China’s Initiatives of Recovery from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake Wei Xu , Peijun Shi, Lianyou Liu, Jifu Liu Beijing Norma...
Outline  <ul><li>Overview of the Wenchuan Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Handling of the Chinese Government and the Overall ...
[Date] 14:28, May 12, 2008 [Epicenter] Yingxiu Town,  Wenchuan County [Scale] 8.0 on Richter Scale [Death Toll] 69,226 peo...
2. Handling of the Chinese Government <ul><li>Jun. 8, 2008:  Regulation  on Post Wenchuan Earthquake Restoration and Recon...
2.1 The Overall Planning <ul><li>Adopted in Sep. 19, 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>130 days after the earthquake  </li></ul><...
Six reconstruction objectives <ul><li>Housing  shall be available to each family. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure  employment  fo...
Ten Pillars <ul><li>Urban housing </li></ul><ul><li>Rural housing </li></ul><ul><li>Urban construction </li></ul><ul><li>R...
2.2 Planned Investment [In total] 981.4 billion RMB yuan [Housing] 283.5 billion RMB yuan [Infrastructure] 206.2 billion R...
2.3 Funding Source Special fund from central government 300 billion RMB yuan Special fund from local government Capital fr...
Notes: Until Sep. 30, 2009; 1) Unit: 10 8  RMB; 2) Unit: 10 4  suites; 3) Unit: 10 4  households 3.1 Projects and Investme...
3.2 Complete percentage of projects and investment 3. Recovery progress (As of Sept. 30, 2009) Average of complete project...
4. Experiences and lessons
Counterpart assistance arrangements:  Individual provinces supported on significantly affected counties on a  one-to-one  ...
<ul><li>Fund, building materials, high techniques, excellent human resources, advanced industrial concepts </li></ul><ul><...
County 1 County 2 County n China Province 1 Province 2 Province n … Affected area … County A County B County Z Affected ar...
E2: Integrating the Recovery and Poverty Alleviation   <ul><li>Hilly and poor areas with hostile natural environments, inc...
<ul><li>Minle Village, Tumen Town, Mianzhu City (supported by China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation) </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Development of small town </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local traditional industry:  Qiang-embroidery  – Shengli Village, ...
<ul><li>New socialist countryside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jiangqiao Village, Xiaoyudong Town, Pengzhou City </li></ul></ul><...
E3: Capacity Building: Participatory approach   <ul><li>Mutual fund community  – self organized industries in  Minle Villa...
L1: Limited Time and Resources but Heavy Tasks <ul><li>Limited time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To fulfill the three-year plan i...
L2: Lack of medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term development planning  (GDP 1994 =100) Hyogo Phoenix Plan –...
L2: Lack of medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term development planning  (GDP 2005 =100) 2010, 2011, 2012…
5. Discussions <ul><li>S1:  To speed up the restoration and reconstruction process, especially the process of the economic...
5. Discussions <ul><li>S2:  To develop the medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term economic plan </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>Email: xuwei@ires.cn
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China's Initiatives of Recovery from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake

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China's Initiatives of Recovery from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake

  1. 1. China’s Initiatives of Recovery from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake Wei Xu , Peijun Shi, Lianyou Liu, Jifu Liu Beijing Normal University June 2, 2010
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Overview of the Wenchuan Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Handling of the Chinese Government and the Overall Planning </li></ul><ul><li>The restoration and reconstruction progress </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences and lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul>
  3. 3. [Date] 14:28, May 12, 2008 [Epicenter] Yingxiu Town, Wenchuan County [Scale] 8.0 on Richter Scale [Death Toll] 69,226 people [Missing] 17,923 people [Direct Economic Loss] 845.1 billion RMB yuan 1. Overview of the Wenchuan Earthquake Baihua Bridge, Yingxiu town Beichuan County Seat
  4. 4. 2. Handling of the Chinese Government <ul><li>Jun. 8, 2008: Regulation on Post Wenchuan Earthquake Restoration and Reconstruction (State Council Order No.526) </li></ul><ul><li>Jun. 11, Suggestion on P. W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul><ul><li>Jun. 29, Directive on Counterpart Assistance for P. W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul><ul><li>Jul. 3, 2008: Guidance on P. W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul><ul><li>Sep. 19, 2008: Overall Planning for P.W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. and Nov., 2008: Ten specific plans on P.W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul><ul><li>In and after Sep., 2008: Regional plans on P.W Eq. Res. & Rec. </li></ul>0 27 30 49 53 130 158 176 18 14 15 16 17 Oct Sep 19 29 13 Nov Aug Jul Jun May 31 30 … 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  5. 5. 2.1 The Overall Planning <ul><li>Adopted in Sep. 19, 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>130 days after the earthquake </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Targeted completion in Sep., 2011 (in 3 years ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusted to Sep. 2010 ( 2 years ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Targeted areas: 51 seriously damaged counties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>39 in Sichuan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 in Gansu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 in Shaanxi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planned investment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 trillion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Six reconstruction objectives <ul><li>Housing shall be available to each family. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure employment for household of working population. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person is secured . </li></ul><ul><li>Improve infrastructures . </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure development in economy . </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure improvement in ecology . </li></ul>2.1 The Overall Planning
  7. 7. Ten Pillars <ul><li>Urban housing </li></ul><ul><li>Rural housing </li></ul><ul><li>Urban construction </li></ul><ul><li>Rural construction </li></ul><ul><li>Public services </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster prevention and mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological environments </li></ul><ul><li>Mental care </li></ul>2.1 The Overall Planning
  8. 8. 2.2 Planned Investment [In total] 981.4 billion RMB yuan [Housing] 283.5 billion RMB yuan [Infrastructure] 206.2 billion RMB yuan [Disaster prevention and mitigation] 20.2 billion RBM yuan
  9. 9. 2.3 Funding Source Special fund from central government 300 billion RMB yuan Special fund from local government Capital from one-to-one aid provinces 77.6 billion RMB yuan Social donated capital (Enterprises, NPOs, NOGs…) Interest free loan Poverty alleviation and reduction fund Restoration and reconstruction fund 981.4 billion RMB yuan self-possessed self-collected
  10. 10. Notes: Until Sep. 30, 2009; 1) Unit: 10 8 RMB; 2) Unit: 10 4 suites; 3) Unit: 10 4 households 3.1 Projects and Investment 3. Recovery progress 23.02 33.79 0.95 6 31.75 200 146.77 630 Eco-environment 46.46 509.74 8.87 2042 65.10 14986 1097.17 23019 Public services 41.46 855.11 15.54 815 64.01 3356 2062.72 5243 Infra- structure 14.46 29.21 5.11 35 66.28 454 202.07 685 Disaster Prev.& Miti. 51.77 388.82 48.78 541 63.48 704 751.04 1109 Rural construction 31.72 293.36 24.25 290 57.19 684 924.80 1196 Urban construction 97.17 1543.30 98.58 448.33 3) 99.89 454.31 3) 1588.19 454.79 3) Rural housing 39.67 494.77 70.10 129.43 2) 92.39 170.59 2) 1247.16 184.64 2) Urban housing 53.83 5283.22 41.34 17849 70.10 30269 9813.96 43180 In total Ratio to planned (%) Complete investment 1) Ratio to planned (%) Complete projects Ratio to planned (%) Launched projects Investment 1) No. of Projects Launched or complete projects/investments Planned Type
  11. 11. 3.2 Complete percentage of projects and investment 3. Recovery progress (As of Sept. 30, 2009) Average of complete projects: 41.34%
  12. 12. 4. Experiences and lessons
  13. 13. Counterpart assistance arrangements: Individual provinces supported on significantly affected counties on a one-to-one basis committing 1% of local financial revenue in the preceding year for goods and operations every year for three years. E1:Nationwide Support: Counterpart Assistance Tianjin  Ningqiang & Lueyang, Shannxi 20 Fujian  Pengzhou, Sichuan 10 Shenzhen  Wenxian, Kangxian, Chengxian & Wudu, Gansu 19 Henan  Jiangyou, Sichuan 9 Heilongjiang  Jiange, Sichuan 18 Liaoning  Anxian, Sichuan 8 Chongqing  Chongzhou, Sichuan 17 Hebei  Pingwu, Sichuan 7 Hubei  Hanyuan, Sichuan 16 Shanghai  Dujiangyan, Sichuan 6 Jiangxi  Xiaojin, Sichuan 15 Beijing  Shenfang, Sichuan 5 Anhui  Songpan, Sichuan 14 Jiangsu  Mianzhu, Sichuan 4 Jilin  Heishui, Sichuan 13 Zhejiang  Qingchuan, Sichuan 3 Hunan  Lixian, Sichuan 12 Guandong  Wenchuan, Sichuan 2 Shanxi  Maoxian, Sichuan 11 Shandong  Beichuan, Sichuan 1 Supporting area  Supported area ID Supporting area  Supported area ID
  14. 14. <ul><li>Fund, building materials, high techniques, excellent human resources, advanced industrial concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking the supported county as one of the counties of the supporting province, “Mother-Son” relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking the partner support from the basis of province-to-county to county-to-town </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balancing the short-term benefit with the long-term one by supporting on both the hard and the soft aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing advanced industrial concepts and forming new paradigm </li></ul></ul>E1:Nationwide Support: Counterpart Assistance
  15. 15. County 1 County 2 County n China Province 1 Province 2 Province n … Affected area … County A County B County Z Affected area … Town 1 Town 2 Town n … County 2
  16. 16. E2: Integrating the Recovery and Poverty Alleviation <ul><li>Hilly and poor areas with hostile natural environments, inconvenient transportation facilities, poor infrastructure and less-developed economics </li></ul>12,170 RMB (65% of the national level) GDP per capita 41(80.39%) Designated poverty county 19.86 million (end of 2007) Population 18.21 million (91.69%) Agricultural population 2.18 million (10.98%) Poverty-stricken population 1,271 Town 14,565 Village 4834 (33.19%) Poverty village 3,533 RMB (84.7% of the national level) Rural net income per capita 51 County
  17. 17. <ul><li>Minle Village, Tumen Town, Mianzhu City (supported by China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation) </li></ul><ul><li>Jiuquan Village, Yuantan Town, Nanjiang County (supported by Oxfam) </li></ul>E2: Integrating the Recovery and Poverty Alleviation
  18. 18. <ul><li>Development of small town </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local traditional industry: Qiang-embroidery – Shengli Village, Leigu Town, Beichuan County (co-supported by UNDP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yingxiu Town, Wenchuan County </li></ul></ul>E2: Integrating the Recovery and Poverty Alleviation
  19. 19. <ul><li>New socialist countryside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jiangqiao Village, Xiaoyudong Town, Pengzhou City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cigou Village, Leigu Town, Beichuan County </li></ul></ul>E2: Integrating the Recovery and Poverty Alleviation
  20. 20. E3: Capacity Building: Participatory approach <ul><li>Mutual fund community – self organized industries in Minle Village, Tumen Town, Mianzhu City (supported by China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation) </li></ul><ul><li>Community participatory – Jiuquan Village, Yuantan Town, Nanjiang County (supported by Oxfam) </li></ul>
  21. 21. L1: Limited Time and Resources but Heavy Tasks <ul><li>Limited time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To fulfill the three-year plan in two years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heavy tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As of Sept. 30, only 41.34% had been completed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of funds: central and local finance , partner support, donations, self-collected etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of building materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of labors, especially of skilled workers </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. L2: Lack of medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term development planning (GDP 1994 =100) Hyogo Phoenix Plan – 1995 Hanshin Earthquake <ul><li>Targeted: 1996-2006 </li></ul><ul><li>3-year Emergency Restoration Promotion: Housing, Infrastructure, Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Fund: $9 billion </li></ul>
  23. 23. L2: Lack of medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term development planning (GDP 2005 =100) 2010, 2011, 2012…
  24. 24. 5. Discussions <ul><li>S1: To speed up the restoration and reconstruction process, especially the process of the economic and life recovery </li></ul>
  25. 25. 5. Discussions <ul><li>S2: To develop the medium-term livelihood reconstruction and long-term economic plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment issue, agricultural production and tourism economic, technological innovation </li></ul></ul>2010 2011 2012 2013
  26. 26. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>Email: xuwei@ires.cn

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