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Barend van der Meulen

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Barend van der Meulen …

Barend van der Meulen
Rathanat Instituut

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  • 1. 1 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen
  • 2. 2 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen The good news: You will get a job Employment state of doctorate holders Medical science Engineering Social science Natural science Humanities Agriculture Full time Part time Unempl oyed Inactive
  • 3. 3 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen But which job? why do you get it? and how do you get it?
  • 4. 4 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Trends in the global market for high educated Research careers in the Netherlands Implications for career strategies of PhD students Overview
  • 5. 5 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Part 1 War for talent
  • 6. 6 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen The job market for higher educated is more and more international - especially at the top Higher education has increased and will increase because of the growing middle class The growth of higher education
  • 7. 7 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen OECD average: •32% of population has higher education •In cohort 25-34 7% more higher educated cohort 25-64
  • 8. 8 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Abundance of talent Selection continues and training for the selected ones Within and outside universities in public and private sector After the PhD: flexibility required – even if you go for a stable career in one discipline, company or government; There are winners, … And so there are losers too: high education – low income. International debate about the value of the PhD. The Global Auction
  • 9. 10 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Part 2 Research careers in the Netherlands
  • 10. 11 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Postdoc (UMC , interview 2011): ‘… you really need to be determined to go for research, to stay in research, because there are only few tenure positions. En often there are postdoc positions just for 2-3 years … and then you are more or less just busy caring for results that can be written down, to have output and then be able to submit new grant proposals. I am glad, I go into the clinic soon and don’t need to worry about that sort of things. Other people tell the same. They go to industry because they really loose their motivation when in fact they are mainly busy with raising funds for themselves, and I think, they many times do not have time to do the real research, just because you are always thinking about that stupid money.” courtesy: Inge van der Weijden
  • 11. 12 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen 3800 PhD annual 95% job after 3 months PhDs do not prepare for a non-academic career and some want to but are afraid to do so explicitly Average age PhD 29,5 average age staff position (ass prof) 37 So there is an extra 7,5 year of training and selection Two kind of postdocs: - research career PDs - job PDs (often teaching incl.) Some observations: PhDs and postdocs
  • 12. 13 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Most PhDs are employees and have good facilities Graduate schools since 1990 Six Excellent Graduate Schools selected in 1999 Career grants since 2000 VENI Early career 3 years 250 k€ n= 125 annual VIDI Mid career 4 years 800 k€ n= 80 annual VICI Senior career 4 years 1.5 M€ n= 30 annual Career grants for women and minorities Introduction of tenure track positions to allow young researchers to climb to professorial position Policies for young researchers
  • 13. 14 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen What is the mobility of researchers at Dutch universities between the research positions from PhD to retirement? What are your chances to move the academic stairs upwards Academic career mobility
  • 14. 15 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen PhD’s 7,945 Other WP 7,790 external market
  • 15. 16 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Assoc prof Assistent prof 5,185 external l market professor
  • 16. 17 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen More dynamic than people and policies often think More mobility between universities and between Dutch universities and external world Academic career mobility
  • 17. 18 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen
  • 18. 19 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen More dynamic than people and policies often think More mobility between universities and between Dutch universities and external world And… It is not a piramid, but much more an apartment building. in age from 35 in position from assistant professor Main selection from postdoc (<OVWP) to Assist Prof Academic career mobility
  • 19. 20 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Result of strategies of four main actors: The individual researchers who combine after their PhD: Career ambitions and Individual circumstances (partner, family, ….) Professors who Mainly focus on management of research group University, which Wants to reduce uncertainty about hiring new staff. Invest in coaching and training The Research Council, NWO (ZONMW), which Awards best researchers (success rate 15%) Selection and development of scientific talent
  • 20. 21 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Job insecurity of individual researchers has increased Long phase between PhD and staff position (>7 years) Implementation of tenure tracks (so insecurity continues) Training and transparency of requirements has raised the number of talents and increased competition; Universities can implement their scientific performance criteria quite easily; Strong role of research council in determining whose talent is acknowledged by a grant and whose talent not; Combination of strategies
  • 21. 22 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Postdoc (UMC , interview 2011): ‘… you really need to be determined to go for research, to stay in research, because there are only few tenure positions. En often there are postdoc positions just for 2-3 years … and then you are more or less just busy caring for results that can be written down, to have output and then be able to submit new grant proposals. I am glad, I go into the clinic soon and don’t need to worry about that sort of things. Other people tell the same. They go to industry because they really loose their motivation when in fact they are mainly busy with raising funds for themselves, and I think, they many times do not have time to do the real research, just because you are always thinking about that stupid money.” courtesy: Inge van der Weijden
  • 22. 23 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Part 3 How to survive after your PhD
  • 23. 24 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen PhD‟s are not special anymore There are much more PhD‟s than research positions Many PhD‟s move into postdoc positions Postdoc phase is a high stake competition with much more losers than winners Postdoc phase is not preparing well for non-academic jobs So what to do: Two questions ; some advice In conclusion
  • 24. 25 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen 1.Did you become PhD student because 1.you wanted a PhD 2.you wanted just a job 3.you wanted to be a student for some more years If you have crossed „2‟ or „3‟ avoid that you give the same answers when in 2015 you have a “postdoc position”. How did you get were you know are?
  • 25. 26 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen 2. What do you like most about your work 1.Being a PhD student 2.Doing research 3.Being a scientist and explore new ideas, go to conferences, discuss, publish etc. 4.None at all. If you have crossed “3”: use all the talent programs and facilities of the universities as much as you can. And find a scientific mentor asap (if your professor isn‟t yet) Scientist or researcher or something else
  • 26. 27 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen Do not despair. You don‟t have to be a loser. Most of your peers will not have it and the sooner you realise it, the better you will enter the job market Start today to complement your scientific training and explore other skills and interests (without loosing track of your PhD) Do not expect your professor to support you in your career; Instead look around and talk to friends of friends and family of family about their jobs about your motivation and competences Find a coach for your non academic career. What if you don‟t want a scientific career?
  • 27. 28 | PhD students: Winners or Losers at the Academic Job market | Barend van der Meulen

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