1PATIENT’S RIGHTS ANDRESPONSIBILITIESBy: Col (Dr) Dayananda M
2 Origin of Patient’s Rights and responsibilities• The code of ethics of medical and nursing councils define the duties of the doctors and nurses towards the patients. Thus these duties form the basis of patient’s rights.
3 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Right to expect prompt treatment in an emergency• To receive care meeting the highest standards regardless of race, religion, national origin, disability gender, sexual orientation, age, military service, or source of payment for care.
4 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Right to information on diagnosis, treatment and medicines. ▫ A clear explanation of proposed treatment and procedures, including:- ▫ Potential benefits and drawbacks. ▫ Potential problems in recuperation. ▫ The likelihood of success. ▫ The possible results of non-treatment, and any significant alternatives.
5 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Right to obtain all the relevant information about the professionals involved in the patient care.• Right to expect that all communications and records pertaining to his/her case be treated as confidential to the extent provided by law.
6 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Right to every consideration of his/her privacy concerning his/her medical care programme .• Right to refuse to participate in human experimentation, research, project affecting his/her care or treatment.
7 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Right to get copies of medical records• be informed about and participate in decisions abouthercare, including informed consent to the extent provided by law.• Right to get details of the bill.• Right to seek second opinion about his/her disease, treatment, at his/her own responsibility.
8 PATIENT’S RIGHTS• Certain healthy persons also need the cover of patients rights. This category includes women taking various contraceptive pills, healthy persons who undergo vaccination, healthy persons who volunteer for drug trials etc. ▫ Thus rights of patients cover a wide spectrum of ill as well as healthy persons.
9 PATIENT’S RESPONSIBILITIES• To faithfully undergo the agreed therapy.• To follow the doctors instructions diligently.• To take necessary preventive measures in case of infectious diseases as per the doctors instructions.• To be aware that doctors and nurses are also human beings and are amenable to mistakes and lapses.• To make the payment for the treatment, wherever applicable, to the doctors/hospital promptly.
10 PATIENT’S RESPONSIBILITIES• To respect the autonomy of the doctors and nurses.• To treat doctors and nurses with respect.• To be punctual to attend the clinics/hospital/dispensary for the treatment at the given time.• To preserve all the records of one’s illness.• To keep the doctor informed if the patient wants to change the hospital/doctor.