Transitional Period For Student With Disabilities And Autism


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Transitional Period For Student With Disabilities And Autism

  1. 1. Transition Legislation Transition Services Career Education Residential Options Aging
  2. 2. Legislative mandates <ul><li>Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (PL 93-112) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 504 – basic civil rights legislation for persons with disabilities (illegal to discriminate against these individuals in access to vocational training and employment) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recruitment, advertising, processing of applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hiring, alteration in job status, and rehiring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rates of pay (compensation) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Job assignment and classifications, progression, seniority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves of absence and sick leave </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fringe benefits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selection and financial support for training, conferences, other job-related activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employer-approved activities, including social and recreational programs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Legislative mandates <ul><li>IDEA – FAPE for all persons with disabilities between 3 and 22 years of age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment training </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Transition services <ul><li>ITP – Individual Transition Plan added to IEP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of transition service needs – required by age 14 (or younger): courses of study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of needed transition services – required beginning beginning with age 16 (or younger): services are in place before the student leaves school </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Transition services – cont’d <ul><li>Components of ITP: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment training and placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leisure alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Income and medical support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term support and care </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Transition services – cont’d <ul><li>Three strategies to facilitate student and family involvement in the transition process (McDonnell et al., 1996) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt a person-centered approach to transition planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist parents to identify their child’s preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist parents explore and identify their expectations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Age of majority <ul><li>At least 1 year before the student reaches the age of majority, IEP must contain information on person’s rights being transferred when s/he reaches age of majority </li></ul>
  8. 8. Career Education <ul><li>Begins in early elementary years and continues throughout high school </li></ul><ul><li>Stages (Brolin, 1995) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Career awareness - elementary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Career exploration – middle school/ junior high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Career preparation – high school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Career assimilation – transition to post-secondary training </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Successful Adult Living (Drew & Hardman, 2004) <ul><li>Earning a living </li></ul><ul><li>Having access to further education when appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Personal independence </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction and community participation </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing involvement within the life of the family </li></ul>
  10. 10. Residential Living (Crane, 2002) <ul><li>Independent living </li></ul><ul><li>Supported independent living </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Residential training school </li></ul><ul><li>Adult foster care – surrogate family </li></ul><ul><li>Group home </li></ul><ul><li>Small intensive care home </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate care facility </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing home </li></ul><ul><li>Large private institution ($76,000/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Large public institution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Residential Living – cont’d <ul><li>Group homes (small:2-4; large: 8-15 or more persons) – trained professionals, house director/administrator </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-independent homes and apartments – least supervised: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apartment clusters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single co-residence home or apartment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single home or apartment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sheltered villages </li></ul>
  12. 12. Residential Living – cont’d <ul><li>Intermediate care facilities-MR (ICF-MR) – type of certification Medicaid pays for (e.g., small or large group homes) </li></ul><ul><li>Persons who live in smaller residential facilities (fewer than 16) have increased likelihood to be socially included rather than those in larger institutions </li></ul>
  13. 13. Issues in Aging <ul><li>173,000 older than 60 (United States, 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Presumably double by 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>Studying aging: cross-sectional & longitudinal approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Medical concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatrical concerns (dementia, Altzheimer’s, depression) </li></ul><ul><li>Mental functioning has same cognitive trends, but earlier and rates higher (memory, learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Social and personal functioning (less active, increased dependence) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>DO NOT ASSUME, BUT </li></ul><ul><li>PLAN AND ANTICIPATE </li></ul>