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ECL Research - Survey on the issues of illegality of the ECL partner countries - 2013
The report presented hereunder depicts the work of the first phase of the project, European Caravan for legality, which has regarded the activity of preparatory research for the realization of the activities provided by the Caravan both for that which regards the knowledge of the criminal phenomenon as well as for what concerns the Education about Legality, the Administrative transparency and the Corporate Legality. All partners of the project have been involved.
The report is divided into four parts:
1.In the first section some details related to the situation of organized crime in the partner countries of the project (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, France, Malta Serbia and Switzerland) are indicated and a slide‐show of European actions against organized crime and corruption is presented;
2.In the second section the politics and actions of education about legality in Italy are presented and the necessity of launching suitable projects in the partner countries is underlined;
3. In the third section, after a theoretical contextualization of a socio-criminological character and a recognition of the mafia infiltrations into the Italian economic system, the questions of corporate legality and administrative transparency are looked into in detail;
4. In the conclusions, finally, the main results of the research are synthesized.
An assumption of work is that Italy is not only the homeland of organised crime of the mafia type, but it is also the country where the anti-mafia was born and developed, both institutionally as well as socially.
Since 1982, the year in which organised crime of the mafia type was included into the Penal Code by means of art. 416 bis, Italy has produced laws which have become a referral point on an international level, as well as a great movement of civil society against mafia criminality.
Furthermore, the country is known, on a world level, as one of the Countries which has produced significant studies on the subject, elaborating innovative and specific methods of research.
For such reasons it is deemed important to demonstrate to the foreign partners the “Italian Laboratory”, focusing attention on three, basic thematic areas, to prevent the diffusion of organised and economic crime: education about legality, lawfulness of businesses, administrative transparency.