Team HK: Package 2

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Team HK: Package 2

  1. 1. PACKAGE 2: SITE DECISIONGLOBAL URBAN DESIGN COURSE - STANFORD TECHNOLOGY CAMPUS IN HONG KONG PROPOSALstudents:Andy LiSam WrightTheodore LimJakob LozejDominik Košakmentors:Derek OuyangSinan Mihelčič
  2. 2. 00_CONTENT01_PROPOSED SITES MAP02_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA AND SUB-CRITERIA03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS a. economic b. transportation c. construction d. parks and zoning e. environment and sustainability f. politics & neighborhood feasibility04_FINAL DECISION MATRIX WITH NUMERICAL RESULTS05_SELECTED SITE INTRODUCTION06_SUSTAINABILITY REPORT
  3. 3. 01_PROPOSED SITES MAP 01_KAI TAK AIRPORT, KOWLOON 02_WEST KOWLOON, KOWLOON N A03_AUSTIN, KOWLOON 04_FO TAN, NEW H I TERRITORIES 05_TUEN MUN, NEW TERRITORIES C
  4. 4. 01_PROPOSED SITES MAP01_KAI TAK AIRPORT, KOWLOON02_WEST KOWLOON, KOWLOON03_AUSTIN, KOWLOON04_FO TAN, NEW TERRITORIES05_TUEN MUN, NEW TERRITORIES
  5. 5. 01_KAI TAK AIRPORT, KOWLOON
  6. 6. 02_WEST KOWLOON, KOWLOON
  7. 7. 03_AUSTIN, KOWLOON
  8. 8. 04_FO TAN, NEW TERRITORIES
  9. 9. 05_TUEN MUN, NEW TERRITORIES
  10. 10. 02_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA AND SUB-CRITERIAa. Economic - 20 % a1. construction cost - 33,3 % a2. land prices - 33,3 % a3. financial feasibility - 33,3 %b. Transportation - 20 % b1. Travel Time to Airport - 5% b2. Travel Time to Downtown HK - 15% b3. Travel Time to China Mainland Travel Hub - 5% b4. Distance to Closest MTR station - 30% b5. Frequency of MTR Trains - 15% b6. Number of MTR Lines near the Site - 30%c. Construction - 15 % c1. existing infrastructure (water 33,3%, electricity 33,3%, roads 33,3%) - 30 % c2. land quality - 25 % c3. typhoon flooding danger - 10 % c4. landslide danger - 10 % c5. casting shadows - 10 % c6. traffic noise - 15 %d. Parks and zoning - 10 % - subcriteria 1 + percentage for each - subcriteria 2...e. Environment and sustainability - 15 % - subcriteria 1 + percentage for each - subcriteria 2...f. Politics & neighborhood feasibility - 20 % f1. Survey Results - 40% f2. Existing Site Conditions - 20% f3. Political Climate - 4% f4. Crime Rate - 10% f5. Distance to nearest fire station - 15% f6. Distance to nearest police station - 10% f7. Elevation above sea level - 1% f8. Density - intensity factor
  11. 11. 02_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA AND SUB-CRITERIADecision matrix explanation:- each criteria and sub-criteria is evaluated in 1-5 tier system (1 - worst, 5 - best)- each sub-criteria is differently weighted, based on the importance of the subject- all provided data is objective and was found on the Internet or other authentic sources- decision matrix also includes subjective data, provided by the locals
  12. 12. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISFive locations are distributed into two groups, based on the similar prices; West Kowloon and New Territories.a1. CONSTRUCTION COSTSDue to the fact of our search for a larger amount of land and the fact that profit is already included in the price offacilities, this prices are certainly exaggerated, but is hard to say how much, although the relationship between pricesin Kowloon and New Territories should remain the same.Low prices=5 High prices=1 economic
  13. 13. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISa2. LAND PRICESSome recent articles on the internet claim that some companies bought very large amounts of land in Kowloon andthe price was between 1600 and 2000 USD per square meter. Another article metioned the price per squre meter inTuen Mun which is situated in the area of the New Territories and it is around 600 USD.The next step will be to send an email to real estate agents and real estate appraisals in order to get the latestavailable information about the land value.a3. FINANCIAL FEASIBILITYAs one of the worlds leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economycharacterised by low taxation and free trade. In order to continue its rapid GDP growth it has to have a stronginternational educational system.In the year 2009, Hong Kong raised 22 percent of worldwide initial public offering (IPO) capital, making it the largestcentre of IPOs in the world and the easiest place to raise capital. Many international companies have thegenuine interest to invest in high quality universities to have access to the top personnel and the bestknowledge.High possibility of financial feasibility=5 Low possibility of financial feasibility=1 economic
  14. 14. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS Site / subject Construction Costs Land prices Financial feasibility Weighted total Kai Tak Airport 3 2 5 3,33 Austin 3 2 5 3,33 West Kowloon 3 2 5 3,33 Fo Tan 4 4 4 4 Tuen Mun 4 4 4 4 economic - decision matrix
  15. 15. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISTransportation - 20% To Airport To ToSub-criteria 1: Travel Time Downtown ChinaAirport - 5%, Downtown - 15%, China - 5% Kai Tak Airport 1 3 4Formula for Evaluation: West Kowloon 3 5 50 - 14 min = 515 - 29 min = 4 Austin 2 4 530 - 44 min = 345 - 59 min = 2 Fo Tan 1 2 360+ min = 1 Tuen Mun 1 1 1 Transportation - Travel Time
  16. 16. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISSub-criteria 2: Closest MTR GradeDistance to Closest MTR Station - 30% Station (Miles)Formula for Evaluation: Kai Tak Airport 1 2 West Kowloon 1/4 50 - 1/4 mile = 51/4 mile - 1/2 mile = 4 Austin 1/2 41/2 mile - 3/4 mile = 33/4 mile - 1 mile = 2 Fo Tan 1/4 5+ 1 mile = 1 Tuen Mun 1 2 1) Kai Tak Airport 2) West Kowloon 3) Austin Going to put map here. 4) Fo Tan 5) Tuen Mun Transportation - Closest MTR Station
  17. 17. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS Formula for Evaluation: Sub-criteria 3: 4 - 6 min = 5 Frequency of MTR Trains - 15% 6 - 8 min = 4 (Saturday Non-Peak Hours) 8 - 10 min = 3 10 - 12 min = 2 +12 min = 1 Frequency of Grade MTR Trains (min)Kai Tak 4-5 5AirportWest 6-12 3KowloonAustin 6-12 3Fo Tan 4-8 5Tuen 6-8 4Mun Transportation - Frequency of MTR
  18. 18. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS 1) Kai Tak Airport 2) West Kowloon 3) Austin 4) Fo Tan 5) Tuen MunSub-criteria 4: Number of GradeNumber of MTR Lines near Site - 30% Lines(Within 1 mile) Kai Tak Airport 2 3Formula for Evaluation: West Kowloon 4 54 lines = 53 lines = 4 Austin 4 52 lines = 31 line = 2 Fo Tan 2 30 lines = 1 Tuen Mun 1 2 Transportation - Closest MTR Station
  19. 19. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISTransportation Matrix - Travel Time to Airport - 5% - Travel Time to Downtown HK - 15% - Travel Time to China Mainland Travel Hub - 5% - Distance to Closest MTR station - 30% - Frequency of MTR Trains - 15% - Number of MTR Lines near the Site - 30% Transportation - Matrix
  20. 20. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISc.1 EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE (water 33,3%, electricity 33,3%, roads 33,3%) - 30 %Each site is examined for existing infrastructure.Formula for evaluation - water (yes=5, needs extension = 3, no=0)Formula for evaluation - electricity (yes=5, needs extension = 3 no=0)Formula for evaluation - roads (no roads=1, one minor road=2, more minor roads=3, minor roads and major road=4, more majorand minor roads=5) Site / Water Electricity Roads Weighted total subject Kai Tak 3 3 5 3.66 airport West 3 3 4 3.33 Kowloon Austin 0 0 5 1.66 Fo Tan 0 0 2 0.66 Tuen Mun 0 0 1 0.33 Source: http://www.ozp.tpb.gov.hk/ construction - existing infrastructure
  21. 21. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISc2. LAND QUALITY - 25 %6 % of onshore area in Hong Kong is reclaimed land (granular sediment and rock material) which is considered to be convenientland to build on, however, it demands some special construction interventions (deep foundations, preventing liquefaction,...). Inhigher parts of HK can be found volcanic rocks and granite which are of medium quality to build on. In addition, there is hillyterrain, so excavations would be credible.Formula for evaluation (poor quality = 1, medium quality = 3, excellent quality=5) Site / subject Soil type Weighted total Kai Tak airport reclaimed land 5 West Kowloon reclaimed land 5 volcanic rocks Austin reclaimed land 5 Fo Tan coarse-grained granite 3 Tuen Mun volcanic rocks, sedimentary rocks 3 coarse-grained granite Source: http://www.cedd.gov.hk/eng/about/organisation/org_geo_pln_map.htm construction - land quality
  22. 22. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISA scheme showing pre- and post- land reclamation process. The process of making the reclaimed land. construction - land quality
  23. 23. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISc3. TYPHOON FLOODING DANGER - 10 %Floods are most likely to happen in lower parts, just above sea level, while areas above 60 feet arerelatively safe. The maximum tide magnitude is ~ 9 feet, while storm surges can reach up to 20 feet. Theevaluation is based on area’s height above sea level,Formula for evaluation (areas below 10 feet = 1, areas between 10-20 feet = 2, areas between 20-40 feet= 3, areas between 40-60 feet = 4, areas above 60 feet = 5) Site / subject Height above sea level Weighted total (feet) Kai Tak airport 21 3 West Kowloon 9 1 Austin 16 2 Fo Tan <500 5 Tuen Mun <220 5 Typhoon shelter in West Kowloon. Source: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/gcacic/IGCP588Yim.pdf construction - typhoon flooding danger
  24. 24. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISFlooding in West Kowloon. construction - typhoon flooding danger
  25. 25. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISc4. LANDSLIDE DANGER - 10 %In general, the number of occurrence of landslides is closely related to the rainfall distribution andintensity. Most of the landslides are occured at the slope angle above 26°. We prespuppose that there ismore rainfall distibution in upper parts of HK due to orographic precipitationFormula for evaluation (most likely to occur = 1, likely to occur = 3, not likely to occur=5) Site / subject Weighted total Kai Tak airport 5 West Kowloon 5 Austin 5 Fo Tan 3 Tuen Mun 4 Rainfall distribution in HK. Source: http://hkss.cedd.gov.hk/hkss/eng/studies/natural/landslide_fact.htm#Natural Terrain Landsliding http://dusk.geo.orst.edu/buffgis/PDFs/landslide_hazard_geo580.pdf http://www.springerimages.com/Images/Geosciences/1-10.1007_s10346-005-0024-x-10 construction - landslide danger
  26. 26. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISFo Tan and Tuen Mun are critical sites regarding landslide danger due to being on a higher level and surroundingincline.Fo Tan ~24% ~13% ~15%Tuen Mun Landslide endangering residental area on HK island. ~34% ~18% construction - landslide danger
  27. 27. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS Airport, Fo Tan and Tuen Mun sites are not affected by shading from surrounding buildings and terrain, while Austin and West Kowloon sites are in dense urban fabric where there is a lot of casting shadows elements - Visual presentation of casting shadows by surrounding building on West Kowloon site at different hours and months of the year. 21 / 3 21 / 6 23 / 99.00 AM12.00 AM6.00 PM construction - casting shadows
  28. 28. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS - Visual presentation of casting shadows by surrounding buildings on Austin site at different hours and months of the year. 21 / 3 21 / 6 23 / 99.00 AM12.00 AM6.00 PM construction - casting shadows
  29. 29. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISThe following is a map published by Hong Kongs Planning Department with the various zones represented in differentcolors. The insert on the lower right-hand corner shows the average distribution of land usage across Hong Kong. parks and zoning - maps
  30. 30. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISKai Tak Airport - Zoning parks and zoning - maps
  31. 31. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISKai Tak Airport - Parks parks and zoning - maps
  32. 32. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISWeset Kowloon - Zoning parks and zoning - maps
  33. 33. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISWest Kowloon - Parks parks and zoning - maps
  34. 34. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISFo Tan - Zoning parks and zoning - maps
  35. 35. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISFo Tan - Parks parks and zoning - maps
  36. 36. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISTuen Mun - Zoning parks and zoning - maps
  37. 37. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISTuen Mun - Parks parks and zoning - maps
  38. 38. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS Parks and zoning plays an important as it tends to define the lifestyle of the student. Ultimately, we decided that the type of area was not as important as the impact a university campus would make on the nearby area. In addition, creating the lifestyle we wanted the students to have was more of a design challenge than a barrier we were simply going to accept.Site / subject measurement % Park Space % Park Space Official Land Utilization Distance o Edge of City (m) Distance to shore 1 mile radius 5 mile radius Kai Tak airport 0 2.1 Residential 2500 m 0m West Kowloon 4.8 5.1 Commercial 6500 m 200 m Austin 4.9 4.8 Vacant 7000 m 250 m Fo Tan 18.2% 16.0% Open Space 500 m 8500 m Tuen Mun 15.3% 14.9% Commercial 500 m 6700 m % of Total 20% 30% N/A 30% 20% parks and zoning - summary
  39. 39. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISTuen Mun - Parks environment - maps
  40. 40. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISEnvironment Report: In light of the usually sunny days in California, air pollution in Hong Kong is considered a serious problem. Inmost cases, visitbility is less than eight kilometers for 30% of the year. The importance of the economic report,however, is limited because one area of Hong Kong will not vary much from another. In the end, we decided airquality was indeed important, giving it a weight factor of 15% Site / subject measurement H2O2/HNO3 (Ave. 2007) O3 Concentration (Ave. 2007) Kai Tak Airport 22.4 330 micrograms/cubic meter West Kowloon 19.5 290 Austin 27.4 320 Fo Tan 8.8 200 Tuen Mun 16.2 250 % Total 60% 40% environment - maps
  41. 41. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISREPUTATION, COMMUNITY AND POLITICAL SUPPORT covers:- Survey Results- Local Party Policies- Cultural, Historical, and Community Significance of Site- Perceived and Real Safety reputation - overview
  42. 42. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS f1. Survey Results - 40% We considered the survey to be the most important factor in determining the political and neighborhood feasibility of the sites. Locals are much more knowledgeable then we are with regards to the important intangibles of a site, such as the atmosphere, culture, and safety, and so we weighted responses heavily. We received 20 responses from residents and other people who are familiar with Hong Kong. reputation - survey
  43. 43. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSIS 01_KAI TAK AIRPORT 03_AUSTINf2. Existing Site Conditions - 20% BROWNFIELD BROWNFIELDWhat cultural or historical importance doesthe current site hold in the neighbourhood?Is it an eyesore such as a brownfield, or asacrosanct area, such as a pristine forest?Would a Stanford campus be seen in thecommunity as an improvement or a blight tothe area? 02_WEST KOWLOON 04_FO TANBROWNFIELD +2 BROWNFIELD-WATERFRONT PRISTINE FORESTWATERFRONT -1PRISTINE FOREST -2 05_TUEN MEN PRISTINE FOREST reputation - existing site conditions
  44. 44. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISf3. Political Climate - 4%A small factor in our decision-making is the political will of thelocal representatives in power inthe district.Most parties in Hong Kong aresupportive of development, butwe felt that fiscally conservative andmore nationalistic parties may beless enthusiastic.However, we felt that existing 02_WEST KOWLOONinstitutions in an area would 03_AUSTIN 04_FO TANcreate a favorable climate formore educational institutionaldevelopment. District Council Seat Distribution Who holds the power?DAB MAJORITY OR PLURALITY: -1 01_KAI TAK 05_TUEN MUNOTHER PARTIES: 0 or as evaluatedEXISTING UNIVERSITIES ORCOLLEGES ALREADY IN AREA: +1 reputation - political climate
  45. 45. 03_DECISION MATRIX CRITERIA ANALYSISf4. Crime - 10%f5. Fire Station Proximity - 10%f6. Police Proximity - 10%f7. Elevation from sea level - 6%(safety and aesthetic)A large part of our analysis dealswith the perceived and actual safetyof the site for the users.Crime statistics are currently beingobtained. For the current decisionmatrix, crime stats were consideredequal across the board for eachneighborhood until we can getfurther data. Example: Tuen MunProximity by road to edge of site:0 to 500 m = +2 1.5 km to nearest firehall (0)500 m to 1 km = +11 km to 1.5 km = 0 1 km to police station (0)1.5 km to 2 km = -1 60 m above sea level (+2)2 km or more = -2 ----- Total Score: +2Elevation parameters:0 to 10 m above sea level: -2 (Crime data not10 to 30 m above sea level: -1 available yet)30 to 50 m above sea level: 050 m and above: +2Protected by West Kowloon TyphoonShelter: +1 (special case) reputation - safety
  46. 46. 04_FINAL DECISION MATRIX WITH NUMERICAL RESULTS Current Weighting: Economic 20% Transportation 20% Construction 15% Parks & Zoning 10% Environment & Sustainability 15% Politics & Neighborhood Feasibility 20% final decision matrix
  47. 47. 04_FINAL DECISION MATRIX WITH NUMERICAL RESULTS Economic Transportation Construction Parks & Environment & Political & Total Zoning Sustainability Neighborhood FeasibilityKai Tak 3.33 3 4.3 2 2.5 3.3 3.1AirportWest 3.33 4.6 3.7 2.3 2 3.8 3.4KowloonAustin 3.33 4.1 3.1 2.2 1 4.1 3.1Fo Tan 4 3.7 3 3 5 2.3 3.5Tuen Mun 4 2.1 3 4 4.1 2.3 3.1 final decision matrix
  48. 48. 05_SELECTED SITE INTRODUCTIONWEST KOWLOON, KOWLOON
  49. 49. 05_SELECTED SITE INTRODUCTIONWEST KOWLOON, KOWLOON- highly urbanised area- waterfront proximity- well-integrated in the city
  50. 50. 06_SUSTAINABILITY REPORT˝THE ABILITY TO MEET NEEDS OF THE PRESENTWITHOUT COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OFFUTURE GENERATIONS TO MEET THEIR NEEDS.˝GENERAL SUSTAINABILITY DIRECTIONS INHONG KONG:- HK has set its sights on raising Hong Kong peoplesquality of life and improving the environment- because of HKs hilly terrain and attempt to preservenatural areas, it is crucial that each new intervention isdeliberately sustainable.- We must be mindful of all three aspects: economy,ecology and social responsibility- there are many technologies, planning schemes andstrategic proposals being reviewed in HK, coveringmany aspects of sustainability (pollution, recycling,energy efficiency, environmental assessments, socialdevelopment...) sustainability
  51. 51. 06_SUSTAINABILITY REPORTGood land use: preserving a healthy balance between built environments and natural environments(perserving natural values, avoiding deforestation,...)Good urban planning: includes efficient transportation (especially mass transit, bicycle system) systems and efficientinfrastructure systems – laid out to minimize consumption, waste, and pollution during use. Sustainable buildings are long-lasting, attractive, no larger than necessary, adaptable to other uses in the future, efficient in the use of resources (energyand materials – including recycling at the end of service life), and well-fitted toneeds, surroundings, and society.Economic soundness: feasible, affordable, attractive, and economically rewarding building practices, providing long-termbenefitsEnvironmental stewardship: conserving material and energy resources, favoring renewable and recyclable resources,preferring less energy-intensive materials, minimizing waste, preserving undeveloped land as a natural resource, andavoiding the pollution of land, water, and airWaste manegement:collect, recycle, treat and dispose waste / providing waste management facilities, because locallandfills are rapidly running out of space sustainability

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