Gtc session-indian history2


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Another Chapter from History of India -The Mauryas

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  • Unpopularity of NandasForeign InvasionConquests effected by previous Magadha Rulers
  • Kingdoms – Magadha, Avanti, Kosala, VatsaRepublics – Mallas, Sakyas, Maurya, Vrijis
  • Was he really revengeful of his father’s murder and subsequent family loss? My description – The greatest Teacher, A Visionary, unbelievably knowledgeable and intelligent, crooked at times but only with the likes!!!
  • Was he really a puppet in the hands of Chanakya?
  • its foolish men who die for their country, the intelligent ones make others die for their country insteadAlexander’s army was much smaller than Paurus but he was a smart military strategist – attacked Paurus from two flanks by misguiding his spiesAlexander appreciated acts of bravery, chivalry and stateliness ans usually made conqueres locals as their allies
  • The various tv serials based on this subject show that Chanakya even poisoned Alexander…chandragupta was probably still too young at that time but in some places it is shown that Chanakya made him place in Alexander’s army to create inner stiffs and created situations that made the greek army even more wanting to go back homeLater on, Chandragupta marries selecus’s daughter
  • How did chankaya pave the way for chandragupta’s accession to magadha throne?By making his enemies weak; created misunderstanding between rakshas and dhananda Chanakya, after making Chandragupta,the emperor, himself left his position to Rakshas his last war was with selekus as a result of which he got huge parts of Persia under his control - made an army of vishkanyas- started with smaller states ruled by philipos -> Selecus -> Alexander were first taken over by creating internal revolt
  • Gtc session-indian history2

    1. 1. TheMauryanERA- Mamta Goyal
    2. 2. CHRONOLOGY OF Mauryan Era519 – 491 B.C. – Bimbisara491 – 466 B.C. – Ajatasatru466 – 441 B.C. – Darsaka441 – 408 B.C. – Udayi408 – 353 B.C. – Other Kings353 – 313 B.C. - Nandas313 B.C. – 289 B.C. – Chandragupta Maurya289 B.C. – 264 B.C. – Bindusara (son of Chandragupta Maurya)264 – 228 B.C. – Ashoka228 – 220 B.C. – Dasaratha220 – 211 B.C. – Samprati211 – 198 B.C. – Sahsuka198 – 191 B.C. – Devavarman191 – 183 B.C. – Satadhanvan183 – 176 B.C. – Brihadratha137 Years of Mauryan Era from 313 to 176 B.C.438 B.C. – Foundation of Patlaliputra345 B.C. – Birth of Chandragupta325 B.C. – Chandragupta met Alexander317 B.C. – End of Greek domination in Punjab by Chandragupta314 B.C. – Chandragupta invaded Nanda Dominions313 B.C. – Coronation of Chandragupta289 B.C. – Death of Chandragupta
    3. 3. Humayun’s Tomb (New Delhi)
    4. 4. SAD but TRUE… Not much written about one of the greatest king,conquerer and administrator of first ever - unitedBHARAT No consensus about his birth and family lineage Diverse sources of information like Buddhist, Jain,Greek and Brahmanica works add to the controversies our apathy towards preserving whatever little isavailable
    5. 5. CHANAKYA (350 – 275 B.C.) Also known as KAUTILYA and VISHNUGUPTA Son of an accomplished brahmin - Chanaka who was killed bythe cruel Nanda ruler for raising his voice against the atrocities ofthe king his birthplace – Taxila or Chanaka in punjab, or Kerala orsomething else? Brahmin Scholar, maker of Chandragupta, Author ofArthashastra
    6. 6. Chandragupta Maurya – who was he? An outcast Kshatriya or a poor shudra or a Nanda Heir –no consensus in the history One book states his father “Maurya” was the“senapati” in Nanda Army Most seem to suggest he was a nobody who wasrecognised by Chanakya under whose guidance he grewup to become one of the greatest king and create history
    7. 7. State of Country during those times Many Kingdoms and Republics tendency towards the growth of monarchy Magadha was rising fast under first known ruler“Bimbisara” Magadha became the most powerful state andwas ruled by Nand ruler “Dhananand” when thiswhile journey of Chandragupta started
    8. 8. Other Characters Dhananand and Rakshas – ruler & prime ministerof Magadha respectively Paurus and Indradutt – ruler & prime minister ofKaikey respectively Ambhi – Gandhar King
    9. 9. Chanakya is described as shrewd and wily politician one for whom end justifies the means – Spies, lies, manipulation (Saam, daam,dandh, bhed in true sense) The KingMaker - but always worked towarda larger good of the country, not forpersonal gain ruthless Intelligent Master Strategist Single point agenda - Akhand Bharat (the United India ) Immensely Knowledgeable
    10. 10. Chandragupta Maurya - CharacteristicsWhatever the origin, we can describe him as: Courageous Intelligent Moralist Loyal and Faithful Great Sense of Justice
    11. 11. How did the two legends meet?No consensus on this: Chanakya was pouring sugar syrup on the grass thathad hurt his feet to root it out completely Some books state that Chandragupta watched his actand was impressed with his wisdom and hencerequested him to become his guide to help in becominga king others claim that Chanakya found him in a villageinacting a king and observed his leaderships abilities anddecided to mentor him to become the king of “AkhandBharat” Chanakya took him to Taxila university where hestudied various arts including military, political scienceetc.
    12. 12. Alexander’s India Invasion After his western conquest (Persia, Syria, Egypt,Babylonia), crossed Indus in 326 B.C. to conquer “Bharat” King Ambhi of Taxila made friends with him to rival hisenemy “Paurus” Paurus, powerful king in Punjab resisted Alexander butwas defeatedAlexander reached Beas river and aimed to conquer restof India but that was not to be
    13. 13. Alexander’s Return The armymen were tired and homesick Extreme climatic conditions in India added to their woes Did chankaya had a role to play in his return? How about Chandragupta? Alexander retreated leaving his trusted “Seleucus” incharge of his asian dominions and died on his way back
    14. 14. Chandragupta’s Journey Started with Punjab and moved towards east attacking Nandasabout 314 B.C. (Pauras was killed by Eudemos and Chandraguptaattacked Eudemos to take over Punjab) Malayketu (son fo Parvataka – an ally of Chandragupta) raisedagainst him along with few other allys and Rakshas – PM of Nandas Chanakya created dissent among the group and they killed eachother leaving Malayketu alone but he was restored asChandragupta’s minister After taking over whole of North India, he moves towards westconquering Saurashtra , Vindhayan area and later Mysore and otherdeccan territories
    15. 15. Chanakya School of Thought better to win over an intelligent and powerful foe rather than destroy him (legend has it that he handled over his own position to minister of opponent‘Rakshash’ in Nanda dynasty) Righteousness is the root of happiness (virtues and values determine the levelof contentment and bliss that human beings would enjoy) People fury is the greatest of furies – we have enough examples even in themodern world economic prosperity creates prosperity for the people One without an adviser has no certainty of counsel One wheel does not move One who is learned and free from fraud should be made minister Ministerial advice should be kept secret from all quarters (on being heard by sixears, secrecy of counsel gets broken)
    16. 16. Interesting Unknowns Communication Methods? – Pigeons, themerchants and traders going places, specificmessengers? Transportation? – mostly horses – think aboutthe time it took to travel from one place to another Source of Knowledge – Chankaya seems to haveimmense knowledge of geography and chemistrybut how?