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  • 1. List of Elective I subjects Subject Code Subject Name Type EC4044 Embedded System Design Th. EC9044 Embedded System Design Lab. EC4144 Advanced Digital Signal Processing Th. EC9114 Advanced Digital Signal Processing Lab. List of Elective II subjects Subject Code Subject Name Type EC4114 Digital Image Processing Th. EC9124 Digital Image Processing Lab. EC4154 Audio Video Engineering Th. EC9134 Audio Video Engineering Lab.
  • 2. EC4014:Voice Networks Objectives: To study existing networks and technologies for Voice Communication. To study Traffic Engineering. Unit I: Telephone Signaling & Switching (08 Hrs.) Evolution of Telecommunication, Simple telephone communication, basics of switching Systems, electronic switching, digital switching system, circuit switching, message switching, packet switching, switch signaling - subscriber loop, Interoffice (Common Channel signaling, Signaling System No.7) Unit II : Telecommunication Traffic Engineering (06 Hrs.) Introduction, service level, Traffic usage, traffic measurement Units, traffic distribution, Grade of service, Blocking Probability: Erlang Distribution, Poisson's distribution, Numericals on above topics. Unit III : Data And Voice Integration (05 Hrs.) Demand for Integration, Problems of Integration, ISDN, basic structure, and narrowband ISDN, ISDN interfaces- ISDN terminals, Non-ISDN terminals, ISDN Services, packet Switched data, voice over frame relay, Broadband ISDN, ATM and its interfaces, public ATM networks. Unit IV : Global System For Mobile Communication (09 Hrs.) Standards for wireless communication systems, Access technologies, Cellular Communication fundamentals, GSM architecture and interfaces, Radio link features in GSM system, GSM logical channels and frame structure, Speech coding in GSM, Data services in GSM, Value added services, Privacy and Security in GSM. Unit V : Code Division Multiple Access (08 Hrs.) Spread Spectrum Systems i.e. fundamentals of orthogonal and pseudorandom codes, CDMA standards, IS-95 system architecture, Air Interface, Physical and logical channels of IS- 95, CDMA call processing, Soft Hand-off, security and identification, wireless data, CDMA 2000 system Unit VI : IP Telephony (06 Hrs.) Introduction to VoIP, low level protocols -RTP/RTCP/UDP, speech coding technologies PCM, ADPCM, LPC, speech codes ('ITU series and wireless codes including fixed and variable rare, trans-coder technologies including; DTMF generation & detection, Echo Cancellation, Voice activity detection and discontinuous transmission (VAD/DTX), Packet Loss Conceal meat (PLC) IP Telephony Protocols - H.323, H.245 Control Signaling, Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), 1EGACO & H.248, QOS
  • 3. Outcomes : After completion of this course, students will be able to : Realize the working of existing networks, switching systems, signaling for Voice Communication. Calculate Traffic Intensity, Grade of Service, Blocking Probability for Switching Systems. Compare Non-ISDN, ISDN, Broadband ISDN services. List Standards for wireless communication. Explain architecture, services, privacy, security in GSM and CDMA systems. Explain IP Telephony protocols like H.323, H.245 Text Books : 1) Vijay K. Garg, Joseph E Wilkes, "Principles & Applications of GSM", Pearson Education 2) Vijay K. Garg, "IS-95 CDMA and CDMA 2000", Pearson Education Reference Books : 1) Bates, Regis J., Gregory, Donald W., "Voice & data Communication Handbook", McGraw Hill 2) Dean, Tamara, "Guide to Telecommunication Technology", McGraw Hill 3) Vijay K. Garg, Kenneth Smojik, Joseph E. Wilkes, "Applications of CDMA in wireless/Personal Communications", Prentice Hall 4) Tranter William H., Rappaport, "Principles of Communication Systems Simulation", Pearson Education 5) Mark Miller, “Voice Over IP Technologies 6) Thiagarajan Viswanathan, “Telecommunication Switching Systems & Networks”
  • 4. EC4024:Electronic Product Design Aim: To know the methods of designing an electronic system this will work reliably in defined environment with minimum error Objectives: To identify the real world problems To frame features and specifications of the system To study ergonomical enclosure design To design PCB with Noise, ESD, EMI reduction methods To develop the software, use of simulator for software testing Use of Digital storage Oscilloscope/ Logic analyzer for hardware testing To write the user/service manual, brochure of electronic systems Unit 1: Product Design & Development (7 Hrs) Overview of product development stages, product specifications (Electronics, Mechanical, Environmental, Commercial, Industrial, Military), Ergonomic & aesthetic considerations, R&D prototype, Pilot production Batch, Quality control, Quality analysis, Power supply sizing, Power supply protection devices, NEMA, DIN, BIS, IP standards, Thermal management. Unit 2: PCB Designing (7 Hrs) General layout considerations for analog & digital circuits, Power & ground traces routing for better decoupling, Component mounting considerations, Design rules for Analog PCB, Design rules for Digital PCB Unit 3: Noise Consideration (7 Hrs) Noise & Interference, Grounding, Shielding, EMI, EMC, ESD Unit 4: Reliability Aspects (7 Hrs) Introduction of Reliability, Terms & Definitions related to reliability, Component failures & Bath tub curve, Component Screening, Reliability expression, Redundancy, Repairable & Non repairable systems, Reliability improvement for electronic products, Numerical examples Unit 5: Product Testing & Product Documentation (7 Hrs) Environmental Testing (Concept, Necessity): Dry Heat, Vibration, Temperature cycling, bump, and Humidity tests etc., PCB documentation, Product documentation & manuals
  • 5. Unit 6: Hardware & Software design and Testing Methods (7 Hrs) Applications & difference between Logic Analyzer, Digital Storage Oscilloscope (DSO), Mixed Signal Oscilloscope (MSO), Digital Phosphor Oscilloscope (DPO), Signal integrity issues, Different type of analysis, Software design methods, Top-down & Bottom-Top approaches, Use of assembly and / or High level languages for Software development, Use of assemblers, compilers, & cross compilers in developing product software, Software testing Using Simulators, in-circuit emulators Outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able To frame the features and different specifications of electronic products. To design the enclosure with ergonomical characteristics. Design Printed circuit Boards. Software testing. To use equipments like DSO/ logic Analyzer to diagnose the faults in the system. To design reliable system. To write product documents. Text Books 1. Kim Fowler, “ Electronics Instrument design, Oxford Press 2. E. Balguruswami, “ Reliability Engineering”, TMH publications Reference Books 1. W.C. Bosschart, “PCB Designing”, CEDT
  • 6. EC4034:VLSI DESIGN Prerequisites : Knowledge of Basic digital combinational and sequential circuits, state machines, MOS Transistor. Objectives: - To study behavior of MOS transistor in detail. - To draw NAND, NOR, XOR gates using CMOS logic. - To be familiar with CMOS fabrication process - To study VHDL as EDA Tool - To study testability methods in VLSI Unit 1 : Mos Devices ( 6 Hrs ) Introduction to MOST, I – V Characteristics of NMOS and PMOS, Second order effects – CLM, Body bias, Short Channel Effects – VT roll off, DIBL, Mobility Degradation, Transfer Characteristics Of CMOS Inverter, Detailed analysis of CMOS Inverter with parasitics Unit 2 : Cmos Design ( 8 Hrs.) CMOS logic families - static, dynamic including their timing analysis and power consumption, CPL, Pass Transistor Logic, Transmission gate, Circuits using CPL and Pass transistor logic Unit 3 : Fabrication And Layout ( 6 Hrs.) Basic CMOS Technology: Self aligned CMOS process, N well, P well, Twin tub, Layout of CMOS Inverter, Design rules, Verification of Layout Unit 4 : Introduction To Vhdl ( 6 Hrs.) Introduction, EDA Tool- VHDL, Design flow, Introduction to VHDL, Modeling styles: Sequential, Structural and data flow modeling, sequential and concurrent statements. Unit 5 : Circuit Design Using FPGA & CPLD ( 8 Hrs.) Function, procedures, Attributes, Test benches, synthesizable and Non-synthesizable statements, Packages and configurations, Modeling in VHDL with examples such as counters, Registers and Bidirectional bus. Introduction, study of Architecture of CPLDs and FPGAs. Unit 6 : Testability ( 8 Hrs.) Need of Design for testability, introduction to fault coverage, Testability, Design-for –testability, controllability and absorbability, stuck-at Fault Model, stuck-Open and Stuck-short faults, Boundary Scan check, JTAG technology, TAP controller and TAP controller state diagram, Scan path, Full and partial scan. Out comes. - Students will be able to draw IV characteristics of PMOS and NMOS - Students will be able to chalk out basic unit steps in CMOS fabrication process - Students will be able to write code for counter and register in VHDL.
  • 7. Text Books 1. N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley. 2. J. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall India, 1997. 3. D. Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill International, 1995. 4. Kang S. M.,CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits,TMH 3rd 2003 5. Bushnell Agrawal Essentials of Electronic Testing for digital memory and mixed signal VLSI circuits, Kulwar Academec Publisher Reference Books 1. Boyce and Baker “CMOS” EEE Press. 2. Xilinx FPGA /CPLD Data Book 3. VHDL Primer Addison Wesley Longman,2000,J Bhaskar
  • 8. EC4044:Embedded System Design Objectives : To learn the meaning of embedded system and applications in which they are used. To learn Embedded system ( ES ) Design metrics. To study Hardware and Software architecture of ES. To select processor , memory , I/O devices for ES To study software development concepts for ES To study architecture of Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS ) To study features of RTOS like VxWorks, RTLinux and uCOS-II To study Digital Camera as ES case study To study Smart card as ES case study To study Car control as ES case study Unit I: Embedded system introduction (7 Hrs) History , Design challenges , optimizing design metrics, time to market, NRE and unit cost design metrics. Application of embedded systems and recent trends in Embedded systems, Wireless communication like Bluetooth, GPRS, IrDa, IEEE 802.11 Unit II: System and Processor Architecture (7 Hrs) Hardware and software architecture ,processor selection for embedded system , memory architecture and I/O devices, Interrupt servicing mechanism, interrupt latency, context switching. Unit III: Programming concepts (7 Hrs) Interprocess communication and synchronization of processes, tasks, threads, scheduling, device drivers for embedded devices, Software development life cycle . Unit IV: Real Time Operating System Concepts (7 Hrs) Architecture of kernel, task scheduler, ISR, semaphores, mailbox, message queues. Pipes ,events, timers, memory management, RTOS services in contrast with traditional OS Unit V: Commercial RTOS (7 Hrs) Overview of commercial RTOS like Vxworks, RTLinux, uCOS Unit VI: Case study of Embedded System (7 Hrs) Case study of Embedded system like Digital Camera, Smart card and Car control
  • 9. Outcomes: 1. i. state difference between general purpose computer system and ES ii state application of ES in various fields. iii state difference between Hard Real time and Soft Real Time systems 2. i state difference between Bluetooth and other wireless protocols ii application of Bluetooth protocol 3. draw hardware and software architecture of ES 4. select processor , memory , I/O devices for intelligent Washing Machine as per the specifications. 5. Draw Waterfall model of software development life cycle. 6. i. state difference between general OS and RTOS ii Explain Serial port sharing using semaphore iii Explain msg passing to display task from various tasks . iv Explain priority inheritance problem and its remedy iv state application of RTOS . 7. i. state salient features of VXWorks ii state difference between RTLinux and uCOS-II 8. i draw block diagram of digital camera ii explain digital camera interfacing with PC 9. i. Explain smart card hardware ii Explain smart card information access 10 . state controllers used in various units in a CAR ii Explain protocol used for communication among various controllers in a CAR Reference Books 1. Frank Vajid,”Embedded system design”,PHI 2. Rajkamal , “ Embedded systems”,TMH 3. Dr. K.V.K.K. Prasad.” Embedded/ Ral time system” , Dreamtech 4. Steve Heath “Embedded System Design “, Neuwans. 5. David Simon, “ Embedded Systems software primer”, Pearson
  • 10. EC4144:Advanced Digital Signal Processing Objective: To provide inputs regarding multirate DSP To give inputs regarding adaptive filters and its applications To provide concepts of linear prediction To provide estimation of power spectra To learn basic architecture of a typical DSP processor Unit 1 : Random Signals (7 HRS) Review of deterministic signals, random signals ; Correlation Function; Power spectra ; DT domain random signals ; Time averages for DT random process Unit 2 : Multirate Dsp (7 HRS) Decimation, Interpolation; Design of practical sampling rate conversion ; Software implementation of sampling rate converters; Sample rate conversion using poly-phase filter structure ; Efficient D/A conversion in Hi-Fi System Unit 3 : Adaptive Filters (7 HRS) Necessity ; Adaptive filters as noise cancellers ; Configuration of adaptive filters; main components of adaptive filters ; Adaptive algorithms: LMS, RLS; adaptive filtering for ocular artifacts from the human EEG; Adaptive telephone echo cancellation Unit 4 : Linear Prediction And Optimum Linear Filters (7 HRS) Lattice structures; Innovation representation of random signals ; Rational power spectra, AR, MA, ARMA; Forward and backward linear prediction ; Wiener filter for filtering and prediction ; Solution of the normal equation – Levinson – Durbin Algorithm Unit 5 : Power Spectrum Estimation (7 HRS) Correlation and Correlogram; Estimation of spectra from finite duration observation of signals ; Estimation of autocorrelation and power spectrum of random signals ; Non- parametric methods for power spectrum estimation – Bartlett & Welch method Unit 6 : Architectures For Dsps (7 HRS) Basic generic architectures, Harward Architecture; Introduction to SHARC, pipelining, MAC ; Special instructions, on-chip memory; Fixed and Floating point DSPs ; Case study of TMS320C54XX or TMS320C6XXX ; Implementation of basic DS algorithms Decimation and Interpolation
  • 11. Outcomes:- Upon learning the course the student will be able to learn the concepts of decimation and interpolation Apply the concept of adaptive filtering Implement the principles of linear prediction Indicate the typical blocks in a DSP and explain its applications Text Books 1. E C Ifleachor and B W Jervis “Digital Signal Processing – A practical approach”, 2nd edition, Pearson education 2. John G Proakis, Monolakis “Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and Applications ”, Pearson education Reference Books : - 1. P P Vaidyanathan “Multirate systems and filter banks”, PHI 2. B Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, Programming & Applications”, TMH 3. Simon Haykin, “Adaptive Filter Theory”, 4th edition Pearson Education
  • 12. CS4214:Computer Networks Prerequisites : Communication Engineering, C programming and Data structures Objectives: 1. To understand the underlying principles in the design of a layered network architecture. 2. To be able to identify the general characteristics of local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs). 3. To be exposed to the TCP/IP protocol stack as an example of a layered network architecture 4. To be familiar with Internet applications including telnet, electronic mail, file transfer protocol (ftp), and the World Wide Web. UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NETWORKS (07 Hrs) Introduction, Network Hardware, Software, Types of Networks, Network topologies, Reference Models, Physical Layer, Transmission Media : Guided and unguided media, Switching - circuit switching, Packet switching, message switching. UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER (07 Hrs) Data Link Layer design issues, Error detection and correction, Framing, flow and error control Elementary Data Link protocols, Sliding Window protocols, HDLC, Point to point protocol, Modems and protocols. UNIT III MAC SUBLAYER (06 Hrs) Channel allocation problem, Channel allocation methods – TDM, FDM, ALOHA, Carrier sense multiple access protocols, collision free protocols, IEEE standard 802 for LAN, Wireless LAN, Bluetooth, Bridges, High speed LAN UNIT IV NETWORK LAYER (08 Hrs) Network Layer design issues, Routing Algorithms : The Optimality Principle Shortest Path Routing, Flooding, Distance Vector Routing, Link State Routing , Routing for Mobile Hosts, internetworking, fragmentation, network layer in Internet : IP v4 protocol , IP addresses, subnets, masking, ICMP, ARP, Introduction to IP v6.
  • 13. UNIT V TRANSPORT LAYER (06 Hrs) The Transport Layer design issues, addressing: port and socket, conection oriented v/s connectionless service, TCP, UDP, Congestion control and Quality of service, Measuring Network Performance, System Design for Better Performance UNIT VI APPLICATION LAYER (08 Hrs) DNS, Domain Hierarchy, Name servers, Name resolutions, Traditional Applications – FTP, Telnet, Electronic mail, WWW, HTTP, Network Management, Network security : Introduction to Cryptography, Substitution Ciphers, Transposition Ciphers, DES--The Data Encryption Standard, Cipher Modes, RSA, Digital Signatures, Firewalls Outcomes: At the end of this course, students will be able to Apply the principles and practices used in the design and implementation of communication networks. Apply the concepts of ISO OSI and TCP/IP reference models in details. Text Books 1. A.S. Tanenbaum, „Computer Networks‟, Fourth Edition, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. B. Forouzan, „Data Communication and Networking‟, Tata McGraw Hill. Reference Books 1. William Stallings, „Data and Computer Communications‟, 8/E, Prentice Hall, 2006 2. William Stallings, „Network Security Essentials: Applications and Standards, 3/E‟, Prentice Hall, 2006 3. Kurse & Ross, „Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach Featuring the Internet‟, Addison Wesley.
  • 14. EC9014:Voice Networks Objectives : To realize the working of exsisting networks used for Voice Communication List of Practicals 1. Public Switching Telephone Network (PSTN) Switch Configuration – Time- Space Time(T/S/T) switch 2. Dual Tone Multiple Frequency (DTMF) trainer 3. Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) Trainer 4. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) implementation 5. Study of Mobile set trainer 6. Study of Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) trainer Outcomes: At the end of this students will realize the working of exsisting networks used for Voice Communication Text Books : 1) Vijay K. Garg, Joseph E Wilkes, "Principles & Applications of GSM", Pearson Education 2) Vijay K. Garg, "IS-95 CDMA and CDMA 2000", Pearson Education Reference Books : 1) Bates, Regis J., Gregory, Donald W., "Voice & data Communication Handbook", McGraw Hill 2) Dean, Tamara, "Guide to Telecommunication Technology", McGraw Hill 3) Vijay K. Garg, Kenneth Smojik, Joseph E. Wilkes, "Applications of CDMA in wireless/Personal Communications", Prentice Hall 4) Tranter William H., Rappaport, "Principles of Communication Systems Simulation", Pearson Education 5) Mark Miller, “Voice Over IP Technologies 6) Thiagarajan Viswanathan, “Telecommunication Switching Systems & Networks”
  • 15. EC9024:Electronic Product Design Objectives: To make the students aware about various factors those influence the operation of electronic system reliably in the defined environment List of Practicals 7. Effect of tolerance of components on circuit parameters. 8. Effect of environmental variation (Temperature cycling) on circuit parameters. 9. Simulation of single / two stage amplifier. 10. Fault finding using DSO/ Logic Analyzer. 11. Feasibility analysis of electronics system. Outcomes: Designer will know the effects of various factors those prevent the system to work reliably. Reliable Electronic system will be developed. Text Books 1. Kim Fowler, “ Electronics Instrument design, Oxford Press 2. E. Balguruswami, “ Reliability Engineering”, TMH publications Reference Books 1.W.C. Bosschart, “PCB Designing”, CEDT
  • 16. EC9034:VLSI Design Prerequisites : Knowledge of Basic digital combinational and sequential circuits, state machines , MOS Transistor. Objectives: - To study behavior of MOS transistor in detail. - To draw NAND,NOR,XOR gates using CMOS logic. - To study VHDL as EDA Tool - To implement designed circuits on CPLD or FPGA List of Practicals 1. Simulate NMOS and PMOS characteristics ,CMOS transfer curve 2. To simulate CMOS NAND gate. 3 To simulate CMOS inverter in CMOS layout editor. 4. To simulate CMOS Combinational logic circuit in CMOS layout editor. 5. To simulate transient characteristics for CMOS combinational circuit with minimum three inputs. 6. To write VHDL code for A) 8:1 Multiplexer B) 2:4 Decoder C) 4- bit comparator D) 1- bit Adder Simulate and implement above the same on universal kit. 7. To write VHDL code for A) Flip-flop(s) B) Shift register C) 4-bit binary counter D) 4-bit BCD Counter 8 . To write VHDL code for traffic Light controller. Simulate and implement above the same on Universal kit. 9 . To write VHDL code for RAM with chip enable, W-R functions. Simulate and implement the same on the kit. 10. To write VHDL code for FIFO (Array 8*4) Simulate and implement the same on Universal kit.
  • 17. Outcomes: Students will be able to draw IV characteristics of PMOS and NMOS. Students will be able to write code for counter and register in VHDL. Students will be able To implement designed circuits on CPLD or FPGA Text Books 1. N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley. 2. J. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall India, 1997. 3. D. Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill International, 1995. 4. Kang S. M.,CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits,TMH 3rd 2003 5. Bushnell Agrawal Essentials of Electronic Testing for digital memory and mixed signal VLSI circuits, Kulwar Academec Publisher Reference Books 1. Boyce and Baker “CMOS” EEE Press. 2. Xilinx FPGA /CPLD Data Book 3. VHDL Primer Addison Wesley Longman,2000,J Bhaskar
  • 18. EC9044:Embedded System Design Objectives: To perform practicals on ARM7 processor using „C‟ language for various on-chip and Off-chip peripherals with and without RTOS. List of Practicals 1 Interfacing 4 × 4 matrix keyboard and writing a program to display a pressed key on the 7 segment LED Display. 2 Interfacing 16 × 2 character display to microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing a program to display a message in various ways 3 Interfacing 4 × 4 matrix keyboard and 16 × 2 character display to microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing a program using RTOS functions to display a pressed key. 4 Interfacing RTC and PC UART to the microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing a program to display real time on the Hyper Terminal on PC. 5 Interfacing ADC to the microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing an ISR to read data from the ADC and display it on the LCD/ Hyper Terminal on PC. 6 Writing a program using RTOS functions to schedule 4 tasks with priority. The Tasks may be keyboard, LCD,LED ADC etc. 7. Implement a semaphore for any given task switching using RTOS on microcontroller/ microprocessor. 8 Write a program to introduce timer based events for microcontroller using RTOS. 9 Write a program to implement I2C protocol on the available microcontroller/microprocessor board. 10 Implementation of algorithm /program for the microcontroller for low power mode Outcomes : At the end of this course, students will be able to 1. Make use of I/O ports 2. Get input from keyboard and display messages on the Text LCD 3. Get data from the ADC and manipulate it. 4. Use of RTC 5. Use of RTOS in task management and intertask communication. 6. Operate Microcontroller in low power mode.
  • 19. Reference Books 1. Frank Vajid,”Embedded system design”,PHI 2. Rajkamal , “ Embedded systems”,TMH 3. Dr. K.V.K.K. Prasad.” Embedded/ Ral time system” , Dreamtech 4. Steve Heath “Embedded System Design “, Neuwans. 5. David Simon, “ Embedded Systems software primer”, Pearson
  • 20. EC9114:Advanced Digital Signal Processing Objective: To provide inputs regarding multirate DSP To give inputs regarding adaptive filters and its applications To provide concepts of linear prediction To provide estimation of power spectra To learn basic applications of a typical DSP processor in filtering List of Experiments 1. Random signal Generator 2. Implementation of LMS algorithm 3. Implementation of lattice structure 4. Program to convert direct form coefficients to lattice form 5. Program to convert Lattice form coefficients to direct form 6. Implementation of Levinson-Durbin algorithm 7. Implementation of FIR filter using Backward prediction method 8. Implementation of FIR filter using forward prediction method 9. Implementation of Decimation 10. Implementation of Interpolation 11. Power spectrum estimation 12. Introduction to TMS 320C6713 DSP processor 13. Implementation of convolution using DSP Processor 14. Implementation of IIR filter using DSP Processor 15. Implementation of FIR filter using DSP Processor Outcomes:- upon learning the course the student will be able to learn the concepts of decimation and interpolation Apply the concept of adaptive filtering Implement the principles of linear prediction Indicate the typical blocks in a DSP and explain its applications Comments: Programs should be implemented in C / MATLAB or CCS
  • 21. Text Books: - 1. Ingle, Proakis , Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB‟ , Brooks/coleman , 2000 2. E C Ifleachor and B W Jervis “Digital Signal Processing – A practical approach”, 2nd edition, Pearson education 3. John G Proakis, Monolakis “Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and Applications ”, Pearson education Reference Books : - 1. P P Vaidyanathan “Multirate systems and filter banks”, PHI 2. B Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, Programming & Applications”, TMH 3. Simon Haykin, “Adaptive Filter Theory”, 4th edition Pearson Education
  • 22. CS9214:Computer Networks Prerequisites : C Programming Objectives: To learn the Basics of designing local area network Resource sharing Implementation of routing algorithm Implementation of Encryption decryption algorithms Standard protocols like FTP,TELNET,WWW etc List of Practicals: 1. Preparation and testing of crossover and straight through cables using RJ 45 connector. 2. Implementation of star topology. 3. Resource sharing like Printer, Drives, Folders, Remote Desktop Sharing. 4. Simulating go back n protocol. 5. Installation of active directory and promoting the win 2000 server to domain controller and DHCP server. 6. Installation and configuration of Web Server and Proxy Server. 7. Installation and configuration of network applications like FTP and Telnet. 8. Connectivity of LAN computers to Internet using Dial-Up modem/leased line modem. (Installation and configuration). 9. Implementation of dijkstra‟s shortest path finding algorithm. 10. Implementation of substitution cipher. 11. Implementation of transposition cipher. 12. Designing network for an organization using network design tool. Outcomes : After completion of this course students will be able to Prepare Straight through and cross over cable using RJ 45 Connector. Share printer, remote desktop sharing ,Drives sharing Install active directory on 2000 server Run different applications on 2000 server Implement dijkstra‟s algorithm and Substitution cipher. Transposition cipher algorithms Reference Books: As applied to theory course of computer networks
  • 23. EC9054:Project - Seminar Objectives: To evaluate student on the basis of - His / her performance in carrying out the project work. presentation skill Guidelines: 1. Seminar is based on the project topic. It consists of Literature Survey and basic project work. The abstract of the project should be submitted before the examination of seminar. 2. The seminar report consists of the Literature Survey, basic project work and the size of the seminar report should be maximum of 25 pages. 3. The examination is conducted by two examiners. The examiners appointed for seminar must have minimum 5 years of experience with UG qualification and 3 years with PG qualification. 4. At the time of examination, the student will have to give the presentation, and seminar assessment is based on Innovative Idea, Depth of understanding, Applications, Individual contributions, and presentation, and the grade given by the internal guide, which is based on the work carried out in a semester. 5. A certified copy of seminar report is required to be presented to examiner at the time of final examination. Outcomes: After completion of this course, student will be able to: Plan his / her project work in the forth coming semester for the successful completion of project work. Present any of his / her innovative ideas to outside world.
  • 24. EC4054:Electronic Measurement Systems Objectives: To provide adequate concepts in - Measurement Errors, Basic Instruments - Different Probes, Methods of Measurement - Advancement in Measurement Unit 1:Basics of Measurement (6 Hrs) Accuracy, Resolution, Precision, Linearity of Measuring Instruments, Standards for Measurement, Calibration, Statistical Analysis – Mean, Mode, Deviation, Variance and Probability for error finding, Regression Analysis – Methods and Advantages, Types of Instruments, Basic Measurement System Unit 2:Current and Voltage Measurement (8 Hrs) Voltage Current Resistance Measurement using DMM, Auto zeroing, Auto ranging, True RMS Measurement Principle, Vector Voltmeter, Vector Impedance Meter, LCR – Q Meter, Types of DVM. Unit 3 : Time and Frequency Measurement (6 Hrs) Time and Frequency Measurement, Digital Universal Frequency Counter, Modes of Operation, High Frequency Measurement on Frequency Counter using Various Techniques, Ratio Measurement, Time Interval Measurement, Time Period Measurement, Plug in Units for Counter Unit 4 :Oscilloscopes (8 Hrs) Overview of Analog CRO, Dual / Multitrace CRO, Various CRO Probes, Digital Storage Oscilloscope, Comparison of CRO and DSO, Various Measurements using DSO Unit 5 : Signal Analysing Instruments (8 Hrs) Harmonic and Wave Analyser, Distortion Factor Meter, Spectrum Analyser, FFT Analyser, Logic Analyser Unit 6 : Communication Measurement (6 Hrs) Measurement on Transmitter and Receiver, Sensitivity and Selectivity, S / N Ratio, SINAD Test, Introduction to Virtual Instrumentation - Labview
  • 25. Outcomes: After successful completion of the course students will be able to Measure different parameters Compare the instruments and select proper instrument for the application Calculate the errors in Measurement Design basic measurement system Text Book: 1. Oliver Cage – Electric Instrumentation – Tata McGraw Hill 2. H. S. Kalsi – Digital Instrumentation - Tata McGraw Hill Reference Books: 1. Coombs – Electronic Instrumentation Handbook 2. Cooper Halfric – Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques – Prentice Hall 3. A.J. Bowence – Digital Instrumentation - Tata McGraw Hill 4. M.M.S. Anand – Electric Instrument & Instrumentation Techniques
  • 26. EC4064:Telecommunication Networks And Management Prerequisites : Analog Communication, Digital Communication, Fundamentals of Fiber optics, Objectives: To study The existing telecommunication networks Broadband Technologies ISDN SS7 Protocol Optical Networks Quality issues and Network management Unit 1 : Introduction To Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.) Introduction to Telecommunication Networks, Switching Technologies: circuit switching, Routing for Circuit switched Networks,packet switching, Multirate circuit switching,Frame Relay, Cell Relay. Broad Band Access Technologies: DSL, ADSL ,Cable Modems, WLL, Leased Lines, Optical and Wireless. Unit 2 : Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) (7 Hrs.) ISDN Overview, Principles, standards, ISDN Interfaces and functions, Protocol architecture, Internetworking Signaling System Number7(SS7): SS7 Architecture, Signaling at datalink level, link level, Network level, and signaling at connection control part, ISDN User part. Unit 3 : Optical Networks (7 Hrs.) Introduction, Principles of optical networks, Optical network components, Standards, Optical interface layers, concepts of multiplexing and synchronization. DWDM Networks: Introduction, architecture, Optical packet switching/ Routing. Unit 4 : Quality Of Service And Reliability Issues In Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.) Delay, Jitter, Throughput/ Bandwidth, cross talk/interference, Reliability and survivability issues, Network protection mechanisms. Unit 5 : Telecommunication Network Planning (7 Hrs.) Introduction , Principles of telecommunication network planning, traffic planning, Tariff planning, congestion control planning. Unit 6 : Telecommunication Network Management (7 Hrs.) Telecom network operation and maintenance, Traffic management, management of transport network, configuration management, Fault management .
  • 27. Outcomes: After completion of this course the students will be able to Understand Switching Technologies used in Telecommunications Configure broad band devices and Use broadband technologies Install and Use Fiber optics networks Plan and manage the Telecommunication Networks Text Books 1. William Stallings, „ISDN and Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay and ATM‟, Prentice Hall . 2. W. Gorlaski, „Optical Networking and WDM‟, TMH Reference Book 1. Lakshmi Raman, „Fundamentals of Telecommunication Network Management‟, IEEE press, PHI
  • 28. EC4074:Optical and Microwave Communication Prerequisites : Basic Communication Engineering concepts. Objectives: To study Basics of optical fiber communication system. To study different optical fiber cable manufacturing techniques To study Light source and detectors To study signal dispersion and attenuation in OFC. To study Microwave Wave-guides and Components To study Microwave Tubes & Solid-State Microwave Devices Unit 1 : Introduction to OFC & its components: (08 Hrs) Basic block diagram of Optical Fiber Communication system, Overview of OFC, Advantages of optical fibers over co-axial cables, basic principles, types of fibers, fiber materials, fiber fabrication (double crucible method) and their mechanical properties, Fiber cable, Basics of construction and characteristics of light sources (LED and LASER), light detectors (PIN and APD), Numericals based on above topics. Unit 2 : Signal Degradation in Optical Fiber (08 Hrs) Various degradation mechanisms: Attenuation, Distortion, Pulse broadening in GI fibers, Mode coupling, Coupling losses, Material dispersion (Intermodel and Intramodel dispersion), Concept of fiber splicing, coupling methods and their losses, OTDR (Principle, concept & applications), Numericals based on above topics. Unit 3 : FOC System: (06 Hrs) Analog: Overview of analog links, Carrier to Noise Ratio, Multi channel transmission technique. Digital: Point-to-point links, system consideration, Link power budget, Rise time budget, Correlation of concept of line coding and error correction for optical fiber, Principle of Wavelength Division Multiplexing, Passive components, Optical Amplifier, Optical
  • 29. networks: SONET/SDH, Photonic switching and sensor applications, Numericals based on above topics. Unit 4 : Microwave Wave-guides and Components: (06 Hrs) Rectangular wave-guide, Modes (TE and TM), Excitation of modes, Power transmission and losses, Microwave cavity resonator, Wave guide Tees (E, H, Magic), Circulators, Isolators, Bends, Twists, Matched termination, Attenuators, Phase shifters, Co-axial to wave guide transitions, microwave filters, concept of Scattering parameters, S-matrix of above components, Numericals based on above topics. Unit 5 : Microwave Tubes: (07 Hrs) Introduction to conventional vacuum tubes (triode, Tetrode, Pentode), High frequency limitations, Klystrons (multi cavity, reflex): velocity modulation, bunching process, applications, TWT: slow-wave structure, wave modes, gain, and applications, Magnetron oscillator, types, Numericals based on above topics. Unit 6 : Solid-State Microwave Devices (07 Hrs) Principle of operation, construction, characteristics, parameters with analysis of Microwave transistor, Varactor Diode, Tunnel, PIN Diode, Gunn Diode, Construction and applications of strip line, Introduction to terrestrial microwave link and its applications. Outcomes: After end of this course students will be able to Draw Different Building Blocks of optical fiber communication system. Draw typical diagrams of optical fiber cable manufacturing techniques Measure the characteristics of LED,LASER source and Photo detectors Measure dispersion and attenuation in OFC. Preparation of splicing and connectorization of ofc cables. Know principles of microwave waveguides, tubes and microwave devices.
  • 30. Text Books 1. John Senior, “Optical Fiber Communication”, Prentice Hall 2. M. Kulkarni, “Microwave and radar Engineering”, Laxmi Reference Books 1. G. Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication”, McGraw Hill 2. D. C. Aggarwal, “Fiber Optical Communication”. 3. S. Y. Liao, “Microwave Devices & Circuits”, Prentice Hall 4. Peter Rizzi. “Microwave Engineering”, McGraw Hill.
  • 31. EC4114:Digital Image Processing Objectives: To familiarize the student with the basic concepts about image, its formation, human visual system and it‟s limitations To understand various image enhancement approaches To apply the basic morphology principles To understand image segmentation To learn basic ideas of image compression To prepare the background for student to apply principles learnt to practical cases Unit 1 : Digital Image Fundamentals (4 Hrs ) Elements of visual perception, Image sampling & Quantization, co lour fundamentals, colour models, pseudo colour image processing Unit 2 : Image Enhancement (6 Hrs ) Basic grey level transformations, histogram processing, enhancement using arithmetic and logic operators, spatial filtering – smoothing and sharpening filters. Smoothing and sharpening frequency domain filters Unit 3 : Morphological Image Processing (6 Hrs ) Neighbourhood concepts, adjacency and distance measures, dilation & erosion, opening & closing operations, basic morphological operations such as region filling, thinning, thickening, skeletons, pruning for binary and gray scale images. Unit 4 : Image Segmentation ( 8 Hrs ) Detection of discontinuities, edge linking and boundary detection, thresholding, region based segmentation, use of watersheds, image representation- chain codes, boundary descriptors & regional descriptors Unit 5 : Image Transforms & compression ( 10 Hrs ) Coding, interpixel and image redundancy; 2-D Discrete Fourier Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform – its application in Baseline JPEG , Walsh Hadamard Transform, Fast Walsh Transform, sub band coding Haar Transform – it‟s application as a Wavelet, multi resolution expansions, 1-D Wavelet Transform, Fast Wavelet Transform; Introduction to Gabor Transform, Introduction to Radon Transform
  • 32. Unit 6 : Image Processing Applications ( 6 Hrs ) Applications of transforms in fingerprinting, Medical applications such as tumour detection, Magnetic Resonance Imaging analysis using transforms, Morphological applications. Study of IEEE reference papers covering basic ideas of Transforms and their applications Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to Comment about color models, human visual systems Apply a suitable enhancement logic to an image Use morphological operator set for an application Apply segmentation algorithm such as watershed in requires cases Learn and apply image transforms Text Books: 1. Gonzalez, Woods, „Digital Image Processing‟ – PHI , 2nd edition 2. Milan Sonka „Image Processing , Analysis & Machine Vision‟ Thomson Publication. Reference Books:- 1. Pratt W.K. , „ Digital Image Processing‟, John Wiley, 2001 2. Jain A.K., „ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing‟, PHI, 1997
  • 33. EC4154:Audio Video Engineering Objectives: To study Concepts of Color Television (CTV) Transmitter and Receiver. Working Principle of Digital Television (DTV) and High Definition Television (HDTV). Implementation of Comparison Techniques. Direct to Home (DTH) Receiver, Digital Video Disc (DVD) player, Digital Satellite Radio (DSR), Public Address (P.A.) system. Unit 1 : Basics of Television ( 06 Hrs. ) Scanning process, Composite Video Signal, Horizontal Blank and Sync standard, Vertical Blank and Sync standard, Vestigial Sideband Transmission, TV Channels and Bands, CCIR-B standards, Negative modulation, Inter-carrier Sound System Unit 2 : TV Transmission and Reception ( 06 Hrs. ) High Level modulated TV Transmitter , IF modulated TV Transmitter, Transmitting Antenna, Receiving Yagi Antenna, Block Diagram of Monochrome Receiver, Pattern Generator, Wobbuloscope Unit 3 : Color TV Systems (10 Hrs.) Color fundamentals, Mixing of colors, Color perception, Color Characteristics, Chromaticity diagram, Color TV camera, Frequency Interleaving Principle, Color Bandwidth, Chroma Signal Generation, Color Burst, Simple PAL & PAL-D System, PAL Encoder, PAL Decoder, CTV Receiver Block Diagram, Monochrome and Color Picture Tubes, NTSC, PAL, SECAM systems, Remote control Unit 4 : Digital Television ( 08 Hrs. ) Merits of DTV, Digitization of TV Signal, Digitized Video Parameters, Source Coding : Compression of Video and Audio Signals, Source Multiplexing, Scrambling and Conditional Access, Channel Coding, Modulation by Digital Signal, Reception of Digital TV Signal, Digital TV Receiver block diagram, Digital TV Recording Systems and Storage, LCD and Plasma Displays Unit 5 : High Definition Television ( 06 Hrs. ) HDTV Standards and Systems, HDTV Transmitter and Receiver, Video on Demand, Closed Circuit Television (CCTV), Cable Television (CATV), DTH system
  • 34. Unit 6 : Sound Recording And Reproduction ( 06 Hrs. ) Audio Standards – MPEG, Methods of Sound Recording and Reproduction, Magnetic Recording, CD Recording, CD/DVD/MP3 Player, Camcorder, DSR, PA System Outcomes: At the end of this course, the students will be able to Describe CTV Transmitter and Receiver Distinguish between Analog and Digital Television Interpret Comparison Techniques Explain DTH, DSR, DVD Player and P.A. system Text Books 1. R.R.Gulathi, “Modern TV Practice”, New Age International. 2. R.G. Gupta, “Audio Video Systems”, Technical Education. Reference Books 1. A. M. Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, TMH Publication. 2. Herve Benoit, “Digital Television”, Focal Press. 3. S. P. Bali, “Color TV Theory and Practice”, TMH. 4. Bernard Grobb & Charles E., “Basic TV and Video Systems”, McGraw Hill. 5. Michael Robin & Michel Poulin“Digital Television Fundamentals”, McGrawHill. 6. Danny Briere & Pat Hurley, ”HDTV for Dummies”, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
  • 35. EC9064:Electronic Measurement Systems Objectives: To introduce all basic measuring instruments with front panel controls List of Practicals 1. High frequency measurement using DSO, storing and retrieving of results of mathematical operations on DSO 2. Quality factor measurement of inductor and capacitor using LCR-Q meter 3. Measurement of THD using distortion factor meter 4. Measurement by higher and lower range DMMs and compare accuracy 5. Time measurement, frequency measurement, ratio measurement using frequency counter 6. Observe spectrum of sine, square and triangular waveform using spectrum analyzer 7. Capture RLC transient using DSO. 8. Measurement of radio receiver parameters. 9. Debug the program and observe the waveform in state and time mode. 10. Use of tracking generator module of spectrum analyzer for filter analysis. Outcomes: After successful completion of the course students will be able to select proper instrument for measurement and compare the same with measurement by another instrument. Text Book: 1. Oliver Cage – Electric Instrumentation – Tata McGraw Hill 2. H. S. Kalsi – Digital Instrumentation - Tata McGraw Hill Reference Books: 1. Coombs – Electronic Instrumentation Handbook 2. Cooper Halfric – Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques – Prentice Hall 3. A.J. Bowence – Digital Instrumentation - Tata McGraw Hill 4. M.M.S. Anand – Electric Instrument & Instrumentation Techniques
  • 36. EC9074:Optical and Microwave Communication Objectives: To study Basic properties and characteristics of optical fiber cable such as Attenuation and dispersion, Basic properties and characteristics of optical source ,optical detector Basic properties and characteristics of certain microwave sources and microwave components List of Practicals 1. Study and Measurement of Numerical Aperture of a fiber. 2. Measurement of attenuation of optical fiber cable of various lengths. 3. Study and transmission of Analog/Digital Signals through a fiber optic link. 4. Study and plot of V-I Characteristics of LED as a light source. 5. Study and plot the characteristics of a Light Detector. 6. Study of Reflex Klystron as a Microwave source. 7. Study of Gunn Diode & PIN Modulator as a Microwave source. 8. Study and Verification of Port Characteristics of Microwave Tees ( E, H, E-H Planes). 9. Study and Verification of Port Characteristics of Directional Coupler. 10. Study and Verification of Port Characteristics of Isolator & Circulator Outcomes: After completion of this course students will be able to Know about basic properties and characteristics of optical fiber, optical source ,optical detector Characteristics of Reflex Klystron, Gunn Diode as microwave sources and microwave components like Microwave Tees ( E, H, E-H Planes).,Directional Coupler. Isolator & Circulator
  • 37. Text Books John Senior, “Optical Fiber Communication”, Prentice Hall M. Kulkarni, “Microwave and radar Engineering”, Laxmi Reference Books G. Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication”, McGraw Hill D. C. Aggarwal, “Fiber Optical Communication”. S. Y. Liao, “Microwave Devices & Circuits”, Prentice Hall Peter Rizzi. “Microwave Engineering”, McGraw Hill.
  • 38. EC9124:Digital Image Processing Objectives: To familiarize the student with the basic concepts about image file formats To understand various image enhancement approaches To apply the basic morphology principles To understand image segmentation List of Practicals 1. Study of BMP file format 2. Conversion of 24 bit color image to 8 bit , 4 bit, 1 bit image 3. Image negation, power Law correction 4. Histogram mapping & equalisation, stretching 5. Image smoothing , sharpening 6. Edge detection – use of Sobel, Prewitt and Roberts operators 7. Morphological operations on binary images 8. Morphological operations on Gray scale images 9. Pseudo coloring 10. Chain coding 11. Image statistics 12. DCT/IDCT computation 13. Transform application assignment. Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to Apply a suitable enhancement logic to an image Use morphological operator set for an application Apply boundary searching algorithms Learn and apply image transforms Comments : C / C++ and MATLAB may be used for the Practical
  • 39. Text Books: 1. Gonzalez, Woods, „Digital Image Processing‟ – PHI , 2nd edition 2. Milan Sonka „Image Processing , Analysis & Machine Vision‟ Thomson Publication. Reference Books:- 1. Pratt W.K. , „ Digital Image Processing‟, John Wiley, 2001 2. Jain A.K., „ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing‟, PHI, 1997
  • 40. EC9134:Audio Video Engineering Objectives: To Study Equipment like Pattern Generator, Wobbuloscope which can be used for Color TV servicing To study different sections in Color TV receiver To study TV transmitter, DTV, HDTV, DTH, DVD player and DSR block schematics LIST OF PRACTICALS 1. Study of Pattern Generator. 2. Study of Wobbuloscope. 3. Tracking of Block schematic for Color TV. 4. Voltage and Waveform Analysis for Color TV. 5. Study of Direct to Home system. 6. Visit to TV Transmitter, Sinhgad 7. Visit to Doordharshan Studio. 8. Simulation of Video Compressing Technique. 9. Study of CD/DVD/MP3 Player. 10. Study of Digital TV. 11. Study of High Definition TV. 12. Study of Digital Satellite Radio. Outcomes: Students will be able to Explain different amplifier‟s frequency response of Color TV. Identify important waveforms, voltages and faults in Color TV Receiver. Explain the function of different blocks of DTH, DVD player, DTV, HDTV, and DSR. Describe Commercial setup of TV Transmitter and Studio. Text Books 1. R.R.Gulathi, “Modern TV Practice”, New Age International. 2. R.G. Gupta, “Audio Video Systems”, Technical Education. Reference Books 1. A. M. Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, TMH Publication. 2. Herve Benoit, “Digital Television”, Focal Press. 3. S. P. Bali, “Color TV Theory and Practice”, TMH. 4. Bernard Grobb & Charles E., “Basic TV and Video Systems”, McGraw Hill. 5. Michael Robin & Michel Poulin“Digital Television Fundamentals”, McGrawHill. 6. Danny Briere & Pat Hurley, ”HDTV for Dummies”, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
  • 41. EC9084:Project Objectives: To select and work on real life application in the field of Electronics and Telecommunication. To support students‟ learning and engagement with principles of undergraduate education. To apply and enhance the knowledge acquired in the related field. Guidelines: 1. The project work will be carried by a group of students. Optimum group size is three students. However, if project complexity demands a maximum group size of four students, the coordinating committee should be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work 2. Topic of the project work should be in the field of Electronics and Telecommunication 3. Related to real life application OR investigation of the latest development OR Microcontroller based application OR Software development project with the justification for techniques used/implemented. 4. Interdisciplinary projects should be taken up only with the justification for techniques used and the coordinating committee should be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work 5. Group should maintain a logbook of activities. It should have entries related to the work done, problems faced, solutions evolved, etc., duly signed by internal and external guides. 6. Project report must be submitted in the prescribed format only. No. variation in the format will be accepted. One guide will be assigned maximum three project groups. Outcomes : Upon completion of this course student will be able to : Apply various aspects of the curriculum which support students‟ increasing mastery of competencies in technicality.