Permaculture Cooperation:Climate Change & Peak Debt  Transition to Permaculture through              Cooperation
“Permaculture is more than a gardening system”Bill Mollison
3 Ethics• Earth Care• Fair Share• People Care
“perennial polyculture vs annual monoculture”
ContextState of the local & global
Global Change“Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet Under Pressure”
US Environment Concerns: Galluphttp://www.gallup.com/poll/126560/Americans-Global-Warming-Concerns-Continue-Drop.aspx
Upper Hunter Valley Environmenthttp://www.hvrf.com.au/pages/design/links/uploaded/UpperHunterEnvironmentalAttitudesPaper20...
Corporate Climate Coup• David F Noble, historian of science• Corporate Denial Campaign: Greenhouse  Mafia• Corporate Clima...
System: Planet Earth• Neo-liberal globalisation• Multinational Corporations• Industrial Mass-Consumerism• Financial “Marke...
Anthropocenehttp://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/oceanography-book/anthropocene.htmhttp://www.eoearth.org/article/Anthropo...
Geoengineering• We are doing it now• But badly• Lots of BIG Science/Big Tech/BIG Business  schemes i.e. mirrors in space, ...
Human Welfare and Ecological       Footprints
Limits to Growth•    Peak Population•    Peak Oil•    Peak Coal•    Peak Soil•    Peak Water•    Peak Moment    http://en....
Environmental Refugees              http://www.agassessment.org/
Wilderness? 10% more than 48 hrs  Travel time to major cities: A global map of Accessibility.
Conservation Refugees“indigenous tribal peoples, like endangered species, are being driven toextinction. Their languages a...
Peak DebtDebt-based economies
What is Peak Debt?• Hubbert Peak in debt• Economies from individuals, households,  national economies• Point where the abi...
Plutonomy • Ajay Kapur, 2006, global strategist Citigroup,   defined six factors create and maintain   plutonomy:     1.  ...
Tax Havens• Too many tax havens• Used by corporations & individuals to avoid  paying any tax• International elite profit f...
Shadow Banking• “the whole alphabet soup of levered up non-  bank investment conduits, vehicles, and  structures.”• June 2...
Only the Super Rich Can Save Us• Ralph Nader “novel”• At best calling-out the  plutocrats to share  some load• At worst a ...
Financialisation• Financialisation vs. Investment• % of finance in real production has declined• % of finance in speculati...
Capitalism vs. Corporatocracy• Free markets for the poor, socialism for the  rich• “George Bush started as a social conser...
War and other Luxuries• Luxury economy, fashionable consumption• Created wants vs. real needs• War is the ultimate luxury ...
Disaster Capitalism• Naomi Klein author “No Logo”, “Shock  Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism”• Iraq, AfPak, New Or...
FuturesWhat could we expect ?
Revenge of Gaia• Environmental War Economy• Miitarization of climate change, Disaster  Capitalism, Green Zones• Mega-citie...
McGaia• Carbon farming (“soft” organics)• Genetically modified organisms + “organics”• Second Green Revolution• Corporate ...
Re-Generative GaiaCoevolution NOT Competition / Commons &  Cooperative based• Democratic Carbon• Planetary permaforestry• ...
Permaculture State of the movement
Permaculture ?•   “permanent agriculture”•   “permanent culture”•   Utopian ideal•   Open global design    system•   Susta...
Permaculture Movement• Klimaforum09 Copenhagen• IPC9 Africa• APC10 Cairns• 4000 sites (Ethan Roland)• 500 institutes (Tony...
System Change Not Climate             Change• Klimaforum09 slogan• “we don’t work for climate change, we work  for systems...
Planetary Permaculture• Democratic Industrial Ecology• Nested Common Pool Resources• Democratic Work & Communities• Planet...
Transition• The Rocky Road to Real Transition• Combination of Resilience & Resistance  Strategies• New Sustainability Para...
Permaculture: 3 Ethics & 12 Principles
3 Ethics•Earth Care•Fair Share•People Care
Holmgren’s 12 Design Principles1. Observe and interact2. Catch and store energy3. Obtain a yield4. Apply self-regulation a...
Permaculture Flowerhttp://permacultureprinciples.com/flower.php
Home Gardens
School Gardens
Community Gardens
Sustainable Homes, Armidale
Transition Towns, Armidale
Village Homes, Davis        http://www.villagehomesdavis.org/
LA Botanic:Permaculture/Organics
Permaculture Guilds & Groups                 http://www.permaculture-sf.org/              http://www.18thandrhodeisland.org/
Accredited Permaculture Training                 http://permaculture.com.au/online/
Seed Savers Networks
Farmers Markets
Mandela Foods worker-coop, Oakland
Free PermacultureRiverside Church, Manhattan
Street Culture
Prince Charles Permaculture Patron• “What is so deeply  impressive is the  practical way in which  the Institute  demonstr...
Permablitz• started April 2006 as  collaboration between  permaculture students  and a South American  community group in ...
Urban Food•   Wall Street Journal•   Gates Foundation•   Detroit•   US Social Forum
Broad-Acre Permaculture• Darren Doherty• Fellow travellers• Natural Sequence  Farming of Peter  Andrews• Allan Yeomans of ...
Carbon Farming
Keyline and Carbon Farming                 Fusion Farms, VIC
Commonwealth Policy• Liberal-National Policy• Labor Party Policy• Carbon Sequestration  Payments to Farmers  for Soil and ...
Regenerative Agriculture•    Joe Salatin•    Darren Doherty•    others•    AUS/NZ•    FarmReady•    Milkwood, Felix etc   ...
Organic Farming• International Federation of Organic Agriculture  Movements “relies on ecological processes  rather than t...
Organic vs GMO Farming• More than three  times as much  land is devoted to  genetically  modified crops  than organics• Le...
RelatedMovementsConcurrent movements
Natural Sequence Farming•   Peter Andrews•   Australian Story (most popular ever)•   Of Droughts and Flooding Rains•   Rig...
Major-General Jeffery & Peter Andrews“Major-General Jeffery hopes  that within a decade a third  of Australias farmers - a...
Natural Sequence Farming Principles• Natural sequences can be harnessed• A farming system founded on working with  nature•...
World HQ Transition Movement  http://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
Transition Towns Totnes• Transition Towns  movement has evolved  into Transition  Movement• Transition Initiatives  exist ...
(Not) transition (grumpy) pilgrim   http://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
Schumacher Collegehttp://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
Transition Culture• “Transition is determinedly inclusive  and non-blaming, arguing that a  successful transition through ...
The Rocky Road to a Real Transition• “One of the aspects of their  critique of Transition is that  it shies away from dire...
Next Generaration Permaculture    Institutions, Sectors, Systems & Industries•   Urban & Rural Food•   Town Planning (TTT?...
Copenhagen, DenmarkKlimaforum09, the Peoples Summit
Climate Circus Copenhagen
Sustainability Market
Climate social circuit
Permakultur Denmark stall
Cuban permaculturehttp://permaculture.tv/cuba-permaculture-power-roberto-perez-climate-change-before-peak-oil/
Narsana, Indian permaculture pioneerhttp://permaculture.tv/india-permaculture-pioneer-narsanna-koppula-of-aranya/
Walter, IPC9 Organiserhttp://permaculture.tv/africa-permaculture-report-klimaforum09/
Padma, India water permaculture            pioneerhttp://permaculture.tv/indian-permaculture-report-klimaforum09/
Brazilian permaculture
41% Copenhagen commuters cycle
Klimaforum09• “does not just work for climate  change, it works for systems  change”• a forum where activists start workin...
Permaforestry
“10 000 Trees” Planetary       Permaculture StrategyA Practical Strategy for Climate Change
Tony Andersen, 10 000 Trees
Planetary Permaculture “10 000 Trees”Strategy   Permaculture   Climate change   Carbon sink in ecology: trees, mostly s...
2 Aspects of 10 000 Trees   Planetary                    Global Energy Descent    Permaforestry                1 ton C0...
Permaforestry   carbon tax spent on perennial polyculture    (permaculture) style forestry programs   perennial polycult...
Soil & Tree Carbon Sinks   best means to take C02 (GHG) from the    atmosphere is not technical means, it is trees   Mos...
Cooperationmore powerful than competition
Informal Cooperation•   Movements•   Informal economy•   Community economics•   Household sector•   Gift economy•   Barter...
Formal Cooperation• Incorporated             •   Consumer Cooperatives  Cooperatives             •   Producer Cooperatives...
Cooperation• Mutualism is an interaction  between two or more  species, where both  species derive a mutual  benefit• Simi...
Lynn Margulis• Theory of symbiotic  relationships driving evolution• “ believes that proponents of  the standard theory "w...
Elinor Ostrom• Nobel Prize for  Economics 2009  for "her analysis  of economic  governance,  especially the  commons“  Nob...
Nobel for Ostrom on Commons• “by showing how common resources—  forests, fisheries, oil fieldsor grazing lands, can be  ma...
CommonsOld Commons                       New Commons• Fisheries                       • Internet• Forests                 ...
Donella Mathews•Limits to Growth 1972•12 Leverage Points toIntervene in a System•Systems Thinking: APrimer•Sustainability ...
12 Leverage Points (12-9)• 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (such as  subsidies, taxes, standards)• 11. The size of buff...
12 Leverage Points (8-5)• 8. Strength of negative feedback loops,  relative to the effect they are trying to correct  agai...
12 Leverage Points (4-1)• 4. Power to add, change, evolve, or self-  organize system structure• 3. Goal of the system• 2. ...
Peer to Peer Foundationhttp://p2pfoundation.net/The_Foundation_for_P2P_Alternatives
Homebrew Industrial Revolution http://homebrewindustrialrevolution.wordpress.com/
Riversimplehttp://www.riversimple.com
Open Source Ecology• Open Source  Ecology use  permaculture  and digital  fabrication together to  "evolve to freedom."htt...
OpenFarm Techhttp://openfarmtech.org/index.php?title=LifeTrac
Farmer to Farmer MovementJuan N. Rojas, Presidente, Instituto de Permacultura de El Salvador
Global Sustainability Corpshttp://globalsustainabilitycorps.org/
Permaculture America Latina
Social Movements•   Permaculture Movement•   Carbon Farming•   Organic Gardening & Farming Movement•   Keyline & Natural S...
Cooperatives Why not the default?
Cooperatives vs. CorporationsCorporations                   Cooperatives• Dominant human institution   • Damaged human ins...
International Cooperative Alliance                 http://www.ica.coop/coop/statistics.html
Statement of Cooperative Identity1.   Voluntary and Open Membership2.   Democratic Member Control3.   Member Economic Part...
The Co-operative Group UK• UK consumer cooperative• Hybrid consumer society• Direct descendent of  Rochdale Pioneers• 4.5 ...
Totnes Poundhttp://totnes.transitionnetwork.org/totnespound/home/howitworks
Mondragon
Mondragon or Arrasate in Basque
Mondragon Cooperative• Mondragon Cooperative largest worker-  cooperative in world• 120 worker-cooperatives• 100 000 plus ...
COOPERATIVES WITHIN   MONDRAGON•INDUSTRIAL             87•CREDIT                  1•CONSUMER                1•AGRICULTURAL...
MONDRAGON CO-OPERATIVES                2003     2004     2005      2006       2007SALES           9.638M   10406M   11.859...
Mondragon Cooperative                   GENERALSUPREME BOARD                   ASSEMBLY                                   ...
Structure in MONDRAGON                        CONGRESS                     Permanent Council                      GENERAL ...
Mondragon Framework                     COOP              COOP              COOP            COOP                          ...
Mondragon Coop Tour
Arrasate
Arrasate
Caja LaboralCaja Laboral’s profit after tax for 2009 came to56.5 million euros, which is 43.8% down onthe figure posted in...
Fagor
Mondragon Grafitti
Grafitti artists, Mondragon
Basque Independence
Save the Nature
Emilia-Romagnahttp://www.cooperativegrocer.coop/articles/index.php?id=623
Worker Coop Credit Union                               Brent EmersonProposal                                              ...
Permaculture Credit Union• The Permaculture Credit Union pools the financial  resources of people who believe in the ethic...
Radical Routes• Radical Routes is a  network of radical co-ops  whose members are  committed to working for  positive soci...
Rootstock• Rootstock is the ethical investment arm  of Radical Routes. By investing your  money in Rootstock you can finan...
Green Worker Cooperatives             • GREEN WORKER               COOPERATIVES is a               South Bronx-based      ...
New Economics Cooperatives• Former head of New Economics Foundation now  head of Cooperative Group• Interested in new econ...
UK Cooperatives• Tories Policy to          • UK Labour Party to  allow/facilitate public     make “mutualism” a key  servi...
Suggestions What can be done?
Community Development                Cooperatives• “Set up the many simple cooperatives  enabling all the unemployed, home...
New Commons Design Principles Ostrom identifies eight “design principles” of stable local common    pool resource manageme...
Democratic Carbon• What would happen if  we made the entire  Carbon Cycle  democratic? Not  political, but  democratic. No...
Permaculture Credit Unions• Why not a PCU in  every town ?• If farmers get carbon  credits why not  households?• Can local...
Rural Broad Acre Permaculture Coop• A broad-acre and rural permaculture cooperative• Technical, financial, legal assistanc...
Rights of Nature• Ecosystems have rights                 “Suits brought to enforce• People have rights as                 ...
Cooperative Development• Cooperative reform and resurgence in UK (Tories  & Labor), Australia (NSW leading)• Change: Coope...
Industrial Symbiosishttp://www.eoearth.org/article/Kalundborg,_Denmark
Climate Change: 12 Leverages• 12. Constants: Carbon Tax,         • 6. Information flow: Democratic  Carbon Price          ...
Peak Debt: 12 Leverage Points• 12. Constants: Corporate       • 6. Information flow: Total  Tax, Tobin Tax                ...
Planet Permaculture: 12 Leverages• 12. Constants: Permaculture        • 6. Information flow: Media  Index                 ...
EventsWhat can be done?
Coop Fortnight, UK         http://www.thereisanalternative.coop/
APC10 - Australasian Permaculture            Convergence• Cairns, September 2010• Practical pathways to  stepping up perma...
Fair Share Festival, Newcastle TBD, Coming soon possibly
Permaculture CooperativeTransition to Permaculture via CooperationProducts• Permaculture.TV – videos• News.Permaculture.Co...
Contacts•   Nicholas Roberts & Kirstie Stramler•   Permaculture Cooperative•   permaculturecoop@gmail.com•   News.permacul...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Permaculture: Cooperation, Climate Change and Peak Debt

3,238
-1

Published on

Permaculture: Cooperation, Climate Change and Peak Debt

Published in: Design, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,238
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Permaculture: Cooperation, Climate Change and Peak Debt

  1. 1. Permaculture Cooperation:Climate Change & Peak Debt Transition to Permaculture through Cooperation
  2. 2. “Permaculture is more than a gardening system”Bill Mollison
  3. 3. 3 Ethics• Earth Care• Fair Share• People Care
  4. 4. “perennial polyculture vs annual monoculture”
  5. 5. ContextState of the local & global
  6. 6. Global Change“Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet Under Pressure”
  7. 7. US Environment Concerns: Galluphttp://www.gallup.com/poll/126560/Americans-Global-Warming-Concerns-Continue-Drop.aspx
  8. 8. Upper Hunter Valley Environmenthttp://www.hvrf.com.au/pages/design/links/uploaded/UpperHunterEnvironmentalAttitudesPaper2008-09v2_000.pdf
  9. 9. Corporate Climate Coup• David F Noble, historian of science• Corporate Denial Campaign: Greenhouse Mafia• Corporate Climate Traders: Carbon Finance• Climate Justice Movement: Klimaforum, Via Campesina, Permaculture networks, Transition Network etc http://www.zcommunications.org/the-corporate-climate-coup-by-david-f-noble http://permaculture.tv/?s=corporate+climate+coup
  10. 10. System: Planet Earth• Neo-liberal globalisation• Multinational Corporations• Industrial Mass-Consumerism• Financial “Markets”, “Free Trade” “Free Markets”• World Trade Organisation, International Monetary Fund• World Bank (Carbon Finance)• United Nations (Security Council, UNESCO, IPCC, IAKTD etc)
  11. 11. Anthropocenehttp://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/oceanography-book/anthropocene.htmhttp://www.eoearth.org/article/Anthropogenic_biomes
  12. 12. Geoengineering• We are doing it now• But badly• Lots of BIG Science/Big Tech/BIG Business schemes i.e. mirrors in space, algae in ocean, artificial or GMO trees• The best means to take C02 out of the air is not technical means, but trees (and soil)• Industrial Biochar Consortium http://online.wsj.com/article/SB1000142405297020477130457418152 2575503150.html
  13. 13. Human Welfare and Ecological Footprints
  14. 14. Limits to Growth• Peak Population• Peak Oil• Peak Coal• Peak Soil• Peak Water• Peak Moment http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Limits_to_Growth
  15. 15. Environmental Refugees http://www.agassessment.org/
  16. 16. Wilderness? 10% more than 48 hrs Travel time to major cities: A global map of Accessibility.
  17. 17. Conservation Refugees“indigenous tribal peoples, like endangered species, are being driven toextinction. Their languages are swiftly dying and were losing a hugeresource in their invaluable knowledge derived from millennia in theirrespective homelands. Environmentalists, determined to preservebiological systems and entities, should now be equally driven topreserve aboriginal cultures.” Conservation Refugees
  18. 18. Peak DebtDebt-based economies
  19. 19. What is Peak Debt?• Hubbert Peak in debt• Economies from individuals, households, national economies• Point where the ability to repay to interest/fees etc beyond the income of the debtor http://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/peak-debt.asp
  20. 20. Plutonomy • Ajay Kapur, 2006, global strategist Citigroup, defined six factors create and maintain plutonomy: 1. business-friendly government and tax policies 2. increasingly complex financial systems 3. control of the rule of law 4. globalization 5. technology changes 6. patent protectionhttp://blogs.wsj.com/wealth/2007/01/08/plutonomics/http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Plutonomy
  21. 21. Tax Havens• Too many tax havens• Used by corporations & individuals to avoid paying any tax• International elite profit from the global local, but never pay back except in philantro- capitalism• Fund drugs, crime, slavery, war, profiteering, specualation• Mainstream and accessible
  22. 22. Shadow Banking• “the whole alphabet soup of levered up non- bank investment conduits, vehicles, and structures.”• June 2008 speech, U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, then President and CEO of the NY Federal Reserve Bank, described the growing importance of the shadow banking system.. lending through the shadow banking system slightly exceeded lending via the traditional banking system based on outstanding balances.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shadow_banking_system
  23. 23. Only the Super Rich Can Save Us• Ralph Nader “novel”• At best calling-out the plutocrats to share some load• At worst a sell-out fantasyhttp://onlythesuperrich.org/
  24. 24. Financialisation• Financialisation vs. Investment• % of finance in real production has declined• % of finance in speculation has increased• Financialisation of household mortgages• Financialisation of atmosphere under carbon trading (ETS etc)• Financialisation of ecosystems
  25. 25. Capitalism vs. Corporatocracy• Free markets for the poor, socialism for the rich• “George Bush started as a social conservative and ended as a conservative socialist”• Ronald Reagan create the biggest government in US history, that continueshttp://busharchive.froomkin.com/BL2008101701408_pf.htm
  26. 26. War and other Luxuries• Luxury economy, fashionable consumption• Created wants vs. real needs• War is the ultimate luxury item
  27. 27. Disaster Capitalism• Naomi Klein author “No Logo”, “Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism”• Iraq, AfPak, New Orleans, Russia• Complex of military, private security and logistics contractors• More private military (mercenaries) in AfPak % than in Iraq under Bush• Foreign Aid• Now Haiti
  28. 28. FuturesWhat could we expect ?
  29. 29. Revenge of Gaia• Environmental War Economy• Miitarization of climate change, Disaster Capitalism, Green Zones• Mega-cities, wilderness, “countryside”• Sudden, violent climate change & megadeath, mass-extinction with probable world war (resource wars, environmental refugees)• Gaia Bible and a New Eden• James Lovelock “Revenge of Gaia”
  30. 30. McGaia• Carbon farming (“soft” organics)• Genetically modified organisms + “organics”• Second Green Revolution• Corporate industrial perennial polyculture• Corporations, Employees and Consumers vs. cooperative farmer & industrial ecology• Social, genetic and geo-engineering• Push advertising McGaia http://www.rand.org/pubs/occasional_papers/2007/RAND_OP179.pdfTomorrow’s Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food
  31. 31. Re-Generative GaiaCoevolution NOT Competition / Commons & Cooperative based• Democratic Carbon• Planetary permaforestry• Global energy convergance – Global North Energy Descent – Global South Energy Ascent• 10 000 Trees: Strategy for Climate Change• Small Organic Farmers Cooling the Planet• Ag Assessment, IAKTD
  32. 32. Permaculture State of the movement
  33. 33. Permaculture ?• “permanent agriculture”• “permanent culture”• Utopian ideal• Open global design system• Sustainability framework Mollison, Holmgren, Cran (APC9)• Social movement• International network• Accredited Permaculture Training (AUS)• FarmReady (AUS)
  34. 34. Permaculture Movement• Klimaforum09 Copenhagen• IPC9 Africa• APC10 Cairns• 4000 sites (Ethan Roland)• 500 institutes (Tony Andersen)• Transition Movement• Education via schools, technical colleges, universities (global)• Subsidies for farmers (AUS) Bill Mollison “Senior Australian of the Year 2010 – National Finalist”
  35. 35. System Change Not Climate Change• Klimaforum09 slogan• “we don’t work for climate change, we work for systems change”• Klimaforum Declaration delivered by El Salvadorian (former Australian immigre) Juan
  36. 36. Planetary Permaculture• Democratic Industrial Ecology• Nested Common Pool Resources• Democratic Work & Communities• Planetary Permaforestry (global ecological agriculture)• Perennial Polyculture• Social, peer-peer, cooperative, coeveolution• Open manufacturing & food
  37. 37. Transition• The Rocky Road to Real Transition• Combination of Resilience & Resistance Strategies• New Sustainability Paradigm• Democratic, Participation in Ongoing Planetary Design
  38. 38. Permaculture: 3 Ethics & 12 Principles
  39. 39. 3 Ethics•Earth Care•Fair Share•People Care
  40. 40. Holmgren’s 12 Design Principles1. Observe and interact2. Catch and store energy3. Obtain a yield4. Apply self-regulation and accept feedback5. Use and value renewable resources and services6. Produce no waste7. Design from patterns to details8. Integrate rather than segregate9. Use small and slow solutions10. Use and value diversity11. Use edges and value the marginal12. Creatively use and respond to changehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permaculture#Holmgren.27s_12_design_principles
  41. 41. Permaculture Flowerhttp://permacultureprinciples.com/flower.php
  42. 42. Home Gardens
  43. 43. School Gardens
  44. 44. Community Gardens
  45. 45. Sustainable Homes, Armidale
  46. 46. Transition Towns, Armidale
  47. 47. Village Homes, Davis http://www.villagehomesdavis.org/
  48. 48. LA Botanic:Permaculture/Organics
  49. 49. Permaculture Guilds & Groups http://www.permaculture-sf.org/ http://www.18thandrhodeisland.org/
  50. 50. Accredited Permaculture Training http://permaculture.com.au/online/
  51. 51. Seed Savers Networks
  52. 52. Farmers Markets
  53. 53. Mandela Foods worker-coop, Oakland
  54. 54. Free PermacultureRiverside Church, Manhattan
  55. 55. Street Culture
  56. 56. Prince Charles Permaculture Patron• “What is so deeply impressive is the practical way in which the Institute demonstrates how genuine sustainability can be achieved by applying the principles it has developed.”• HRH Prince Charles
  57. 57. Permablitz• started April 2006 as collaboration between permaculture students and a South American community group in the South-Eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Australia.• 40 permablitzes• international reputation successful tool fast- tracking suburbs towards sustainability PermaBlitz
  58. 58. Urban Food• Wall Street Journal• Gates Foundation• Detroit• US Social Forum
  59. 59. Broad-Acre Permaculture• Darren Doherty• Fellow travellers• Natural Sequence Farming of Peter Andrews• Allan Yeomans of Keyline• Agroecology• Sustainable Agriculture• Ecological Agriculture
  60. 60. Carbon Farming
  61. 61. Keyline and Carbon Farming Fusion Farms, VIC
  62. 62. Commonwealth Policy• Liberal-National Policy• Labor Party Policy• Carbon Sequestration Payments to Farmers for Soil and Plant (Ecology)
  63. 63. Regenerative Agriculture• Joe Salatin• Darren Doherty• others• AUS/NZ• FarmReady• Milkwood, Felix etc http://www.regenag.com
  64. 64. Organic Farming• International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements “relies on ecological processes rather than the use of inputs.”• Oceania, with some 12.1 million hectares, has more than one third of the land being farmed organically, most of which is in Australia Vital Signs: Organic Agriculture
  65. 65. Organic vs GMO Farming• More than three times as much land is devoted to genetically modified crops than organics• Less than 1 percent of the world’s agricultural land is now managed organically.3 http://www.agassessment.org/ Vitalsigns WorldWatch: Organic Agriculture
  66. 66. RelatedMovementsConcurrent movements
  67. 67. Natural Sequence Farming• Peter Andrews• Australian Story (most popular ever)• Of Droughts and Flooding Rains• Right As Rain
  68. 68. Major-General Jeffery & Peter Andrews“Major-General Jeffery hopes that within a decade a third of Australias farmers - and eventually all - will have stopped using artificial fertilisers, dramatically boosted vegetation species, Image: Carbon Coalition substantially reduced or ceased irrigation and adopted a more holistic, natural approach to farm management.” 2009, Sydney Morning Herald
  69. 69. Natural Sequence Farming Principles• Natural sequences can be harnessed• A farming system founded on working with nature• Maximum natural outcomes with minimum financial and manufactured inputs• NSF can be applied to Grazing• NSF can be applied to Agriculture• Sustainable Landscape Outcomes under Natural Sequence Farming http://www.nsfarming.com/Principles/principles2.html
  70. 70. World HQ Transition Movement http://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
  71. 71. Transition Towns Totnes• Transition Towns movement has evolved into Transition Movement• Transition Initiatives exist in rural areas, villages, towns and cities. http://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
  72. 72. (Not) transition (grumpy) pilgrim http://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
  73. 73. Schumacher Collegehttp://permaculture.tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/
  74. 74. Transition Culture• “Transition is determinedly inclusive and non-blaming, arguing that a successful transition through peak oil and climate change will by necessity be about a bringing together of individuals and organisations, rather than a continued fracturing and antagonising.” Transition Culture response to Trapese
  75. 75. The Rocky Road to a Real Transition• “One of the aspects of their critique of Transition is that it shies away from directly confronting what they see as being the enemy. Their starting point can be summed up in the sentence “it is fundamentally important to identify and name the cenemies in the battle to make a real Transition””• Transition Culture response to Trapese
  76. 76. Next Generaration Permaculture Institutions, Sectors, Systems & Industries• Urban & Rural Food• Town Planning (TTT?)• Cities (TTT?)• Organisations ?• Manufacturing ?• Government ?• Politics ?• Trade ?• Education ?• Barter? http://www.symbiosis.dk/industrial-symbiosis.aspx
  77. 77. Copenhagen, DenmarkKlimaforum09, the Peoples Summit
  78. 78. Climate Circus Copenhagen
  79. 79. Sustainability Market
  80. 80. Climate social circuit
  81. 81. Permakultur Denmark stall
  82. 82. Cuban permaculturehttp://permaculture.tv/cuba-permaculture-power-roberto-perez-climate-change-before-peak-oil/
  83. 83. Narsana, Indian permaculture pioneerhttp://permaculture.tv/india-permaculture-pioneer-narsanna-koppula-of-aranya/
  84. 84. Walter, IPC9 Organiserhttp://permaculture.tv/africa-permaculture-report-klimaforum09/
  85. 85. Padma, India water permaculture pioneerhttp://permaculture.tv/indian-permaculture-report-klimaforum09/
  86. 86. Brazilian permaculture
  87. 87. 41% Copenhagen commuters cycle
  88. 88. Klimaforum09• “does not just work for climate change, it works for systems change”• a forum where activists start working with grassroots• network for activists/grassroots• practical actions meet radical actions
  89. 89. Permaforestry
  90. 90. “10 000 Trees” Planetary Permaculture StrategyA Practical Strategy for Climate Change
  91. 91. Tony Andersen, 10 000 Trees
  92. 92. Planetary Permaculture “10 000 Trees”Strategy Permaculture Climate change Carbon sink in ecology: trees, mostly soil More 10,000 TREES / person / lifetime Less 1 TON CO2 / person / year Failing U.N. Climate Conference process Parallel activist/grassroots conference Klimaforum International permaculture network
  93. 93. 2 Aspects of 10 000 Trees Planetary  Global Energy Descent Permaforestry  1 ton C02 quota per 10 000 Trees per person per year person  100 Euro Carbon tax Global re-afforestation after 1st ton project  100 Euro tax pays for Perennial polyculture planetary Agroecology permaforestry Food sovereignty Ecological agriculture
  94. 94. Permaforestry carbon tax spent on perennial polyculture (permaculture) style forestry programs perennial polyculture and soil become carbon sinks local permaculture groups implement 10 000 trees program, expanding existing permaculture institutes from a few hundred into the 10s of thousands if 5000-7000 trees can be planted per person in the next 25 years we can stablise extreme climate change
  95. 95. Soil & Tree Carbon Sinks best means to take C02 (GHG) from the atmosphere is not technical means, it is trees Most carbon is sequestered (trapped) in soil, partly in trees
  96. 96. Cooperationmore powerful than competition
  97. 97. Informal Cooperation• Movements• Informal economy• Community economics• Household sector• Gift economy• Barter economy• Clubs• Associations• Special Events• Church
  98. 98. Formal Cooperation• Incorporated • Consumer Cooperatives Cooperatives • Producer Cooperatives• Mutual Societies • Housing Cooperatives• Building Societies • Rural Cooperatives• Incorporated • Worker Cooperatives Associations • Marketing Cooperatives• Industrial & Provident • Social Cooperatives Societies • School Cooperatives • Hybrid Cooperatives
  99. 99. Cooperation• Mutualism is an interaction between two or more species, where both species derive a mutual benefit• Similar interactions within a species are known as co- operation• mutualism has historically received less attention than other interactions such as predation Wikipedia: Biological_interaction
  100. 100. Lynn Margulis• Theory of symbiotic relationships driving evolution• “ believes that proponents of the standard theory "wallow in their zoological, capitalistic, competitive, cost-benefit interpretation of Darwin”• Cooperation is greater than competition - coevolution• Gaia Theory colloboration with James Lovelock• Endosymbiosis / Symbiogensis http://www.geo.umass.edu/faculty/margulis/
  101. 101. Elinor Ostrom• Nobel Prize for Economics 2009 for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons“ Nobel Prize lecture Photo: Arizona State University
  102. 102. Nobel for Ostrom on Commons• “by showing how common resources— forests, fisheries, oil fieldsor grazing lands, can be managed successfully by the people who use them, rather than by governments or private companies”. Ostrom’s work in this regard, challenged conventional wisdom, showing that common resources can be successfully managed without government regulation or privatization ” Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Ostrom
  103. 103. CommonsOld Commons New Commons• Fisheries • Internet• Forests • Knowledge• Atmosphere • Wikipedia• Grazing lands http://www.indiana.edu/~iascp/
  104. 104. Donella Mathews•Limits to Growth 1972•12 Leverage Points toIntervene in a System•Systems Thinking: APrimer•Sustainability Institute•Global Village Report(if the world was 100people)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donella_Meadows
  105. 105. 12 Leverage Points (12-9)• 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (such as subsidies, taxes, standards)• 11. The size of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows• 10. Structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport network, population age structures)• 9. Length of delays, relative to the rate of system changes
  106. 106. 12 Leverage Points (8-5)• 8. Strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the effect they are trying to correct against• 7. Gain around driving positive feedback loops• 6. Structure of information flow (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information)• 5. Rules of the system (such as incentives, punishment, constraints)
  107. 107. 12 Leverage Points (4-1)• 4. Power to add, change, evolve, or self- organize system structure• 3. Goal of the system• 2. Mindset or paradigm that the system — its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters — arises out of• 1. Power to transcend paradigms
  108. 108. Peer to Peer Foundationhttp://p2pfoundation.net/The_Foundation_for_P2P_Alternatives
  109. 109. Homebrew Industrial Revolution http://homebrewindustrialrevolution.wordpress.com/
  110. 110. Riversimplehttp://www.riversimple.com
  111. 111. Open Source Ecology• Open Source Ecology use permaculture and digital fabrication together to "evolve to freedom."http://www.openfarmtech.org/index.php/Main_Page http://openfarmtech.org/weblog/
  112. 112. OpenFarm Techhttp://openfarmtech.org/index.php?title=LifeTrac
  113. 113. Farmer to Farmer MovementJuan N. Rojas, Presidente, Instituto de Permacultura de El Salvador
  114. 114. Global Sustainability Corpshttp://globalsustainabilitycorps.org/
  115. 115. Permaculture America Latina
  116. 116. Social Movements• Permaculture Movement• Carbon Farming• Organic Gardening & Farming Movement• Keyline & Natural Sequence Farming• Environmental Movement• Transition Movement• Climate (Global) Justice Movement• Social Justice Movement• Cooperative Movement• Indigenous & Peasant Movements• Open-source & Free Culture Movement
  117. 117. Cooperatives Why not the default?
  118. 118. Cooperatives vs. CorporationsCorporations Cooperatives• Dominant human institution • Damaged human institution• Any industry • Any Industry• Tyrannical • Democratic• Wage Slave • Member-owner• Manager Surveillance • Worker-Management• Agency Problems • Capitalisation Problems• Legal amplification • Legal deprecation• State subsidies • State dis-incentives
  119. 119. International Cooperative Alliance http://www.ica.coop/coop/statistics.html
  120. 120. Statement of Cooperative Identity1. Voluntary and Open Membership2. Democratic Member Control3. Member Economic Participation4. Autonomy and Independence5. Education, Training and Information6. Co-operation among Co-operatives7. Concern for Community http://www.ica.coop/coop/principles.html
  121. 121. The Co-operative Group UK• UK consumer cooperative• Hybrid consumer society• Direct descendent of Rochdale Pioneers• 4.5 million members• 123 000 employees• food, travel, banking, insurance, pharmacy, funeral, legal services, investments, online shop, electrical and beds (trains?)
  122. 122. Totnes Poundhttp://totnes.transitionnetwork.org/totnespound/home/howitworks
  123. 123. Mondragon
  124. 124. Mondragon or Arrasate in Basque
  125. 125. Mondragon Cooperative• Mondragon Cooperative largest worker- cooperative in world• 120 worker-cooperatives• 100 000 plus worker-owners• Global enterprise• Started by Catholic priest• Global corporation making consumer goods
  126. 126. COOPERATIVES WITHIN MONDRAGON•INDUSTRIAL 87•CREDIT 1•CONSUMER 1•AGRICULTURAL 4•EDUCATION 8•RESEARCH 13•SERVICES 6•TOTAL 120 cooperatives MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.mondragon.coop
  127. 127. MONDRAGON CO-OPERATIVES 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007SALES 9.638M 10406M 11.859M 13.390 M 16 300 M euros euroINTERNATIONAL 2.555M 2.699M 54% 57% 58%SALES BYINDUSTRIESINVESTMENT 836M 784M 1.081M 1.243 M 2 800 M euro eurosPERSONNEL 68.625 70.884 78.455 83.601 100 000NET PROFITS 411M 502M 545M 677 M 792 M euro euros MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.mondragon.coop
  128. 128. Mondragon Cooperative GENERALSUPREME BOARD ASSEMBLY ACCOUNTING WATCHDOG AUDITORS COMMITEE GOVERNING RUNNING BOARD COUNCIL SOCIAL COUNCIL ADVISING BOARD GENERALEXECUTIVE BOARD MANAGER MANAGEMENT COUNCIL DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT MANAGER MANAGER MANAGER MANAGER MANAGER A B C D E MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.mondragon.coop
  129. 129. Structure in MONDRAGON CONGRESS Permanent Council GENERAL COUNCIL INDUSTRIAL GROUP AutomotiveFINANCIAL GROUP Components Construction Industrial Equipment Domestic Appliances Engineering and Capital Goods Machine-Tools Training and Research Centres MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.mondragon.coop
  130. 130. Mondragon Framework COOP COOP COOP COOP COOP COOP COOP RESEARCH AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (R&D)EDUCATIONAL FINANCIAL MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.mondragon.coop
  131. 131. Mondragon Coop Tour
  132. 132. Arrasate
  133. 133. Arrasate
  134. 134. Caja LaboralCaja Laboral’s profit after tax for 2009 came to56.5 million euros, which is 43.8% down onthe figure posted in 2008.
  135. 135. Fagor
  136. 136. Mondragon Grafitti
  137. 137. Grafitti artists, Mondragon
  138. 138. Basque Independence
  139. 139. Save the Nature
  140. 140. Emilia-Romagnahttp://www.cooperativegrocer.coop/articles/index.php?id=623
  141. 141. Worker Coop Credit Union Brent EmersonProposal Mike Leung Worker Cooperative Employment Entrepreneurial Startup/Expand Activities Worker Coops Loans Credit Union Deposits Deposits Grassroots Support for Established Worker Worker Cooperatives Cooperatives
  142. 142. Permaculture Credit Union• The Permaculture Credit Union pools the financial resources of people who believe in the ethics of Permaculture - care of the earth, care of people, and reinvestment of surplus for the betterment of both. We apply those resources to earth-friendly and socially responsible loans and investments.http://www.pcuonline.org/
  143. 143. Radical Routes• Radical Routes is a network of radical co-ops whose members are committed to working for positive social change. The network is made up mainly of housing co-ops of various sizes (none with more than 16 members), a few workers co-ops and a couple of social centres. http://www.radicalroutes.org.uk/
  144. 144. Rootstock• Rootstock is the ethical investment arm of Radical Routes. By investing your money in Rootstock you can financially support the setting up of grassroots co- operative projects, enabling people to take control of their own housing, work and social life. http://www.rootstock.org.uk/
  145. 145. Green Worker Cooperatives • GREEN WORKER COOPERATIVES is a South Bronx-based organization dedicated to incubating worker- owned and environmentally friendly cooperatives in the South Bronx. http://greenworker.coop/
  146. 146. New Economics Cooperatives• Former head of New Economics Foundation now head of Cooperative Group• Interested in new economy cooperatives such as open-source software communities• Co-op Fortnight• Transition Movement links
  147. 147. UK Cooperatives• Tories Policy to • UK Labour Party to allow/facilitate public make “mutualism” a key service agencies to to election staretgy, “privatise” and become platform etc worker-cooperatives or employee-owned agencies within a service network
  148. 148. Suggestions What can be done?
  149. 149. Community Development Cooperatives• “Set up the many simple cooperatives enabling all the unemployed, homeless, bored, retired, people to get into the community gardens etc. that would enable them to start producing many of the basic things they need. Can we set up co-ops to run a bakery, bike repair shop, home help service, insulating operation, clothes making and repairing operation…. ” Dr Ted Trainer http://pacific-edge.info/the-trainer-papers-1/
  150. 150. New Commons Design Principles Ostrom identifies eight “design principles” of stable local common pool resource management [4] 1. Clearly defined boundaries 2. Local rules for giving and taking of commons 3. Collective decision-making process 4. Effective monitoring accountable to users 5. Scale of sanctions for violating resource community rules 6. Conflict resolution cheap and easy to access 7. Self-determination of community recognized by higher-level authorities; 8. organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises, with small local commons at the base level.Source: Wikipedia
  151. 151. Democratic Carbon• What would happen if we made the entire Carbon Cycle democratic? Not political, but democratic. Not just the science, but the industry too, the business of energy (oil, gas) and agriculture (food and fibre) ? http://gaiapermaculture.com/projects/climatewar/blog/2009/11/30/democratic -carbon-carbon-dictatorship-the-climate-circus/
  152. 152. Permaculture Credit Unions• Why not a PCU in every town ?• If farmers get carbon credits why not households?• Can local credit unions establish special funds http://www.rootstock.org.uk/ ? http://www.malenycu.com.au/ http://www.pcuonline.org/ http://www.australianethical.com.au/
  153. 153. Rural Broad Acre Permaculture Coop• A broad-acre and rural permaculture cooperative• Technical, financial, legal assistance for members• Pool resources for Keyline, Earthworks, perennial polyculture http://www.permacultureusa.org/2009/12/03/sustainable-land-management- course/
  154. 154. Rights of Nature• Ecosystems have rights “Suits brought to enforce• People have rights as those rights shall be part of ecosystems filed in the name of the• Ecuadors Constitution natural communities or ecosystem whose rights• Bolivia holding climate have been violated.” summit in April to declare a Universal Declaration of Natural Rights World Peoples Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth http://www.celdf.org/Ordinances/RightsofNatureOrdinance/tabid/133/Default.aspx
  155. 155. Cooperative Development• Cooperative reform and resurgence in UK (Tories & Labor), Australia (NSW leading)• Change: Cooperatives have to adapt or die.• Challenge: The modern global economy is hard.• Capital: To grow and compete, co-ops need funds, and laws financing innovations.• Clusters: Clustering cooperative development increases synergy, solidarity and reciprocity Derived http://www.cooperativegrocer.coop/articles/index.php?id=623
  156. 156. Industrial Symbiosishttp://www.eoearth.org/article/Kalundborg,_Denmark
  157. 157. Climate Change: 12 Leverages• 12. Constants: Carbon Tax, • 6. Information flow: Democratic Carbon Price government, science & media,• 11. Buffers: Carbon independent internet Sequestration • 5. System Rules: Emissions• 10. Structures: Carbon Sink (10k Standards, Pollution Laws, Trees) Polluter Pays, Rights of Nature• 9. Delays: Energy Descent Global • 4. Power Change: Direct & North Radical Democracy• 8. Negative Feedback: Climate • 3. Goal: Climate Justice (10k Movement, Environmental Trees) Protection Agencies, Natures • 2. Mindset or paradigm: Rights Litigation Planetary Permaculture• 7. Positive feedback: Carbon • 1. Power to transcend paradigms: Farming, Permaforestry Great Transition
  158. 158. Peak Debt: 12 Leverage Points• 12. Constants: Corporate • 6. Information flow: Total Tax, Tobin Tax Cost Ownership of Debt• 11. Buffers: Capital • 5. System Rules: Usury Reserves Laws, Regulations• 10. Structures: Social • 4. Power Change: Close Tax Finance Havens, Shutdown Shadow• 9. Delays: Less Banking Consumption, Slow Money • 3. Goal: Democratic Finance• 8. Negative Feedback: Tobin • 2. Mindset or paradigm: Tax, Financial Regulation Hierarchy of Needs• 7. Positive feedback: Credit • 1. Power to transcend Unions, Mutuals paradigms: Human and Ecological Growth
  159. 159. Planet Permaculture: 12 Leverages• 12. Constants: Permaculture • 6. Information flow: Media Index Ecology• 11. Buffers: Permaculture Free • 5. System Rules: Permaculture Zones Law• 10. Structures: Permaculture • 4. Power Change: Direct & Commons Radical Democracy• 8. Negative Feedback: Popular • 3. Goal: Planet Permaculture Inquiries, Citizen Juries • 2. Mindset or paradigm:• 9. Delays: Long termism Regenerative Gaia• 8. Negative feedback: • 1. Power to transcend paradigms: Permaculture planning laws & Transition to Permaculture via regulations Cooperation• 7. Positive feedback: Democratic Permaculture Networks
  160. 160. EventsWhat can be done?
  161. 161. Coop Fortnight, UK http://www.thereisanalternative.coop/
  162. 162. APC10 - Australasian Permaculture Convergence• Cairns, September 2010• Practical pathways to stepping up permaculture learning in local communities around Australasia.• Well learn whats working effectively and why. http://apc10.org/
  163. 163. Fair Share Festival, Newcastle TBD, Coming soon possibly
  164. 164. Permaculture CooperativeTransition to Permaculture via CooperationProducts• Permaculture.TV – videos• News.Permaculture.Coop - news• PermacultureGroups – groupsPlanned• Permacultura.coop – Spanish &Portugese
  165. 165. Contacts• Nicholas Roberts & Kirstie Stramler• Permaculture Cooperative• permaculturecoop@gmail.com• News.permaculture.coop• PermacultureGroups.org• www.Permaculture.TV
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×