<ul><li>Theory X Managers! </li></ul><ul><li>Where do they come from? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes them tick? </li></ul><u...
Learning Objectives <ul><li>Theory X Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of Theory X </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Theory X...
Origin of Theory X © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated...
Theory X Manager Definition © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or d...
Theory X Management Style © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or dup...
Theory X Management Style © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or dup...
Theory X Examples © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated,...
Characteristics of Theory X Managers © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, co...
Conclusion © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or pos...
X Theory Management Quiz © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or dupl...
X Theory Management Quiz © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or dupl...
X Theory Management Quiz © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or dupl...
References © 2011  Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or pos...
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Theory X Managers

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http://www.project-management-course.info/theory-x-manager-eeek/

We've heard of the Theory X and Theory Y beliefs about worker motivation, but what is it that makes the Theory X manager come into existence? What makes them stay with us despite the wealth of subject matter expertise we've developed over the years?

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Theory X Managers

  1. 1. <ul><li>Theory X Managers! </li></ul><ul><li>Where do they come from? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes them tick? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they eat? </li></ul>© 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Theory X Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of Theory X </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Theory X Manager Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Theory X Manager Style </li></ul><ul><li>Theory X Manager Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Theory X Manager Examples </li></ul>© 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  3. 3. Origin of Theory X © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Douglas McGregor used the concept of the Theory X manager to represent the prevalent way to manage employees during the 50’s. Douglas McGregor In the 1960’s, freedom was a popular concept for postulation about how life should be, and in 1960 McGregor penned his work, The Human Side of Enterprise . He proposed the “ideal” management theory which he called Theory Y in contrast to the prevailing Theory X style of employee management of the day.
  4. 4. Theory X Manager Definition © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. A person responsible for building a team who thinks that humanity is full of self-centered, lazy, childish, creativity free, unintelligent and irresponsible people. Theory X managers think that a precious few representatives of humanity have what it takes to lead, and that this sliver of humanity was born with the traits of an effective leader . McGregor’s called this management style &quot;management by control.&quot;
  5. 5. Theory X Management Style © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Theory X manager style: Theory X versus Theory Y isn’t about Good Cop vs. Bad Cop <ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritarian </li></ul><ul><li>Micromanaging </li></ul><ul><li>Not “bad manager” </li></ul><ul><li>Not “neurotic” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theory X Management Style © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Theory X People are basically lazy, and must be coerced to work. Theory Y Under the right conditions, people will work. Theory X Theory Y Increased use of authority Degree of freedom <ul><li>Worker = Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Worker = Beast of Burden </li></ul>Theory X manager thinks:
  7. 7. Theory X Examples © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. <ul><li>The Bible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adam and Eve needed to be punished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tower of Babel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heaven (Carrot) vs. Hell (Stick) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers are no better than cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Caste Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worst jobs to the least educated </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristics of Theory X Managers © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. <ul><li>Autocratic and Authoritarian </li></ul><ul><li>Pessimistic view of employees </li></ul><ul><li>Micromanages exactly how things get done, rather than being interested in a successful outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Threatens workers in order to get them to act properly </li></ul><ul><li>Rewards workers when they act the proper way </li></ul><ul><li>May thank or praise, in order to manipulate the worker </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates tedious tasks rather than truly delegating authority </li></ul><ul><li>Withholds raises or bonuses to manipulate worker behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes that employees dislike work and will avoid responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes that workers must be coerced into pursuing company goals </li></ul><ul><li>Blames people rather than processes when things go wrong </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. What creates the Theory X Manager? <ul><li>Behavior by subordinates, coupled with responsibility of management </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>Jaded perspective </li></ul>
  10. 10. X Theory Management Quiz © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. How would a Theory X manager view employees? <ul><li>needs to be coerced in order to meet goals. </li></ul><ul><li>seeks responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>exercises self-control. </li></ul><ul><li>views work as a regular daily activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: a. needs to be coerced in order to meet goals. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Theory X manager views employees as requiring coercion in order to meet goals. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. X Theory Management Quiz © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. A Theory X manager assumes that employees would: <ul><li>seek to be responsible. </li></ul><ul><li>enjoy work. </li></ul><ul><li>exercise self direction. </li></ul><ul><li>need external control. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: d. need external controls. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Theory X manager would assume that employees need external control in order to be productive. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. X Theory Management Quiz © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. All of the following are workforce assumptions by a Theory X manager except: <ul><li>hates work. </li></ul><ul><li>shirks responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>exercises self direction. </li></ul><ul><li>requires formal direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: c. exercises self direction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Theory X manager assumes that employees hate work, shirk responsibilities, and require formal direction. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. References © 2011 Project-Management- Course.info . All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. <ul><li>Project Management Course: Theory X Manager: Eeek! http://www.project-management-course.info/theory-x-manager-eeek/ (Accessed 11 Sep 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>The Human Side of Enterprise (Douglas McGregor, 1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Envision Software: Douglas McGregor – Employee Motivation Theory X vs. Theory Y http:// www.envisionsoftware.com/articles/Theory_X.html (Accessed 11 Sep 2011) </li></ul>
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