Mary Gabrielle “Gabbie” Santos
Gr. 6- St. Gabriel
Ms. De Vera
Reading Performance Task
“Be Prepared, Save Lives”
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that
creates seismic waves. It is measured using observations from seismometers. Many methods
have been developed for predicting the time and place in which earthquakes will occur. Despite
considerable research efforts by seismologists, predictions cannot yet be made to a specific
day. Earthquakes produce numerous damaging effects. This includes damage to properties
and in extreme cases the loss of human lives. Earthquakes can also produce landslides, floods
and sometimes even tsunamis or tidal waves. To be prepared for the future, in order for us to
save lives, here are important tips to follow before, during and after an earthquake.
Before an earthquake hits: (1) check for hazards, (2) identify safe places indoors &
outdoors, (3) learn how to shut off gas valves, (4) have emergency supplies on hand and (5)
develop a communication plan. Earthquakes can last just a few seconds or as long as several
minutes, and knowing how to react during the quake can help prevent injuries. During an
earthquake, immediately seek a safe location such beneath a table or desk, or along an interior
wall away from windows or hazardous objects. Do not take elevators during an earthquake. If
outdoors, stay in open areas away from buildings, power lines, trees, and other potential
hazards. If indoors, steer clear of bookshelves, storage racks, windows, glass or mirrors, light
fixtures and any other heavy objects. It is important to remember to duck, cover and hold (DCH).
Duck under a strong table or other protection. Then cover your head with your hands or other
object and hold the position until safe. If driving, stop quickly but safely and stay in the vehicle.
Do not stop near power lines, bridges, overpasses, or other potentially dangerous locations.
After the earthquake, move very carefully. Use caution when exiting or entering buildings.
prepared for aftershocks, which may be stronger than the initial jolt. Tend injuries immediately
and summon emergency assistance if necessary. It is important to be cautious when opening
cabinets, cupboards, and closets in case items fall.
An earthquake may cause injury and even loss of lives aside from property damage. The
aftermath may bring lack of basic necessities, diseases and loss of lives. That is why, it is
important to be prepared at all times. Be prepared and save lives.
Bolt, B.A., , 1993, Earthquakes, (3rd edition), W.H. Freeman & Company, New York, 331
Farndon, J. 1992. How the earth works, Dorling Kindersley, London (Reader's Digest).
Gibbons, G. 1995. The Earth inside out, Morrow Junior Books, New York.
Kimball, V., 1981. Earthquake Ready, Peace Press, Culver City, Ca.
National Wildlife Federation 1997. Geology, The active Earth, NatureScope, McGraw
Hill, New York.
Yanev, Peter, 1991, Peace of Mind in Earthquake Country, Chronicle Books, San