Get the Buzz: Global Trends in Sustainable Coffee Production

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New Worldwatch Institute analysis examines global trends in coffee production, practices, and prices

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Get the Buzz: Global Trends in Sustainable Coffee Production

  1. 1. Get the Buzz: GlobalTrends in Sustainable Coffee Production
  2. 2. Global coffee production has doubled since 1961 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1961/62 1971/72 1981/82 1991/92 2001/02 2011/12 MillionTons FAO Data USDA Data ©Worldwatch Institute Sources: FAOSTAT; USDA-FAS
  3. 3. The majority of coffee production —more than 3 tons for every 4 tons— is exported, flowing from developing countries principally to industrial ones
  4. 4. Top 3 Coffee Producers & Consumers, 2013-2014 Top Producer Top Consumer Top Producer & Consumer
  5. 5. Top 3 Coffee Producers, 2013-2014 BRAZIL 3.2 million tons VIETNAM 1.7 million tons COLOMBIA 0.7 million tons
  6. 6. Top 3 Coffee Consumers, 2013-2014 EUROPEAN UNION 2.7 million tons UNITED STATES 1.5 million tons BRAZIL 1.2 million tons
  7. 7. Asia’s share in world coffee production has risen astonishingly, from less than 5% in 1961 to 30% today 1961 2014
  8. 8. Coffee experiences tremendous price volatility due to ‣ Overproduction ‣ Production shortfalls ‣ Mismatches between coffee-growing cycles and demand ‣ Bad weather ‣ Fungal pests ‣ Speculation ‣ Financialization $ $
  9. 9. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 CentsperPound Coffee Prices, 1960-2014 Brazilian Arabicas Robustas Note: All prices are ex-dock United States; monthly averages©Worldwatch Institute Sources: UNCTADSTAT
  10. 10. Because some countries depend on commodities like coffee for the bulk of their earnings, extreme price fluctuations destabilize their economies $$$$
  11. 11. Social & environmental concerns are far-ranging ‣workers' rights and child labor ‣the use of agrochemicals ‣deforestation ‣impacts on biodiversity ?
  12. 12. Fair trade guarantees a minimum price for smallholders Organic replaces inorganic fertilizers & pesticides with organic ones Utz Certified incorporates social & environmental criteria Rainforest Alliance includes integrated pest management & worker welfare Initiatives to define & implement more sustainable practices include:
  13. 13. In 2009, ~8% of worldwide coffee exports was certified as sustainable Certified coffee is growing rapidly, however, and could reach 20–25% of global coffee trade by 2015
  14. 14. For more information, visit our Coffee ProductionVital Sign: bit.ly/VSOcoffee
  15. 15. AboutVital Signs Online: Vital Signs Online is produced by the Worldwatch Institute and provides business leaders, policymakers, and engaged citizens with the latest data and analysis they need to understand critical global trends. vitalsigns.worldwatch.org
  16. 16. About theWorldwatch Institute: Through research and outreach that inspire action, theWorldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. www.worldwatch.org
  17. 17. www.worldwatch.org bit.ly/VSOcoffee vitalsigns.worldwatch.org

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