Evolution to LTE - An Overview August 2010

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Overview slide deck on LTE FDD and TDD, including the drivers, benefits, business opportunities, standardization, spectrum, network commitments, trials, planned launches, eco-system/devices, LTE-Advanced

This presentation draws upon the Evolution to LTE Information Paper published by GSA on August 26, 2010 (available at www.gsacom.com)

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Evolution to LTE - An Overview August 2010

  1. 1. Evolution to LTE - an overview August 26, 2010 Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) www.gsacom.com Published by the Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) info@gsacom.com Terms of Use Copyright GSA 2010. All rights reserved. GSA makes considerable effort to ensure that the content is accurate; however, such content is provided without warranty in currentness, completeness or correctness. Reproduction of this material for non-commercial use is allowed if the source is stated. For other use please contact the GSA Secretariat via email to info@gsacom.com www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 1/40
  2. 2. The industry direction is to LTE Mobile broadband has taken off LTE is needed to accommodate huge traffic growth 40x – 100x traffic increase: may need to be supported across several frequency bands Mobile broadband is gaining momentum from widespread 3.5G deployments, flat rate data tariffs, availability of internet friendly mobiles www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 2/40
  3. 3. Drivers for LTE LTE is being driven by pervasive convenience of mobile communications and increased penetration combined with improved performance and the falling costs of wireless devices & services.  Broadband connectivity – access to  Mobile phones allowing anytime more info and more entertainment anywhere accessibility  Voice ARPU being driven down by low  Strong growth in smartphone segment cost VoiP services  Mobile data has become a reality  More mobile in work/personal life  Innovative data services  Capture maximum ARPU  High demand for bandwidth, better  Invention of new technologies and quality and services tuned to own personal business models profile www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 3/40
  4. 4. LTE is critical for the market  LTE is the next generation network beyond 3G for mobile broadband, standardized by 3GPP  LTE networks will provide the capacity to support demand for connectivity from a new generation of consumer devices tailored to those new mobile applications  LTE is the next step in the user experience which will enhance more demanding applications  LTE is essential to take mobile broadband to the mass market  LTE will support new services and features which require higher levels of capability and performance  LTE will support mixed data, voice, video and messaging traffic  LTE brings new efficiencies including support for a full IP-based network and harmonization with other radio access technologies  LTE means new spectrum for mobile services – particularly for mobile broadband www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 4/40
  5. 5. Targets for LTE  Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least 100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5bps/Hz)  Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s (2.5bps/Hz within a 20 MHz uplink allocation)  Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to 4 times Release 6 HSDPA  Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 times Release 6 enhanced Uplink  E-UTRAN optimised for low mobile speed: 0-15 km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/h should be supported with high performance. Mobility shall be maintained at speeds 120km/h-350km/h (or even up to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band)  Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 20Mhz allocations: Uplink and downlink, paired and unpaired  Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacent channels: with other operators on adjacent channels: overlapping or adjacent spectrum at country borders: handover with UTRAN and GERAN www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 5/40
  6. 6. Operator benefits using LTE (1) LTE is the natural evolution for GSM and HSPA Lower cost per bit, higher capacity, greater flexibility network operators and true global appeal Re-use of several existing network assets Greater economies of scale Deliver new, improved services and applications With LTE, an operator can achieve a sustainable competitive advantage LTE operators gain economic benefits to strengthen LTE also brings a much improved Business its market position Proposition compared to the legacy technologies www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 6/40
  7. 7. Operator benefits using LTE (2) Lower cost Complements 3G/HSPA IP-based flat network architecture; Low OPEX Addresses high capacity requirements High degree of self configuration/optimization Seamless service continuity/multimode devices High re-use of assets including sites Next generation solution for 3GPP and 3GPP2 Improved performance Highly reliable Higher capacity, peak and user data rates Extreme efficiency, Innovation and intelligence Higher bandwidth which supports a proposition of personalized and “Always on”; enhanced user experience quality experience to its customers Spectrum flexibility Strong industry support globally Can use new or re-farmed spectrum, FDD and Eco-system will build on the success and volumes TDD. Variable channel bandwidth established for HSPA www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 7/40
  8. 8. Business opportunities  LTE provides 2 to 5 times greater spectral efficiency than most advanced 3G networks, reducing the cost per bit and allowing better economics for operators and end users.  It is affordable mass market wireless broadband services - boosting Operator profitability.  Faster downloads, video sharing, true Mobile TV with more channels and better quality.  Increased peak data rates, with the potential for 100 Mbps peak downstream and 50 Mbps peak upstream, reduced latency, scalable bandwidth capacity, and backwards compatibility with existing GSM and WCDMA-HSPA and HSPA+ systems.  Future developments could yield peak throughput of the order of 300 Mbps www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 8/40
  9. 9. LTE Technology LTE employs a new modulation technique on the radio interface - OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex), together with MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) antenna technology OFDM splits the information into multiple narrowband subcarriers, allowing each of them to carry a portion of the information at a lower bit rate, making OFDM a very robust modulation, particularly in multipath scenarios, like urban areas MIMO technology creates several spatial paths on the air interface between the network and subscriber, so these paths can carry the same or different streams of information, which allows an increase in either the coverage (due to higher Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) at the receiver) or user data throughput www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 9/40
  10. 10. LTE Standard LTE Release 8 Major Parameters Access Scheme UL DFTS-OFDM DL OFDMA LTE-Release 8 User Equipment Categories Bandwidth 1.4, 3.5, 10,15, 20MHz Minimum TTI 1msec Sub-carrier spacing 15kHx Cyclic prefix length Short 4.7usec Long 16.7usec Modulation QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM Spatial multiplexing Single layer for UL per UE Up to 4 layers for DL per UE MU-MIMO supported for UL and DL LTE is specified in 36 series technical specifications The LTE Release 8 specifications can be found on www.3gpp.org ™ ETSI has registered "LTE" as a trademark for the benefit of the 3GPP Partners www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 10/40
  11. 11. Evolution of the 3GPP Core Network - SAE The 3GPP core network has also undergone System Architecture Evolution (SAE) in the same timeframe The architecture is based on an as LTE, optimizing it for packet mode and, in particular, evolution of the existing GSM/WCDMA core for the IP-Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), which supports network, with simplified operations and all access technologies, including fixed wire-line access. smooth, cost-efficient deployment This allows:  Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput Simplification of the core network, and optimization for IP traffic and services, and expected growth Simplified support & handover to non-3GPP access technologies The result is the evolved packet system (EPS) that consists of the core network part, the evolved packet core (EPC) and the radio network evolution part, the evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN), i.e. LTE. The EPS is Source: Ericsson also standardized within 3GPP Release 8 (March 2009) There are two nodes in the SAE architecture user plane; the LTE base and is the baseline for implementations. station (eNodeB) and the SAE Gateway. This flat architecture reduces the number of involved nodes in connections. LTE base stations are connected to the core network over the S1 interface www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 11/40
  12. 12. LTE is ready  Standards are complete (Release 8 – March 2009)  LTE has global acceptance by leading operators worldwide  Spectrum is available to support initial system deployments  LTE performance consistently meets or exceeds expectations  Dozens of trials and commercial deployments on-going throughout the world 3 Commercial LTE systems are launched On Dec 15, 2009, TeliaSonera launched the world‟s first commercial LTE services, in Sweden and Norway MTS Uzbekistan announced on July 28, 2010 commercial launch of an LTE system  132 operators in 56 countries are investing in LTE GSA press release: www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_309.php4  101 firm network deployment commitments GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010  31 “pre-commitment” trials, studies www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 12/40
  13. 13. Commitments globally  101 LTE network commitments in 41 countries  Up to 22 LTE networks in service by end 2010  Around 50 LTE networks in service by end 2012  31 additional pre-commitment LTE trials Source of data: GSA Information Paper “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 13/40
  14. 14. Global LTE network commitments This chart plus others and maps are available at www.gsacom.com/news/statistics.php4 Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 14/40
  15. 15. www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 15/40
  16. 16. www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE -- an overview (August 26, 2010) Evolution to LTE an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 16/40 Slide no. 16/40
  17. 17. Some LTE operator announcements Americas  Verizon Wireless is deploying LTE in 700 MHz; trial networks in Boston and Seattle are in the final phase  Texas Energy Network (TEN) plans to deploy a and user-friendly trials are running over the summer. nationwide LTE network, initially targeting the oil and gas Verizon plans LTE launches in 25-30 cities by end 2010 industries. (100 million pops), and nationwide by 2013-2014. The  Greenfield operator Lightsquared plans to build the launch will be supported by dongles and datacards, nation's first wholesale only LTE wireless broadband with smartphones arriving in 1H 2011. network, and has selected its infrastructure supplier.  Cellular South acquired 700 MHz spectrum for According to press reports, the business plan calls for virtually all of Mississippi and Tennessee and most of 36,000 base stations. Alabama and plans to deploy LTE in the future.  Shaw Communications announced in June 2010 it MetroPCS plans to launch LTE in 2010in selected had selected its infrastructure supplier for the areas including Dallas Ft. Worth and Las Vegas company‟s next generation network which provides for LTE in current AWS spectrum as well as future Clearwire has announced plans to trial LTE FDD and frequency bands to be auctioned in Canada. TDD in Phoenix, Arizona Regulators in Brazil and Chile have confirmed plans to auction 2.6 GHz spectrum suitable for LTE deployments More updates are available in GSA’s Evolution to LTE report Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 17/40
  18. 18. Some LTE operator announcements Asia Pacific and Oceania  StarHub is trialing LTE. M1 has completed a 100  The regulator (MIC) has given authority to FPT Mbps data call on its trial LTE network. SingTel is Telecom to test LTE in Hanoi and HCM City within one trialing LTE in Singapore, and overseas with carriers year, and may also license Vietnam Post and in which it holds stakes i.e. SingTel Optus (Australia), Telecommunications and Viettel to similarly test LTE. Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe Telecom (Philippines).  Smart Communications and Globe Telecom have  China Mobile is building its TD-SCDMA network so conducted LTE trials. Piltel is seeking the remaining 3G that sites and other elements are re-usable for LTE TDD. license in the country to deploy LTE services. The trial LTE TDD network at the 2010 World Expo, Shanghai, realized a peak downlink rate of over 80  Telecom New Zealand is committed to LTE, and Mbps in 20 MHz carrying uplink and downlink traffic. The will be making decisions with regards to technology trials first high-definition LTE TDD video call including and choices around the end of 2010. Vodafone New handover has been demonstrated at the MIIT test lab in Zealand has also confirmed its commitment to LTE. The Beijing. Commerce Commission has indicated willingness to discuss infrastructure sharing for LTE. New spectrum  SK Telecom, KT & LG Telecom are deploying LTE. for LTE is not expected to be available before 2013. More updates are available in GSA’s Evolution to LTE report Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 18/40
  19. 19. Some LTE operator announcements Europe  VivaCell-MTS plans to deploy LTE in 2010. ArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) is planning to deploy  Telecom Italia has launched the 2nd phase of LTE LTE following a successful trial in Kazakhstan. testing in Turin. Wind announced its infrastructure supplier for a commercial LTE network deployment  MVNO and cable operator Telenet is trialing LTE in Mechelen, ahead of the 2.6 GHz auction expected in  Kcell announced on July 29, 2010 the installation of Sept 2010. Mobistar is also testing LTE, reaching 60 an LTE base station in Astana to showcase LTE Mbps downlink and latency of 18 ms. performance and capabilities, and intends to deploy a commercial LTE network in the future.  EMT has established an LTE test network in Tallinn and made the first data connection in February 2010.  MTS announced on July 28, 2010 commercial launch Tele2 Estonia is also undertaking LTE tests. of the first LTE system in the CIS and Central Asia, initially in Tashkent. MTS plans significant network  LTE TDD testing has been performed by a leading coverage expansion in the coming months. Ucell is supplier under the ComReg (regulatory body) trial and deploying an LTE network, and is testing in Tashkent. test license program. Hutchison 3 Ireland is trialing 21 Mbps and 42 Mbps HSPA+ in 2010 on the way to  MTS-Ukraine will conduct an LTE trial in 2H 2010. launching LTE services by end 2011. More updates are available in GSA’s Evolution to LTE report Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 19/40
  20. 20. Some LTE operator announcements Middle East and Africa  Omantel showcased LTE TDD to visitors to the Salalah Tourism Festival in July 2010  STC is deploying LTE. Zain commenced deployment  Vodafone Egypt is trialing LTE technology and has in Q2 2010 in Riyadh in the 2.6 GHz band. Etisalat achieved 100 Mbps D/L and 47 Mbps U/L speeds. completed LTE testing in March 2010.  Zain Jordan is planning to trial LTE this year and Vodacom is showcasing LTE and reportedly has 1,000 commercial launch by 2011. Regulator TRC is inviting LTE-ready sites, with launch planned “when handsets comments from incumbents on future LTE licenses. become available”. Cell C has asked regulator ICASA for 2.6GHz spectrum.  Zain Bahrain confirmed in August 2009 plans to deploy LTE, the first announcement in the region. The Al Madar announced plans to deploy an LTE network. company showcased the region‟s first LTE call In March 2010, claiming a download speed of 70 Mbps. More updates are available in GSA’s Evolution to LTE report Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 20/40
  21. 21. LTE commercial networks - performance Signals Research Group conducted the first ever extensive independent drive test evaluation of a commercial LTE network, assessing the performance of the TeliaSonera LTE networks in Stockholm and Oslo, and reported to GSA: “While still in its infancy, commercial LTE networks in Stockholm and Oslo already outperform many fixed broadband connections, offering average data rates of 16.8Mbps (peak = 50Mbps) and 32.1Mbps (peak = 85Mbps) in 10MHz and 20MHz, respectively. Measured data rates would have been even higher if it had not been for the stringent test methodology, which focused almost entirely on vehicular testing.” Signals Research Group, LLC “Signals Ahead,” March 2010 report Will HSPA+ deployments delay LTE rollout? Many operators will invest in both HSPA+ and LTE. GSA sees no evidence of HSPA+ uptake delaying commitments to deploy LTE. The success of HSPA/HSPA+ in delivering mobile broadband will fuel demand to support more customers and for even higher data throughputs including for new applications, which LTE delivers. LTE brings the opportunity for additional spectrum in Digital Dividend (700, 800 MHz) and 2.6 GHz bands, initially giving comparable throughput capacity and performance, and will continue to improve and also benefit from larger bandwidth deployments (up to 20 MHz). www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 21/40
  22. 22. LTE eco-system - platforms, user devices Mobile phones, computer and consumer electronic devices including notebooks, netbooks, ultra-mobile PC‟s, gaming devices, cameras, and PMPs will incorporate embedded LTE connectivity. Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 22/40
  23. 23. Voice over LTE LTE is likely to be deployed with a focus on data services connectivity for PCs, netbooks, etc  Voice service will be introduced as a second step  The One Voice initiative – announced on November 4, 2009, aims for industry agreement on a harmonized way to implement voice and SMS over LTE, based on existing standards.  The GSMA VoLTE (Voice over LTE) initiative was formally announced at the Mobile World Congress on 15th February 2010. In establishing the VoLTE initiative, GSMA has adopted the work of the One Voice Initiative as the basis of the work to lead the global mobile industry towards a standard way of delivering voice and messaging services for Long-Term Evolution (LTE). Using IP Multimedia Subsystem specifications developed by 3GPP as its basis, GSMA have expanded upon the original scope of One Voice work to address the entire end-to-end voice and SMS ecosystem by also focussing on Roaming and Interconnect interfaces, in addition the interface between customer and network. Evolution to LTE For more information see www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 23/40
  24. 24. Spectrum for LTE deployments  An operator may introduce LTE in „new‟ bands where it is easier to deploy 10 MHz or 20 MHz carriers  e.g. 2.6 GHz band (IMT Extension band) or Digital Dividend spectrum 700, 800 MHz  Or in re-farmed existing mobile bands e.g. 850, 900, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2100 MHz  LTE 1800 looks the most promising from re-farmed spectrum  Eventually LTE may be deployed in all of these bands – and others later  2.6 GHz (for capacity) and 700/800 MHz (wider coverage, improved in-building) is a good combination  LTE offers a choice of carrier bandwidths: 1.4 MHz to 20 MHz; the widest bandwidth will be needed for the highest speeds  Availability of new spectrum, particularly in the 2.6 GHz and Digital Dividend bands (700, 800 MHz), is a crucial factor for LTE deployments in many countries, and the regulatory conditions, and will directly determine deployment and service launch dates in most markets. www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 24/40
  25. 25. 700 MHz is a key band for LTE  700 MHz LTE deployments include Verizon Wireless, AT&T Mobility, several regional players 700 MHz spectrum availability will extend throughout Americas. This could be earliest in Chile; regulator Subtel expects to launch a 2.6 GHz LTE spectrum auction in December 2010, which is earlier than originally expected, and up to 140 MHz may be available. It means LTE services could be launched in 2012. Anatel will auction 120 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum, most likely by mid-2013, while giving operators the option to deploy LTE earlier should they acquire an MMDS operator who currently holds spectrum. The 2.6 GHz band had been allocated to MMDS operators for pay TV, and they will keep 70 MHz.  The Indian government has formed a task group to develop a national band plan at 700 MHz  Consultations on future use of 700 MHz have commenced in New Zealand Verizon Wireless LTE commercial launch in 25-30 markets scheduled by end 2010 Nationwide by end 2013 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 25/40
  26. 26. 2.6 GHz is a key band for LTE in Europe and Asia  Telenor and Netcom have been granted licences and 2.6 GHz spectrum  TeliaSonera announced LTE commercial service launch in Oslo on December 15, 2009  Teliasonera, Elisa and DNA have been granted licences for 2.6 GHz spectrum and are building LTE networks in Finland. DNA obtained 40 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum  TeliaSonera Sweden is deploying LTE using nationwide 2x20 MHz 2.6 GHz spectrum and announced commercial service launch in Stockholm on December 15, 2009  MVNO and cable operator Telenet is trialing LTE in Mechelen, ahead of the 2.6 GHz auction expected in September 2010. Mobistar is also testing LTE.  In Hong Kong, 2x15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHz FDD spectrum have been auctioned, and won by China Mobile, Genius Brand and CSL Limited  The regulator MCMC plans to auction 3 blocks of 2.6 GHz spectrum for LTE in 2011, and is also consulting on re-farming 850/900/1800 spectrum for 3G services Several auctions of 2.6 GHz spectrum are scheduled or planned throughout European markets during 2010 - 2011 Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 26/40
  27. 27. LTE deployment – Sweden example Using new and re-farmed spectrum 2.6 GHz spectrum has been auctioned 900 MHz can be used for 3G „‟ The present licences in the 900 MHz Tele2 Sweden and Telenor band will be renewed and it will be possible Sweden are to build a for the operators to phase in new nationwide LTE network technology for mobile broadband while at through a new JV, “Net4 the same time continuing to offer GSM Mobility” mobile telephony. The entire frequency space available in the 900 MHz band will Operators will share spectrum be assigned, which will enable entry of the in the 900 MHz and 2.6 GHz new stakeholder through PTS approving bands the transfer of frequencies to the operator Hi3G’’ Shared GSM network also planned to extend reach by 30 Press release, PTS, 13/03/09 – 50% www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 27/40
  28. 28. 800 MHz is a key band for LTE - Digital Dividend spectrum - Excellent for rural coverage and in building coverage  The transition from analog to digital terrestrial television will release large amounts of spectrum potentially for mobile broadband deployments – the so-called Digital Dividend  In 2005 the European Commission identified the release of the digital dividend in Europe as a spectrum policy priority. The Commission later called for efforts to be made at the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) to give mobile services the same status as broadcasting services  WRC 07 identified the 790-862 MHz band for mobile service in Europe, the Middle East and Africa  Several countries have now confirmed the availability of the 790-862 MHz band (subject to allocation processes i.e. auction), including Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland  Germany was Europe‟s first country to auction a package of spectrum which included 3 x 20 MHz digital dividend spectrum  Other governments in Europe arefollowing in 2010 and beyond  In June 2010, the Australian Government confirmed it would release 126 MHz of digital dividend spectrum (694 – 820 MHz) due to be cleared by end 2013  Many operators will deploy LTE in digital dividend spectrum Region 1 (EMEA) 470 MHz 790 MHz 862 MHz Broadcasting Mobile (2015) www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 28/40
  29. 29. Recent LTE spectrum auctions Europe Germany: After 224 rounds the spectrum auction ended on May 20, 2010 and covered 360 MHz across 4 bands: 800 MHz (digital dividend), 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz. THIS WAS EUROPE‟S FIRST AUCTION OF DIGITAL DIVIDEND SPECTRUM. The 4 incumbents acquired 2.6 GHz channels to be used for LTE. Telefonica O2, Vodafone and T-Mobile (but not E Plus) additionally acquired 800 MHz digital dividend spectrum which they will use for LTE. The 800 MHz spectrum raised €3.576 billion, i.e. over 81.5% of the auction‟s total value. Vodafone and T Mobile are understood to be currently testing and deploying LTE in 800 MHz. Netherlands: 2.6 GHz spectrum was auctioned in April 2010 and resulted in spectrum being awarded to incumbents KPN, Vodafone, T-Mobile, and newcomers Ziggo 4 and Tele2. Unpaired spectrum was left unsold. Denmark: The auction of 2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHz spectrum was completed on May 10, 2010, with spectrum being awarded to Hi3G Denmark ApS; TDC A/S; Telia Nättjänster Norden AB; and Telenor A/S. Information about the auction results is available here: http://en.itst.dk/spectrum-equipment/Auctions-and-calls-for-tenders/2-5-ghz/results-of-the-auction Source of data: GSA report “Evolution to LTE” – August 26, 2010 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 29/40
  30. 30. Other frequency bands for LTE LTE FDD LTE TDD LTE FDD will most likely in future be Early TDD Spectrum for LTE (TTD-LTE) deployed in existing cellular bands too, including:  IMT Extension Center Gap 2570–2620 MHz  2.3 TDD i.e. 2300 – 2400 MHz  850 MHz  900 MHz  AWS (1700/2100 MHz) LTE1800 looks a promising option for operators currently holding  1800 MHz substantial 1800 MHz spectrum and could be ready for mass  1900 MHz market only a short time after 2.6 GHz  2100 MHz Future possibilities: Future TDD possibility  450 – 470 MHz  3.6 GHz  3.6 GHz www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 30/40
  31. 31. LTE TDD The LTE market includes TDD as well as FDD systems “While the majority of LTE deployments today are using the FDD mode, the report confirms significant operator interest in the TDD mode. LTE FDD and LTE TDD are complementary technologies and standardized by 3GPP. A number of key technology milestones have been demonstrated in recent weeks which confirm how the LTE TDD system is maturing towards commercialization. The recently concluded BWA spectrum auction in India has paved the way for early and large scale introduction of TDD LTE into the world’s fastest developing market” GSA press release: www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_309.php4 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 31/40
  32. 32. LTE TDD - LTE FDD and TDD modes are complementary - Both standardized by 3GPP, significant commonalities FDD v TDD DL PHY differences In the DL, the PDCCH contains a number of extra bits specific to TDD The P-SCH, S-SCH and PHICH also differ from FDD. Other channels are unchanged FDD v TDD UL PHY differences TDD operation affects the timing, control and frame structure. DwPTS: sent from eNodeB as part of synchronisation GP: empty guard band For the UL channels, the key UpPTS: sent from UE as part of synchronisation changes are the PRACH channel and sounding. www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 32/40
  33. 33. LTE TDD opportunities identified LTE TDD is positioned as the next evolution in TD-SCDMA family and a natural progression  From 3GPP standards perspective: commonality with FDD  From vendor perspective: increasing use of software defined radio techniques  From operator perspective: spectrum availability, flexible base stations LTE TDD trials now Timescales established for prototype, dual-mode and multimode devices  In-service estimated as 2010-2011  TD-LTE being showcased by many leading players at  World Expo, Shanghai from May 2010  Clearwire (USA) has requested 3GPP to standardize LTE TDD for operation in 2496 – 2690 MHz and on August 4, 2010 announced plans for technology trials to test both LTE TDD and LTE FDD  Softbank Mobile (Japan) is reported to be considering LTE TDD in 2.5 GHz spectrum it owns Early TDD Spectrum for LTE (TTD-LTE)  IMT Extension Center Gap 2570–2620 MHz  2.3 TDD I.e. 2300 – 2400 MHz www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 33/40
  34. 34. LTE TDD is maturing towards commercialization LTE TDD is being showcased by China Mobile and leading industry partners at the World Expo 2010, Shanghai. The large-scale trial network covers the whole 5.28 square-km site, outdoors and in 9 pavilions and 2 demonstration centers. Several products supporting the trial network are launched or planned including WWAN cards, routers and dongles. Key milestones achieved in the trial include:  Demonstration of LTE TDD HD video telephone in single 20 MHz spectrum with peak DL speeds of up to 80 Mbps  Demonstration of VOD, video communication, and other high-speed mobile broadband apps  Demonstration of 24-channel video streaming  Mobile HD video conferencing between the trial network and another location  Inter-Operability Test of multiple LTE TDD USB dongles in a single mobile network cell China Mobile will establish 3 further trial LTE TDD networks in Qingdao, Xiamen and Zhuhai - beginning Q3 2010. China Mobile is also partnering with foreign operators to establish trial LTE TDD networks overseas, including Taiwan. India is a key market for LTE TDD following the BWA spectrum auction. Qualcomm through its JV with local partners is committed to LTE TDD and anticipates commercial service from 2011. Some other BWA spectrum winners are finalizing their technology choice, so more winners may also choose LTE TDD. www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 34/40
  35. 35. LTE-Advanced 3GPP made a formal submission to the ITU, meeting the deadline of October 7, 2009, proposing that LTE Release 10 & beyond (LTE-Advanced) be evaluated as a candidate for IMT-Advanced. The submission was made jointly in the name of the 3GPP Organizational Partners: ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TTA and TTC. GSA is a Market Representation Partner in 3GPP and fully supports the submssion 3GPP plans to complete its work on LTE-Advanced specifications by 2010/2011 Further information: www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 35/40
  36. 36. LTE: a single global standard  LTE is on track, attracting global industry support. The first LTE systems launched in 2009  LTE is the natural migration choice for GSM/HSPA operators. LTE is also the next generation mobile broadband system of choice of leading CDMA operators, who are expected to be in the forefront of service introduction. A leading WiMAX operator recently announced it is shifting technology to LTE  As a result of collaboration between 3GPP, 3GPP2 and IEEE there is a roadmap for CDMA operators to evolve to LTE  Successful handovers between CDMA and LTE networks have been demonstrated  The LTE-TDD mode (TD-LTE) provides a future-proof evolutionary path for TD-SCDMA  With LTE we have one single global standard, securing and driving even higher economies of scale and importantly, simplifying roaming www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 36/40
  37. 37. LTE: some industry forecasts  Maravedis: The number of LTE subscribers worldwide will pass 200 million in 2015  Strategy Analytics: the global LTE handset market will reach 150 million sales units by 2013  ABI Research: by 2013 operators will spend over $8.6 billion on LTE base stations infrastructure  IDC: Spending on LTE equipment will exceed WiMAX equipment spend by end 2011, with worldwide LTE infrastructure revenues approaching USD 8 billion by 2014  Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA): up to 22 LTE networks are anticipated to be in commercial service by end 2010, and at least 45 by end 2012  Gartner: long Term Evolution will be the dominant next-generation mobile broadband technology www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 37/40
  38. 38. Mobile broadband seminar in Hong Kong - where LTE will be discussed Hong Kong - September 6, 2010 Co-organized by GSA, HKSTPC and HKWDC Free to attend Registration required: www.hkstp.org/HKSTPC/onlineRegistration.jsp?lan=en&formId=OF_0000117 www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 38/40
  39. 39. Mobile broadband seminar in London - where LTE will be discussed London September 27, 2010 GSA Mobile Broadband Forum: September 27, 2010 (afternoon) More information, objectives, program, registration details www.gsacom.com/programs/mobilebroadband.php4 Organized by GSA in association with IIR Mobile Broadband World as part of the Mobile Broadband Strategy Day Top industry speakers Delegates need to register (a fee is payable to IIR) using the "Register Now" link on page www.iir-telecoms.com/I2GS2GSA GSA members attending Mobile Broadband World conference (Sept 28-29) also qualify for discount www.iir-telecoms.com/event/mobilebroadband www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 39/40
  40. 40. Global and comprehensive update Evolution to LTE report on what’s happening on LTE  FDD and TDD From GSA – free download  Lists every network commitment, launch, trial Evolution to LTE: GSA report www.gsacom.com Charts and maps available at www.gsacom.com/news/statistics.php4 website: www.gsacom.com www.gsacom.com/rss/gsanews.php4 www.twitter.com/gsacom http://gsacom.mobi www.gsacom.com Global mobile Suppliers Association © 2010 Evolution to LTE - an overview (August 26, 2010) Slide no. 40/40

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