AdjectivesAdjectives
Performance TaskPerformance Task
What are Adjectives?What are Adjectives?
• Adjectives are modifiers. They modify nouns or
pronouns. This means they change...
What are Adjectives?What are Adjectives?
Picture a car in your mind.
Do you have an
image in your head?
Now make it redred.
What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective?
Now make it fastfast.
What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective?
Now make it old-fashionedold-fashioned.
What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective?
Now make it brokenbroken.
What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective?
Now make it greengreen.
An adjective describes a
noun or a pronoun.
An adjective answers:
What kind?
Which one?
How many?
Example:
happy dog
tired...
To find an adjective you needTo find an adjective you need
to locate the nouns first.to locate the nouns first.
Three happ...
Can you find the adjectives?
We saw the gray elephant at the zoo.
First find the nouns…
Then ask, “What word describes the...
Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives?
The rabbit followed the slow turtle.
First find the nouns…
Then a...
Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives?
He found two pennies on the ground.
First find the nouns…
Then as...
Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives?
The children heard the loud bell.
First find the nouns…
Then ask,...
Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives?
The brown dog growled at the tall man.
First find the nouns…
Then...
Kinds of AdjectivesKinds of Adjectives
Descriptive AdjectivesDescriptive Adjectives
• Descriptive adjectives
DESCRIBE!
• The add some sensory image to your sente...
Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives
• One type of descriptive adjective is called
the proper adjective.
• Proper adjectives...
Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives
Examples of Proper Adjectives
Proper Noun Proper Adjective
America American
France Fren...
Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives
Sometime proper nouns don’t change in form at all when they become
proper adjectives.
E...
Limiting Adjectives
• Limiting adjectives point out nouns.
• There are five kinds of them:
Articles
Possessives
Demonstrat...
Articles
There are three articles:
a
an
the
“The” is called a definite article because it points
out nouns more specifical...
ArticlesArticles
“The” can be used before both singular and
plural nouns.
Ex. the cat, the houses
“A” and “an” can only be...
ArticlesArticles
“The” can be used before both vowels and
consonants.
Ex. the ant, the car
“A” must be used before consona...
Possessive AdjectivesPossessive Adjectives
• Possessive adjectives show ownership of a
noun.
• These words are the same as...
Demonstrative AdjectivesDemonstrative Adjectives
• Demonstrative adjectives point out a noun.
• They are the same words as...
Indefinite AdjectivesIndefinite Adjectives
• Indefinite adjectives point out nouns.
• They often tell “how many” or “how m...
Interrogative AdjectivesInterrogative Adjectives
• Interrogative adjectives are used to ask
questions.
• Three of them wer...
Limiting AdjectivesLimiting Adjectives
• Many limiting adjectives have also been studied as
pronouns. How do you tell when...
Location of AdjectivesLocation of Adjectives
Adjectives can be located in three places in a sentence.
1. The most common l...
Adjectives
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Adjectives

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Adjectives

  1. 1. AdjectivesAdjectives Performance TaskPerformance Task
  2. 2. What are Adjectives?What are Adjectives? • Adjectives are modifiers. They modify nouns or pronouns. This means they change the image of a noun or pronoun. • Adjectives can be located by asking the questions: What kind? Which one? How many? How much?
  3. 3. What are Adjectives?What are Adjectives? Picture a car in your mind. Do you have an image in your head? Now make it redred.
  4. 4. What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective? Now make it fastfast.
  5. 5. What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective? Now make it old-fashionedold-fashioned.
  6. 6. What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective? Now make it brokenbroken.
  7. 7. What is an Adjective?What is an Adjective? Now make it greengreen.
  8. 8. An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adjective answers: What kind? Which one? How many? Example: happy dog tired boy seven girls
  9. 9. To find an adjective you needTo find an adjective you need to locate the nouns first.to locate the nouns first. Three happy children played at the park. The donkey stepped on my large hat. The child was brave.
  10. 10. Can you find the adjectives? We saw the gray elephant at the zoo. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What word describes the elephant?”
  11. 11. Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives? The rabbit followed the slow turtle. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What word describes the turtle?”
  12. 12. Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives? He found two pennies on the ground. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What word describes the pennies?”
  13. 13. Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives? The children heard the loud bell. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What word describes the bell?”
  14. 14. Can you find the adjectives?Can you find the adjectives? The brown dog growled at the tall man. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the dog and the man?”
  15. 15. Kinds of AdjectivesKinds of Adjectives
  16. 16. Descriptive AdjectivesDescriptive Adjectives • Descriptive adjectives DESCRIBE! • The add some sensory image to your sentence which allows the reader to see, smell, hear, touch, or taste something in the sentence. • All of the modifiers in the earlier section of the slide show concerning the car were descriptive adjectives. They made the car red, fast, old-fashioned, broken, and green. Those words are all adjectives!
  17. 17. Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives • One type of descriptive adjective is called the proper adjective. • Proper adjectives are derived from, or come from, proper nouns. This means that they must always be capitalized. • Proper adjectives sometimes are formed by adding a suffix to the proper noun.
  18. 18. Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives Examples of Proper Adjectives Proper Noun Proper Adjective America American France French China Chinese Pennsylvania Pennsylvanian
  19. 19. Proper AdjectivesProper Adjectives Sometime proper nouns don’t change in form at all when they become proper adjectives. Ex. President Kennedy was a good leader. (In this sentence President Kennedy is a person; therefore, he is a noun.) Ex. The Kennedy Library is very large. (in this sentence Kennedy is describing the library; therefore, it is an adjective.)
  20. 20. Limiting Adjectives • Limiting adjectives point out nouns. • There are five kinds of them: Articles Possessives Demonstratives Indefinites Interrogatives
  21. 21. Articles There are three articles: a an the “The” is called a definite article because it points out nouns more specifically. “A” and “an” are called indefinite articles because they do not point nouns out as specifically.
  22. 22. ArticlesArticles “The” can be used before both singular and plural nouns. Ex. the cat, the houses “A” and “an” can only be used before singular nouns. Ex. a book, an elephant
  23. 23. ArticlesArticles “The” can be used before both vowels and consonants. Ex. the ant, the car “A” must be used before consonant sounds. Ex. a duck, a fossil, a uniform “An” must be used before a vowel sounds. Ex. an umbrella, an excuse
  24. 24. Possessive AdjectivesPossessive Adjectives • Possessive adjectives show ownership of a noun. • These words are the same as the possessive pronouns. • There are fourteen possessive adjectives: my, mine our, ours your, yours your, yours his, her, hers, its their, theirs
  25. 25. Demonstrative AdjectivesDemonstrative Adjectives • Demonstrative adjectives point out a noun. • They are the same words as the demonstrative pronouns. • There are four demonstratives: this that these those
  26. 26. Indefinite AdjectivesIndefinite Adjectives • Indefinite adjectives point out nouns. • They often tell “how many” or “how much” of something. • There are seventeen of them: all, any, another, both, each, either, few, little, many, more, most, much, neither, one, other, several, some
  27. 27. Interrogative AdjectivesInterrogative Adjectives • Interrogative adjectives are used to ask questions. • Three of them were also interrogative pronouns: which what whose
  28. 28. Limiting AdjectivesLimiting Adjectives • Many limiting adjectives have also been studied as pronouns. How do you tell when they are pronouns and when they are adjectives? -If a word is a pronoun, it will be renaming a person, place, or thing. Ex. That is a pencil. (That is renaming the pencil; therefore, it is a pronoun.) -If a word is an adjective, it will be pointing out a noun. Ex. That pencil is big. (That is pointing out a pencil, and pencil is a noun; therefore, it is an adjective.)
  29. 29. Location of AdjectivesLocation of Adjectives Adjectives can be located in three places in a sentence. 1. The most common location is directly in front of the noun it is modifying. Ex. the big dog, the new toy 1. Another location is after a linking verb or verb of condition. These are called predicate adjectives. Ex. The game was interesting. 3. The final location of adjectives occurs after a noun when it is set off by commas. Ex. The book, well-written and suspenseful, kept my interest.

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