wired IP LAN, and to External Wireless Carrier Figure 14 shows a wireless module, with attachable antenna, installed in the BANDIT chassis. Figure 15 shows an antenna attached to the wireless module via cable. (A cable permits optimal placement of the antenna.) Note: The standard antenna for the BANDIT’s wireless modules ships with a 12 ft. (3.7 m) cable, and has 0 dB (no gain). Contact your Encore Networks sales representative if you would like an optional antenna that has a +3 dB gain. Figure 14. BANDIT Using Wireless Module, with Antenna Connected to Module
  • 3. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 3 Figure 15. BANDIT Using Wireless Module, with Cable Connecting Antenna to Module Warning: It is extremely important to set up security measures, including firewall protection, for each wireless device. Use the BANDIT’s firewall to protect the BANDIT and its connection to the wireless network. See the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide. See the following sections: • Section I, AT Commands • Section J, The CDMA Wireless Card • Section K, The GSM Wireless Card I AT Commands The BANDIT’s wireless cards are activated by means of standard AT commands for modems. All but two AT commands begin with “AT” (for “Attention”) and specify an action. AT commands can be used for configuration and for diagnostic purposes. The procedures in these sections use specific AT commands. Please see the industry literature for discussions and lists of AT commands. J The CDMA Wireless Card The BANDIT uses the CDMA Module to provide CDMA wireless connections. CDMA uses spread-spectrum technology. See the following sections: • Section J.1, Activating the CDMA Card in the Carrier’s Network • Section J.2, Configuring the CDMA Wireless Port
  • 4. 4 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide J.1 Activating the CDMA Card in the Carrier’s Network After you receive the BANDIT with your CDMA module, you must activate the module for use in the carrier’s network. Use one of the following procedures, depending on the carrier you have selected. • How to Activate the CDMA Card for the Sprint Network • How to Activate the CDMA Card for the Verizon Network Note: It is important to use the syntax, including quotation marks and semi-colons, exactly as shown in the commands. How to Activate the CDMA Card for the Sprint Network Note: Before you activate the module in the network, make sure the module has already been properly provisioned for the Sprint network. (This was done before the BANDIT was shipped to you.) You may also need to get the activation parameters: Obtain a mobile directory number (MDN) and a mobile station ID (MSID) from the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) or the distributor—the company you acquired the module from. 1 Use a terminal-emulation program, such as HyperTerminal or Telnet, to connect to the BANDIT menu interface. 2 On the BANDIT’s Main Menu, select System Administration. 3 When the system asks for the password, type your password and press Enter. (Ask your system administrator for this password.) 4 On the System Administration menu, select Wireless Options. ❖ The Wireless Options Menu is displayed (similar to the following). BANDIT Wireless Options Menu ------------------------ 1 AT Command Line Interface 2 Automatic Activation 5 Do one of the following: a Select Automatic Activation. ❖ The BANDIT activates the wireless module in the carrier network. The routine will ask for the wireless module’s MDN and MSID.
  • 5. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 5 Note: In Sprint’s network, the MSID and the mobile identification number (MIN) are the same thing. This number is usually the same as your mobile device’s telephone number. ❖ When a message indicates that the activation has completed, press Escape until you reach the BANDIT’s Main Menu. or b Select AT Command Line Interface. ❖ The terminal accepts command lines. (Make sure Echo is on, so that you can see what you type.) 6 Do the following: a To unlock the wireless card, type the following command and press Enter: AT+WSPC=1,cccccc where cccccc is a six-digit service provisioning code (SPC). Note: Get the SPC, sometimes called the master subsidy lock, from the vendor that provided the wireless card. ❖ If the SPC is correct, the module responds with “OK.” b To program the MDN, type the following command and press Enter: AT+WMDN =mmmmmmmmmm where mmmmmmmmmm is the ten-digit MDN. c To commit the MDN, type the following and press Enter: AT+WCMT=1 ❖ The module resets. d Unlock the card again by typing the following command and pressing Enter: AT+WSPC=1,cccccc where, again, cccccc is your SPC. ❖ The module responds with “OK.” e To program the mobile station identifier (MSID), type the following and press Enter: AT+WIMI=31000iiiiiiiiii where iiiiiiiiii is the ten-digit MSID. For example, if your MSID were 8585551212, you would type AT+WIMI=310008585551212 and press Enter. ❖ The card sends the following response.
  • 6. 6 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide OK f To commit, type the following and press Enter: AT+WCMT=1 ❖ The card resets. g To ensure proper installation of the two parameters, type the following command and press Enter: ATDnnnnnnnnnn; where nnnnnnnnnn is the ten-digit number to dial. Note: Make sure there is a semi-colon (;) after the dial string. Otherwise, you will make a circuit data call. 7 To activate the card’s data parameters, type the following and press Enter: AT+WIOTA=1 ❖ The card responds with the following messages. Preparing data services. OK Note: These messages indicate that an internet over-the-air (IOTA) session has begun. The IOTA session takes 3 or 4 minutes. ❖ After the IOTA session completes, the module responds with the following message. Please retry. ❖ This message indicates that the IOTA session has completed and that 1x RTT (one- channel radio transmission technology) data calls have been activated. 8 To exit the command line interface, hold the Ctrl key down and press E once. Note: The BANDIT automatically sets the card up for PC dial-up for packet data calls. If you need to modify the settings, see the PPP configuration procedure in the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide.
  • 7. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 7 How to Activate the CDMA Card for the Verizon Network Note: Before you activate the module in the Verizon network, make sure the module has already been properly provisioned for the Verizon network. (This was done before the module was shipped to you.) In addition, you may need to set up an account with Verizon and get your wireless card’s activation parameters. • For a business account, you can do this online at: http://www22.verizon.com/Business/FYB or you can telephone customer care. You can find a local telephone number for this at: http://www22.verizon.com/ForYourBusiness/common/utilities/contactUsPhone.asp • For a residential account, you can do this online at: https://www22.verizon.com/ForYourHome/NewConnect/OrderWelcome.asp or you can telephone customer care. You can find a local telephone number for this at: http://www22.verizon.com/foryourhome/ContactUs/Contactus_phone.asp 1 Use a terminal-emulation program, such as HyperTerminal or Telnet, to connect to the BANDIT menu interface. 2 On the BANDIT’s Main Menu, select System Administration. 3 When the system asks for the password, type your password and press Enter. (Ask your system administrator for this password.) 4 On the System Administration menu, select Wireless Options. ❖ The Wireless Options Menu is displayed (similar to the following). BANDIT Wireless Options Menu ------------------------ 1 AT Command Line Interface 2 Automatic Activation 5 Do one of the following: a Select Automatic Activation. ❖ The BANDIT activates the wireless module in the carrier network. ❖ When a message indicates that the activation has completed, press the Escape key until you reach the BANDIT’s Main Menu. or
  • 8. 8 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide b Select AT Command Line Interface. ❖ The card accepts command lines. (Make sure Echo is on, so that you can see what you type on the screen.) 6 Do the following: a Type the following command and press Enter: ATD*22899; Note: Make sure there is a semi-colon (;) after the dial string. Otherwise, you will make a circuit data call. ❖ This starts a session of over-the-air service provisioning (OTASP). The following messages are displayed while the routine is setting up the card in the network: +WOT1: “Programming in Progress” +WOTS: “SPL unlocked” +WOTP: “PRL download OK” +WOTM: “MDM download OK” +WOTC: “Commit successful” ❖ When you see the following command, the card has been configured for both voice and data in the network. +WOT2: “Programming Successful!” 7 To exit the command line interface, hold the Ctrl key down and press E once. J.2 Configuring the CDMA Wireless Port When the internal CDMA port is detected as a wireless port, it is automatically configured for PPP, for standard use. For details of PPP configuration, see the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide. If you need to modify the internal wireless port’s settings, see the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide; use How to Configure PPP, in Section 5.8, Point- to-Point Protocol, selecting and configuring the wireless port. K The GSM Wireless Card The BANDIT uses the GSM Module to provide GSM wireless connections. GSM is based on TDMA technology. The GSM card supports General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) for data transfer.
  • 9. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 9 See the following sections: • Section K.1, The GSM Card’s Subscriber Identity Module • Section K.2, Activating the GSM Card in the Carrier’s Network • Section K.3, Configuring the GSM Wireless Port K.1 The GSM Card’s Subscriber Identity Module The GSM card supports a removable Subscriber Identity Module (SIM, also known as a GSM smartcard), to identify the user to the GSM network. When you order your wireless BANDIT, you specify which carrier and network you will use. The vendor will install the Subscriber Identity Module that has the selected GSM carrier’s chip. The BANDIT is not a traveling device, so you will not need SIMs for different countries. However, if you change GSM providers, the GSM card will need a SIM from the new provider. To change the SIM, use the following procedure. How to Install or Replace the SIM in the BANDIT’s GSM Card Warning: Follow all precautions against electrostatic discharge (ESD) when removing or installing modules in a BANDIT. (For example, wear an ESD wrist-strap to protect the unit from ESD.) Allow only qualified service personnel to install and maintain this equipment. To prevent electrical shock, do not power on the equipment until all cables are connected. ! Caution: If you replace the SIM, you must also restart the BANDIT software and reconfigure the expansion port and any tables, paths, or other items using that port. If you change hardware without reconfiguring the software to reflect the hardware change, the BANDIT may behave unpredictably. 1 Unplug the BANDIT device’s power supply from the power source. 2 Disconnect all network connections. 3 If this is a BANDIT Plus chassis with a connecting cable to a Remote Data Unit (RDU), disconnect that cable from the chassis. 4 If necessary, disconnect the grounding wire from the VPN device’s chassis. 5 If this is a BANDIT Plus chassis, loosen the retaining screws holding the chassis to the equipment rack, and remove the chassis from the rack. 6 Place the chassis on a flat, stable surface. 7 Do the following: a Remove the screws from the bottom of the chassis. (There are four screws on the bottom of a VSR-30, original BANDIT, or BANDIT IP chassis. There are six screws along the periphery of the bottom of a BANDIT Plus chassis.) b If this is a BANDIT Plus, remove the screws along the periphery of the top of the chassis. 8 Do one of the following:
  • 10. 10 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide a Lift the top off the VSR-30, original BANDIT, or BANDIT IP chassis (Figure 16). b Slide the front faceplate and chassis bottom of the BANDIT Plus forward, out of the chassis frame (Figure 17). Figure 16. Lifting the Top Off the Original BANDIT or Bandit IP Chassis Figure 17. Sliding the Front Faceplate and Chassis Bottom of the BANDIT Plus Forward
  • 11. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 11 9 Loosen the screws holding the current GSM in place on the main circuit board. Leave the GSM’s cables connected to the BANDIT. 10 Lift the GSM and turn it over. The SIM is on the underside of the GSM card. Figure 18. SIM Location on GSM Card 11 Remove the old SIM from the GSM card, and install the new SIM on the GSM card. 12 Place the GSM back into the BANDIT device. The module attaches to a connector on the VPN device’s main circuit board. Make sure the connector socket on the module aligns properly with the connector on the circuit board. 13 Once the module is seated into the connector, secure the module into place by tightening screws in the stand-off posts on the main circuit board. 14 Do one of the following: a Place the top back onto the VSR-30, original BANDIT, or BANDIT IP chassis. Note: The top of the chassis will fit in only one direction. One side has a tongue and the other side has a groove, to fit the groove and tongue on the corresponding sides of the bottom of the chassis. b Slide the BANDIT Plus chassis back together. 15 Do the following: a If this is a BANDIT Plus, tighten the screws on the top of the chassis. b Tighten the screws on the bottom of the VPN device’s chassis. 16 If this is a BANDIT Plus, mount it back into its rack. 17 Reconnect the grounding wire to the VPN device’s chassis. 18 If this is a BANDIT Plus that uses an RDU, reconnect its cable to the RDU. 19 Reconnect the VPN device’s network connections. 20 Reconnect the device’s power supply. 21 Open the BANDIT software and reconfigure the port you replaced. You must also reconfigure any paths, tables, or other items that use the port.
  • 12. 12 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 22 After you have reconfigured the port and its dependent items, save (write) the configuration and reset the BANDIT device. K.2 Activating the GSM Card in the Carrier’s Network Before shipment, the carrier’s SIM is placed into the GSM module. After you receive the BANDIT with your GSM module, you must activate the module for use in the carrier’s network. Use one of the following procedures, depending on the carrier you have selected. • How to Activate the GSM Card for the Cingular/AT&T Wireless Network • How to Activate the GSM Card for the T-Mobile GPRS Network Note: It is important to use the syntax, including question marks and commas, exactly as shown in the commands. How to Activate the GSM Card for the Cingular/AT&T Wireless Network 1 Use a terminal-emulation program, such as HyperTerminal or Telnet, to connect to the BANDIT menu interface. 2 On the BANDIT’s Main Menu, select System Administration. 3 When the system asks for the password, type your password and press Enter. (Ask your system administrator for this password.) 4 On the System Administration menu, select Wireless Options. ❖ The Wireless Options Menu is displayed (similar to the following). BANDIT Wireless Options Menu ------------------------ 1 AT Command Line Interface 2 Automatic Activation 5 Do one of the following: a Select Automatic Activation. The BANDIT activates the wireless module. ❖ A message indicates that the module has been activated in the carrier network. The procedure has completed. Press Escape until you reach the BANDIT’s Main Menu. or b Select AT Command Line Interface. ❖ The terminal accepts command lines. (Make sure Echo is on, so that you can see what you type.) 6 Enter the commands shown in the following steps. 7 Type the following command and press Enter:
  • 13. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 13 AT+CSQ ❖ This command checks the strength of the Receive signal. Note: An indication of 1,99 is the lowest signal strength and 31,99 is the highest signal strength. An indication of 99,99 indicates a loss of signal; in this case, you need to check the antenna connection or placement. (For details of the AT+CSR command, see the AT command reference for wireless GSM, listed in Section I, AT Commands.) 8 Do one of the following: a If the signal strength is acceptable (generally, within the range 10,99 to 31,99), continue to Step 9. b If the signal strength is not in the acceptable range, change the orientation or location of the antenna, and repeat Step 7. 9 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CREG? Note: Make sure you include the question mark in the command. ❖ This command checks whether the card is registered on the network. Note: An indication other than 0,1 could indicate a problem; consult the modem’s documentation for an explanation of codes. 10 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGDCONT=1,”IP”,”proxy”,,0,0 ❖ This command defines the PDP context for the Cingular/AT&T Wireless network. 11 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGATT=1 ❖ This command attaches the card to the GPRS service. 12 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGACT=1,1 ❖ This command activates the PDP context. 13 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGREG? ❖ This command checks the GPRS registration status. 14 To exit the command line interface, hold the Ctrl key down and press E once. How to Activate the GSM Card for the T-Mobile GPRS Network 1 Use a terminal-emulation program, such as HyperTerminal or Telnet, to connect to the BANDIT menu interface.
  • 14. 14 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 2 On the BANDIT’s Main Menu, select System Administration. 3 When the system asks for the password, type your password and press Enter. (Ask your system administrator for this password.) 4 On the System Administration menu, select Wireless Options. ❖ The Wireless Options Menu is displayed (similar to the following). BANDIT Wireless Options Menu ------------------------ 1 AT Command Line Interface 2 Automatic Activation 5 Do one of the following: a Select Automatic Activation. The BANDIT activates the wireless module. A message indicates that the module has been activated in the carrier network. If you selected this option, the procedure has completed. or b Select AT Command Line Interface. ❖ The terminal accepts line commands. (Make sure Echo is on, so that you can see what you type.) Note: If you selected AT Command Line Interface, perform the following steps. 6 Type the following command and press Enter: AT+CSQ ❖ This command checks the strength of the Receive signal. Note: An indication of 1,99 is the lowest signal strength and 31,99 is the highest signal strength. An indication of 99,99 indicates a loss of signal; in this case, you need to check the antenna connection or placement. (For details of the AT+CSR command, see the AT command reference for wireless GSM, listed in Section I, AT Commands.) 7 Do one of the following: a If the signal strength is acceptable (generally, within the range 10,99 to 31,99), continue to Step 8. b If the signal strength is not in the acceptable range, change the orientation or location of the antenna, and repeat Step 6. 8 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CREG? Note: Be sure to include the question mark in the command. ❖ This command checks whether the card is registered on the carrier network.
  • 15. BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide 15 Note: An indication other than 0,1 could indicate a problem; consult the modem’s documentation for explanation of the result codes. 9 Type the following command and press Enter: AT+CGDCONT=1,”IP”,”internet#.voicestream.com”,,0,0 where internet# is internet2 or internet3, depending on your service provider’s instruction. Note: Check with the T-Mobile service provider to determine whether to use internet3 or internet2 in the command. ❖ This command defines the PDP context for T-Mobile with internet2 or internet3 properties, according to your specification. 10 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGATT=1 ❖ This attaches the card to the GPRS service. 11 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGACT=1,1 ❖ This activates the PDP context. 12 Type the following and press Enter: AT+CGREG? Note: Be sure to include the question mark in the command. ❖ This command checks the GPRS registration status. 13 To exit the command line interface, hold the Ctrl key down and press E once. K.3 Configuring the GSM Wireless Port When the internal GSM port is detected as a wireless port, it is automatically configured for PPP, for standard use. For details of PPP configuration, see the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide. If you need to modify the internal wireless port’s settings, see the VPN and Legacy-to-IP Products Customization and Maintenance Guide; use How to Configure PPP, in Section 5.8, Point- to-Point Protocol, selecting and configuring the wireless port.
  • 16. 16 BANDIT™ Products Wireless Access Guide