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Railway safety
 

Railway safety

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Presentation on processes and procedures for implementing Safe travel in Indian Railways.

Presentation on processes and procedures for implementing Safe travel in Indian Railways.

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    Railway safety Railway safety Presentation Transcript

    • Railway Safety
      An overview of the inherent safety systems less known to the public
    • Some Key Statistics, 2010
      • FIRST TRAIN BETWEEN Bori Bandar and Thane on 16-04-1853 (34 kms)
      AT 3:35 PM with 21 gun salute. Journey: 1hr 15minutes.
      Actually the real first passenger train in India trial run was on 18-11-1952.
      • Nationalization of railways (42 rail systems) was done In 1951
      • Route kilometers 64,215 kms
      • Track kilometers 1,14,000 kms.
      • Number of stations 7,500
      • Number of passenger trains per day 9,000
      • Number of freight trains per day 5,700
      • Number of passengers per day 13 millions
      • Freight carried per day 2.8 million tonnes
    • Statistics …. contd
      Number of level crossings 38,000
      Number of locomotives (42+5022+3825) 8,889
      Route length electrified 20,014 kms
      Number of railway divisions 67
      Number of production units 6
      Staff cost per year 51,236 CRORES
      Computerized ticketing was started 1987
      Entire system on line by 1995
      Number of computerized reservation centers 2386
      • CAPITAL AT CHARGE 1,23,000 CRORES.
    • STATISTICS …CONTD….
      • Revenue 98,000 crores
      • Net income 9,595 crores
      • Number of railway zones 17
      • Number of bridges 1,20,000
      • Employees (A-8566+B-8285+C-9,04,696+D-4,39,972) 13.61 lakhs
      • Number of passenger coaches 60,000
      • Number of freight wagons 2,40,000
    • CITIZEN’s CHARTER
      This charter is a commitment of the Indian Railways administration to:
      Provide safe and dependable train services
      Set notified standards for various services wherever possible
      Provide courteous and efficient counter services
      Provide responsive and effective grievance redressal machinery at various levels for time bound resolution of complaints and grievances as far as possible.
    • MAIN TYPES OF ACCIDENTS
      DERAILMENTS (major percentage)
      COLLISIONS
      LEVEL CROSSINGS
      SABOTAGE
      FIRE
      MISCELLANEOUS
    • NUMBER OF ACCIDENTS
    • DETAILS OF CASUALTIESKILLED AND INJURED
    • Commission of Railway safety
      One CCRS at Lucknow and 9 other CRSs working under the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
      Commission’s Principal functions are:
      1. Inspection of new railway lines prior to authorisation for passenger traffic.
      2. Periodical inspection of open lines or of any rolling stock
      3. Approval of new works and renewels affecting passenger carrying trains.
      4. Inquiry under the Railway Act 1989 into the cause of any accident on a railway.
      5. General advice on matters concerning safety in train operations.
      Railway should send intimation of serious accidents to the CRS
    • SAFETY ORGANISATION
      DSO AT DIVISION LEVEL (under DRM)
      CSO AT HEADQUARTERS (under GM)
      SAFETY DIRECTORATE AT BOARD LEVEL
      IMPOSITION OF MINIMUM PUNISHMENTS PRESCRIBED FOR EACH TYPE OF ACCIDENTS/FAILURES ARE ENSURED.
      ENSURE STAFF ARE SENT FOR PERIODICAL TRAININGS AS PRESCRIBED
    • DEPARTMENTS INVOLVED IN SAFETY OF RUNNING TRAINS
      Civil engineering
      Mechanical engineering
      Electrical engineering
      Signal engineering
      Operating department
    • CIVIL ENGINEERING STAFF AND THEIR DUTIES
      Maintenance of track (USFD, LWR, PSC, MACHINE MAINTENANCE, TRCs, Foot plate inspections)
      TRACKMEN, KEYMEN, GANG (DTM UNIT)
      DAY PATROLLING
      HOT weather patrolling
      NIGHT/MONSOON PATROLLING
      SECURITY PATROLLING
      EMERGENCY PROTECTION OF TRACK
    • CIVIL ENGG… CONTD….
      SE PUSH TROLLEY, FOOT PLATE INSPNS. AS PER SCHEDULES
      SSE DO
      ADEN DO
      Sr.DEN DO
      CE MOTOR TROLLEY/INSPECTION CARRIAGE
      GM ACCOMPANIED BY ALL PHODs ONCE IN 2 YEARS
      ULTRASONIC TESTING OF RAILS AND WELDED JOINTS.
      MEDICAL EXAMINATION A-3
    • MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
      DRIVERS (MEDICAL, BREATHLYSER TEST AND REST BEFORE DUTY, RUNNING ROOM FACILITIES, STANDING)
      COACH MAINTENANCE, PRIMARY/SECONDARY AND POH, END COACHES, VACUUM,
      LOCO MAINTENANCE, SCHEDULES
      PERIODICAL ULTRASONIC TESTING OF WHEELS
      MEDICAL EXAMINATION A-1 (COLOUR BLIND?)
    • ELECTRICAL ENGG
      LOCO MAINTENANCE, SCHEDULES AND POH
      SHORT CIRCUITS CAUSING FIRE
      ACCIDENTS, TRIPPING OF 11KV IMMEDIATELY
      TRACTION CONTROL (ALL SECTIONS POWER CAN BE CCONTROLLED)
      MEDICAL EXAMINATION A-1
    • OPERATING DEPARTMENT
      STATION MASTERS, LINE CLEAR, VERIFY BEFORE CLEARING SIGNALS, EXCHANGE SIGNALS,
      GUARDS, EXCHANGE SIGNALS, PROTECTION, VACUUM
      PORTERS, EXCHANAGE SIGNALS,
      INTERLOCKING FAILURES, CLAMPING OF PONTS
      UNUSUAL OCUURANCES,
      TOTAL FAILURE OF COMMUNICATION
      SINGLE LINE WORKING ON DOUBLE LINE
      MEDICAL EXAMIONATION A-2
    • SIGNAL&TELECOM ENGG.
      TRACK CIRCUITING/AXLE COUNTERS TO AVOID COLLISIONS
      BLOCK INSTRUMENTS AND INTERLOCKING
      COMMUNICATION WALKIE TALKIES SATELLITE
      SIGNAL FAILURES
      CONTINUOUS COMMUNICATION BETWEEN DRIVER, GUARD & STATION MASTER THROUGH WALKIE-TALKIES.
      MAINTENANCE OF EMERGENCY PHONE SOCKETS PROVIDED AT 1 KM INTERVALS FOR USE BY GUARDS WHEN NECESSARY
      MEDICAL EXAMINATION A-2
    • ACCIDENTS GENERAL
      SIREN CALLS AT DIVISIONAL OFFICE, LOCO SHED & HEADQUARTERS
      ART TO LEAVE WITHIN 30 MINUTES
      MEDICAL RELIEF VAN FIRST TO LEAVE IMMEDIATELY
      BREAKDOWN STAFF ARE NOMINATED
      TIME SCHEDULE FIXED AND ENQUIRIES ARE CONDUCTED.
      MINIMUM PUNISHMENTS PRESCRIBED ARE IMPOSED
      DERAILMENTS DUE TO COMBINATION OF FACTORS
      ACTION IS INVARIABLY TAKEN ON ALL PUBLIC COMPLAINTS ABOUT SAFETY OR GENERAL AND SUITABLE ACTION IS TAKEN INCLUDING PUNISHMENTS OF STAFF RESPONSIBLE.
    • GENERAL CONTD….
      PUNISHMENTS NOW UP TO HIGHER LEVELS
      TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE IMPORVED
      DRIVERS JOB EVEN WITHOUT TOILET FACILITY
      POLICE ALSO FILE COURT CASES ON NEGLIGENT EMPLOYEES
      THE CAUSE IN LARGE NUMBER OF CCEDENTS IS HUMAN FAILURE AND EFFORTS ARE CONTINUOUSLY MADE BY THE RAILWAYS TO MINIMISE THESE FAILURES. THE TREND OF THE ACCIDENTS CLEARLY INDICATES THIS.