innovative ways, methods of coordination, local networking, andIntroduction providing the opportunity for hundreds of activist volunteers, many local committees and national organizations to2002 marked the anniversary of 20 years successfully participate in making theon the establishment of the Galilee work decentralized, leaving the richSociety. Although this document will public action without a centralonly report on 2002, it is a great framework. The Galilee Society tried notachievement for the GS to have become to play a solitary central role, but wasone of the largest Palestinian Arab obliged for a short time to act as the maindevelopmental organizations in Israel coordinator, and organizer. The reliefserving the Palestinian population to committee was able to mobilize teams ofachieve equity in health, environment, and doctors and nurses to visit various villagessocio-economic conditions. in the West Bank equipped with medications to provide aid and treatmentOne of the highlights of the year was the to the suffering Palestinians. These teamscelebration of the GS twentieth also demonstrated at the Israeli armyanniversary despite continued checkpoints and were able to enter Jeninpostponements primarily because of camp on April 20, 2002 shortly after thepolitical events. The GS published a book Israeli troops left the camp and were ablefeaturing twenty years of its work in the to extend medical aid to many. ThisPalestinian community. A number of the experience also provided the GS with aGS founders and active members were real opportunity to strengthen andhonored in a celebration at the Health improve our local relations throughconference. This honoring and reflection cooperation with the Arab Dentists’on the past with all its good and difficult Association, Al-Zahrawi Society, thetimes is an indicator of the strength, Triangle Society for Health services andcontinuity and an expression of the well- many other relief and local doctors’being and great heritage of the committees who worked commendablyorganization. with many other individuals who have since become active members of the Galilee Society. Galilee Society Honorees Doctors and Nurses in relief trip toThe Galilee Society worked extensively Jenin camp April 20, 2002during the months of the first incursion bythe Israeli occupying forces into the West Despite the winds of war on Iraq thatBank, by activating and coordinating the intensified in the beginning of 2003relief committee and recruiting the staff, constituting bad indications for the wholepart of the administration, and some year, we still hold the hope that 2003 willmembers of the organization for this be a year generating a change towardspurpose. peace for the entire region.Work in medical relief posed vast andnew challenges regarding finding
which if properly exploited could reaffirmHealth Promotion and the GS position and through which possibilities for the involvement of theEducation Department Palestinian minority in Israel in modifying the official health policies for the benefit of the community will increase. ThisThe Galilee Society has recently entailed the formation of a health steeringwitnessed a decline in its public role for committee; the final session of theseveral reasons. This decline was conference was dedicated to the purpose.especially evident during the ten months The conference aimed at surveying thein which the Health Department Director health situation of the Palestinianposition was vacant. community in Israel, defining its needsDr. Cameel Makhoul joined the staff as and attracting the professional specialistHealth Department Director in June 2002, skills within it. The wide attendance infollowing a year as Board Chairman of the conference from the Israeli academia,the Galilee Society during which he hospitals, researchers, and a group ofparticipated in overseeing the Paramedical researchers from the Negev and itsscholarship program as well as distinctive scientific level made it anrepresenting the GS in the Special important event at the general health levelEducation Coalition led by Shatil. In that in Israel, as well as a resource relative tocapacity, he initiated a learning changing the discriminatory official anddisabilities project that became a focal unofficial health policies towards thepoint in the GS as well as a national Palestinians in Israel.address for those interested. The conference uncovered the extent of negligence and marginalization of theOne of the main achievements of the Palestinian community, both at the leveldepartment in 2002 was convening the of health service provision and inconference on the health of the Palestinian extrication from positions of decision-community in Israel. Dr. Makhoul s making, despite the profusion ofefforts focused on organizing the competence, some very impressive,conference and utilizing it for many scientifically and professionally.possibilities:1. Return of the GS to its former unique The conference also revealed the public position. systematic policy of constriction2. Attract Arab health professional represented by the amassed environmental resources. hazards near our residential areas and in3. Reaffirm the validity of the GS on the work sites restricted to Arab workers. academic and official levels. Prominent representatives of the Ministry of Health at the conference exposed theThe Health conference surpassed many extent of discrimination andexpectations by posing a serious challenge irresponsibility in dealing with the needsand opening new fields of interests. On of the Palestinian community and thethe one hand, the GS was obliged to pay necessity to provide urgent health servicesattention to certain distinct circumstances especially with regard to children’s healthin our society such as inter-relative and development centers, women, elderly,marriage and the intense need to create a and psychological health. The negligencelearning disabilities diagnostic tool that is of Arab children with special needs andculturally-appropriate, on the other hand, the intentional disregard for highdeal with, as in other developed countries, percentages of hereditary diseases in thesituations that arise from technological Palestinian community without gainingadvances such as the emissions from official recognition, which has excluded itcellular phones and antennas and their from the health services package.affect on public health. The conferencealso opened new prospects of professional The lack of health education was clearlycooperation with several organizations, shown because of the unavailability of
mechanisms and budgets to raise Institute, the School of Public Health atawareness of preventative health the Hebrew University and others.measures as a method to ensure individual 5. The Galilee Society has proved itsand community health. ability to combine between methodical research to realize manyOn the other hand, many of the accomplishments for the benefit of theinterventions showed scientific facts community and ensure its generalregarding positive features in the health and providing direct servicesPalestinian community attributed to such as in the Negev and thestructural and cultural characteristics that Paramedical students project.must be encouraged selectively, especially 6. The health conference lifted the GS toas the possibility of improving the health its pioneering position as asituation of our community is great if we professional developmentalsucceed in adopting preventative health organization able to connect betweenbehavior approach such as cessation of our community and the official healthsmoking, reduction of obesity, and institution and the decision-makers, asraising awareness of the importance of well as work jointly with parallelmedical supervision during pregnancy. organizations locally and internationally.On another level:1. The conference proved the reality of the magnitude of the projects that the Galilee Society strived to implement throughout many years, whether it was the Mobile Clinic, planning and implementing the Paramedical students capacity building project, active participation in the coalition for special education issues, the initiative to consider the issue of Learning Disabilities as fundamental for the future, or in diligently working to create opportunities for the improvement of the environment and raising awareness of hereditary diseases, inter-relative marriage, etc.2. The conference also verified the need for the Health department to structurally plan to enable it to become a center for health issues efforts.3. The conference embodied the real possibility to interact and interconnect between the different departments of the GS, as all the branches – staff and Pictures from the Health Conference administration – showed a high level of coordination, commitment, and integration. A session of the conference was dedicated to the R&D Center and Al-Maissam achievements and research.4. The conference revived old relationships in addition to creating new ones of strategic importance, such as the relationships with professionals and researchers, the ICDC, the Gurtner
to expand the Quarry were approved.Environment Department The Quarry owners want to implement the expansion now, members of the Environmental organization, Hasviva, and residents of the area near theIn 2002, a lawyer, Ms. Raida Karawani Quarry approached the GS requestingwas recruited to work in the Department, assistance in their struggle against thestarting in April. expansion. Information is currentlyThe Department undertook several legal being gathered on the Quarry andcases and environmental action: from the preliminary data; it has become evident to the GS that the area1. Iksal Concrete-block Factor. The GS in which the Quarry wants to expand was able to issue a closure order for to is designated as a forest area in the the factory and remove it from the national forest plan TAMA 22. residential area in Iksal. Letters of complaint on the expansion2. Establishment of a fuel station in of the Quarry are being prepared, and Shefa-Amr. A group of residents from in the event of refusal, the GS will Shefa-Amr approached the GS with a take legal action. complaint against the establishment of a fuel station near their residences, the The Galilee Consortium department made a field visit to the site and presented professional counsel Many of the department activities are s to them. Objections are being conducted through the “Guarding the prepared for the local planning Galilee Project,” an initiative launched in committee. 1998 by the Galilee Consortium (GC)3. Kafr Kanna Antennas. The Kafr with a grant from the Israel Cooperative Kanna Local Council approached the Program. The GC is a partnership of GS concerning the installation of seven Arab and Jewish Israeli NGOs and Mobile Phone Antennas near the Sport CBOs – The GS (the Coordinator), Center in the village. The GS met Citizens for the Environment in the with the Council Engineer and s Galilee, Living Waters Charity, El Ain, Manager. Following our consultation, and Marj Ibn Amer, NAGA and LINK. the Council decided not to grant a These organizations form the GC to license for the aerials. systematically address the environmental issues facing the Galilee region and to4. Shefa-Amr Incinerator. In October preserve and protect the environmental 2002, the GC learned of plans to and health conditions of Galilee residents. establish a factory to incinerate The Guarding the Galilee Project focused garbage in the new Industrial park in on five priority fields in 2002: stone Shefa-Amr. The GC has started to quarries, industrial zones, solid waste, and collect information and learned that the asbestos. plans are in the Regional Council being discussed before being made public in order to receive comments or Stone Quarries complaints from the community prior to final approval. The GS expects Eilaboun Stone Quarry. Legal publication in February 2003 and has proceedings were initiated against the started to rally public opinion and master plan of stone quarries, but the complaints against this polluting GC was not able to stop the inclusion industry. The GS will start legal of this quarry from the plan. proceedings if deemed necessary. Following a professional report by the owners of the Quarry stating that there5. Tamra – Har Shikhainia Stone are no damaging effects to the Quarry. This Stone Quarry has been surrounding environment, they in operation since 1980. In 1985 plans presented the detailed plan of the
Quarry to the Committee for Building Alon/Sajour Stone Quarry. A closureand Planning. The GC and the Local order was issued against the Quarry,Area Committees are continuing to which specified that if any work israise public awareness of the issue and done in the quarry, the owners will becalling on residents of the affected area subject to huge fines. A letter was sentto submit their objections to the to the Local Committee for BuildingQuarry, as well as coordinating these and Planning in Bekat Bet Hakeremobjections and injunctions. The (Majd el Kroum) stating that thepublic campaign is coordinated by a closure of the quarry is being closelymedia advertising company, Spin, monitored to assure it is not inwhich the Local Councils have drawn operation, and if any work is done,on for services to help raise public attention will be brought before theawareness of the issue among the courts. The Quarry continued toresidents. A demonstration against the operate in spite of all the warnings.Quarry was held in July, a meeting The GC sent letters to the Regionalwas held with the Regional Committee Planning Committee, the Interiorfor Building and Planning, letters and Ministry Building Official, and thenewspaper reports were published Attorney General to enforceregarding the issue. An Environmental implementation of the court’s closureExpert, Dr. Yossi Zuker, prepared a order and bring charges against thereport on behalf of the GC and the owners for contempt. The GCArea Local Councils, which disproved Planner and Community Activist metthe owners report and talks about the with the Attorney General in May whodamaging environmental effects to the recommended that the GC approacharea as the Quarry if established, will the local Committee for Building andbe situated next to a nuclear weapons Planning – Bekat Bet Hakerem. Aand military storage site, which will letter was sent to the Head of theenhance the damaging environmental Committee allowing for 14 days for aeffects on the area residents. The GC response or the matter will be broughtsent letters to the army, the ministries before the Supreme Court and theof Environment and Interior requesting Head of the Environmental Ministry inthe deletion of the plan. The Area Plan, the North. To date, no response hasMaster Plan Tama 14 originally been received; the GC is starting thedesignates the area as a Green Area, legal process in the Supreme Court.the GC and the Area Local Councils The GC anticipates the case beingutilizing the services of Advocate Bar submitted in the Supreme Court in theSela’, are working on restating the area coming months.into an open space or Green Areabased on Dr. Zuker’s study. Kinneret Stone Quarry. The ownersRecently, the Ministry of Environment appealed to the court for postponementsent a letter to the Regional Committee of the closure order. In Decemberfor Building and Planning requesting 2001, a final closure order was issuedan expansion of the environmental by the Supreme Court. The GCassessment done, because a new continues to monitor the closure ordersettlement, Ramat Arbel, is planned in and is seeking approval for thethe area and was not taken into account restoration of the quarry by thein the original assessment. Because of Ministry of Infrastructure, who sent athese new developments, the plan has response that this possibility is beingbeen delayed several months. The GC studied and considered.continues to monitor any changes and Sheikh Danoun Quarry. The GCwill take appropriate action when continues to monitor and struggleneeded. In addition, the GC is also against the establishment of thestriving to change the plans for the Quarry. To date, no detailed plan isarea from designated for a Quarry to a available. A case will be opened ifgreen area.
further steps are taken towards who will utilize government fundsestablishing the Quarry. designated to clean up the sites. The following factors are taken intoAlJish Stone Quarry. This Quarry is consideration when choosinglocated near the village of AlJish in the restoration sites: 1) the willingness ofUpper Galilee. The Quarry has been the local municipality to cooperate inworking illegally on a small area of restoration efforts; 2) whether the landland and is expanding without licenses. is publicly or privately ownedThe local Committee for Building and (restoration of public lands is easier);Planning in the Upper Galilee has 3) the severity of environmentalstarted legal proceedings to close the damage of the given site (the GC willQuarry. The GC is currently focus on restoring the worst sites); andexamining the possibility of also 4) government cooperation. The GC isinitiating legal action against the trying to gain approval to restore theQuarry. Kinneret Stone Quarry and haveFasouta Stone Quarry. This Quarry is received a response from the Ministrylocated near the village of Fasouta in of Infrastructure that it is beingthe Upper Galilee. The Quarry has considered, as previously mentioned.been working illegally and the issue A Quarry near the village of Nahaf haswas brought to the attention of the GC recently been restored and has becomeby complaints from the public. The a public park. The GC monitored theGC has started legal action by sending restoration process.letters requesting the immediate Industrial Parksclosure of the Quarry to the Interiorand Environmental Ministries, the Western Galilee Industrial Park. Afterlocal Building and Planning three years of targeted GC lobbyingCommittee "Maa Naftali", as well as le and legal action against the Westerna formal complaint in the police Galilee Industrial Park, the Ministry ofdepartment. The response from the Interior approved a change in MasterMinistries was positive and at the end Plan #2 transforming the Industrialof December a closure order was Park area into an open space zone.issued by the Ministry of Environment. The GC continues to monitor the siteThe Quarry has closed and all and encourage non-polluting initiativesmachinery has been removed from the for its use.site. The GC will continue to monitor Tzippori Industrial Park. At the endany changes that occur. of 2001, the residents of the villages ofLobby National Planning Committee. Mashhad and Kafr Kana filed complaints to the board of the TzipporiThe National Plan, Tama 35 is still in Industrial Park and the GC concerningthe pre-implementation stage and has pollution from the Phoenicia Flat-not yet been finalized or approved. The Glass factory. The GC also followedGC is continuing to lobby the national with letters of protest. The responseTAMA 35 planning committees to from the factory was that the filtersgive full consideration to the impact of had broken down. The GC hadstone quarries on sustainable previously waged a successfuldevelopment in the region. campaign to secure the installation ofCampaigning for environmental pollution prevention and monitoringrestoration of stone quarry sites. devices for this factory. In 1995, the Industrial Park and the Ministry ofThe GC is continuing to raise Environment also installed 3 devicesawareness of the need for restoration to measure the pollution levels in 3of stone quarry sites, investigate new locations around the Park area. Thesesites for restoration and will serve as a pollution prevention and monitoringcontact organization between the local mechanisms were installed followingmunicipalities and government offices
an agreement between the Galilee to give a chance for the owners of the Society and the Factory obligating site to provide a solution or an answer. them to keep these systems running When there is no response, then legal continually. These devices were in action can be initiated in the courts. operation until the beginning of 2000 These letters did not bring a response when they were shut down for lack of from the managers of the site, and the funding. lawyer began legal proceedings in the courts for closure of the site. Several The GC requested: court hearings have been held. 1. All work in the factory must be Meanwhile, a temporary closure order halted until the filters are fixed. was issued by the Matay Asher 2. The pollution monitoring devices Regional Council for two months. The must become operational again, and owners were then able to obtain an if pollution levels are high, then operating license for three months after work must be stopped until levels which closure must be implemented. return to normal. This period ended in July, and was extended and is still in effect till the 3. Participation in the meetings of the next hearing. The GC will continue its Industrial Park Board to monitor s legal action to attain a permanent work. closure and cleanup order of the site. The factory repaired the filters and The Sheikh Danoun site is the national they were made operational again, but site for asbestos dumping; after it is the residents of the surrounding area closed alternative sites must be found still complain of pollution. The where the asbestos is dumped pollution monitoring devices are still according to regulation and where the not working and further letters have health and environment of the area been sent to the Industrial Park chosen are taken into consideration so Administration and the Ministry of minimal damage is done. The GC has Environment to make them operational learned that the Ministry of again. Meetings have also been held Environment is considering turning the with the local Councils of Mashhad site into a solid waste dumping site. and Kafr Kana to hear their complaints The GC is examining this possibility and to work on a strategy of and the impact resulting from this cooperation in combating the pollution option. The GC is also examining and affecting their residents. It was also monitoring the restoration of the site. decided that the Councils would set up A professional study by a consultant of a video camera to record the black the environmental damage to the smoke arising from the Factory in Sheikh Danoun site and of the negative order to secure documentation of the health impact of the site vicinity on s pollution. The GC is planning to have the residents of Sheikh Danoun village a meeting with the Park was completed and used as evidence in Administration and the Ministry of the case for closure of the site and for Environment in the next few months. other public awareness raising Legal action will be considered if no activities. positive steps are taken. The Ministry of the Environment sAsbestos Waste asbestos waste survey was completed and the GC is continuing to monitor The GC lawyer began legal the process to make sure the results are proceedings for the closure of the implemented. Sheikh Danoun asbestos waste- dumping site by sending letters to the The GC continues to campaign for Ministry of Environment and the public awareness of the dangers of owners and managers of the site. This asbestos and location of legal and is a formality required by law in order illegal dumping sites in the region issue by issuing press releases on the
waste-dumping problem in the media To celebrate Earth Day, on 22 April and writing letters to government 2002, the Galilee Consortium organized a ministries and to local municipalities clean-up of the Wadi Salameh Valley in demanding an end to the transfer of the Galilee region, north of Israel. The asbestos waste to the region. initiative met two goals: (i) conduct the clean-up of an open space polluted with A Study Day on Asbestos waste and solid waste; and (ii) empower its damaging effects was held on environmental organizations to work in December 19, 2002 as part of the cooperation for the protection of the Galilee Society Conference on Health s Galilee. in the Arab community. There were 50 participants in the workshop Fifty people participated in the initiative, covering the dangers of Asbestos and including: its effect on health and the Members of the Galilee Consortium environment. (GC), and local environmental activistsSolid Waste and residents living near the Valley, including children and their parents.The GC was able to initiate legal actionin the Supreme Court against 20 illegal The Wadi Salameh Valley is a famousdumping sites in the Galilee. In the tourist site in the Galilee, visited bybeginning of 2002, the GC sent letters to school-students and tourists throughoutthe Ministry of Environment and Local the year. Water is present in the valley atCouncils in which the sites are located all seasons, which makes it a beautifulrequesting immediate clean-up of these and green area. However, the flow ofsites because of the environmental people causes environmental damage tohazards and health risks to the residents the site, where solid waste accumulatesof these areas. Due to the non-action on (e.g. cans, paper, bottles, glass, etc.).behalf of the respected authorities, the The participants devoted five hours toGC decided to start litigation in order to clean-up the valley on a 2-km area,enforce cleanup. A case was brought picking up the waste and collecting it inbefore the Supreme Court in this regard, plastic bags. At the end of the day, theybut unfortunately the Court refused to had a small celebration and dinner. Thedeliberate the issue, following a report participants were enthusiastic about thesubmitted by the Ministry of clean-up initiative and said they wouldEnvironment on the treatment, removal like to be informed of such activities inand cleanup of the sites in the case. The the future.Supreme Court Judges recommended thatthe environmental organizations presenttrial cases against specific environmentalhazards to the local courts whilereserving the right to approach theSupreme Court in the future on this issue.The Court also decided to organize a jointtour of representatives of environmentalorganizations and the Ministry ofEnvironment to the dump sites includedin the case.The GC next step is organizing a public scampaign against illegal dumping andbringing several cases against a few sites.Joint Effort of the GC memberorganizations: Pictures from the Clean-up Day
Networking and Information Exchange - Exchange of expertise, working- Conferences and Meetings methods, and experience of the organizations in confronting Building and Planning Law Reform environmental hazards. Coalition. The GSED continued to be The participants in the conference part of this coalition of environmental presented their activities, problems and organizations such as Shatil, Adam environmental hazards they deal with. Teva Ve and the Heschel Center din, Overall environmental harms in the for Environmental Studies. The aim of Mediterranean basin and ways to the coalition is to draft amendments to combat them were explored as well as make the national building and possibilities of cooperation between the planning laws in Israel more different organizations on various environmentally friendly. projects. The Arab Center for Alternative The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Planning. Cooperation on the Northern Studies. The Institute has funded District Plan 2/change 9 and the research on Stone Quarries, which is National Plan TAMA 35, as well as the being carried out by the GSED alternative plan for the Sakhnin area Director. and a Databank on submission and Boston University survey on approval of plans. Sustainable Development and the Life and Environment. Participation in Johannesburg Conference. meetings of this coalition of Environmental Organizations. Study Days and Workshops Adam Teva Vedin. Cooperation with on legal issues in the environment. The GSED took part in study days and Heschel Center for Environmental workshops on the Environment: Studies. Cooperation on Environmental The Wadi Shagour Environmental Leadership Project as well as research Unit. The GSED gave a lecture on the on Environmental Justice. Planning and Building law. The Nahef Development and Welfare "Power of the Environment" Association. The GSED provided Conference The purpose of this annual counsel and assistance in conference is to bring together environmental awareness raising environmental organizations in Israel course. to raise discussions about various Israeli Cancer Association. environmental issues affecting their Legambiente. The Largest work, as well as encourage networking Environmental Organization in Italy. between groups. This year, the GSED The GSED Director participated in an presented a lecture on Environmental environmental conference for NGOs Justice. working in the environment in the The Kafr Yassif Cultural Center. The Mediterranean basin organized by GSED gave a lecture on combating on Legambiente in November 15-18. The the installation of Mobile Phone conference was funded by the Antennas in Kafr Yassif. European Union and was held in the Alternative Planning Center. Italian city of Grosito. The conference Participation in land and Residence was attended by representatives of Issues Conference in Nazareth. NGOs from Italy, Spain, Israel, Technion. Participation in a study day Portugal, Lebanon, Jordan, Greece, on "A healthy environment – a healthy Cyprus and Turkey. The main community". objectives of the conference were: - Introduction to organizations and Student Research Exchange. Every year, environmental association working the GS offers students of Environmental in the Mediterranean. Studies or Urban Planning from the Technion and Haifa University, as well as
Environmental Engineering students fromthe Western Galilee College theopportunity to utilize the informationavailable in the Department for theirresearch and studies.MediaThe GSED Director, Naim Daoud usedthe local and national media on numerousoccasions during 2002 to raise publicawareness on illegally operating stonequarries in the Galilee, industrial zones,asbestos waste, and the water crisis inIsrael.
formatted and made accessible through Databank Department the website. The OLSDB-SE is divided into three different components: A. The Application Component, including the division of data into seven main fields: demography, education, labour force, employment, living standards, socio-economic indicators andSince 1998, and with the support of the health, and according to severalFord Foundation, the GS Databank variable categories, including;(GSDB) Department designed and gender, nationality, age group,operated an innovative computerized marital status, level of education,information system to address the need religion, locality, district, sub-for information on the Palestinian citizens district, employment status etc;of Israel. The Rikaz Databank was B. The System Component,officially launched at the GS Health comprised of user feedback, helpConference on December 19 and can be system and user interface;accessed at http://www.rikaz.org. C. The Software Development andRikaz is a unique Internet information Installation Component, including;system, based on relational database tools for Web development,technology, for the storage, retrieval, and system management, developmentmanipulation of up-to-date, accurate, and production environments, andstatistical data on the Palestinian minority configuration management.of Israel. A valuable characteristic of the The Progress accomplished forDatabank is that the information available each of these components in Phaserelates to both the Palestinian and Jewish 2 of Rikaz development is detailedcitizens of Israel. Rikaz will allow below;potential users at the local, national orinternational levels - NGOs, universities, A. Application Componentresearch centers, students, and others - toeasily retrieve precise data via the The socio-economic sub-system nowInternet, which is currently unavailable in comprises seven application components,an accessible form from any other source. which have been developed in the following way during Phase 2:Activities in phase 2 of the project can be Demography:divided into three main areas; Data for this field was derived from thetechnological development, database 1995 Census and the Labour Forceconcept development and marketing; Survey (1998-99) and then prepared,1. Technical progress has focused on filtered and imported into the data the development of the socio- resource files of the Oracle database. economic subsystem using Data The team also developed a model to Analysis Methodology. This provides forecast population distribution over the users with interactive tools to conduct next 20 years, based on the parameters: research and identify patterns/pertinent district, sub-district, locality, religion, comparative indicators from the sex, age group, religion, and on data from available data. Data identification, the 1995 Census of Household and analysis and extraction have now been Population. Suitable information completed in seven major socio- classification was developed, leading to economic fields for the years 1995, the establishment of the following 1998 and 1999. This has been information categories, which were then divided into around 50 further data-sets:
Historical and Projected Population Years of Education – by nationality, Distribution – available by district, age group, gender, marital status, sub-district, locality, religion, gender, economic branch, detailed occupation age group and religion, from 1995 type. until 2020. Household Distribution – available by Employment: nationality, religion, household, This data was derived from the Census housing density, employment. and Labour Force Surveys and then analyzed and standardized to ensureLabour Force: accurate comparison between years andData for this field was extracted and data sources.analyzed from the following sources: Occupational DataCensus 1995, Labour Force Survey 1998 Employed Persons by Generaland 1999, National Insurance figures Occupation Type (CBS Census 1995)-(1998). The data was prepared, filtered by nationality, gender, level ofand imported into the data resource files education, marital status, and district.of the database and has been arranged Employed Persons by Detailedinto the following categories (around 100 Occupation Type (CBS Labour Forcedata sets): Survey) by nationality, gender, level of Civilian Labour Force - participation education, marital status, of civilian population of working age Economic Branch Data (15-64) in the labour force, divided into the following variables; gender, Employed Persons by General nationality, age group, last school type, Economic Branch – by nationality, level of education, district and marital gender, highest academic achievement, status. age group, marital status, last school type, and district. Employment Rates - by nationality, gender, religion, age group & marital Employed Persons by Detailed status Economic Branch (CBS Labour Force Survey) – by nationality, gender, last Unemployment Rates – by nationality, school type, age group, and marital gender, age group & marital status status. Estimated Work Places needed – by district, locality, gender, age group and Living Standards: religion Data Source is the National Insurance Employment Intensity Data - by and Census. This information is divided employed/self-employed status, and into three main fields, comprising around working months 33 data sets: Income Group data – by the variables;Education: district, sub-district, locality,Information for this category was derived nationalityfrom the 1995 Census and the Labour Earnings data – by the variables gender,Force Survey (1998-99). This was then locality, relative to min/average wageanalyzed and divided into the following Home and Car ownership data – bydata sets: the variables; district, sub-district, Population Distribution by Academic locality, nationality, religion Achievement – by locality, nationality, religion, gender, age group, economic Health: branch. Data derived from National Insurance Population Distribution by Last School figures, in just one unit: Type – by nationality, age group, Medical insurance membership, gender, marital status, economic according to locality. branch, detailed occupation type.
Social Indicators: Development Environments. This processThis section includes comparative data, has included:selected from other areas of the database, - the creation of a socio-economic homewhich highlight the most meaningful and page, links and new domains,dramatic trends specified by Rikaz. These according to the requirements of thestatistics will also be comparable with data-setssimilar indicators available on other - the import of CBS, National Insuranceminority groups in different countries. and Census statistics, after analysis, into the Oracle databaseB. System Component - Definition of about 170 data-viewsThe system components have been built based on the data-sets, and extractionto enhance the accessibility and usability of relational data-views throughof the on-line statistical database. reverse engineering.User Feedback: users can now contact - Generation through Designer 6i ofthe databank team or submit their views, about 170 web modules using thequestions and comments through the relational data-views.following media: - Design and implementation of user- an online forum (discussion group) feedback functions aimed at canvassing feedback, - Design and implementation of a data providing a communication platform projection model for the informational for users to discuss socio-economic units - Population Distribution and matters, helping users utilize the Population Entering the Labour Force. system and accepting inquiries on data - Design and implementation of all GUI needs. aspects of the website- e-mail/ mailing addresses on the - Construction of dialogues in all seven website parameters of the Database- an online survey, canvassing user - Testing of website, dialogues, models, needs and potential subscriber profiles links and effects of multipleUser Interface: The publicly accessible asynchronous userspages have now been launched onto the - Launch of Rikaz socio-economicinternet, including homepage, logo, links, database onto the internet – Decemberlog-on pages, data samples, charts, 2002research articles and subscription - Potential for revisions, new datainformation. Meanwhile the subscriber- inclusions to be constructed inonly pages have been completed, development environment beforedetailing all the aforementioned data subsequent releasescategories, including links and drop downmenus for relevant variables, data sourcesand years. System DevelopmentOn-Line Help System; An online The tools used to develop and maintaindictionary of parameters and terms used the Database include:in the database has been structured, - Oracle 8i: holds the database.written and installed onto the website. - Designer 6i: specifies the data and web modules, and generates the webC. Software Development and applications. Installation Component - PL/SQL: develops stored procedureTo make the statistical database and PL/SQL procedure, where itaccessible through the Internet with a cannot be generated by the designer.standard browser, we have built web - Oracle 9ias: hosts the application.applications using Oracle Web - Web Alchemy: converts HTML code to PL/SQL code.
- FrontPage: generates part of the identification of new information HTML code. sources and the broadening of existing- HTML: generates and customizes the sources. In view of this, GS submitted user interface, and is used to create a third proposal to the Ford Foundation cascading stile sheets for the different for Phase 3 funding which was regions and types of the web pages. accepted in November 2002. Key issues include the: a) Identification of updated and newSystem Management data sources to make the Databank- Software: Completion of the as relevant and useful as possible installation process of Oracle 8I to potential users. To date, this has version 8.1.7, Oracle Designer 6i, and far included the purchase, analysis Oracle 9ias Internet application server. and inputting of data from the- Definition of a security concept on latest Census (1995), the 1998 and both levels – web server and database 1999 CBS Labour Force Surveys – to restrict access to the website and and 1998 National Insurance its content to registered users. statistics. The 2000 and 2001- Design and implementation of Labour Force Survey has been procedures to separate the production purchased and will be analyzed environment from the development and programmed into the site, environment giving depth to existing dialogues.- Development of a concept to control One of the potential new source code and configuration information sources, which Rikaz management, covering the needs of the hopes to feature, are health Rikaz application; this includes ministry statistics from the version and maintenance management. government. Initial contacts have already been made in this regard- Weekly backup: Oracle data files, and will be followed up in Phase Designer export files, and developed 3. Meanwhile, data from existing scripts and packages. sources will also be exploited- Performance tuning for data views to further, through the addition of improve the response times to parameters regarding migration dialogues where response time is not and poverty. satisfactory. b) Discussion of management models- Hosting Services – an external hosting – initial discussions have already firm has been chosen, with taken place concerning the long- responsibility to: term management of the databank, - Monitor connectivity and activity and include the following options: on the server ongoing management and - Interface with the ISP for remote development by the GS, separate trouble shooting board and management for the - Maintain and provide operational Databank with close links to the support for Oracle GS, shared responsibility for the Databank with suitable partners, or - Administer website users sale/transfer of the Databank to a - Ensure firewall security suitable organization. - Generate reports on website c) Ensuring the long-term traffic, according to GS sustainability for the project specifications required further development in the fields of data sourcing,2. Development work has focused on maintenance and marketing. This identifying ways to sustain and led to a further GS proposal to the manage the Database, including the Ford Foundation in November 2002, which was accepted for a
two year period. This funding launch; marketing materials allows the Databank team to (including brochure) prepared and enrich existing data sources, input distributed to local users; 20 minute new data to compliment existing presentation on the databank given data, and above all make sure the at The Galilee Society health Databank reaches the widest conference, 19 December 2002. potential audience, including f) online subscriber questionnaire planners, researchers, NGOs and (including reduced fees) to identify campaigners for Arab minority potential user needs, modifications rights. It is hoped that the and additions to existing data, enrichment of existing data and the pricing strategy, etc. wider marketing effort to win paying subscribers will help the project become self-sustaining and a permanent asset for those seeking to improve minority rights.3. Marketing work to secure the long- term success of the database has begun with the identification and initiation of consultations with local organizations and NGOs who are likely to want this data. Wider scale promotion began with the site live internet launch in s December 2002, allowing the site to act as a self-promoting entity, alongside direct contact and marketing with healthcare professionals and local authorities at the GS Health conference, 19 December 2002. In Phase 2, preliminary marketing activity, mainly the identification of potential subscribers and market research to define user requirements, has been conducted. This can be divided into the following categories: a) identification of possible users – these were divided into 4 groups – Israeli Palestinians, Israeli Jewish, institutes outside Israel and specialist sectors. b) market research on user needs conducted with 200 potential users. c) one-to-one contact with 15 potential local subscribers in order to obtain direct feedback and attract subscribers. d) website design and launch in December 2002 as a tool to support marketing and publicity. e) publicity – alert e-mails to nearly 200 potential subscribers on website
towards wider advocacy efforts to Negev Department achieve systematic changes in the field of health and education - Efforts to increase Arab Bedouin women’s health awareness, includingThe Arab Bedouin living in the Negev personal hygiene, food hygiene, sexualaccount for 12% (about 120,000) of the health, pre and post-natal care andPalestinian minority in Israel, which nutritionconstitutes 20% of the total population of - Efforts to encourage Arab Bedouinthe country. The Arab Bedouin of the women to act as health resourceNegev constitute one of the neediest persons within the community due topopulations in Israel. Presently, about their central role as home makers with56% of the community lives in seven control over early childhood care,government-established towns – Rahat, family nutrition and healthcareHura, Tel Sheva, Lakia, Segev Shalom, - Training programs to enable ArabKesifa, and Aror. These recognized Bedouin to act as pre-school assistantstowns rank at the bottom of all national and teacher assistantssocio-economic indicators: they have the - Work within local groups andhighest rates of poverty and community organizations to coordinateunemployment, the lowest levels of and maximize the effect of theseeducational attainment, the poorest activitieshousing conditions, and the worst healthstatus in comparison with Jewish Program Activitiescommunities in Israel. Mother and Child Clinics – 7 + the GSThe remaining Arab Bedouin in the Mobile ClinicNegev (44%) live in “unrecognizedvillages” scattered throughout the desert, Campaigning, advocacy and the use ofthey are excluded from official maps model services to demonstrate communitybecause they are viewed as illegal, and support and need, resulted in thedeprived of the most basic government groundbreaking High Court ruling ofservices and resources because of this 1999 which ordered the Israelistatus. government to set-up 6 on-site Mother and Child Clinics in the unrecognized villages of the Negev. After a furtherThe Galilee Society Negev department s appeal on a motion of contempt by thefocuses on two main goals, which it Galilee Society and ‘Adalah; the legalbelieves most effectively contribute to center for Arab minority rights in Israel,improving the conditions of this the Ministry of Health established 5 ofmarginalized community: these clinics in 2001 and has set-up 2- Projects to improve the health more this year (2002). conditions of the Negev community- Projects to increase the educational These clinics are working well for the opportunities and achievements of the communities with access to them, Arab Bedouin children although the Negev Bedouin are still under-resourced in terms of mother and childcare. A part of this need is met by theThese goals are targeted through the mobile GS clinic, which receives half offollowing initiatives: its funding from the Israeli government,- Advocacy, public campaigns and legal following the High Court ruling. action to compel the Israeli government to assume its responsibilities towards In the last year, the government provision its citizens in the Negev of mother and child services in larger- Direct services in the case of urgent villages has allowed the GS clinic to requirements, and only as a first step concentrate on outlying areas and other
underserved districts. It operates for 3 Dental examinations by a mobiledays a week – serving areas including clinic; 53 village children between theAl-‘Azazmeh, Al-Atrash, Al-‘Asem, Al- ages of 6-12 were examinedNabari, and Al-Derjawi. The clinic This day was more successful thanaverages 10-12 visits a day, providing expected in terms of providing immediatecare and treatment to pregnant women, dental treatment to children in Tel al-children and women with young families. Maleh:The initial establishment of the mobile 25 children were in need of urgentclinic, the public campaigning and dental treatmentadvocacy and the court action to compel only one child had previously visited athe Israeli government to meet its legal dental clinicobligations to provide such care to the only two children had teeth in goodNegev has made important inroads into conditionimproving mother and child healthcare 18 children had problems with at leastprovision. The project has also been a two teethvindication and recommendation of theGalilee Society’s working methods – All of these factors confirm the need forresearch, direct action, public action in this field by means of preventioncampaigning, official lobbying and legal and early discovery. GS Negev will writeaction. The GS plans to use a similar an official professional report on this andapproach to redress the lack of pre-school send it to the relevant authorities. There isfacilities available to Negev 4-5 year olds. also an urgent need to repeat this program in other villages.What remains now is to improve theprovision of mother and child healthcare Presentation on Bone Health - The villageto other villages in the region, an effort of Tel al-Maleh is home to a large familywhich includes persuading the called al-Nasasira, in which marriagegovernment to take on the full costs of the between close relations and multiplemobile clinic, so that GS resources and wives is extremely common. This hasefforts can be concentrated in the most been a direct factor in the increase in theeffective way. number of children with special needs in the village.Health Awareness and Education For this reason, one of the GSThis project area remains one of the key Paramedical scholars, Fatima Abu Jaber,GS focuses, as it empowers individuals, was invited to speak in the village aboutand particularly women, to take informed problems relating to childhood bone anddecisions to improve their own health and spinal development and the possibility ofthose of their families. identifying these problems early on in the child life. This talk attracted 25 women sThis year the GS has undertaken the from the local area.following courses and awareness raisingexercises: Household Accident Courses – this program of lectures ran for a total of 40Oral and Dental Care Day – This hours across the unrecognized villages,education day attracted 68 children and 32 and attracted nearly 500 women to learnwomen. Activities included: about common household accidents and ways to prevent and treat them. Presentations for mothers about oral and dental hygiene The lectures were given by Arab Practical sessions on these issues Paramedical students who had benefited targeted at children; free toothbrushes, from the GS Paramedical Scholarship toothpaste and information sheets were program. This scholarship program, given out to children funded by the Helen Bader Foundation,
has provided funding for over 100 Model Nursery Proposal – As part ofstudents in the past two years, with the these advocacy efforts, GS Negev isaim of increasing the provision of putting forward proposals to set up aParamedical professionals in the Arab model nursery in the Negev with abovesector, particularly in the Negev, and the average facilities and tuition toquality of treatment for children with irrevocably demonstrate the requirementspecial needs. Part of the scholarship and local support for these facilities in theguidelines included a provision to provide area. Some government departments havehealth-related courses within their argued that the Bedouin communitycommunities on household accidents and doesn’t want/ or won’t utilize thesework within the government sector for facilities for their children. This modeltwo years after qualification. will immediately become a point for campaigning, information and lobbyingHealth in Ramadan – This program of purposes and will likely become a centralfour lectures dealt with health issues argument in any legal action to compelarising out of Ramadan, the Muslim the Israeli government to recognize itsmonth of fasting and (sometimes) dietary legal obligations to Negev preschoolexcesses. Around 22 women attended children.each of these culturally-relevant courseswhich were held in Tel al-Maleh, Lagiyya The GS feels that only governmentand Kesifa. resources and expertise in this field will suffice in the long-term to allow BedouinEarly Childhood Care Negev children the quality of preschool teaching available to Jewish children andMost of the work within this field is give them the best start in their academicundertaken within the Early Childhood lives.Network, a group of four NGOsconcerned with early childhood education Administration - Adnan al-Sani’in the Negev and coordinating on these continues to direct the Negev department,activities for best effect. hiring freelance personnel for specific projects and presentations. However, theParticipation in Preschool Nurseries - Negev department continues to feel theThe four preschool nurseries funded by lack of a female nurse/educator due tomembers of the ECN (1 at Tel al-Maleh, 2 insufficient resources.at Qafar al-Sir, and 1 at Awjan) continueto operate, giving 100 children in theseareas a chance to benefit from nurseryeducation.The GS has also been involved inlobbying, meeting with education officialsand research on the implementation of thecompulsory education provision law forchildren aged 3-5, in order to encouragesystematic change in this regard. .In the next year, the GS and ECN willconcentrate on pushing forward itsadvocacy efforts for preschool education,including lobbying, campaigning, andpublic information efforts, in order tocompel the government to meet theextreme need for more such facilities inthe Negev.
engineers, and research assistants, andThe Regional Research & hosted a number of college and graduate students who conducted research inDevelopment Center cooperation with R&D Center staff.(R&D Center) New Equipment The R&D Center purchased newThe Regional Center for Research and equipment for advanced applied research,Development (R&D Center) is the including:scientific arm of the Galilee Society.Scientists at the R&D Center conduct 1. Denaturing Gradient Gelindependent applied research in Electrophoresiscooperation with local and international 2. PCR for molecular biology researchresearch institutes and universities on 3. New computersissues related to water conservation, theenvironment, and agriculture. The Center New Partnershas gained official recognition as an R&Dcenter with support from the Ministry of During 2002, The R&D CenterScience, and is affiliated with Haifa established research cooperation with newUniversity. partners from the Jordanian RoyalThe R&D Center also works to enhance Scientific Society and scientists fromhigh school and elementary curricula Germany, Greece, Poland, Italy, andthrough the provision of practical Romania, Turkey and French universitiesresources and hands-on expertise in and institutes.subjects such as environmentalconservation, biotechnology, organic Research activities:agriculture and medicinal plants. The research strategy of the R&D CenterGoals: is to create projects that capitalize on unique aspects of the regional Absorb Arab scientists and researchers environment and strongly reflect the needs and provide opportunities in their fields of local Galilee residents. Research of advanced specialties. conducted by R&D Center staff falls into Perform advanced scientific and two broad categories: (1) Environmental technological research that seeks Health economic growth based on progressive (2) Agriculture and Medicinal Herbs. industry and technology (in Health, Agriculture, The Environment, Medicinal 1. Environmental Health Plants and Biology). Encourage local and international Alternative Solutions for Sewage investment in industry, technology and Treatment and Reuse in Rural science. Improve the standards of living Areas in Israel in cooperation through research and application with other Middle East scientific (Environment, Farming, Industry, and institutes. Socio-economics). The Use of Methanogenic Bacteria to Aid BiogasStaff: Production in Agricultural Waste for Use as an Alternative EnergyIn 2002, the R&D Center employed four Source.full-time Ph.D. and 2 part-time Ph.D.’s, s Reducing the Environmentalin addition to two scientists from the GS, Impact of Olive Mill Wastewaterwho conducted projects through the R&D in the Middle East; inCenter. The Center also employed acomplementary staff of technicians,
cooperation with other Middle permaculture. In addition, each year a East scientific institutes. number of post and under-graduate Biofilm formation in water pipes students from various institutions and methods for prevention. including the Technion, and Haifa Biomethylation and University complete research projects bioremediation of heavy metals under the supervision of R&D Center from contaminated soil and water scientists in a variety of fields. using wetland plants and microbes. Publications:2. Agricultural & Medicinal Plants Saad B, Abu-Hijlah G, and Suter UW, ed. R. Arshady. 2002. Cell culture techniques Traditional Herbal Remedies – for assessing tissue compatibility of R&D center scientists are biomaterials. In: Polymers in Medicine investigating the effectiveness of and Biotechnology, Volume 1: Polymer traditional herbal remedies for the Chemistry and Biodegradation, (in print). treatment of cancer, diabetes, skin, and liver diseases. Azaizeh, H.A., N. Salhani, Z. Sebesvari, Molecular Aspects of the Use of and H. Emons. 2002. The potential of Medicinal Plants for the rhizosphere microbes isolated from a Treatment of Liver and Skin constructed wetland to biomethylate Diseases. selenium. J Environmental Quality 32:55- Biological Pest Control, 62. controlling insects, bacteria, and fungi using botanical pesticides Azaizeh, H., Fulder, S., Khalil, K., and derived from local plants. Said, O. 2002. Ethnobotanical Survey of Greenhouse & Botanical Garden - Local Practitioners of the Middle Eastern More than 200 medicinal plant region: the Status of Traditional Arabic species which represent our seed Medicine. Fitoterapia, 74: 98-108. and field gene bank are being cultivated in perma-culture and Said, O., Khalil, K., Fulder, S., Azaizeh, preserved at the R&D Center H. 2002. Ethnopharmacological survey of greenhouses and botanical medicinal herbs in Israel, the Golan gardens. Heights and the West Bank region. J. Ethnopharmacology 83: 251-265.Education and Training: Fauzi S. Silbaq, Steven E. Ruttenberg andR&D Center scientists offer their Gary D. Stormo. 2002. Specifity of Mntinterests and expertise to develop a “master residue” obtained from in vivobroad array of educational opportunities and in vitro selections. Nucleic Acidsfor elementary and high school Research, Vol. 24:5539-5548.students. These are supplementarysubjects not covered in the curricula. I. Sabbah, B. Ghattas, A. Hayeek, Y. Haj,They cover study activities and research S. Admon, and M. Green. 2002.of medicinal plants at the Kafr Kanna Intermediate sand filtration for wastewaterfacility (Al-Maissam); and treatment in rural areas of the Middle Eastenvironmental subjects at the Pilot – A pilot study. 5th special conference onWastewater Treatment Site in Sakhnin. small water and wastewater TreatmentAt both centers, students and teachers are Systems, Istanbul, Turkey.able to explore and learn about organicagriculture, water resources and use, Conferences and Workshops:native plants, composting, alternativebuilding methods, irrigation techniques, During August – September 2002 - Dr.wastewater treatment, medicinal Hassan Azaizeh was a guest scientist atattributes of regional plants and the Research Center Juelich, Juelich,
Germany. He worked on thebiomethylation of the heavy metals suchas Arsines by microbes and the uptake ofthese heavy metals by wetland plants suchas Phragmites and Typha. Thevolatilization of heavy metals by microbesis a safe way to detoxify it by convertingit to nontoxic gases such as Mono- andDimethylarsenie.Dr. Basel Ghattas and Dr. Isam Sabbahparticipated in the 5th special conferenceon small water and wastewater TreatmentSystems, in Istanbul, Turkey at the end ofSeptember where they presented a paperon Intermediate sand filtration forwastewater treatment in rural areas of theMiddle East – A pilot study.
Appropriate TechnologyConsortium (ATC)The Appropriate Technology Consortium(ATC) is a cooperative effort of Israeli,Palestinian, and Egyptian NGOs, researchscientists, consultants, and municipalitiesstarted in 1998 funded by MERC toestablish low-cost, efficient, andreplicable wastewater treatment and reusesystems with a complementary trainingand support program to promote Constructed Wetland in Sakhninsustainable agricultural development inrural areas of the Middle East.The Galilee Society is the coordinator ofthe Consortium’s efforts, which arecollectively known as the “AppropriateTechnology for Wastewater Treatmentand Reuse in Rural Middle East Areas”project. 3 Vertical beds in SakhninThe four leading Consortium partners arethe Galilee Society (Israel), thePalestinian Hydrology Group (WestBank), the Egyptian Center for OrganicAgriculture (Egypt), and the Technion(Israel).2002 was the last year of the project,progress at the Sakhnin plant progressedas planned, but there was delay in theWest Bank and Egypt because of thedifficult political situation and a no-costextension for 2003 was approved so the Trench Excavation for sewage pipelinework could be completed. A two-year in Beny Zaid, West Bankfollow-up project has been submitted andapproved by MERC and is expected tostart in mid- 2003. Constructed Wetland in Egypt
Reducing the Environmental Impact of bioreactor, a pilot-scale system for OMWOlive Mill Wastewater in the Middle treatment will be designed, constructed,East and studied in Hebron. In addition to contributing new data on UASB applications to OMW treatment,The project began in June 2001with the other unique contributions and scientificsupport of USAID/MERC. benefits of the project include: usingThe project partners are the Galilee sludge produced by this system toSociety R&D Center (Israel), Hebron generate compost and fertilizer forUniversity (HU) (Palestine), Royal agricultural applications, and using biogasScientific Society (RSS) (Jordan), and the produced during the anaerobic treatmentTechnion – Institute of Technology process to generate energy for electricity(Israel) and/or heat.Approximately 250,000 tons of olives are Activities in 2002:milled every year in Jordan, Palestine, andIsrael (JPI), to produce around 48,000 1. OMW characteristics: To determinetons of olive oil. About 370,000 cubic the characteristics of OMW in Israel,meters (m3) of olive mill wastewater OMW samples were collected during(OMW) are produced annually during the the harvesting season (October-olive oil production process. OMW November 2001) from 11 localcontains high concentrations of organic representative olive mills.materials-such as phenols, tannins and 2. Sludge selection: Different types oflipids, which are toxic to microorganisms. biomass (sludge), their activity andCurrently, much of the OMW in JPI is tolerance to OMW in laboratory scaledischarged directly into sewer systems batch were tested. Five different typesand water streams or concentrated in of sludge were collected fromcesspools despite the fact that this is different locations.prohibited. In addition, due to the current 3. Lab-scale experiments using UASBlack of appropriate, alternative technology reactors: In order to study the use ofto treat OMW properly, it is often UASB reactors and conductconcentrated in ponds and left to dry experiments, two prototypes ofduring summer time. OMW negatively cylindrical units have beenimpacts the regional environment due to constructed at the R&D Center.its toxicity to microorganisms in domestic 4. Survey: A survey is being conductedwastewater treatment plants, its strong on the olive mills in Jordan (aboutand unpleasant odor after anaerobic 100 olive mills) and Israel (about 70digestion, and its potential threat to olive mills). A questionnaire wassurface and groundwater. designed by RSS and approved by theThis project proposes to design an partners. The survey will cover 100appropriate anaerobic bioreactor so that olive mills in Jordan, 70 mills inthe biologically treated OMW meets Israel and in Palestine includingstandard environmental regulations prior details of sites, types of olive mills,to its discharge into domestic sewage production capacity, amount ofsystems. The proposed treatment wastewater and solid waste generated,approach is comprised of two phases: (1) and current methods of olive millpretreatment, based on physico-chemical waste disposal. All partners willtreatment methods to reduce toxic discuss the results after completingmaterials present in OMW, and (2) the the data collection. The survey resultsuse of adapted anaerobic bacteria in a and OMW characteristics will besuitable up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket made available to RSS for entry in the(UASB) bioreactor. This is the first time GIS database.UASB will be examined in conjunctionwith OMW in the region. Based on datacollected from a laboratory-scale
The hiring of personnel started inAl-Maissam – The Center November of 2002; the staff includes instructors, researchers and maintenancefor Research & Study of workers. The new instructors were trainedMedicinal Plants on the different activities and subjects of study and research. After preparing the training materials, additional cross- functional training took place to raise theThe Center for Research & Study of level of instruction, and to provideMedicinal Plants in Kafr Kanna has flexibility with planning the trainingevolved from a research greenhouse and activities. The marketing efforts parrelledlabs to a center that offers instruction and construction on the site and actualresearch opportunities to local Arab instruction to school students started instudents with a rich variety of programs January 2003.supplementing the curricula of the During the first two months, a total of 941Ministry of Education. This was made students visited the center, of which 340possible by a loan from the Ford are involved in the “young researcher”Foundation. program where students attend 13-15 weekly seminars and research meetings to cover specific areas of interest. Plans for Summer Camps activities are underway and it is expected to have ten such camps in 2003.Al-Maissam, the center at Kafr Kanna.The center started planning its activities inthe summer of 2002. Work on theinfrastructure started in August by adding3 new classrooms and managementoffices. The landscaping work in thegreenhouse and grounds was completed; A small group of students researchingnew research and study activities were medicinal plantsadded and enriched with applicableequipment and related tools and displays: Beehives & beekeeping Composting methods (organic and with worms) Marine biology (algae & fish life) Medicinal herbs (plant collection, preservation, extracts of beneficial and specific compounds) Aeroponics Instructors being trained on Laboratory work beekeeping practices Local domestic and wild farm birds aviaryEach of the above topics has multiplestations for instruction and demonstrationof related subjects.
Plants, Kafr Kanna, Galilee. With a loan from the Ford Foundation thisBusiness Development project has risen from a researchDepartment greenhouse and labs to a center that offers instruction and research opportunities to local Arab studentsThis business unit was established in with a rich variety of programsAugust 2002 to support economic projects supplementing the curricula of theof the Galilee Society. Ministry of Education.As a result of growing economic Plans to combine the marketingopportunities within the GS, and the efforts of the two centers at Kafrincreasing pressures from grant makers on Kanna and Sakhnin are beingthe GS over the past few years to develop explored and evaluated; this couldand nurture self-sustaining activities, result in great exposure to bothfinally the time came to set up the centers in different geographicalbusiness unit. areas and increase the benefit to our local students by offering aProjects supported by the department: richer program of study.1. R&D initiatives: d. The Waste Water Treatment Center: a. Fluorine-Ex: A startup project This center in Sakhnin, Galilee also exploring innovative methods for received a loan from the Ford application of fluoride to teeth for Foundation to support prevention of dental carries and infrastructure improvements plaque removal. The startup allowing enhancements of already company was formed in December existing instruction and research 2002, and a provisional patent opportunities to local Arab students application was filed by its with a rich variety of programs founders: Maher Ju’beh, The GS supplementing the curricula of the Regional R&D Center & Kamal Ministry of Education. The Khawaled. Ever since its education is based on establishment, initial laboratory environmental and waste water experiments have taken place to treatment themes. finalize and validate the concept. Another activity planned for this Additional testing is underway, and center is a Design & Consulting development considerations and Unit that would provide services in research options are being studied the field of urban planning relative and evaluated. Research is also to waste water reclamation and currently taking place to explore treatment. This activity is targeted market potential and future growth to start in the year 2003. patterns. An introductory Power Point presentation was completed to present the project to interested potential collaborators and partners. b. Opportunities through the Israeli Ministry of Industry & Trade: Explore programs and means to Students at the Sakhnin Waste provide funding for emerging Water Treatment Center. economic projects. c. Al-Maissam: The Center for Research & Study of Medicinal
2. Corporate activities: ongoing process that requires a. Rikaz Databank: This databank has continuous research. been under development for the past few years, it went online as an internet database service in December 2002. As a project with growing economic potential, it received business development support and marketing direction to explore its marketability. A pre- marketing survey was initiated to solicit feedback from potential users; in addition, support was given in the design of the website from a marketing standpoint. Presently the database development and maintenance setup is being evaluated for improvement in the service levels and for cost containment. b. Information Technology: The internal needs of the GS and the R&D Center are being evaluated for the establishment of a central information technology unit that could provide internal PC support with all related connectivity, internet, networking and data safeguarding features needed for an organization that has some 28 workstations and a server. c. Organizational Structure: As the GS is considering the use of outside consultants for the study and redesign of the internal organizational structure (if required), the business development unit, together with the other departments are evaluating the internal Operations Manual for required updates. It is envisioned that this process would also align all units in the process of working better with the outside consultants on the organizational evaluation. d. The department also provides support to explore new business opportunities, initiatives and projects that are aligned with the organizational goals, while having economic potential. This is an
income for the GS. The PDD continues to Program Development be involved in the GS attempts to implement more market-oriented and Department income-generating activities, which have now come under the responsibilities of the Business Development Department.The Program Development Department(PDD) works to increase the financial Reporting on grants. The PDD wrote andresources of the GS in the short, medium produced the 2001 Annual Report, inand long-term. coordination with department directors and other staff. In addition, PDD staffStaffing. The PDD continued its work drafted progress and activity reports forwith Ms. Susan Barhoum as Director and various foundations throughout the yearinterns Ms. Soheila Comninos (October as required by grant agreements.2001 – July 2002), and Ms. CatherineHunter (September 2002 – January Major Achievements in 20022003). Contracts Awarded. The followingFunctions and Methods contracts were awarded for GS activities:PDD methods remain diverse and s Ministry Grantsrequire the utilization of abroad range of The R&D Center received Grants fromskills. The major department functions the:and methods are described below. 1) Ministry of Science for different research projects on medicinal plantsProject Development. The PDD worked and biofilm.closely with department directors in 2) Ministry of Infrastructure forconceptualizing and building new research on the degradation of organicinitiatives for the organization. This compounds of swine wastewater.included creating project work plans with 3) Ministry of Environment fora focus on goals, objectives and methods; research on the Agricultural aspects ofidentifying project staff requirements; and Bet Netofa in cooperation with Haifabuilding appropriate budgets. University. 4) Ministry of Education for researchResearching potential donors. The PDD on the scientific aspects of Youthused various methods to increase its Education.knowledge of potential donors, including 5) Ministry of Absorption for cellindividual and institutional contacts, the biology research.Internet, libraries, and embassies. 6) The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies for developing blood tests forWriting grant proposals. The PDD team hereditary diseases.wrote several proposals for fundingduring 2002, the majority of which were The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies.requests for project funding. The PDD The Environment Department received ahas found that the trend in NGO funding grant from the Institute to conduct a studyis increasingly toward project funding, on the Environmental Hazards andand away from general support funding. Environmental Justice with Stone Quarries as an example.Diversifying the nature of resources. The The Ford Foundation. The Databankpresent funding situation requires Department received a generous grant oforganizations to diversify their strategies $300,000 for two years (2003 – 2005)in order to survive in the increasingly from the Ford Foundation for Phase 3 ofcompetitive environment. Foundations the Rikaz project.can no longer be the only source of
The Open Society Institute. The GalileeSociety started contact with the OpenSociety Institute who gave a grant of$50,000 for the general support of theorganization.Proposals or New Initiatives. In additionto the contracts awarded, the PDD wroteseveral new project proposals andbudgets. These proposals were forwardedto potential donors, and await funding.Internship Program. In 2002, the PDDhad two interns, one from France and onefrom Britain. The interns have made greatcontributions to PDD efforts in donor sresearch, project development, and donorcontacts.