WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration3Finally, the opportunity to stitch thecity to its waterfront!This is Toronto’s moment to boldlyunlock a remarkable and valuablecorner of the city while defining theidentity of its primary urban routesto the lakefront as 21st CenturyCity-Gates.
Narrative SummaryConnectivity is the Aim and AmbitionIt is time to shift the focus.The debate about the water-front and its connectionto the city has most oftencentered on the most obvi-ous barrier: the elevatedstructure of the GardinerExpressway itself.We widen that focus toinclude the rail corridorand – most importantly –confront the north-southconnections between thelakefront and the urbanhinterland as a matter ofpriority.This proposal takes two of Toronto’s mostunder-considered elements – the north-south streetscape routes and the rail berm– as the starting points for developing aseries of civic gateway linkages.By concentrating upon the spatial qualityand character of the north-south routes weare able to fulfill the need and desire for afully connected urban fabric to the water’sedge.With the framework of a ‘replace’ option,this strategy unfolds a spectacular urbanextension of the central district towardsthe east that is born from these connec-tions – a series of legible north-southfigures within the urban fabric. The grainof this new urban tissue will be dense anddiverse, but of a smaller scale, in sharpcontrast to the verticality of the skyline.The result is the unlocking of new ter-ritories and potential to the east. Here, anew format for urban living in contact withwater can be produced that is rivalled per-haps only by the Toronto Island community.At the mouth of the Don, a canal districtthat is fully connected by transit to thecore, binds together formerly fragmentedneighbourhoods from the West, East,Lower Don and Portlands to the Lakefront.One Waterfront ConnectedThe Gardiner Opportunity will ensure the City maximizes itsbenefits from the enormous public investments taking place onwaterfront revitalization.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration5View of downtown Toronto towards the lake - connectivity fromthe core city neighbourhoods to the lakefront is the ambition
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration9STARTING POINTS1. ‘REPLACE’2. N-S CORRIDORS3. CANAL DISTRICT &URBAN EXTENSION
STARTING POINTSStatement on the 4 LensesToday’s solutions for infra-structure are innevitablyhybrids, which take full advan-tage of the synergies betweeninfrastructures, ecologies,and urban/civic amenities topropel the diverse needs ofthe contemporary city into anurban bundle that will redefineToronto and its relation to thelakefront.We offer a bundle of infrastructures – traf-fic, transit, public space and stormwater/ecolgy – that can be aligned into a stra-tegic cross-section and delivered along anew alignment that will completely unlocka corner of the city for development of thehighest quality and ambition.Only with the consolidation of multipleinfrastructures, multiple public agendasand overlapping logics can we begin toimagine an intervention in city-building atthis scale.Indeed, it becomes worthwhile to considerthe Gardiner being replaced in anotherform as the 21st Century has taught usthat when contemporary infrastructure iscombined with environmental improve-ment, public transit and public realm orcivic improvements it can have a transfor-mative urban effect. This is certainly thecase with the Gardiner.For this reason, viewing the projectthrough the multiple lenses of Environ-ment, Economics, Transporation & Infra-structure, and Urban Design is natural– even necessary. The question is: what dowe prioritize, what drives the scheme?We believe that urbanism must be theguiding discipline within such an exercise;by its nature it is a broad, social disciplinewhich is inherently comprehensive in itsoutlook and encompasses multiple lenses.Today, good urbanism is sustainable;sustainability carries multiple bottom-lineswhich ultimately expand the lenses toinclude social and cultural forces. In thissense, Toronto finds itself at a powerfulmoment about to chart a future for the citythat embraces the multi-dimenisonal reali-ties of contemporary urban life. These arequestions about how we want to live in thecity. Clearly this is not a singular issue.To approach the Gardiner challenge we areforced to take a position about the city andabout what it might promise in terms ofcitylife.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration11Starting points forapproaching the Gardiner-Lakeshore challenge:One Waterfront ConnectedThe Gardiner opportunity can ensure the Citymaximizes its benefits from the enormouspublic investments on waterfront revital-ization such that a reciprocal relationshipbetween city and lake is guaranteed.We believe it is essential to empower theshoreline of the Don River as an extensionof the primary waterfront part of a coherentDowntown Waterfront.The Promise of Toronto’s Canal District forthe 21st CenturyThis plan for replacing infrastructure willunlock a valuable territory to produce anew and distinct urban district that finallyembraces the Lake – with a scale, builtform, and materiality that give it coherenceand identity. It will bind together a series ofdislocated land parcels to build Toronto’snext great neighbourhood and vital point ofurban gravity towards the east.Creating Development ValueWhat could be the building typology and par-celization strategy to develop a prototype fora sustainable city district engaged with thewater in a way Toronto has always dreamtof?A Series of ‘City Gates’ Connect the Lakewith the HinterlandPerpendicular connections from the lake-front to Old Town Toronto are necessary tobring the vitality of the city to the waterfront,and vice versa. ‘City Gates’ which widenand open up the miserable viaducts addingpublic programs at the rail berm will produceaddresses at the threshold of the city and itswaterfront.Ensure ‘Replace’ is Not Another ‘Big Dig’We recognize and prioritize the necessity foran integrated strategic project – one that isefficient, agile, combines multiple agendas,is politically robust and fiscally sound. TheGardiner cannot affort delays, escalatingprices, political division, public frustration,traffic inconvenience, nor upheaval of cityfunctions during the process of construction.Doubling AgendasIn today’s political context, urban beltroadscan no longer be considered an isolatedtraffic question. The Gardiner will inherentlybe a hybrid urban project. Our 21st Centuryinfrastructure must now bundle multiplemodes of movement, public space, and findnew synergies that instrumentalize traffic,transit, and ecology to build a new publicrealm and urban district. In our scheme weidentify the stormwater intercepter initia-tive that is part of the City of Toronto’s WetWeather Flow Master Plan as a potentialpartner in building the embankment infra-structure. The cleaning of stormwater at thescale of the district can become one of theneighbourhoods most memorable attractions– imagine: A place to swim in clean waterin a canal in the city! And at the root of ourwork we believe in the joining of infrastruc-ture and public space design such that thesemajor capital investments of public fundsprovide concrete and tangible effects inbuilding a spectacular public realm.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration13Toronto’s Blue EdgeThe radical public improvements being undertakenas part of the waterfront’s revitalization offer thestarting point to a more symbiotic relationshipbetween city and lakefront.For the first time, we have the possibility to reconfig-ure the relationship between the vital and establishedcore city districts with emerging waterfront precinctsand new territories.Is it worth thinking about the Gardiner surviving in adifferent configuration? There exist a remarkable setof potential outcomes with the ‘Replace’ option.Traffic is not the issue here. What is atstake is the question of how we will live inthe city in the 21st Century.Over the last 50 years, Toronto has been acity disconnected from its waterfront. ForCanada’s greatest city, this is no longeracceptible.Not Simply a Traffic Problem(right) The vision for the water’s edge promenade and boardwalk,with the “Green Foot” double-row of Maple trees as the fore-ground for views to the lake.
The Net Gain of DevelopableLand is Significant with the‘Replace’ Option.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration15Existing ConditionThe territory is currently broken into awkward areasby divisive elevated infrastructure. The elevatedstructure is perceived as a barrier to the lakefront,and effectively restricts the extension of a coherenturban district, extending from the city.BermCN/GOCN/GOTTCCN/GOTTCGardiner Mini-GardinerLSBLSBLSB63.5 acresEXISTING75.1 acresEMBANKMENT89.6 acresTUNNEL$$$$$$Gardiner-KeatingTunnelKeatingChannelKeatingChannelCONSOLIDATE+26.1 ac+11.6 acEmbankment SchemeThis strategy takes on the collective problem of therail berm and the Gardiner as one - directly address-ing the potential of a new consolidated line of trans-portation that can also be re-considered as Toronto’scity wall that is restored and animated to offer newcivic gates between the city and its waterfront.This is a practical scheme that is the most cost-ef-fective; it is therefore the scheme we have started toelaborate upon within the framework of the competi-tion.Tunnel SchemeThis strategy takes the ‘problem’ of the elevated Gar-diner and, quite literally, puts it underwater. In termsof implementation this offers benefits linked to off-shore construction and the elimination of congestioneffects, however, the costs and complexities of suchan undertaking are high and would require significantpolitical will.
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Existing/Baseline (Rounded up to nearest 25)Key Traffic Assignment Volumes - AM Peak HourSchematic (Not to Scale)Sources:-2007 – F.G. Gardiner Expressway, City of Toronto – Transportation Services-Intersection TMCs (Most Recent) City of Toronto – Transportation Services
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration19Reflecting Concept Plan (Rounded up to nearest 25)Key Traffic Assignment Volumes - AM Peak Hour- Replacement of Gardiner w/ Embankment Road- New Gardiner to/from Lake Shore Blvd. Ramps in Tunnel Under Don River- New At-Grade Road NetworkSchematic (Not to Scale)ConclusionsThe results are positive; the proposedsystem provides enough capacity. Thetransit component is important in thisscheme with the assumption that transitwill take a larger role in downtown move-ment, here accommodated by the newWaterfront Rapid Transit Line to the eastand streetcar lines.
Traffic AssessmentThe essence of the transportation compo-nent of the Concept Plan is the replace-ment of the elevated Gardiner Expresswayeast of Jarvis Street with new road andtransit network elements which wouldreplicate the function of the corridor whileenhancing transit service and offeringtransportation capacity capable of sup-porting the significant new developmentpotential which would also be created bythe Concept.The principal new road and transit systemelements included in the Concept Planinclude:• a four lane roadway located on asouthward extension of the railway corridorberm which would convey Gardiner trafficto/from the Don Valley Parkway and to/fromLake Shore Boulevard to the east of the DonRiver• a new set of directional ramps whichwould connect the embankment road to theDon Valley Parkway by crossing the riverand passing under the rail corridor in a newunderpass tunnel located just east of theexisting railway underpass• a new tunnel which would facili-tate the conveyance of traffic between theembankment road and Lake Shore Boulevardeast of the Don River• a significant enhancement of thenorth-south streets which cross the underthe rail corridor to dramatically reduce thebarrier effect of the rail corridor and toenable these streets to fulfill the importantrole of facilitating north-south pedestrianand cycling movements• the removal of the elevated express-way east of Jarvis Street and the re-develop-ment of Lake shore Boulevard (with a basictwo lanes in each direction supported by leftturn lanes where required) located so thatcontinuous building frontage would be pos-sible on both the north and south sides ofthe street• the embankment road would bedesigned to accommodate rapid transit onstructure in the median which would extendfrom Union Station east along the embank-ment roadway, through the tunnel to LakeShore Boulevard, continue further east tothe Beach Communities, and possibly beextended northward to connect with theDanforth Subway line• an extension of Broadview south-ward from Eastern Avenue, across therailway corridor and south to Lake ShoreBoulevard where it would extend furthersouth to connect with Villiers and carry anextension of the Broadview streetcar line tothe waterfront and intersect the new rapidtransit line on Lake Shore BoulevardIt should be noted that in order to maximizethe development and urban design oppor-tunities associated with relocation of LakeShore Boulevard, the concept also featuresthe removal of the eastbound on-ramp fromLake Shore Boulevard east of Jarvis Streetand the westbound off-ramp to Lake ShoreBoulevard and Sherbourne Street east ofSherbourne Street.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration21The purpose of the traffic assessment hasbeen to confirm that this new road net-work would support existing and baselinefuture AM Peak Hour Traffic volumes. It isassumed that the future non-local baselinetraffic volumes in the area would generallybe similar to the existing volumes and thatthe overall growth in travel demand gener-ated by local development would both utilizecurrent and future underutilized capac-ity in the local road network and addedlocal capacity, and be offset by changesin travel behaviour arising from the exten-sive improvements to the GO Transit, localtransit, cycling and pedestrian networks ele-ments serving planned to serve the centralarea.The AM Peak Hour traffic volumes illustratedin the Figure have been assembled fromthe best available source being the City ofToronto Transportation Services databases.The volumes have been adjusted modestlywhere necessary and have been roundedupwards to the nearest 25 vehicles per hourand only most relevant volumes have beenillustrated.The traffic which currently uses the east-bound on-ramp from Lake Shore Boulevardeast of Jarvis Street and the westboundoff-ramp to Lake Shore Boulevard andSherbourne Street east of Sherbourne Streetwas re-assigned to the other available routesincluding the on-ramp from northboundBay Street to the eastbound expressway,the westbound off-ramp to Yonge Streetand Lake Shore Boulevard, the southboundoff-ramp from the Don Valley parkway toDon Roadway, the northbound on-ramp fromDon Roadway to the Don Valley Parkway,and the Richmond / Adelaide ramps from/ to the Don Valley Parkway (not shown).The resulting key AM Peak Hour volumeswere re-assigned to the Concept Plan roadnetwork and the results are illustrated in thesecond Figure.It should be noted that the major stream ofGardiner Lake Shore Corridor traffic wouldgenerally be accommodated by the newembankment roadway and its ramp con-nections to the Don Valley Parkway andLake Shore Boulevard east of the Don River.Given the one-lane in each direction con-figuration of these connections illustratedin the Concept Plan there would be lessvehicular capacity than the current twolane ramps provide. However, the one laneramps would provide the capacity sufficientto accommodate about 90 percent of theexisting volumes experienced during the AMPeak Hour. This should be acceptable giventhe increasing capacity of the GO Transitsystem and the substantial additional capac-ity offered by the expansion of the localtransit services both already planned and asdescribed in the Concept.The re-assignment shown in the secondFigure demonstrates that the relatively lowervolumes of the remaining traffic can beaccommodated by the network of streetsformed of Broadview, Villiers, Cherry andthe portion of Queens Quay which would beextended east of Cherry.The road network supports LRT operationon Queens Quay, Cherry, Villiers and Broad-view and would accommodate a higherorder rapid transit service along Lake ShoreBoulevard east of Broadview, through thetunnel under the Don River and along theembankment road to Jarvis and further westto Union Station. The higher order rapidtransit line could perform various functionsincluding: a) providing a faster and highercapacity transit service between the coreand the Beach Communities; b) provide reliefof the Yonge Line and the Yonge Bloor Sta-tion by providing an alternative rapid transitroute to the core; c) support intensificationof the Lake Shore Boulevard corridor east ofthe Don River to Leslie Street, and d) pro-vide additional capacity to augment the roadsystem in the area.Harbour Lead Rail LineAs acknowledged in the competition brief,use of the Harbour Lead rail line, its bridgeacross the Don River and the related KeatingRail Yard, has dropped off significantly overthe past decades. While we appreciate thedesire of rail authorities and serviced indus-tries to maintain these facilities, we believethat the transformative potential of a com-prehensive revitalization of this area shouldtake precedence over this requirement in thebrief. The incorporation of this rail facilityinto the revitalization proposal would havesignificant negative impacts on the poten-tial of the overall endeavor. The cost, (bothfinancial and physical), or replacing the railinfrastructure may not be economic and ulti-mately the transport needs of the servicedindustries may much more cost effectivelybe serviced by truck. Accordingly, theConcept Plan has been developed based onthat expectation and attendant abandonmentof rail service dependent on the Harbour leadrail line across the Don River.
A New Identity for Transpor-tation and InfrastructureWhile meeting the transportation demandswe prioritize transit, pedestrians, cyclistsand establish a new human scaled urbantissue that is bound to the experience ofthe water.
Signature Bridges Crossingthe Don RiverThe connection from Lake Shore Boulevardover the Don River should be celebratedwith a signature bridge designed by CecilBalmond.(below) Examples of a pedestrian bridge design by Cecil Balmondin Coimbra, Portugal which suggests the kind of expressive struc-ture to define the mouth of the Don.Iconic InfrastructureStructures of movement can become land-marks within the public realm that bring astrong identity to the district.Here, a language of expressive structurescan expand upon the timber work beingconstructed at points along the CentralWaterfront.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration25Tunnel Portal - DesignSplendourAt the mouth of the tunnel portal – themoment Lake Shore Boulevard divesunder the Don River – we create an iconicsymbol and gateway to the city. Usingexpressive timber structures, the tunnelportal can be the place for a spectacularcanopy structure that creates a memorablegate experience.A New Line of Toronto Bridges6 Pedestrian Bridge ConceptsSimc57.6RamMapRees42.1RamSlighParli71.6StepSpad61.5StepPete60.9StepPolic10.7StepVarying spans of slips and water crossings producea variety of bridge solutions and forms. The bridgesprovide a filter to the inner slips, limiting access tosmaller scale craft, while larger boats find dockingspace along the finger piers and pontoons of the“Floating Waterfront”. Several bridges have operablelift functions to allow continued access to existingmarinas.Canal BridgesThe form and detailing of pedestriantimber bridges and Wavedecks from theCentral Waterfront can be continued alongthe Keating Channel for coherence as aunified water’s edge all the way to theDon.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration27East Connection, Embankment Road to DonValley Parkway
1 - EXISTING2 - EMBANKMENT RD3 - TUNNEL CONNECTION FROM LAKE-SHORE BLVD TO EMBANKMENT RD4 - LAKESHORE RECONFIGURATIONAND EXTENSION OF BROADVIEWPotential Phasing Strategyfor the Scheme1. Existing2. Embankment Road3. Tunnel Connection From LakeShore Blvd. to Embankment Road4. Lake Shore Reconfiguration andExtension of Broadview
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration295 - REMOVE THE GARDINER AND LAKE-SHORE AND ENHANCE THE GATES(JARVIS & CHERRY)6 - ADD TRANSIT7 - CONTINUE GATES ENHANCEMENT8 - QUEENS QUAY EXTENDED WITHTRANSIT CONNECTION TO LAKE-SHORE LOOP5. Remove the Gardiner and Lake Shore and Enhancethe Gates (Jarvis & Cherry)6. Add Transit8. Queens Quay Extended with Tran-sit Connection to Lake Shore Loop7. Continue Gates Enhancement
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration31Pre-20th Century1915-19751975-2000Toronto Built anInfrastructural WallSeemingly without notice, the city accum-mulated a thick band of infrastructuresthat have cumulatively created a ‘wall’separating city and lakefront. By address-ing the north-south corridors, we take onthe collective problem of the rail berm andGardiner as one, to provide a solution forboth the connectivity between the city andthe waterfront and the need for a strongmemorable identity for the streetscaperoutes and gates.
City Wall as a SeamArticulating the Interface of the Inside/OutsideThere is a legacy of city walls throughout historywhich offers a number of lessons. Most notably, wewitness a transition towards hybrid infrastructureswhich combine multiple uses, evolving over time.The urbanization of the wall can become a means toredefine its presence in the urban fabric. Aqueduct of SegoviaSegovia, SpainAqueductDefenceInfrastructureHybridKing John’s CastleLimerick, IrelandSiteCityGreat wall of ÁvilaÁvila, SpainFort LiefkenshoekAntwerp, BelgiumTopographicGreat Wall of ChinaNorthern ChinaRegionIndustrySilos de Mar del PlataBuenos Aires,ArgentinaPampus IslandIJsselmeer, Muiden,The NetherlandsTopographic utilitySeeweiher WallWeißenburg - GermanyProgram Insertion
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration33Wall of OpportunityOvercoming the BarrierThere exists an incredible latent potential to not onlybeautify the viaduct, but rather develop it as a genu-ine peice of the city fabric, focused at the north-southcrossings.retractable tracks todaylight gatewaysDraw Bridgeselevated walkwaysconnecting points ofinterestAllurespoints of perforationof embankment wallLoop Holessimple parasiticstructures to markpoints of interestand accessHoardings potential for programand occupationTower GatesAccess and Permeability:Learning from Medieval StructuresCN-GO Rail EmbankmentToronto, CanadaGardiner ExpresswayToronto, Canada
Evolution of the City Gate:Towards a hybrid Solution530 BC: Portara Gate Naxos, Greece300AD: Porte de Mars Reims, France1090: Gate of Ávila Ávila, Spain1211: Alexander’s Gate Riga, Latvia1255: King’s Gate Königsberg, Germany1300: La porte de Paris Cambrai, France1386: New Fushan Gongyuan Gate Nanjing, China1529: Altpörtel Gate Speyer, Germany1556: Alamgeri Gate Lahore, Pakistan1599: Oyama-jinja Kanazawa, Japan1624: Waterpoort Antwerp, Belguim1778: Puerta de Alcalá Madrid, Spain1788: Brandenburg Gate Berlin, Germany1823: Arco Parque Independencia Tandil, Argentina1838: Triumphal Gates Moscow, Russia300AD: Porte Maggiore Rome, Italy1873: Prince’s G Toronto, CCeremonialSymbolicDefence
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration351873: Hengchun Old Gate Tainan, TaiwanN/A: City Hall Gates Huizhou, China1911: Gateway of India Mumbai, India 1965: Gateway Arch St. Louis, USA1987: Rowes Wharf Boston, USA1989: Grande Arche de la Défense Paris, France2000: Peace Gates Hiroshima, Japan2005: The Gate at DIFC Dubai, UAE2010: CCTV Headquarters Beijing, ChinaHybrid1908: Governor Island Ferry Terminal New York City, USA1920: Union Station Toronto, CanadaGates Canada2004: The Gates-Central Park New York City, USA2006: BerlinHauptbahnhof Berlin, Germany
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration37Re-thinking Toronto’s Gates to the Lake/City Actions to Achieve North-South ConnectivityToday, we encounter the waterfrontthrough a series of miserable viaducts. Touncover their latent potential as city gateswe will:1. Widen the openings to nearly double thesense of openness;2. Excavate depth to increase floor-to-ceiling height;3. Use pre-fabricated construction tech-niques but add claddings of warm materi-als;4. Add program wherever possible to invitethe urban vitality and streetlife to pen-etrate the wall and enhance the continuityof urban tissue and activity to the water’sedge.What form to connect with Toronto’s Local Identi-tites?Toronto is a city of culture and diversity - multi-culturalism is in its DNA. The potential of the newcity-gates lies in how their form and content canembrace the local, everyday functions and activitiesof the city. By emphasizing the continuity of urbanprograms rather than cliches of ‘gateway representa-tion’, the body and soul of the city can extend seam-lessly to the water’s edge. This simple action couldpropel Toronto’s rail berm wall into the civic gate forthe 21st Century.
The streetscapes leading from thecity to the lake have long beenneglected in the debate aboutwaterfront connectivity. By concen-trating on the quality and charac-ter of these north-south routes weare able to fulfill the desire for afully connected urban fabric to thewater’s edge.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration393.2 kmJARVISST.YONGEST.BLOOR ST.QUEEN ST.KING ST.SHERBOURNEST.PARLIAMENTST.CHERRYST.BROADVIEWAVE.CARLAWAVE.LESLIEST.3.3 km2.75 km2.7 km4.2 km4.1 km6.9 km
ST.JAMES CATHEDRALREDPATH SUGAR FACTORYONTARIO COURT OF JUSTICEJARVIS COLLEGIATE (1890’s)CANADA NATIONAL BALLET SCHOOLALLAN GARDENSJARVIS STREETBAPTIST CHURCHST.LAWRENCE MARKETDAVID CROMBIE PARKFRONT& SHERBOURNE STESPLANADEALL SAINTS CHURCH56 SHERBOURNEExisting ConditionsEach of the streetscapes hold their ownparticular potential, related in part to theirhistorical form and the functions of theneighbourhoods which have grown aroundthem.
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QUEEN ST.KING ST. E.FRONT ST.THE ESPLANADERAILWAYGARDINERLAKESHORE BLVD. W.QUEENS QUAY BLVD.QUEEN ST.KING ST.FRONT ST.THE ESPLANADERAILWAYGARDINERLAKESHORE BLVD. E.QUEENS QUAY BLVD.QUEEN ST.KING ST. E.FRONT ST.MILL ST.RAILWAYGARDINERLAKESHORE BLVD. W.QUEENS QUAY BLVD.QUEEN ST.KING ST. E.EASTERN AVE.FRONT ST.MILL ST.RAILWAYKEATING CHANNEL BRIDGESHIP CHANNEL BRIDGEDUNDAS ST.QUEEN ST.SUNLIGHT PARK RD.EASTERN AVE.DUNDAS ST.QUEEN ST.EASTERN AVE.LAKESHOER BLVD.COMISSIONERS ST.DUNDAS ST.QUEEN ST.EASTERN AVE.LAKESHORE BLVD.COMMISSIONERS ST.UNWIN AVE.View CorridorsEnhancing the potential spatial sequenceand visual connections to the water fromwithin the city are of prime importance,particularly with attention to the topo-graphical implications of the vertical roadalignment in relation to the rail berm andthe framing or opening up of the street.Jarvis Sherbourne Parliament Cherry Broadview Carlaw Leslie
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration4363.5 acresEXISTING75.1 acresEMBANKMENT89.6 acresTUNNELJarvisMarket Wharf1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9SherbournePark GateAitkenMouse HoleParlimentParliment HouseTrinityDistillery GateCherryCherry StrawWest Don LandsFish BoneDon River ParkBerm GateDon RiverThe MouthBroaEas$$$$$$Gardiner-KeatingTunnelKeatingChannelKeatingChannelCONSOLIDATEUNLOCK+11.6 acParliament HouseParliamentA Collection of Key FiguresWithin the Urban Fabric thatare Able of Unlock the Cityand Its WaterfrontThese routes reflect the diverse characterand (sometimes obscurred) identity of thecity. Above all, the gates facilitate the con-tinuity of the urban tissue to the water’sedge. In each case, public programs orpublic spaces are integrated within thenorth-south passage between the cityand the waterfront. These programs andspaces are born out of the local condi-tion and character of the streescape anddistrict. They produce a new identity andexperience at the threshold of the water-front.
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Jarvis Open MarketMarket Street and Lower Jarvis flank anexpanded, flexible, open air temporarymarket space tucked under the rail berm.With the existing ground plane loweredto provide a more generous floor-ceilingheight, a new public space that can hostdiverse events is created in the heart ofthe St.Lawrence District.1JarvisExtents: 3.2 kmfrom Bloor Street to Queens QuayBoulevardHistorical Background: Named afterWilliam Jarvis, Provincial Secretaryand Registrar of Records (1792-1817) - it was created between1846-1851 along with Mutualand George streets, subdividingproperties formerly owned by theJarvis family. By the 1870s Jarvisbecame one of the most fashionableaddressess in Toronto bordered onboth sides by rows of mansions andtrees.Existing Landmarks: Sugar Beach,RedPath Sugar Factory, St.LawrenceMarket, St.James Cathedral, OntarioCourt of Justice, Jarvis Street Bap-tist Church, Allan Gardens, NationalBallet School of Canada, JarvisCollegiate.Neighbourhoods Within Cross-Section: St.Lawrence, Old Town,Garden District, Moss Park, Church-Wellesley Village, Upper Jarvis.
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Sherbourne Green GateA bicycle-friendly passage separated fromvehicular traffic which draws visitors intoan inner world on the way towards theSherbourne Common and the lakefront.2SherbourneExtents: 3.3 kmSherbourne St. runs from QueensQuay E. ending in South Dr., northof Bloor St. E.Historical Background: It wasnamed after the town of Sherbornein Dorset, England, home of theRidout family who immigrated toNorth America in the 1790’s.Landmarks: Sherbourne Park, TheEsplanade, David Crombie Park,Moss Park.Neighbourhoods Within Cross-Section: St.Lawrence, Old Town,Garden District, Moss Park, Cabbag-etown South, Cabbagetown, UpperJarvis, St.James Town, Rosedale.
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Parliament GateLeading from a new archeological park onthe site of Upper Canada’s first Parliamentbuildings, this brick-clad gate widens theviaduct structure and provides a generouspedestrian environment. This wideninginvites a more seamless interface withanimated streetfrontage from the DistilleryDistrict and St. Lawrence neighbourhoodto flow towards Parliament Wavedeck andthe lake.3ParliamentExtents: 2.75kmParliament St. runs from QueensQuay E. to Bloor St.E.Historical Background: ParliamentStreet commemorates the firstlocation of the Parliament buildingsplanned south of Front and Berkelystreets by Lieutenant GovernorSimcoe. Completed in 1797, thebuildings were burned down duringthe 1813 American invasion, thenrebuilt and burned again during achimney fire in 1824. The marginal,marshy eastern harbour locationwas deemed unhealthy and unsuit-able by this time and new govern-ment buildings were eventuallyrelocated to Queen’s Park in 1892.Landmarks: Archeological site offirst parliament buildings, ParliamentWavedeck, Victory Soy Mills Silos,Distillery District, The Esplanade,Regent Park, St.James CemeteryNeighbourhoods Within Cross-Section: Distillery District, WestDon Lands, Old Town, Corktown,Moss Park, Cabbagetown South,Regent Park.
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Archeological Remains Within a New Park(Above) We propose to unearthing the covered-up remainsof the Parliament buildings as a feature of a new parkdesign. Marking the footprints of the 3 historic buildingsplus adding a new Toronto Museum of Heritage withinthe park make this a living monument in the heart of anemerging district.The Site of Toronto’s Early Beginnings:First Parliament(Top) Images of Upper Canada’s first parliament buildings,partially burned to the ground in the War of 1812. Thearcheological remnants still exist, and offer the potentialfor a cultural centre/museum set within an archeo-logical park - the ultimate green anchor at the seam ofSt.Lawrence and Distillery neighbourhoods.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration53Toronto Heritage Museumat the Original ParliamentArcheological SiteAn underutilized lot at the corner of Frontand Parliament Streets hides the archeological remnants of Upper Canada’s firstparliament building. Here, lies the promiseof an archeological park and new HeritageMuseum that explores the often-over-looked history of the City of Toronto.
Trinity GateTrinity Square is framed by a public tri-bune which leads into a passage of ate-liers under the rail berm. Here, visitorsfrom the Distillery District move fromexamples of Victorian era industrialarchitecture into a 21st Century brickwharehouse district which culminates in acultural ensemble of buildings around theIconic Victory Soya Silos.4New PedestrianPassage at Trinitybetween Distilleryand Silos
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4CherryExtents: 2.7kmCherry St. runs west of the DonRiver from Lake Ontario to ShuterSt., changing its name to SumachSt. north of King St. E.Landmarks: Cherry Beach, TorontoWindsurfing Club, Keating Channel,Cherry Street Bridge, Athletes’Village (Toronto 2015 Pan AmGames),Neighbourhoods Within Cross-Sec-tion: Distillery District, West DonLands, Corktown, Trefann Court.Potential Program:Recreation – skate park underviaductConvenience Retail/Supermarketbuilt within rail embankment
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration575New Pedestrian Passage atWest Donlands to Canal District IslandPotential Program:Simple excavation bored through railembankment to allow for pedestrianand bicycle connection betweentwo neighbourhoods. Emphasis oncreating skylights between tracks toallow for natural light into the publicpassage.
6New Green Connection forPedestrians/Cyclists fromLandforms to Bridge overRail YardsThe Open Landscape atthe Mouth of the Don isComplemented bySpectacular PublicInfrastructureTwo crossings of the River hold the poten-tial for signature bridge projects by CecilBalmond.
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WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration61Special Iconic Buildings areSet Within the District toReinforce Local Identitiesand Civic ConnectionsThese buildings should be designed withthe highest level of architectural qualityand work on an urban level as civic gate-ways. Their positioning within the planhelps to draw people towards the land-marks and associated public spaces.
High Density, Low-Mid RiseThe proposal posits that Toronto seemsto be trapped in a habit of producing thesame urban forms of development, irre-gardless of site location. We put forwarda proposal built upon a notion of diverse,fine grain urban tissue. Diversity of build-ing types, diversity of development andparcelization models, diversity of popula-tion demographics that better representthe diversity and DNA of Toronto itself.The economic logic is links closely withcreative economies and the desire for amore sustainable development model.
3. CANAL DISTRICT &URBAN EXTENSIONOPENS UP THE EAST
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration65Unlock the RedevelopmentPotential of the EastThis proposal puts forth an urban programof districts including the East Bayfront(Jarvis to Parliament), The Canal District(Parliament to Don), and the East Don-lands. The creation of a strong identitythrough the Canal District opens up thedevelopment potential east towards theBeaches. With the removal of divisiveinfrastructure, neighbourhoods can cometogether at the mouth of the Don. Thepotential extension east to Leslie with thetransformation of Lake Shore East distin-guishes employment lands to the south inthe Portlands while allowing neighbour-hoods such as South Riverdale and Les-lieville to extend south towards the lakewith a mixed housing/wharehouse districtthat embodies the creative culture of theseneighbourhoods..
Coherence, Legibility, andIdentity of the DistrictThe new urban districts gathered at themouth of the Don can take clues from OldTown Toronto in terms of scale, materiality,and block structure. As in the St. Lawrencedistrict, the predominant use of brick asa building material effectively unifies theplace as a coherent and memorable dis-trict - seemingly independant of the qualityof the architecture itself. In Barcelonetta(below) this city district distinguishesitself from Barcelona due to its consistentscale of built form and materials.Toronto’s next waterfront precinct mustset itself apart from the glass and steeland inhuman scale of some of the recentdevelopments in the western downtown toguarantee its own sustainable future andquality of life for its inhabitants.
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Evolution of Contemporarytimber narrow building typeswhich draw from the HarbourHeritage and Promote a FineGrain Neighbourhood
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Water Living on the IslandNext to the MetropolisThose fortunate enough to be amongthe 262 home-owners on the TorontoIslands are able to experience a trulyunique format of living within the city ofToronto. We know from other water-citiesaround the world that these unique areasalso tend to have the highest real-estatevalues.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration71Proliferation of ‘Water Mar-keting’ among Toronto’sCondo DevelopmentFor those on the mainland, many ofToronto’s staggering 500+ condo build-ings compete for sales with promotionalmaterials distinctly targeting water life-styles. The relationship with water offeredby these developments has been mostlyreduced to a room with a view from highup in a generic skyline.
Toronto’s First District Bornfrom its Relationship to theWater and Linked to theDowntown Core
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WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration75Harbour and CanalTraffic MovementBuildings Figure-Ground Bike RoutesOpen Space Figure-Ground Transit Lines and Major Stations
2OSSINGTONLength: 33mDepth: 13mFloor s - 4Units - 18Largest Suite - 927 sq.ft. (?)Smallest Suite - 400 sq.ft. (?)Architect - SMV ArchitectsDeveloper - NDS DevelopmentCUBELOFTS-799CollegeStreetLength: 26mDepth: 28mFloors - 6Units - 21Largest Suite - 196.58m² (2,115.97f²)Smallest Suite - 50.45m² (543.04f²)Architect - Raw DesignDeveloper - Neilas Inc.CAMDENLOFTS-29CamdenStreetLength: 40mDepth: 19mFloors - 8Units - 48Largest Suite - ?Smallest Suite - ?Architect - Core ArchitectsInc.,Oleson Worland ArchitectDeveloper - Dundee Realty,Urban Capital Property Group19RIVERSTREETLength: 23mDepth: 37mFloors - 5Units - 38Height - 22.45m (73.65f)Largest Suite - 105.82m² (1,139f²)Smallest Suite - 71.44m² (769f²)Architect - IBI GroupDeveloper - Streetcar Develop-ment Inc.SYNCLOF-630QueeLength: 43mDepth: 31mCommercial - 7Residential - 4Floors - 8Underground FHeight - 27.24mNumber of ResArchitect - ArseDeveloper - StDUNDASBUILDING-899DundasStWSUPERKULOFFICE-2208DundasStWALISONSMITHGALLERY-1412DundasStWRIVERSIDELOFTS-747QueenStELength: 7mDepth: 13mFloors - 3Commercial at gradeResidence and studio aboveArchitect - Kohn SchnierLength: 7mDepth: 17mFloors - 3Ofﬁce at grade and basementResidence aboveArchitect - Superkul IncLength: 4mDepth: 25mFloors - 2Commercial gallery and ofﬁce at gradeResidence aboveArchitect - Superkul IncLength: 11mDepth: 38mFloors - 4Commercial at gradeUnits - 12Developer - Streetcar Development Inc.645KINGSTWLength: 8mDepth: 30mFloors - 6Commercial and OfﬁceSTAGEEASTLOFTSLength: 16mDepth: 57mFloors - 5Commercial at gradeResidential units - 24Architect - Raw DesignDeveloper- Neilas Inc.2OSSINGTONLength: 33mDepth: 13mFloor s - 4Units - 18Largest Suite - 927 sq.ft. (?)Smallest Suite - 400 sq.ft. (?)Architect - SMV ArchitectsDeveloper - NDS DevelopmentCUBELOFTS-799CollegeStreetLength: 26mDepth: 28mFloors - 6Units - 21Largest Suite - 196.58m² (2,115.97f²)Smallest Suite - 50.45m² (543.04f²)Architect - Raw DesignDeveloper - Neilas Inc.CAMDENLOFTS-29CamdenStreetLength: 40mDepth: 19mFloors - 8Units - 48Largest Suite - ?Smallest Suite - ?Architect - Core ArchitectsInc.,Oleson Worland ArchitectDeveloper - Dundee Realty,Urban Capital Property Group19RIVERSTREELength: 23mDepth: 37mFloors - 5Units - 38Height - 22.45m (73.65f)Largest Suite - 105.82m²Smallest Suite - 71.44m²Architect - IBI GroupDeveloper - Streetcar Dement Inc.Toronto Development Precedentsat a Range of ScalesThis sampling of small, medium, and large sizedurban developments within a single parcel sug-gests that the market is prepared for a strategy offine grained urban texture, diverse building types.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration77FTSeenStreetEast700m² (7,534.74f²)4,832.12m² (52,012.51f²)Floors - 2m (89.37f)sidential Suites - 97enault Architectstreetcar Development Inc.12DEGREESCONDO-BeverleyStandQueenStLength: 38mDepth: 32mFloors - 11Number of Suites - 95Largest Suite - 157.94m² (1,700f²)Smallest Suite - 41.81m² (450f²)Architect - Core Architects Inc.Developer - BSaRFASHIONHOUSE570KingStWLength: 54mDepth: 57mFloors - 12473AdelaideStWLength: 16mDepth: 55mFloors - 11Number of Residential Suites - 320Architect - Core Architects Inc.Developer - Freed DevelopmentsTHEWRIGLEYLOFTS245CarlawAve.Length: 25mDepth: 80mFloors - 5CORKTOWNDISTRICT569KingStELength: 27mDepth: 27mFloors - 6Height - 21.4m (70.21f)Units - 46Commercial - 430.86m² (4,637.74f²)Largest Suite - 142.88m² (1,537.95f²)Smallest Suite - 42.74m² (460.05f²)Architect - Quadrangle Architects Ltd.Developer - Streetcar Development Inc.549KingStELength: 28mDepth: 24mFloors - 6Height - 21.2m (69.55f)Units - 48Commercial - 512m² (5,511.12f²)Largest Suite -142.88m² (1,537.95f²)Smallest Suite - 42.74m² (460.05f²)Architect - Quadrangle Architects Ltd.Developer - Streetcar Development Inc.18YorkvilleAveHeight - 107m (351.05f)Units - 314Largest Suite - 249.63m² (2,686.99f²)Smallest Suite - 43.76m² (471.03f²)Architect - Architects AllianceDeveloper - Great Gulf HomesBaseLength: 26Depth: 52mFloors - 6TowerLength: 26Depth: 26mFloors - 30ET)² (1,139f²)² (769f²)evelop-SYNCLOFTS-630QueenStreetEastLength: 43mDepth: 31mCommercial - 700m² (7,534.74f²)Residential - 4,832.12m² (52,012.51f²)Floors - 8Underground Floors - 2Height - 27.24m (89.37f)Number of Residential Suites - 97Architect - Arsenault ArchitectsDeveloper - Streetcar Development Inc.12DEGREESCONDO-BeverleyStandQueenStLength: 38mDepth: 32mFloors - 11Number of Suites - 95Largest Suite - 157.94m² (1,700f²)Smallest Suite - 41.81m² (450f²)Architect - Core Architects Inc.Developer - BSaR
Application of TorontoPrecedents to Typical BlocksSample Development Scenerios
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Canal DistrictView east along the Keating Channel
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Wharf IslandA pedestrianized timber triangular islandfeatures an eclectic mix of dense, small-scaled wooden buildings inspired by thehistoric timber sheds and structures ofthe harbour wharfs. The island forms thecentre of the Canal District, filled withcafes, bars, restaurants and boutiques.It is surrounded by a canal inlet, whichserves as the final natural UV stage in thewater-cleaning process of the stormwa-ter management system. Here, the canalbecomes a central public amenity that isfit for canoeing, skating in winter – evenswimming in summer!Then: Timber Piers, Wharves,and Sheds along the HarbourA vital land/water interface where the city andits lakefront were in continual exchange
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration83Now: Canal Wharf IslandA pedestrianized timber triangular islandfeatures an eclectic mix of dense, small-scaled wooden buildings inspired by thetimber sheds and structures of the his-toric harbour wharfs. The island formsthe centre of the Canal District, filled withcafes, bars, restaurants and boutiquesand a market square. It is surrounded by acanal inlet, which serves as the final natu-ral UV stage in the water-cleaning processof the stormwater management system.Here, the canal becomes a central publicamenity that is fit for canoeing, skating inwinter – even swimming in summer!
Stormwater Infrastructureas Public AmenityThe inner ‘V’ canal branching off of theKeating Channel provides the infrastruc-ture for water-cleaning of stormwater forthe overall district.
WEST 8 + DTAH with Cecil Balmond, Arup, Halsall Associates, BA Group / Gardiner Expressway & Lake Shore Boulevard Reconfiguration85Island Water-CleaningMachineThe infrastructure here is the public ame-nity. Tanks set within the dockwall providethe first phases of watercleaning. The ‘V’canal provides natural UV cleaning andcan be linked to an area safe for swim-ming. Underneath the island lies a parkingresource for the core of the district.
Timber Island,Intimate ScaleScaled for pedestrians, Timber Island willbecome the winter place for gathering withits intimate spaces and comfortable micro-climate in all seasons.
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