World War I• In World War I, chemical warfare became a major component of the war.• It developed more and more all the way throughout the 20th century
Types of Gases• Mustard Gas (also known as sulfur mustard): this type of gas caused large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs, therefore resulting in long painful death. In its pure form, it is colorless and a viscous liquid. In its impure form it is yellow-brown and has an odor resembling mustard plants
Types of Gases• Tear Gas: this is a non-lethal type of gas, unlike mustard gas. It causes temporary blindness, tears and extreme pain and affects the corneal nerve (cornea is the transparent part of the eye on the top).
Deaths/Usage• Only 4 percent of the deaths in World War I were from chemicals. At the time they were very limited and not developed enough to cause serious damage. However, it was very effective when it came to clearing out areas. There were no countermeasures to be used, because gas masks hadn’t been invented yet.
Phosgene & Chlorine• Both of these gases are lethal. They were both used during the second world war.
Bombs• In October 1914, German troops fired the first fragmentation shells. A frag shell is a shell on impact explodes into many pieces shooting out pieces of metal (usually) to hit multiple targets with a single shell.
Effects of Phosgene during War
Effects of tear gas (used nowadays also)
Questions• 1) What were the effects of Chlorine gas on humans?• 2) What were the effects of Phosgene gas on humans• 3) What other types of bombs were created around this time?• 4) What kind weapons were used to shoot these bombs?• 5) What was another name for World War I, relating to chemical warfare?