Mac User Group Marina DzougoutovPresentation Transcript
MAC USER GROUP:ANATOMY OF A MACMarina Dzougoutov
SystemPreferencesSystem Preferences controls system-wide settings, andis available from the Apple menu at the upper-left cornerof the screen.
System Preferences lets you to adjust things like yourscreen resolution, keyboard control, mouse control,sound, printer settings, sharing settings, accounts, andmore.
You can quickly locate the settings you want to change bytyping the desired subject in the search field.For example, to change your login password, type "password."The preferences related to password appear below the searchfield, and one or more preferences are spotlighted in theSystem Preferences window.Click the item in the list that matches what you want to do, orclick one of the spotlighted preferences.The appropriate preference pane opens.
The FinderThe Finder shows you your files and folder in windows,and can be used to find anything on your Mac.Each Finder window has a sidebar to help you navigate.You can choose to view windows as icons, lists, orcolumns.To get a closer look, use Quick Look.You can rename, create, and organize folders.
1. Window close, minimize and zoom buttons. To close the window, click the round, redbutton in the upper-left corner. If you dont want to close the window but want it out ofyour way, click the round, yellow button to minimize the window to the Dock. If a windowis full of stuff, you can resize it by dragging the lower-right corner to make it bigger, orclick the round, green button to maximize the windows size.2. Finder window View buttons:a) Icon view - Used to display the contents of your folder as a series of icons. In Iconview, you can view live icon previews that you can use to thumb through amultipage document or watch a QuickTime movie.b) List view - Used to display your folder in a spreadsheet-style manner. Each foldercan be expanded by clicking on the disclosure triangle just to the left of the folder.You can easily sort by file name, date modified, and so forth. Choose Show ViewOptions from the View menu to add / remove attribute columns. You can changethe sorting from ascending order to descending order and back again by clicking onthe attribute column title.c) Column view - Used to display the hierarchy of your folders where each columnrepresents a folder.d) Cover Flow view - Used to display the contents of your folder just like the CoverFlow used in iTunes. You can see live previews of images, documents and movies,and can thumb through documents and movies.3. Action Menu - Quick access to Finder functions for highlighted items, such as Get Info,Move to Trash, and Services.4. Item Arrangement button - In any view, you can organize the window by clicking the itemarrangement button and choosing one of the ways to group items.5. Search Field - Start typing a word or phrase and Spotlight will search your Mac for anymatches.6. Right pane - The contents of a selected folder are shown in this pane.7. Pane edge - Drag to resize.8. Devices - A device connected to your computer, such as a DVD, USB device, or yourTime Machine backup disk.9. Sidebar - Items are grouped into categories: Favorites, Shared, and Devices—the topportion has Favorites which contains quick access to All My Files, Applications, Desktop,Documents, Downloads, Movies, Music, and Pictures.10. Back / Forward buttons - As you move to different places in the Finder window, you canuse the back button to return one step back and the forward button to go forward.
The Desktop1. Apple menu () - Access Software Update, SystemPreferences, Sleep, Shut Down, and more.2. Application menu - Contains menus for the application yourecurrently using. The name of the application appears in boldnext to the Apple menu.3. Menu bar - Contains the Apple menu, active application menu,status menus, menu bar extras, Spotlight icon, andNotification Center icon (OS X Mountain Lion).4. Status menu - Shows the date and time, status of yourcomputer, or gives you quick access to certain features—forexample, you can quickly turn on Wi-Fi, turn off Bluetooth, ormute your computers volume.5. Spotlight icon - Click it to bring up the Spotlight search field,where you can search for anything on your Mac.6. Notification Center icon - Click it to view Notification Center,which consolidates your notifications from Messages,Calendar, Mail, Reminders, and third-party apps.7. Desktop - This is where your applications windows willappear. You can add more desktops using Mission Control. Ifyoure using Mac OS X v10.6 or later, you can use Spaces8. The Dock - Quick access to your most frequently usedapplications, folders, and files. With a single click theapplication, folder, or file opens.
The DockAt the bottom of your desktop is the Dock.Youll find icons on the Dock for the Finder, Launchpad, MissionControl, Safari, Mail, Contacts, Calendar, Reminders, Notes,Messages, FaceTime, Photo Booth, iPhoto for importing andmanaging your photos, iTunes, Mac App Store (see below) andSystem Preferences to tweak your system. You can createstacks to the right of the line in the Dock. Your Mac comes with abuilt-in stack for Documents. Click a stack to see whats in it, thenclick any file in the stack to open it.The right-most item in the Dock is the Trash, which you can use todelete files and eject mounted volumes. You can move the Dockand tweak its settings.
You can customize a Stack by right-clicking or control-clickingon the stack. The customize menu includes the followingoptions:Sort by - You can select to have items sorted by Name,Date Added, Date Modified, Date Created, or Kind.Display as - Displays the icon in the Dock as the foldersactual icon or as a stack of icons of the folder contents.View content as - Determines what Stack type is used whenyou click the icon:
Fan - Shows folder content in the Fan stack, organized by your sort option.Grid - Shows folder content in the Grid stack, organized by your sortoption.
ListList - Shows the folder contents as a list, organized by your sort option. Eachsub-folder opens another list and so on, until you reach the end of thedirectory structure. To open an application or document, simply click it.Automatic - This lets OS X determine the best view content option. Whenthere are a few items, the Fan stack is used. Once you have loaded yourfolder with enough items, OS X changes your view content type to the Gridstack.
SpotlightClick the Spotlight icon in the upper-right corner of yourscreen (or press Command-Space bar) and type whatyoure looking for in the resulting field.The moment you start typing, Spotlight begins to showyou what it has found, organizing your results bycategory (including Applications, Documents, Images,and PDF Documents). The more you type, the morerefined your results will be.Tip: You can use the Spotlight pane of SystemPreferences to arrange the order of these categories andspecify categories which will appear. Choose "SpotlightPreferences..." below the search results.
Time MachineTime Machine is the built-in backup that works with yourMac and an external drive (sold separately) or TimeCapsule. Connect the drive, tell Time Machine to use it,and relax.Time Machine automatically backs up your entire Mac,including system files, applications, accounts,preferences, email messages, music, photos, movies,and documents. But what makesTime Machine different from other backup applications isthat it not only keeps a spare copy of every file, itremembers how your system looked on any given day—so you can revisit your Mac as it appeared in the past.Time Machine keeps hourly backups for the past 24hours, daily backups for the past month, and weeklybackups until your backup drive is full.
NotificationCenterNotification Center in Mountain Lion provides you with anelegant and unified view of new stuff that pops up onyour Mac from third-party apps, Mail, Calendar,FaceTime, Game Center, Messages, Reminders, andupdates from the Mac App Store.You can access Notification Center from anywhere,anytime, including full-screen apps. Also they vary byapp, but may include text or sound alerts, and anumbered badge on the app icon.
LaunchpadLaunchpad makes hunting through an applications foldera thing of the past. Just click the Launchpad icon in theDock.Click an icon to launch its app. Create folders of similarapps by dragging one app onto another, and delete appsfrom your system with ease.And all apps downloaded from the Mac App Store areautomatically added to Launchpad, ready to go.
Launchpad1. App icon – Click any app icon to open it.2. Search field (OS X Mountain Lion only) – Enter theapp name or portion of an app name to find it, nomatter which Launchpad page it is on.3. Folder icon – Click it to open a Launchpad folder. The"Other" folder shown has several OS X utilities andother apps in it.4. Launchpad page – Customizable set of app andfolder icons. Tip: Two finger swipes on your trackpadmoves you to the next Launchpad page, or you canclick the page dot (item 7) to jump to a Launchpadpage.5. Launchpad icon in the Dock – Click it to enter andexit Launchpad. A blue progress bar is present whendownloading and installing apps or software updates.Tip: Hover the cursor over the icon to see downloadprogress or installing stage.6. Dock – The OS X Dock.7. Launchpad page dots – The white dot shows thepage you are on, dimmed dots show otherLaunchpad pages you can click to jump to.8. App download or update icon – The black & whiteicon will have a white progress bar with downloadnumbers or installing stage.
App StoreJust like the App Store for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch,the Mac App Store lets you browse, purchase, anddownload your favorite Mac apps.Browse apps by category, and read developerdescriptions and user reviews.When you find an app you like, click to buy it.Apps are added to Launchpad on your Mac in seconds,ready to go.The Mac App Store even tells you when updates areavailable, so you’ll always have the latest version of anyapp you buy.
MessagesMessages appear on your Mac and any device you use,so you can start a conversation in one place andcontinue it on another device.Send photos, videos, documents, and contacts — evensend messages to a group.You can continue your conversations across yourdevices and pick up your conversation from your iPhoneto your Mac and vice-versa.Notes: Delivery and read receipts
FaceTimeWith FaceTime, you can participate in video calls withother FaceTime users over a Wi-Fi or cellular dataconnection.To use FaceTime, you need one of the following Appleproducts:• iPhone 4 or later• iPad 2 or later• iPad mini• iPod touch (4th generation) or later• Mac with Mac OS X v10.6.6 or later• FaceTime is included with OS X Lion or later. Mac OSX v10.6 users can download FaceTime from the MacApp Store.Notes: FaceTime for Mac – Use the email addressdesignated for FaceTime of the person you are calling.
StickiesStickies lets you keep notes on your desktop so you’llnever forget what you need.They’re great for jotting down reminders, lists, and otherinformation.Stickies notes can include rich graphics, and you canchange their colors, fonts, and font sizes.You can also export your notes as text documents toshare with others.
NotesNotes is designed for whatever’s on your mind. Jot downyour thoughts.Add photos, images, and attachments.You can add, delete, and flip through your notes or do aquick search.Use the Share button to send your notes with Mail orMessages.And take them with you everywhere.Notes works with iCloud, so when you create or edit anote on your Mac, it automatically updates on youriPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. And vice versa.
RemindersOrganize your life on your Mac.Make as many to-do lists as you need and easily add tothem.Set due dates and you’ll get alerts as deadlinesapproach.Set a location from your Mac, and your iPhone or iPadwill remind you when you get there.Check items off your lists as you go and keep track ofwhat you’ve completed.And to be sure you don’t forget anything, iCloud keepsyour reminders up to date on your Mac, iPad, iPhone,and iPod touch.
ContactsContacts gives you a flexible and convenient place tostore contact information for your family, friends, andcolleagues.You can also import information from other applications,create distribution lists for clubs and groups, printaddress labels and envelopes, and more.
ModifypreferenceYou can also modify your Finder windows sidebarpreferences.From the Finder menu, choose Preferences to openFinder preferences.Click Sidebar to display its preferences.Select the checkbox next to the items that you want to
Customize thetoolbarYou can customize the commands available in your toolbar.To change the contents in the Finder window toolbar, chooseCustomize Toolbar from the View menu.In the dialog sheet that appears, drag whatever items you want toadd onto the toolbar (such as Burn, Eject, Get Info, and more).To remove a toolbar item, simply drag it off the toolbar.To rearrange stuff in the toolbar, just drag an item to the desiredlocation.You can have the toolbar display only icons, show icons and text,or display text only. When finished, click Done.
Keyboard functions,commands, and shortcuts
F1 - Decrease Screen BrightnessF2 - Increase Screen BrightnessF3 - Mission Control (Lion onwards) / Exposé (Before Lion)F4 - Launchpad (Lion onwards) / Dashboard (Before Lion)F5 - No Pre-Assigned FunctionF6 - No Pre-Assigned FunctionF7 - Previous Track (or hold down to rewind within Track)F8 - Play/Pause Current Track (if no track is open, pressing itonce will open iTunes, pressing it a second time will play atrack)F9 - Next Track (or hold down to forward within Track)F10 - Mute VolumeF11 - Decrease VolumeF12 - Increase Volume
Commands:1. Application switching: If you press command-tab, a window containing allopen application will appear. Keep command pressed down and press the tabkey repeatedly to browse between the applications and when the right one isselected, release the keys and the application will appear in front of the others.2. Quitting applications: To close an application simply press command-q andthe application will quit immediately. Much faster than using the mouse.3. Closing windows: If you wish to close your current window, press command-w. Please notice that this will not cause the whole application to quit, just theactive window. Most applications can be open without having an open window,like Safari for instance. To close the whole application, press command-q.4. Minimizing windows: Command-m causes the active window to minimizeitself into the right of the dock. This is a smart way to hide a window withoutclosing it.5. Hide an application: Use command-h to hide the current application and all ofits windows. The application will appear to be totally gone, but when you click itagain in the dock, all of the previously hidden windows will appear just the wayyou left them before you pressed command-h.
System Preference – Keyboard – Keyboard Shortcuts
OS X ShortcutsText Manipulation• Command + C = Copy• Command + X = Cut• Command + V = PasteScreenshots/Images• Command + Shift + 3 = Full screenshot• Command + Shift + 4 = Active selection screenshot• Command + R during the photo preview = Rotate the photo preview(used in the image above).Others• Control + F2 = Move focus to the menu bar• Control + F3 = Move focus to the Dock• Command + ? = Open the application’s help in Help Viewer• Option + Command + D = Show or hide the Dock• Command + F = Open a Find window
For more information about theOS X Keyboard Shortcuts, click theselinks:• http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343• http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/macs-allinone-for-dummies-cheat-sheet.html• http://support.google.com/chrome/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=165450• http://www.grandtotal.biz/CheatSheet/
Thunderbird• Free, open-source, cross-platform e-mail and news client developed by the MozillaFoundation. The project strategy is modeled after Mozilla Firefox, a project aimed atcreating a Web browser.• Thunderbird VS. Apple Mail: http://email-client.findthebest.com/compare/2-11/Thunderbird-vs-Apple-Mail
To buy software with academicdiscounts for personally ownedcomputer• http://gallaudet.onthehub.com (Microsoft)• http://www.uscollegebuy.com/asl.htm (Adobe products)• http://store.apple.com/us_edu_295234 (Apple software)NOTE: Keeps in mind they required verification before purchasinghttp://www.gallaudet.edu/gts/computing_central/software_central.html
More information on Mac,please click this link:http://www.apple.com/findouthow/mac/http://www.apple.com/support/macbasics/
Special Thanks To:Shannon L. AugustineKent BabsonCharles BowieMaria Petrova–MargasonShay TaylorSheri Youens–Un