Understanding the state of England's urban green space and its impact on people's health and well being


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Presentation given by Helen Beck, Public Space Research Advisor, CABE, GSNF, Aug 2010

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  • Black and minority ethnic communities fare worst. Areas with very few BME residents can have up to 11 times more green space than areas where more than 40% of the population are from black and minority ethnic groups. And the spaces they do have are morel likely to be of a low quality. If this discrepancy was in terms of the number of hospitals, or the number of schools, would people stand for this glaring inequality? This matters. It has a knock on effect on people’s health and wellbeing. It compounds the impact of deprivation.
  • Shockingly less than 1 per cent of people living in social housing in our study said they used the green space on their estate.
  • Understanding the state of England's urban green space and its impact on people's health and well being

    1. 1. Understanding the state of England’s urban green space and its impact on people’s health and well-being Helen Beck, Public Space Research Advisor, CABE
    2. 2. Understanding the state of urban green space and why this matters <ul><li>18 month programme of work </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the ‘state’ of England’s urban green space: ‘Urban Green Nation’ and ‘The Green Information Gap’ </li></ul><ul><li>Why does this matter </li></ul><ul><li>for people’s health and </li></ul><ul><li>well-being? ‘Community Green’ </li></ul>
    3. 3. Urban Green Nation: Building the green space evidence base <ul><li>Over 70 major data sources and an inventory of over 16,000 spaces </li></ul><ul><li>What does it tell us about publicly owned and managed urban green space? Evidence for the sector </li></ul><ul><li>6 themes and a baseline for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Green space data analysed with socio-economic information </li></ul>
    4. 4. Findings from the study: Value and use <ul><li>Almost 9 out 10 people use parks </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived value of these spaces is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Most frequently used service tracked by the Place Survey </li></ul>
    5. 5. Findings: Council performance <ul><li>If people are satisfied with their local parks, they tend to be satisfied with their council </li></ul><ul><li>How satisfied you are with your area is linked to your level of income: 30% gap </li></ul>
    6. 6. Findings: Worse provision in deprived areas <ul><li>The most affluent wards have 5 times more parks and green spaces than those living in the most derived 10% of areas </li></ul><ul><li>Different provision of spaces by type and quantity depending on type of area </li></ul>
    7. 8. Findings: Quality is related to use <ul><li>Parks in the most deprived areas have an average of 51 visits per person per year. 62 visits in affluent areas </li></ul><ul><li>Lower levels of physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Young people report lower quality </li></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>Urban green space, inequality, ethnicity and health and wellbeing </li></ul><ul><li>6 case study areas </li></ul><ul><li>Cities in rapid transition, are we providing a service that is fit for the 21 st century? </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental justice </li></ul>Community green: using local green spaces to tackle inequality and health
    9. 10. Findings <ul><li>Only 53% of Bangladeshi people reported feeling safe using their local green space compared with 75% of white interviewees </li></ul><ul><li>Better quality green space - 60% thought their physical health would increase, 48% thought it would improve their mental health and 46% thought it would benefit relationships with family and friends </li></ul>
    10. 12. Next steps <ul><li>Promotion of the action plan – member of staff and enabling support for social landlords </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from centralised data collection - development of a common methodology for data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing dissemination of ‘The Green Info Gap’, ‘Urban Green Nation’ and ‘Community Green’ </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation structures for green space services – November 2010 </li></ul>
    11. 13. Thank you. Questions? [email_address] 0207 070 6793