History• America had taken part in the first World War, they entered the war in 1917, in the aftermath of the war America was horrified by the devastation. To find a way to guaranty that such a tragic event would never take place again they needed to create an organization that was centered around maintaining peace. The League Of Nations was an organization founded as a consequence of the Paris Peace Conference in April 1919, that had ended the first World War.
Main Goals & Objectives• The main objective of this organization was to maintain world peace. Its goals were to prevent war, disarmament and to settle International conflicts by negotiation instead of using force.• The goal was for all countries of the world to join the League Of Nations however there were certain countries that never joined and certain countries that withdrew from the league shortly after they had joined.
Placement• The organization was based in Geneva, Switzerland, it was the most strategic place for the league to settle since it was a neutral country and had not participated in the first world war.
The Council• It consisted of a small group of permanent and temporary member countries who could meet in cases of emergency to deal with conflicts.
The Assembly• They met once every year in Geneva.• The special functions of the Assembly included the admission of new Members, the periodical election on non-permanent Members of the Council, the election with the Council of the judges of the Permanent Court, and the control of the budget. In practice the Assembly had become the general directing force of League activities.
The Secretariat• Much like a secretary holding documents, translated work and records of all meetings and finally the agencies and commissions which was composed of a health organization, slavery commission, international labour organization, commission for refugees and a permanent court of international justice (all in place to help overall well being of the population, improve quality of life and assure security to its members).
Weaknesses• The League Of Nations was known to be closely associated with the treaty Of Versailles, which had been hated by many countries so to start the 3 most powerful countries in the world were not members. The United States (who did not want to take part in the league because they were isolationist) which was extremely ironic since it had been their president who had created the idea of this league, Russia who had refused to join the league and finally Germany who had not been allowed to join the league until later in 1925. The league lacked the strength of these three main powers and so they remained weak and had little influence. Italy and Japan who had joined the league, left shortly after leaving them without very much financial support.
Weaknesses Continued• The rise of dictatorship in Germany, Italy, Russia and Japan truly crushed the League Of Nations since they no longer had any influence over these great powers who disregarded the league completely. Another big disadvantage was that they did not have an army and they were poorly organized and took an extremely long time to preform tasks.
Questions• What were the Special Commissions?• How did the League of Nations intend to prevent disputes?• What was ‘collective security’?• Give details about two special commissions?• What sanctions were available to the League of Nations?