Globalisation of the_gandhian_way

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Prof. Anand Kumar on Globalisation of the Gandhian Way

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Globalisation of the_gandhian_way

  1. 1. Globalisation of the Gandhian Way Some Observations for Dialogue Prof. Anand Kumar Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi
  2. 2. From Gandhi(1869/1948), to King(1929/1968), Mandela (1918 ) Dalai Lama ( 1935 ) Petra Kelly (1947/1992) and Aung San Suu Kyi (1945)
  3. 3. CONTENTS <ul><li>Who was Gandhi? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Gandhian way? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there globalization of the Gandhian way? </li></ul><ul><li>The poverty challenge- Grameen Bank to UN's Millenium Development Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Ending violence in private and public spheres - Women NGOs to Anti-War Groups </li></ul><ul><li>The religious and race based discriminations - from British India to USA and South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking political justice – Tibet,Poland, Czech Republic, Myanmar & Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Resisting corporate capitalism - Transnational Radical Party to World Social Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting mother earth - the environmental movements </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who was Gandhi? <ul><li>The person & his early times – 19th Century India, UK, and South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The principle inspirations – Spiritual literature including Gita,Jainism, The Bible, Quran and The Bhakti poets. Bhai Rajchandra, Tolstoy, and John Ruskin. </li></ul><ul><li>The movements and imprisonments in South Africa & British India </li></ul><ul><li>The supreme sacrifice against communal violence </li></ul><ul><li>The messages: From Hind Swaraj (1909) and Autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>(1930s) to The Last Testament ( 1948) – Sarvodaya and Satyagraha. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the Gandhian way? <ul><li>Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Satyagraha(Civil-disobedience) </li></ul><ul><li>11 Steps towards character building </li></ul><ul><li>7 Sins </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive way to a just social order </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Gandhi's 11 Vows for Self-evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Ahimsa Nonviolence </li></ul><ul><li>Satya Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Asteya Non Stealing </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmacharya Self Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Aparigraha Non-Possession </li></ul><ul><li>Sharir-shrama Bread Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Aswada Control of the Palate </li></ul><ul><li>Sarvatra Bhayavarjana Fearlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Sarva Dharma Samantva Equality of All Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Swadeshi Use Locally Made Goods </li></ul><ul><li>Sparshbhavana Remove Untouchability </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Seven Social Sins </li></ul><ul><li>Politics without Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth Without Work </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure Without Conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge without Character </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce without Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Science without Humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Worship without Sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>- Young India, 22-10-1925 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Constructive way to a just social order <ul><li>Communal Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Untouchabilty </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Khadi </li></ul><ul><li>Other Village Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Village Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>New or Basic Education </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Education </li></ul><ul><li>Women Education in Health and Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Provincial Languages </li></ul><ul><li>National Language </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Kisans (Farmers) </li></ul><ul><li>Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Adivasis (Tribals) </li></ul><ul><li>Lepers </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Place of Civil Disobedience </li></ul>
  9. 9. The poverty challenge- Grameen Bank to UN`s Millenium Development Goals <ul><li>Need-based planning- MDGs of UNO </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized development through empowering the poor- Grameen Bank </li></ul><ul><li>From production for masses to production by masses- Khadi & Village Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate technology & not machine-mania </li></ul><ul><li>Trusteeship- Social Responsibility of the affluent classes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ending violence in private and public spheres- Women NGOs,Civil Society to Anti-War Groups <ul><li>Global Campaigns about violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional guarantes for prevention of violence against children </li></ul><ul><li>Laws against domestic violence </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness building & action against torture of political prisoners – Amnesty International, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of human rights of minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-war networks & movements- War Resisters International etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Truth & Reconciliation Initiatives within and between countries about ethnic, religious & racial violence. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The religious and race based discriminations- from British India to USA and South Africa <ul><li>Civil disobedience by Gandhi in South Africa to Civil Rights activism in USA & the great transition in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Sarva Dharma Sambhav – Respect for all religions and Inter-faith dialogues. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness through Prayers and Public Fasts </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate sacrifice against communal violence as a permanent lesson. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Resisting corporate capitalism - Transnational Radical Party to World Social Forum <ul><li>Resistance movements against Special Economic Zones </li></ul><ul><li>Protest by farmers around the world </li></ul><ul><li>New politics beyond national frontiers- Transnational Radical Party </li></ul><ul><li>Quest for particiaptory democracy: World Social Forum and related initiatives at the national and continental levels </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nonviolent Radical Party transnational and transparty NGO in General consultative status with ECOSOC of the UN GANDHIAN-NONVIOLENT • TRANSNATIONAL • CROSS-PARTY • DEMOCRATIC • ENVIRONMENTALIST • ECOLOGIST • DEMOCRATIC FEDERALIST • SECULAR • EUROPEAN FEDERALIST • LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC • LIBERAL SOCIALIST • LIBERTARIAN • ANTI-AUTHORITARIAN • ANTIPROHIBITIONIST • ANTI-PARTYCRATIC • ANTI-MILITARIST • ANTI-CLERICAL • INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE
  14. 14. Seeking political justice – Tibet, Poland, Czech Republic, Myanmar & Egypt <ul><li>The Tibet question & the middle path approach of the Dalai Lama </li></ul><ul><li>Solidarity of Poland </li></ul><ul><li>The separation of Czech & Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Fight for democracy under Ang Saan Su Kyie </li></ul><ul><li>The Jasmine Revolution of Egypt </li></ul>
  15. 15. Protecting mother earth – the environmental movements <ul><li>The ideological impact of Gandhi – From greed to need : Earth has enough to meet the needs of all human beings but not for greed. </li></ul><ul><li>The methodological links with the Sarvodaya movements about environment: </li></ul><ul><li>The energy question: Resistance against large dams to nuclear plants - Be the change you want to see in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The alternatives about industrialism & machine-based civilization : energy, consumerism, </li></ul><ul><li>Way for sustainable development beyond want and violence: Sarvodaya ( Well being of all) – Sarva Dharma Samabhav(Respect for all faiths) – Swadeshi </li></ul><ul><li>( Priority to the local) – Self reliance – Satyagraha. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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