Knowledge brokering in the Sava river basin management planning, 30 Nov-2 Dec 2011, Dimitris Faloutsos

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Stakeholders analysis and involvement, 30 Nov-2 Dec 2011, Zagreb, Croatia

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Knowledge brokering in the Sava river basin management planning, 30 Nov-2 Dec 2011, Dimitris Faloutsos

  1. 1. Connecting Science and PolicyStakeholders Analysis and Involvement Zagreb, 30-2 November 2011 Dimitris Faloutsos – GWP-Med
  2. 2. • Cooperative efforts in Sava : Mostly “Top – down” River BasinHas been proven to be the appropriate process to be followedin the Sava River Basin until now
  3. 3. Stakeholders and Public Participation in the Sava - Why?
  4. 4. Stakeholders and Public Participation Because…The right of the public, and particularly of affected stakeholders, to participatein the decision making has been widely acknowledged by internationallyimportant and binding legal texts.Provisions on Public Participation:• Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration (generally considered to reflect customaryInternational Law)• UNECE Convention to Access to Information, Public Participation inDecision making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters(Aarhus Convention, 1998)• Espoo Convention (Transboundary EIA)• UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (1992)• EU Water Framework Directive•…
  5. 5. Stakeholders and Public Participation Because…• EU Water Framework Directive•…
  6. 6. Stakeholders and Public Participation involvement Because… There are actual benefits (some among them presented below - 1):•Broaden the base of knowledge, expertise, and information available to identify relevantissues and their solutions, resulting in better substantive outcomes; there is informationavailable to the stakeholders that in combination with this held by the authorities and thescientific knowledge can enhance the quality of results.•Increase likelihood that public values and priorities will be incorporated intoprocess/project design and execution; this will increase the likelihood that the decidedinterventions are actually and efficiently implemented.•Increase the stakeholders’ understanding about waters issues and their solutions,increasing the likelihood of sustainable behaviours.
  7. 7. Stakeholders and Public Participation Because… There are actual benefits (some among them presented below - 2):• Foster public ownership of process/project goals and activities, increasing thelikelihood of their successful implementation and overall process/project sustainability.•Provide the potential to build consensus and avoid conflict among sectors. Increaselikelihood that stakeholders would better understand the different national and sectoralissues and needs related to water resources management in the Basin through theirparticipation in the SWP, decreasing inter-sectoral conflict risks.•Create a greater sense of empowerment and social responsibility.•Minimize cost and delays due to public opposition.
  8. 8. Stakeholders and Public Participation Because… There are actual benefits (some among them presented below - 3):• Enhance cooperation with the private sector: Being accountable to the countries, jointmanagement bodies have to work appropriately to apply IWRM which means amongothers reconciliation of environmental protection with economic development.• The private sector being one of the important users of the natural resources thus, oneof the key stakeholders, it needs to: - be involved in the planning and implementation of the solutions if it is for the economic development not to be compromised; - bear the cost of the planned solutions at the level that these are beneficial for its existence and development.
  9. 9. Stakeholders and Public Participation Because……cooperation among countries via ISRBC has matured -benefits of stakeholder participation can be grasped
  10. 10. Stakeholders and Public Participation in the Sava - How… … through the involvement of Stakeholders in the implementation of Sava RBM plan and its revision later on
  11. 11. Stakeholders’ analysis (at transboundary level) to generate information: that will provide the necessary information for designing steps and structures that will create the conditions for meaningful public participation and stakeholder involvement
  12. 12. Stakeholders’ analysis Information(interest, knowledge, influence, etc. – Sava Water Partnership who is who) Stakeholders’ involvement plan
  13. 13. Stakeholders’ analysis Information(interest, knowledge, influence, etc. – Sava Water Partnership who is who) Stakeholders’ involvement plan
  14. 14. Stakeholders’ analysis Steps followed:1. Identify the different actors (groups,institutions and individuals) that couldinfluence / affect or be influenced / affectedby the RBMP and the FASRBGeneral categories that such competent stakeholders may fall into :•Institutions at the transboundary level;•Public administration (e.g. competent Ministries, protected area management bodiesetc.);•Interest groups (e.g. fishers’ or industry associations, water user associations etc.);•Commercial/private actors (e.g. industries, etc.);•NGOs;•General public,•International actors (e.g. UN agencies, donors, project implementing and executingagencies, international river basins commissions etc.);•other partners.
  15. 15. Stakeholders’ analysis Steps followed:1. Identify the different actors (groups,institutions and individuals) that couldinfluence / affect or be influenced / affectedby the RBMP and the FASRB FASRB “related” SWMI “related” sectors sectors - International level - Transboundary level - National level (Example)
  16. 16. Stakeholders’ analysis Steps followed: 3. Analyze this information to identify the2. Collect information regarding the characteristics of the stakeholders, theirstakeholders in relation to the RBMP perceptions and positions in relation to the aimsand the FASRB. of the SA• Competences/ responsibilities of the • Relative importance of the stakeholder, stakeholders, function and Stakeholder influence (to influence expertise etc. (who is who). actions and their outcomes), interest, position (supporters / opponents etc).
  17. 17. Stakeholders’ analysis Steps followed:4. Discuss initial analysis with stakeholders 5. Prepare Stakeholders Analysis report –– verify results – acquire additional Involvement Planinformation
  18. 18. Stakeholders’ analysis Steps followed: National experts work / Interviews1. Identify the different actors (groups,institutions and individuals) that couldinfluence / affect or be influenced / affectedby the RBMP and the FASRB2. Collect information regarding the 1st Consultation Meetingstakeholders in relation to the RBMP (June 2011)and the FASRB.3. Analyze this information to identify thecharacteristics of the stakeholders, theirperceptions and positions in relation to the aimsof the SA4. Discuss initial analysis with stakeholders – 2nd Consultation Meetingverify results – acquire additional information (November 2011)5. Prepare Stakeholders Analysis report –Involvement Plan
  19. 19. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)B. Public Participation Plan
  20. 20. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)B. Public Participation Plan
  21. 21. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)Groups of Stakeholders from each countryto involveB. Public Participation Plan
  22. 22. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)Groups of Stakeholders from each countryto involveB. Public Participation Plan
  23. 23. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)Groups of Stakeholders from each countryto involve Specific Stakeholders from each country to involve as well as indication about the means to involve themB. Public Participation Plan
  24. 24. Significant Water Management Issues – Stakeholders in each countryA. Analysis Important Stakeholders (identified through the 2 consultation workshops)Groups of Stakeholders from each countryto involve Specific Stakeholders from each country to involve as well as indication about the means to involve theme The ISRBC interest for public participation would be:B. Public •Is our information correct ? Participation •Is the plan correct ? •Are the proposals fair and will they be accepted ? Plan Eventually the stakeholders’ perspective boils down to three questions: •What is happening in this RBM process? •What is my situation / how is my work affected? •How can I defend my interest?
  25. 25. Involvement of stakeholders and with stakeholders through severalformats:•as part of planning processes lead by the ISRBC•as observers in the work of the ISRBC•through a Sava Water Council for the ISRBC•through informing and training: informed debate (an active support bythe ISRBC towards stakeholders)•in the eventual support of a Sava River Partnership, if such a structurewas created

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