Holidays in Great Britain and the USA


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Holidays in Great Britain and the USA

  1. 1. Lesson for 8-11 forms pupils English teacher G. N. Gavrilevich British and American holidays
  2. 2. Choose a holiday to the picture
  3. 3. Guess the holidays Easter New Year St. Valentine’ s Day Halloween Easter New Year Christmas go to church to give roses dress up as the witches chocolate eggs hang stockings near the fireplace hug and kiss each other
  4. 4. Find the mistakes New Year’s Day 25 December St. Valentine’s Day 31October Easter 1 January Halloween March or April Christmas 14 February
  5. 5. Name the Holiday The Day of Dark Spirits The Day of fun The Day of Love and Friendship The Day of Wonderful Presents The Day for Making a New Start The Day of Honouring the Birth of Jesus Christ
  6. 6. What holidays are the sentences about? 1.In London people gather to celebrate this holiday in Trafalgar Square. 2.People make up lamps of pumpkins. 3.This holiday means spring, new life after winter, flowers, green trees. 4.On this day everyone opens presents and sits down to the table to have a big dinner. 5.On this day people send a special greeting card to those who they love.
  7. 7. Look through some dates that people in Britain celebrate. Guess which days British people associate with the objects in the pictures below.
  8. 8. <ul><li>1 st January , people visit friends, relatives, and neighbors. There is plenty to eat and drink when you just drop in to wish your loved ones and friends the best for the year ahead. </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Year All Americans celebrate New Year’s Eve on the 31st of December. British people don’t like this holiday and go to sleep before midnight. Young people in London go to Trafalgar square to see the New Year’s Day in there. At midnight they sing New Year songs and wish a happy New Year to each other.
  10. 10. It is also a memorable occasion to make New Year's resolutions.
  11. 11. Christmas <ul><li>Christmas Day , December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain and the USA. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends get together and give each other presents . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Christmas People send X-mas cards to their friends and relatives. People buy Christmas trees and decorate them with toys, tinsels, coloured balls and lights. Children wake up early to find stockings full of small presents on their bed.
  13. 13. Christmas Dinner The typical dinner consists of turkey with potatoes and other vegetables such as carrots and sprouts. In Britain this is followed by Christmas pudding - a sweet pudding containing a lot of dried fruit and often covered with burning brandy. Other traditional dish in Britain is a Christmas cake – a cake containing a lot of dried fruit and usually having a covering of icing .
  14. 14. Santa Claus <ul><li>Santa Claus, also called Santa, Father Christmas (in Britain), or Kriss Kringle (in America) is an imaginary old man in red clothes and with a long white beard. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Stockings <ul><li>Christmas - is a holiday for the whole family, but children love it most of all and wait for it. They hang out stockings near the fireplace for gifts . </li></ul>
  16. 16. The 14th of February is called Valentine’s Day . It is a day of lovers. That is when every man and every woman thinks about his or her sweetheart. On this day you can buy cards in shops or you can make cards yourselves. Violets are blue Roses are red, Sugar is sweet And so are you!
  17. 17. <ul><li>St. Valentine’s Day is a religious holiday . Do you know , who was St . Valentine? One of the legend says , he was a Christian priest , who had been thrown in prison for his teaching . On February , 14 Valentine was beheaded , not only because he performed a miracle-he cured the jailer’s daughter from her blindness the night before he was executed-but he wrote a letter to the girl signing it « From your Valentine ». </li></ul>St. Valentine’s Day
  18. 18. Famous couples Romeo Captain Grey Lady Hamilton Juliet Prince Othello Margaret Master Admiral Nelson Cinderella Ophelia Hamlet Assol Eve Adam Desdemona
  19. 19. April Fool’s Day April Fool’s Day is on the 1st of April. English children like this day very much. They play jokes and tricks on other people, even on teachers.
  20. 20. April Fools’ Day is a fun day that’s celebrated on April 1st every year. Why does an ostrich have such a long neck? Because its head is so far from its body. What is a rabbit's favourite music? Hip-hop! JOKES
  21. 21. April Fools’ Day is a fun day that’s celebrated on April 1st every year. April Fools' Day, also known as All Fools' Day is certainly not a holiday, but everybody likes it so much!
  22. 22. This is the day upon which we are reminded of what we are on the other three-hundred and sixty-four. Mark Twain
  23. 23. JOKES <ul><li> April Fool's practical jokes should not harm anyone, they are just a good fun. The best jokes are the clever ones where everyone laughs, especially the person who had the joke played on them. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul><ul><li>put food colouring in milk </li></ul><ul><li>* go with a couple of friends, stand near some busy street corner – stare and </li></ul><ul><li>point up at the sky. Watch the reactions of people around you! </li></ul><ul><li>* Draw funny eyebrows and moustache on someone's face while she/he is </li></ul><ul><li>asleep. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 24. Easter In April or at the end of March English people celebrate Easter Day. On Easter Sunday children get chocolate eggs and rabbits.
  25. 26. Today on Easter Sunday, children wake up to find that the Easter Bunny has left them baskets of candy. He has also hidden the eggs that they decorated earlier tat week. Children hunt for the eggs all around the house.
  26. 27. The Easter Bunny and Egg <ul><li>Easter is the oldest and one of the most important festivals of the Christian community that is celebrated to mark the beginning of the spring season. There are a few things, such as the Easter eggs, bunnies and chocolates that are common to Easter celebrations. Easter is considered as a day of parties, gift-giving and moreover, the rise of the good from the evil. Easter is celebrated in England over a long week. The three most important days are Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Sunday. The main symbols of Easter and spring include bunnies and rabbits. </li></ul><ul><li>It is tradition to eat hot cross buns on Good Friday, as they symbolize the cross on which Jesus was crucified. People exchange Easter Eggs, Easter bread, hot cross buns and other gifts. Easter bunnies are made and sold in large numbers and are an integral part of Easter celebrations in England. These bunnies are hidden along with Easter eggs in the house. Children are supposed to search and find these sweet treats. Easter greeting cards are confined to close friends and family only. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Give the English for: <ul><li>1. Христианский календарь </li></ul><ul><li>2. Во всем мире </li></ul><ul><li>3. Три самых важных дня </li></ul><ul><li>4. Основные символы пасхи </li></ul><ul><li>5. Обмениваться пасхальными яйцами </li></ul><ul><li>6. Празднования </li></ul><ul><li>Begin or complete the sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>1. ……. that are common to Easter celebrations. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Easter is considered as a day of parties, gift-giving and moreover….. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The three most important days are Maundy Thursday, Good Friday …. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The main symbols of Easter and spring….. </li></ul><ul><li>5. …… hot cross buns and other gifts. </li></ul><ul><li>6. …… find these sweet treats. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Mother’s Day (Second Sunday in May) <ul><li>On the second Sunday in May, British children of all ages treat their mothers to something special. It is the one day out of the year when children, young and old, try to show how much they love and appreciate their mothers. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Happy Mother’s Day! <ul><li>On this day people in the family try to help their mother in anyway they can and give them presents and bake them a cake. </li></ul>
  30. 32. Father’s day  In June English people celebrate Father’s Day. On that day children send cards and give presents to their father’s.
  31. 33. On Father's Day children usually give ties to their fathers and grandfathers .
  32. 34. Independence Day July 4 <ul><li>It is the birthday of the USA. </li></ul>
  33. 36. On the 31st of October there is Halowe’en. The symbol of this holiday is “ Jack o’lantern”. People make it from a pumpkin.  
  34. 37. Halloween for children <ul><li>Halloween, the last day of October, has a special significance for children, who dress in funny or ghostly costumes and knock on neighborhood doors shouting &quot;Trick or Treat!&quot; Pirates and princesses, ghosts and witches all hold bags open to catch the candy or other goodies that the neighbors drop in. </li></ul>
  35. 39. THANKSGIVING DAY <ul><li>Another traditionally American holiday is Thanksgiving Day which falls on the fourth Thursday of November. It has been celebrated since the 17 th century, when the English colonists decided to celebrate the end of the first year in America and to give thanks to God. They invited the local Indian chief and ninety Indians. The Indians brought deer to roast with the turkeys. To this first Thanksgiving, the Indians had brought popcorn . </li></ul>
  36. 40. Thanksgiving Day <ul><li>It is a family holiday with a large traditional dinner including turkey , pumpkin pie and many other tasty things . </li></ul>
  37. 41. Holiday Cards <ul><li>People around the world send cards to their friends and family. </li></ul>
  38. 42. Why celebrate holidays? <ul><li>To give and get presents </li></ul><ul><li>To visit new places </li></ul><ul><li>To go to festivals and parades </li></ul><ul><li>To meet relatives, friends and other people </li></ul><ul><li>To buy souvenirs </li></ul><ul><li>To enjoy yourselves </li></ul><ul><li>To relax and have much fun </li></ul><ul><li>To learn something new </li></ul>
  39. 43. Complete the sentences <ul><li>1.May Day is a Day when… </li></ul><ul><li>2.The first of January is the Day when… </li></ul><ul><li>3. The ninth of May is the Day when … </li></ul><ul><li>4. The eight of March is the Day when… </li></ul><ul><li>5. The fourth of July is… </li></ul><ul><li>6. The seventh of January is… </li></ul><ul><li>A) people celebrate the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. </li></ul><ul><li>b) people honour mothers and all women. </li></ul><ul><li>c) the Christmas Day. </li></ul><ul><li>d) people see the New Year Day in. </li></ul><ul><li>e) people welcome spring and honour labour. </li></ul><ul><li>f) The Independence day. </li></ul>
  40. 44. Make Your Own Holiday <ul><li>Name _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Date __________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the holidays you celebrate throughout the year. Then, complete the </li></ul><ul><li>questions below. </li></ul><ul><li>Which holiday is your favorite?________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Why? ___________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Did you know March 26 is Make Your Own Holiday Day? You can make this day </li></ul><ul><li>a special day for any reason you want. In the space below, name and describe </li></ul><ul><li>your holiday. Then, write a paragraph about how you will celebrate it. </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday name: ____________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday description: ________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>How will you celebrate this holiday? _____________ ______________________ </li></ul>
  41. 46. S S S S S A A A A K H H A A A A B E E T K C I R T I N L A N L P U M M T P O E K I R J C K O G W N H R C K M V N Y O E R X J B T T T U W I T T L L A D E L E N O M L E O H I E B E K O O F O R Z G T C T O I W M B L L N