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Dam engineering: Building water reservoirs (either elevated or not) in cities in 21rst century urbanism of green cities is much more friendly than dam engineering)

Dam engineering: Building water reservoirs (either elevated or not) in cities in 21rst century urbanism of green cities is much more friendly than dam engineering)

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  • 1. D a m e n g in e e r in g p r e s e n ta tio n (E le v a te d T o w e r T a n k ) L N E C -IB R A C O N 1 r s t w o r ld d a m c o n fe r e n c e B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )G S RADJO U
  • 2. P R O J E C T C O M M U N IC A T IO NB R A Z IL E N E R G Y S E C U R IT Y (W A T E R & E L E C T R IC IT Y ) B R A Z IL S U S T A IN A B L E ENERGY DEVELOPM ENT S E C U R IT Y PEOPLE GROW THG S R A DJO U
  • 3. P R O J E C T C O M M U N IC A T IO NC R IS E S P E R IO D : 2 0 0 7 -2 0 1 2 (A N D B E Y O N D ) 2 0 0 7 - 2 0 1 0 : F in a n c ia l c r is is 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 2 : A u s te r ity c r is is 2 0 1 2 - to d a y : N e w c r is e s
  • 4. P R O J E C T C O M M U N IC A T IO NW ATER HAZAR DF L O O D M A N A G E M E N T , A M A Z O N R IV E R B A S INF L O O D P L A IN R E S T O R A T IO NE N E R G Y S E C U R IT Y (W A T E R , E L E C T R IC IT Y ,...)
  • 5. 3 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES EROSION SEDIMENT FLOOD
  • 6. P R O JE C T S TR A TE G Y IM F -C S O• KEYS S h a r e d D ia g n o s is S e n s e o f u rg e n c y • G D P (G ro w th ): F is c a l d e f ic it r e d u c tio n H ig h u n e m p lo y m e n t r e d u c tio n • a v e ra g e 1 .5 % -2 % • ( p r e v io u s ly 4 % ) V e rtu o u s c y c le S t r a t e g y r is k D ebt r e d u c tio n R e d u c t io n S e n s e o f u rg e n c y F ocus E c o n o m ic a l W e a k b a la n c e • S tra te g y and s h e e tS s o c ia l c o s ts V IC IO U S C Y C LE F is c a l M o n e ta ry F in a n c ia l S tru c tu ra l P o lic y R e fo rm W e a k p o litic a l P o lic y R e fo rm W e a k g ro w th c o m m itm e n t IM F : In te r n a tio n a l M o n e ta r y F u n d C S O : C iv il S o c ie ty O r g a n iz a tio n B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D ) G S R A DJO U
  • 7. P R O JE C T S W O TS tr e n g th - W e a k n e s s - O p p o r tu n ity - T h r e a tIn v e s tm e n t - B e n e fit
  • 8. D a m in v e s tm e n t b e n e fit• DAM STRENG TH• S m a ll & la r g e d a m s : o ld e s t w a te r e n g in e e r in g in fr a s tr u c tu r e• P o p u la t io n g r o w t h : c a te r fo r a la r g e v o lu m e o f p o p u la tio s ( la r g e d a m s )• B a s ic w a t e r r e s o u r c e t e c h n o lo g y : a w a ll a c r o s s a r iv e r flo w• D a m lo c a t io n : m a in ly in m o u n ta in r e g io n s o r v a lle y s ( E U , U S A ,....)• D a m lif e : life s p a n s i.e 1 0 0 y e a r s ( b e y o n d , if th e d a m is w e ll m a in ta in e d )• P h y s ic a l p r o p e r t ie s : w a te r w e ig h tin g m o r e w ith e le v a tio n ( p r e s s u r e )• E n e r g y s e c u r it y : B r a z il d ic ta to r s h ip la w , w a te r a c c u m u la tio n in r e s e r v o is r , g r o w h t, e le c tr ic ity ,...• In v e s t m e n t P r o f it : W o r ld B a n k p r o je c t tu r n k e y c o n tr a c t, lo n g te r m in v e s tm e n h o r iz o n lin e t, w o r k la o d a r e im p o r ta n n u m b e r o f w o r k e s r x h o u r s / tim e• R e s e r v o ir u t ilit y : p o ta b le w a te r , e le c tr ic ity a r tific ia l la k e , tr a n s p o r t/c o m m u n ic a tio n le is u r e s ite s• F lo o d c o n t r o l : c u t h ig h p e a k o f r iv e r d is c h a r g e• R is k s a f e : c o m p a r e d to n u m b e r o f d a m in th e w o r ld ( fe w a c c id e n ts ) G S R A D JO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 9. D a m in v e s tm e n t b e n e fit• DAM W EAKNESS• w a t e r s o u r c e : a r iv e r ( to w e r ta n k s c a n h a v e v a r io u s s o u r c e s o f c a p ta tio n s , r iv e r s , u n d e g r o u n d s , r a in fa lls ,....)• E n e r g y r a t io : lo w e n e r g y e ffic ie n c y r a te : d a m 3 0 % , n u c le a r 1 0 % ,...• Is s u e w it h s e d im e n t s : s h o r te r d a m life s p a n in tr o p ic a l o r e q u a to r ia l• c o u n tr ie s w h e r e r iv e r s a r e fu lly lo a d e d w ith s e d im e n ts .• C O 2 e m is s io n s : v e r y im p o r ta n t d u e to u s e o f c o n c r e te a n d d e s tr u c tio n• o f th e n a tu r a l e n v ir o n m e n t• D a m R is k s : r u p tu r e a n d b r e a k s , r a r e a c c id e n t h a v e im p o r ta n t c a s u ltie s a n d lo s s e s o f liv e s• Is s u e w it h d e f o r e s t a t io n : flo o d r is k , s e d im e n t a n d e r o s io n c o n tr o l• A lt e r n a t iv e e n e r g y s u p p lie s : m o r e o n e p o s s ib le a lte r n a tiv e to s u p p ly e le c tr ic ity a n d p o ta b le w a te r• A lte r n a tiv e te c h n o lo g ie s• C o n s e r v a t io n a n d p r e s e r v a t io n la w s : v a r io u s c o n v e n tio n s o n fo r e s t, b io d iv e r s ity ,• n a tu r a l p a r k s a n d w o r ld h e s r ita g e s• W e a t h e r a n d h y d r o lo g y r is k s : g lo b a l w a r m in g , h u r r ic a n e , lo s s o f n a tu r a l ta n g ib le• a n d in ta n g ib le a s s e ts• ( K a ta r in a 2 0 0 5 ,...., F u s k u s h im a 2 0 1 1 )• S u s t a in a b le d e v e lo p m e n t : g r e e n g r o w th , lo w c a r b o n s o c ie itie s , R io + 2 0• E u r o p e a n p r o je c t s a n d r e g u la t io n s : flo o d r is k r e d u c tio n s , flo o d p la in r e s to r a tio n ( RG S iRn AeD , J. .O. U ) h . B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 10. T im e m a n a g e m e n t(1 5 m in u te s )• c o lo u r c o d e P R O JE C T O P E R A T IO N CASE STU D Y 5 m a s t e r s l i d e •: fF lLoOoOdD pI Nl a Pi n R r I eS s( 1t o 1r 0a ) t i o n A 9 5 m a s te r s lid e : d e s ig n o f e le v a te d to w e r ta n k 5 m a s te r s lid e : e le v a te d to w e r ta n k p r ic in gG S R ADJO U
  • 11. IS S U E : F L O O D R A IN F A L L S R IV E R R U N -O F F S FLOOD CO NCEPT LAND SEA S E D IM E N T S FLOOD (S o u r c e : flo o d c o n c e p t, W o r ld M e te o r o lo g ic a l O r g a n iz a tio n , W M O )G S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D ) G S RA D JO U
  • 12. PR O BLEM ro a d C ité is la n d C eC mo e n rt e t e nc S e in e ( r iv e r ) c o n c re te c ity docks 2 0 th -2 1 rs t r iv e r b e d lim it c e n tu ry is la n d s u b m e rg e d b e d r o c k ( is la n d ) r iv e r b e d sw am ps ro c k r iv e r flo w ( lo w e s t le v e l) r iv e r b e d 2 C it é is la n d r iv e r b e d 1 S e in e ( - 2 0 0 0 y e a r s a g o ) sw am ps
  • 13. W h a t h a p p e n e d (S o u rc e ) M o n tm a rtre• C h a n g e s o f th e r iv e r la n d s c a p e C a th e d ra l (N o rth ) ( h ig h e s t e le v a tio n ) N e w lim it o f th e c ity C ity is la n d ( fir s t (2 0 1 2 a n d b e y o n d ) p o p u la te d " - 2 0 0 0 + y e a r s ) T ro c a d e ro L y o n tr a in P la c e s ta tio n C ity e x p a n s io n g a in e d o n th e r iv e r b e d s (E a s t)(W e s t) sw am ps E iffe l to w e r W a ll (1 9 0 0 ) Sw am ps R iv e r G S RA DJO U (S o u th ) B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 14. E C O N O M IC A L IM P A C T O N T H E G R O W T H (G D P )• C u r v e o f g r o w th ( G D P ) w ith c r is e s - n a tu r a l h a z a rd s ) 6 m o n th s G DP (T ) 0 F lo o d R e c o v e ry 1910G S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 15. S O L V IN G
  • 16. S O L V IN G
  • 17. T O W E R T A N K T R E E "3 T " P R O J E C TF R A M E W O R K F O R A C T IO N S• B a la n c e a n d o b je c tiv e sA d a p ta tio n s tr a te g y F lo o d p la in r e s to r a tio nR e g u la tio n W a te r s y s te m p ro p o s a l D e s ig n o f E le v a te d T o w e r T a n kG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 18. A D A P T A T IO N S T R A T E G IE S( B e tte r th a n m itig a tio n ,...)• W ATER HAZARD M ANAG EM ENT / W ATERSCAPE• W h a t n a tu r e h a s n o t d o n e , m a n s h o u ld m a k e it• O L D T H E O R Y : B U IL D IN G W A L L S -S P E E D M A T T E R S – P A R A D IG M S H IF T : Y e s te d a y , w a te r e c o n o m y > w a te r c o n s e r v a tio n – P A R A D IC M S H IF T : T o d a y , w a te r c o n s e r v a tio n > w a te r e c o n o m y• N a tu r e b e s t k n o w s w h a t is g o o d fo r th e e a r th p la n e te s u s ta in a b ilit y• N E W T H E O R Y : A D A P T A T IO N S T R A T E G IE S – "A S S U M IN G T H A T W A T E R IS A F L U ID . W H E N E V E R A N D W H E R E V E R O N E B U IL D S A W A L L , IT W IL L G O ARO U N D TH E O BSTAC LE, THU S BETTER AD APT"• A D A P T A T IO N M E A N IN G : – "B U IL D IN G T H E C O N D IT IO N F O R T H E W A T E R T O E X P A N D (L O N G L A S T IN G S O L U T IO N ) R A T H E R T H A N C O N S T R A IN IN G T H E L IQ U ID -W A T E R -B E H IN D A W A L L (T E M P O R A R Y S O L U T IO N )"• B E S ID E S M IT IG A T IO N : – IN T E G R A T IO N – P L A N - D O - C H E C K - A C T (P -D -C -A ) M E T H O D O F M A N A G E M E N TG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 19. A D A P T A T IO N S T R A T E G IE S( B e tte r th a n m itig a tio n ,...)• W ATER HAZARD M ANAG EM ENT / W ATERSCAPE• W h a t n a tu r e h a s n o t d o n e , m a n s h o u ld m a k e it• O L D T H E O R Y : B U IL D IN G W A L L S -S P E E D M A T T E R S – P A R A D IG M S H IF T : Y e s te d a y , w a te r e c o n o m y > w a te r c o n s e r v a tio n – P A R A D IC M S H IF T : T o d a y , w a te r c o n s e r v a tio n > w a te r e c o n o m y• N a tu r e b e s t k n o w s w h a t is g o o d fo r th e e a r th p la n e te s u s ta in a b ilit y• N E W T H E O R Y : A D A P T A T IO N S T R A T E G IE S – "A S S U M IN G T H A T W A T E R IS A F L U ID . W H E N E V E R A N D W H E R E V E R O N E B U IL D S A W A L L , IT W IL L G O ARO U N D TH E O BSTAC LE, THU S BETTER AD APT"• A D A P T A T IO N M E A N IN G : – "B U IL D IN G T H E C O N D IT IO N F O R T H E W A T E R T O E X P A N D (L O N G L A S T IN G S O L U T IO N ) R A T H E R T H A N C O N S T R A IN IN G T H E L IQ U ID -W A T E R -B E H IN D A W A L L (T E M P O R A R Y S O L U T IO N )"• B E S ID E S M IT IG A T IO N : – IN T E G R A T IO N – P L A N - D O - C H E C K - A C T (P -D -C -A ) M E T H O D O F M A N A G E M E N TG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 20. A C R E D IB L E W A T E R S U P P L Y C H A IN (E L E V A T E D W A T E R R E S E R V O IR ) A n e le v a te d T o w e r T a n k (T r e e )- 3 T P r o je c tG S R A D JO U ( s o u r c e : a d a p te d fo r m M o n ito r ) B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 21. W A T E R S Y S T E M R IS K SG S R A DR J iOsU k s o u r c e s B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D ) (s o u rc e : P A H O )
  • 22. E L E M E N T S O F T H E F L O O D R IS K R E D U C T IO N (F L O O D R IS K IN T A N G IB L E S ) p r o t e c t io n Law s flo o d p la in E U F lo o d D u b lin U N or U N r e s to r a tio n P r o je c t 1992 r e la t e d 2003 2007 IS D R W o r ld H yogo M id t e r m bank 2 0 0 5 -2 0 1 5 r e v ie w B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )G S R A DJO U
  • 23. 5d e s ig n c r itic a l fa c to r s• P r e s s u r e : e le v a tio n , p u m p in g s ta tio n , d e s ig n o f n e tw o r k• V o lu m e : s u p p ly a n d d e m a n d - e m p ty d u r in g d a y - fille d d u r in g th e e v e n in g• E a r t h q u a k e : s e im ic d e s ig n s , m itig a tio n o n a ll p a r ts o f th e n e tw o r k fr o m r iv e r c a p ta tio n to h o u s e h o ld s u p p ly .• W a t e r t r e a m e n t : d e c a n tin g r e s e r v o irG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 24. D E S IG N (M A T E R IA L M E C H A N IC A L P R O P E R T IE SA C C O R D IN G T O T H E IR G E O M E T R IC A L S H A P E S )• 2 c h a r a c te r is tic o f th e w a te r to w e r ta n k d e s ig n p h y s ic a l p r o p e r tie s S h a p e s a d d r e s is ta n c e P re s s u re to m a te r ia ls fra g m e n te d th a n T h is L a rg e s u rfa c e o f s tro n g e r th e p in h e a d ( S ) P = F /S P re s s u re tr a n s m ittio n S m a ll s iz e th ro u g h th e s u rfa c e is m a te r ia l o n c o n c e n tra te s th a n Th r s tu rc tu re s p re s s u re on ge ( s o il... s o u r c e : m o n ito r s tr i n f r a s t r u c u t e s )B U S I N E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D ) G S R A D JO U
  • 25. w a te r e le v a te d to w e r ta n k 5 • ( P r e s s u r e + V o lu m e ) rr e s e rr v o ii rr ese vo fe r r o - c e m e n t ( to w e r w a ll) r e in fo r c e m e n t s te e l ( s e is m ic d e s ig n )c a p ta tio n base c ity p ip e d e c a n ta tio n r e s e r v o ir n e tw o rk pum p d e liv e r y s ta tio n G S R A DJO U G lo b a l a r c h ite te c tu r e B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 26. IB R A C O N T O W E R T A N K 5 6 6 5 5 4 5 5 4 6 5 6 8 1 8 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 8 1 3 4 9 99 68 88 20 1 0 5 68 88 20 365 4 0 6 0 4 0 8 1 4 0 4 8 1 Var(V ar) s o u rc e : IB R A C O N G S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 27. 5p r ic in g th e e le v a te d to w e r ta n k• H o w ( P r o je c t 3 T )• PBS• p r ic in g th e to w e r ta n k• ( p r in c ip le o f b u s in e s s s to c k m a n a g e m e n tin th e c a s e o to w e r ta n k th e g o o d is w a te r )- s u p p ly d e m a n d- s to c k in d ic a to r- is s u e w ith q u a lity ( a n d w a te r h a z a r d )- s to c k c o n tr o l - w a te r s e c u r ityG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )
  • 28. p r ic in g is s u e (Q u e s tio n to b e a n s w e r e d ) S e e k in g fo r a g o o d p r ic e W h a t/W h o W h e re W hen H ow W hy yes good n p r ic e b a d nG S R A DJO U o bad o B U S IN E S S I N N O V A T I O pN r iRc E eS E A R C H D Er VcE eL O P M E N T ( B I R D ) p i
  • 29. SELECTED SOLUTION Environment Economy Context of 21rst century- Paradigm shift Environment is superior + Society to economy Tower Tank Tree => Green cities (3T pROJECT)GS RADJOU (BIRD)
  • 30. Q u e s tio n s /c o m m e n tsThank you!B u s in e s s In n o v a tio n R e s e a r c h D e v e lo p m e n t (B IR D ) W E B S IT E S / -> P R O F E S S IO N A L w w w .s lid e s h a r e .n e t/m o b ile /G S R A D J O U -> P E R S O N A L w w w .ic c b ir d .fr -> E B P D N w w w .g s r a d jo u .c o mG S R A DJO U B U S IN E S S IN N O V A T IO N R E S E A R C H D E V E L O P M E N T (B IR D )