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Homeland Security: Understanding Funding and Spending


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Presentation to IACCM "Ask the Experts" on homeland security funding by Kristina Tanasichuk, Founder & CEO, Government Technology & Services Coalition (GTSC)

Presentation to IACCM "Ask the Experts" on homeland security funding by Kristina Tanasichuk, Founder & CEO, Government Technology & Services Coalition (GTSC)

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  • How does anyone know? Why are people coming to your website? Why should they? How does anyone know about your great work?
  • How does anyone know? Why are people coming to your website? Why should they? How does anyone know about your great work?
  • How does anyone know? Why are people coming to your website? Why should they? How does anyone know about your great work?
  • Transcript

    • 2. GOVERNMENT TECHNOLOGY & SERVICES COALITION >>Non-profit, non-partisan >>501 (c)6 >>Companies up to $1 billion working with DHS, DOD, ODNI, DOJ, DOS >>Companies over $1 billion join as mentors >>Companies $15 million+ are in Lion’s Den >>140 members – about 20 in Lion’s Den
    • 3. MISSION OF GTSC Our vision is to support and assist our government partners to achieve their critical homeland and national security missions with the highest integrity; best and most innovative technologies and services; and results-based, quality products and services to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover form any terrorist attack or natural disaster. GTSC’s mission is to provide exceptional advocacy, capacity building, partnership opportunities and marketing in the Federal security space for small and mid-sized companies. “Working together to improve the Federal homeland & national security market.”
    • 4. HOMELAND SECURITY FUNDING OBJECTIVES: Understand homeland security funding Deeper understanding of how DHS spends these funds
    • 5. HOMELAND SECURITY DEFINED Homeland security is defined as those activities that detect, deter, protect against, and respond to terrorist acts occurring within the United States and its territories. This includes: counterterrorism efforts, protection of civilians and critical infrastructure and assets, and emergency preparedness and response.
    • 6. NATIONAL STRATEGY Priorities and funding are based on the National Strategy for Homeland Security re-issued in 2007 FULL REPORT IS AVAILABLE AT:
    • 7. HOMELAND SECURITY TRENDS Funding For Homeland Security Grew Substantially For Much Of The Past Decade But Has Recently Declined • Funding for homeland security has dropped somewhat from its 2009 peak of $76 billion, in inflation-adjusted terms; funding for 2012 totaled $68 billion. • Pre-9/11, the U.S. spent $12.1 billion • The allocation of homeland security funding among the various federal agencies has remained relatively constant since 2005. Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 8. FOUR STRATEGIC GOALS Homeland Security Funding Is Organized To Meet Four Strategic Goals outlined in the National Strategy for Homeland Security: 1. 2. 3. 4. Prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks; (48%) Protect the American people, critical infrastructure, and key resources; (43%) Respond to and recover from incidents; (9%)and Continue to strengthen the homeland security foundation. (The fourth goal is very broad and does not receive explicit funding.) Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 9. HOMELAND MISSION AREAS The National Strategy identified six specific homeland security missions derived from those strategic goals. • • • • • • Border and transportation Protecting critical infrastructure and key assets Emergency preparedness and response Domestic counterterrorism Defending against catastrophic threats Intelligence and warning Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 10. HOMELAND SECURITY ALLOCATIONS Although every Cabinet-level department receives homeland security funding, approximately 85 percent of the requested funding would be allocated to four departments: • Department of Homeland Security (DHS— $35.9B, or 49 percent of the total homeland security request); • Department of Defense (DoD—$17.4B, or 24 percent); • Department of Health and Human Services (HHS—$4.7 billion or 6 percent); and • Department of Justice (DOJ—$4.2 billion or 6 percent). Source: Special Topics, page 137
    • 11. FUNDING BY DEPARTMENT Source: Government Executive
    • 12. CREATING HOMELAND SECURITY Many ―homeland security‖ Activities existed long before DHS:  Border Patrol  Coast Guard  Secret Service  ATF Source: Government Executive
    • 13. FUNDING BY DEPARTMENT PRE-9/11 Source: Government Executive
    • 15. APPROPRIATIONS Source: Government Executive
    • 16. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Although every department receives homeland security funding, DHS receives the most – around 50% of all funding. FY 2014 Budget Request: $35.9B Homeland Security Budget Request including DOD: $72.7B Homeland Security Budget Request excluding DOD: $55.3B $4.1B – 6% – increase over 2012 enacted level Sources Special Topics, pages 137-144 Government Executive, March 2003
    • 17. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 31 agency budgets include Federal homeland security funding in 2014 DHS, DOD, HHS, DOJ, DOS, and DOC account for $67.7B or 93% of government-wide gross discretionary homeland security funding in 2014 Sources: Special Topics, pages 137-144 Government Executive, March 2003
    • 18. DHS’ CREATION DHS was created over a decade ago and combined 22 agencies with varying functions and missions. Source: Government Executive, March 2003
    • 20. DHS AGENCIES Funding for DHS spans all six homeland security missions, but the majority of that funding is for border and transportation security, accounting for 88% or $24.6B in 2014 across Customs and Border Protection, the Transportation Security Administration and the Coast Guard. Four DHS agencies—Customs and Border Protection, the Transportation Security Administration, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Coast Guard—are designated to receive almost all of the funds in support of that mission. Source: The White House, Office of Management and Budget, Analytical perspectives
    • 21. CBP FUNDING  CBP is responsible for securing America’s borders against terrorist threats, while facilitating legitimate travel, trade, and immigration. This critical mission is carried out by CBP’s personnel, as well as the use of intelligence, targeting, technology, infrastructure, a nd a broad range of other assets and capabilities. CBP also partners with Federal, State, local, tribal, and international stakeholders to perform its mission. FY 2014 Budget Request: $12.9B Gross Discretionary: $10.8B Mandatory Fees & Trust Fund: $2B Sources: U.S. Department of Homeland Security The White House, Office of Management and Budget, Anallytical perspectives
    • 22. TSA FUNDING  TSA’s mission is to maximize transportation security in response to evolving threats while protecting passengers’ privacy and facilitating the flow of legal commerce. TSA’s specific responsibilities include ensuring effective and efficient screening of all air passengers, baggage, and cargo on passenger planes. FY 2014 Budget Request: $7.4B Gross Discretionary: $7.1B Mandatory Fees & Trust Fund: $255M Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security
    • 23. ICE FUNDING  U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the principal investigative arm of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the second-largest investigative agency in the Federal Government. Created in 2003, through a merger of the U.S. Customs Service and the Immigration and Naturalization Service, ICE has more than 19,000 employees in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 48 foreign countries. FY 2014 Budget Request: $5.3B Gross Discretionary: $5B Mandatory Fees & Trust Fund: $3M Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security
    • 24. COAST GUARD FUNDING  The Coast Guard remains the principal Federal agency responsible for maritime safety, security, and environmental stewardship in U.S. ports and inland waterways, along the coasts, and on the high seas. As one of the five Armed Services of the United States, the Coast Guard is the only military organization within DHS. Unlike the other services in the DOD, the Coast Guard is also a law enforcement and regulatory agency with broad domestic legal authorities. The Coast Guard's FY 2014 budget priorities are: • Build essential coast guard capability for the Nation • Strengthen resource and operational stewardship • Sustain the most critical front-line operations FY 2014 Budget Request: $9.8B Net Discretionary: $7.9B Mandatory Fees & Trust Fund: $1.8B Sources: U.S. Department of Homeland Security U.S. Coast Guard Fact Sheet
    • 25. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Because of laws, policies, and custom, the military’s involvement in domestic operations and law enforcement is limited.  DoD and the military services tend to focus their homeland security efforts on protecting infrastructure that is essential for U.S. military operations from terrorist attack and preparing to help civil authorities if asked.  Almost 80 percent of DoD’s homeland security funding would be for either military personnel or operation and maintenance. Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 26. HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES HHS receives much less homeland security funding than DHS and DoD. However, funding for HHS supports the missions of:  defending against catastrophic threats (mainly developing medical countermeasures against biological, chemical, or radiological weapons)  emergency preparedness and response (mainly providing medical supplies, equipment, and personnel in order to respond to a catastrophic health event). Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 27. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DOJ’s main homeland security mission is counterterrorism, primarily conducted by the FBI, whose mission is to investigate major threats to the United States. Source: Congressional Budget Office
    • 28. SHOW ME THE MONEY!
    • 30. CPO STRATEGIC PLAN – 4 PRIORITIES / 30 INITIATIVES / 66 METRICS Quality Contracting Quality People CPO Strategic Plan FY12FY14 Quality Program Support Quality IndustryGovernment Communication
    • 31. UNDERSTAND THEIR ISSUES? GAO REPORTS DHS Acquisition Planning Forecast System Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program
    • 33. TRACKING OPPORTUNITIES Federal Procurement Data System—Next Generation Small Business Administration DHS Freedom of Information Act Offices DHS Office of Public Affairs Unsolicited Proposal Managers: USA Spending:
    • 34. WHAT WILL THEY BE BUYING? DHS Open for Business Federal Business Opportunities Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program
    • 35. FINDING OPPORTUNITIES • - Register – get notices of government requirements for your NAICS code • - Register – Compete on-line for government requirements for your NAICS code • - Phoenix Database to get free contract referrals • - Prime contractors post sucontracting opportunities here
    • 36. FINDING OPPORTUNITIES System for Award Management (SAM) • New website owned by the Federal government that is FREE The System for Award Management (SAM) is combining federal procurement systems and the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance into one new system. The first phase of SAM includes the functionality from the following systems: * Central Contractor Registry (CCR)
* Federal Agency Registration (Fedreg)
* Online Representations and Certifications Application
* Excluded Parties List System (EPLS)
    • 37. WHAT RESOURCES ARE AVAILABLE? • Small business procurement programs • Mentor protégé programs • SBIR RESOURCES
    • 38. SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT • 8(a)program set-aside • HUBZone Program set-aside • Service Disabled Veteran-Owned set-aside • Traditional Small Business set-aside OTHER: • Woman-owned small business set-aside • Small-disadvantaged business • Veteran-owned small business
    • 39. MENTOR PROTÉGÉ PROGRAMS • Encourages large business prime contractors to provide developmental assistance to small businesses • Mentor firms – open to any large business that demonstrates commitment and capability to help develop a small business • Protégé firms – Must meet definition of FAR 19.001 based on their NAICS code. • ALL MUST BE MEMBERS IN GOOD STANDING IN THE FEDERAL MARKETPLACE.
    • 40. MENTOR PROTÉGÉ PROGRAMS • DHS, DOD, DOS have mentor protégé programs • Mentor and protégé apply jointly • Provides:     Developmental assistance Improves performance Fosters long-term relationships Strengthens subcontracting opportunities
    • 41. SBIR/STTR PROGRAMS Science & Technology Directorate, DHS Small Business Innovation Development Act created the Small Business Innovation Research program (SBIR). • Promotes technological innovation through research grants. • 3 phases:    initial support to explore technology (up to $150,000 Phase 2 up to $1 million to expand results Phase 3 promotes partnership with private sector • Small Business Technology Transfer Program  Promotes partnership between small businesses and U.S. research universities
    • 42. HIGHLIGHTING INNOVATION What IS Innovation? Innovation is the development of value through solutions that meet new needs, inarticulate needs, or old customer and market needs in new ways. This is accomplished through different or more effective products, processes, services, te chnologies or ideas that are readily available.
    • 43. HIGHLIGHTING INNOVATION Why is everyone talking about it?
    • 44. HIGHLIGHTING YOUR INNOVATION • Go back to your core competency • How can you apply your innovation to the DHS mission? • Use your thought leadership to show that innovation
    • 45. QUESTIONS? Kristina Tanasichuk, CEO, GTSC m Follow GTSC! Twitter: @GTSCoalition