5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
Interna*onal 
Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
science...
5th 
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Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
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Condi*on 
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Condi*on 
5th 
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image 
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5th 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
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5th 
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Disaster 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
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5th 
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Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
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-­‐ 
The 
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5th 
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Disaster 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
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5th 
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Disaster 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
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5th 
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Disaster 
and 
Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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Management 
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New 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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Management 
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we 
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allowed 
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build 
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Are 
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5th 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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Management 
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Condi*on 
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Risk 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
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The 
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5th 
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Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
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5th 
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Disaster 
and 
Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
The 
role 
of 
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5th 
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and 
Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
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Condi*on 
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Risk 
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‘Integra)ve 
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Condi*on 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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Strategies 
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5th 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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5th 
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IDRC 
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‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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Risk 
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2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
-­‐ 
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role 
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5th 
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Disaster 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
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5th 
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IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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5th 
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2014 
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Management 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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Management 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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Management 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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5th 
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2014 
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5th 
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Risk 
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IDRC 
2014 
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Management 
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5th 
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2014 
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5th 
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IDRC 
2014 
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Risk 
Management 
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Disaster 
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OMA 
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OMA 
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5th 
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Risk 
Conference 
IDRC 
2014 
‘Integra)ve 
Risk 
Management 
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The 
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of 
science...
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Disaster 
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5th 
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science...
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Disaster 
and 
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science...
5th 
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and 
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2014 
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Management 
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of 
science...
5th 
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and 
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space 
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value 
for 
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2015 
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value 
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the 
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for 
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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  1. 1. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org FLOOD! Urban Coastal Transforma*on Strategies for New York Harbor Andrew Whiteside, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland
  2. 2. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  3. 3. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  4. 4. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  5. 5. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  6. 6. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  7. 7. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  8. 8. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Ci*es with the 10 highest annual flood costs by 2050 Global flood damage could exceed $1 Trillion annually by 2050 By the 2070s, the total popula*on at risk could grow to around 150 million people worldwide, due to the combined effects of climate change (sea level rise and increased storminess), subsidence, popula*on growth and urbanisa*on. source: hNp://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/media/sandy12/HalcrowGroup-­‐Sandy1112.pdf
  9. 9. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • What is the expected direct damage from the 100yr flood to the transporta)on infrastructure ? $10 – 15 Billion • How long will it take for the various components of infrastructure to have their services restored? 3 – 4 weeks (at ca. $4 Billion/day) • What will be poten3al economic losses from the transporta)on outages and extended restora)on )mes? $60 -­‐ 80 Billion (+ losses to building stock) source: ClimAID Study: Chapter 8 – Transporta*on. (Jacob et al. December 2011)
  10. 10. Transforma*on of NYC coastline from a soc natural zone to a hard constructed edge 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  11. 11. image credit: "Bkln Bridge Park day finished jeh" by Jim.henderson Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Transforma*on of New York City waterfront 1970 – present: Withdrawal of industry Increased commercial and public uses
  12. 12. nArchitects, "New Aqueous City" global migra*on to coastline -­‐ Increasing pressure to develop waterfront real estate 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  13. 13. Condi*on poten*al Urban zone flood zone 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 River zone ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Overlap between river zone and urban zone increasing
  14. 14. poten*al flood zone 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on River zone Urban zone Overlap between river zone and urban zone increasing
  15. 15. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  16. 16. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  17. 17. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  18. 18. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  19. 19. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on Comparison of 100-­‐year floodplain in 1983 FIRMs and Sandy inunda*on area
  20. 20. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org flood scenarios NYC 2060 The New York Metropolitan region is vulnerable to coastal flooding and large-­‐scale damage to city infrastructure from hurricanes, nor'easters, and other severe storms like Sandy. Much of this region lies less than three meters above mean sea level. Within this area -­‐ which, in total, includes an area of about 260 square kilometers -­‐lies cri*cal infrastructure such as hospitals, airports, railroad and subway sta*on entrances, highways, water treatment oukalls and combined sewer oukalls at or near sea level. Dr. Malcolm Bowman Professor of Oceanography and Dis*nguished Service Professor Marine Sciences Research Center (MSRC) School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS) State University of New York, wri)ng in an Associated Press ar)cle "Experts Say NYC Barrier Could Have Stopped Surge." Image courtesy of NYC DCP /OEM By 2060, sea level rise is projected to flood many areas along New York City's waterfront Condi*on
  21. 21. New York is considered to be one of the most vulnerable ci*es to be exposed to coastal flooding this century. source: hNp://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/media/sandy12/HalcrowGroup-­‐Sandy1112.pdf 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on
  22. 22. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Hurricane Sandy Sta*s*cs • 13.88 feet storm surge, Lower Manhalan • 110 US casual*es, 69 Caribbean Casual*es • 4.6 Million without power across 13 states and Washington DC • 29 New Jersey Hospitals with power outage • Es*mated $30-­‐40 Billion in damage • 95,000 people registered for emergency housing assistance in New York and New Jersey • 650,000 buildings s*ll without power one week acerwards.
  23. 23. Should we be allowed to build everywhere? 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Seaside Heights, New Jersey image credit: Tim Larcen/ Office of Governor
  24. 24. Are we prepared for emergency access? 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Red Hook, Brooklyn image credit: Robert Stolarik/ The New York Times
  25. 25. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Balery Tunnel, Manhalan image credit: MBC News Is our urban infrastructure secure?
  26. 26. Do we always have to start from zero again? 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Breezy Point, Queens image credit: Mario Tama/ GeNy Images
  27. 27. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on Revised FIRM as planning tool
  28. 28. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Number of buildings in the 100-­‐year floodplain by borough
  29. 29. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on Consequences of revised FEMA maps reflec*ng newly iden*fied flood zones
  30. 30. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*on Insurance premiums unter the Na*onal Flood Insurance Program
  31. 31. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Complex and differeniated geomorphology of New York City Analysis of Coastal vulnerabili)es and resiliency Measures shoreline condi*on exposure to wave force Condi*on
  32. 32. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org New York City’s 840 kilometers of exposed waterfront are incredibly diverse. Each of these areas face specific types and levels of risks, and therefore require different strategies. Coastal area typologies must be analyzed for the most effec*ve combina*on of individual measures and the network of effects with inland measures which can be achieved or expected.
  33. 33. Condi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Regional Approach Bos-­‐Wash Megalopolis 49.6 Million People (17% of us Popula*on) on less than 2% of the land area 931 people per square mile New York-­‐Newark-­‐Bridgeport, NY-­‐NJ-­‐CT-­‐PA 22 Million people (2010 census) Region accounts for 20% of GDP America 2050 report: Area projected to grow by 58.1 Million people by 2025
  34. 34. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Image: Lebbeus Woods, Lower Manha=an, 1999 Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  35. 35. Strategies Adapta*on response to climate change have been categorized by the Intergovernmental Panel on climate Change (IPCC) of the United Na*ons along three modes of ac*on: protect, accommodate, and retreat. These modes are also known by the three "R's" of resistance, resilience, and retreat. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org IMMEDIATE STRATEGIES RESISTANCE -­‐ exis*ng building fabric / spaces -­‐ hard / structural strategies MID-­‐TERM STRATEGIES RESILIENCE -­‐ exis*ng building fabric / spaces -­‐ soc /non-­‐structural strategies LONG-­‐TERM STRATEGIES MANAGED RETREAT -­‐ future building fabric / spaces RETREAT RESISTANCE RESISTANCE RESILIENCE
  36. 36. Strategies Porkolio of typical strategies to adapt waterfront areas to be more resilient 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org source: NYC DCP. A Stronger more Resilient New York SITE REACH BUILDING SITE COASTLINE IN-­‐WATER Planners of built environment (Surveyors, city planners, engineers, landscape planners, architects) as "first responders" to reduce vulnerability
  37. 37. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban transforma*on: Architecture Strategies Planners of built environment (Surveyors, city planners, engineers, landscape planners, architects) as "first responders" to reduce vulnerability
  38. 38. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Urban transforma*on: Infrastructure ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Delta Works, The Netherlands Thames Gateway, London Planners of built environment (Surveyors, city planners, engineers, landscape planners, architects) as "first responders" to reduce vulnerability
  39. 39. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Urban transforma*on: Landscape ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dike (Waal flood 1995, by Rijkswaterstaat) Land reclama*on, North Friesland Planners of built environment (Surveyors, city planners, engineers, landscape planners, architects) as "first responders" to reduce vulnerability
  40. 40. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org composite construc*ons Strategies
  41. 41. Strategies Two-­‐level quay wall Restaurant integrated into flood defense Flood protec*on measures in Arnhem, Netherlands 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org MFD – Mul*func*onal Flood Defenses source: Mark Voorendt, Examples of Mul)func)onal Flood Defenses, 2014
  42. 42. Integrated flood protec*on systems Adaptable flood defenses 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Strategies map indica*ng flood risk strategies for HafenCity, Hamburg
  43. 43. Strategies flood-­‐secure plinth Elevated housing Public space as city-­‐water transi*on 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 floa*ng docks Elevated circula*on as public space ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org image credits: ELBE&FLUT; source: HafenCity Hamburg GmbH, Miniatur Wunderland
  44. 44. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org How did New York City plan for Climate Change and Sea Level Rise ? Climate Change and a Global City The Poten*al Consequences of Climate Variability and Change Metro East Coast (MEC) July 2001 2001 2004 2008 2011 NPCC 2010 ClimAID 2011 2013 2013
  45. 45. Strategies How did New York City plan for Climate Change and Sea Level Rise ? 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 2011 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2011
  46. 46. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  47. 47. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org RESISTANCE – structural measures Insufficient empirical knowledge of flooding dynamics in New York City
  48. 48. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects Proposal for an extension of lower Manhalan with barrier islands source: Muchan park, Luc Wilson, Leigh D'ambra, ScoN Hayner with Laurie Hawkinson and Risa Heller
  49. 49. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects Proposal for a system of hollow streets with vegetated swales source: ARO dlandstudio / Rising Currents
  50. 50. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects Proposal for constructed ecosystem to absorb wave energy and runoff source: ARO dlandstudio / Rising Currents
  51. 51. Architects Propose 'Soft Infrastructure' to Protect NYC From the Next BPig Srtoorm |j Inehabcitatt Nsew York City 01.11.12 13:46 Thanks to climate change, we've experienced some wild storms the past couple of years, many reaching record severity levels and causing a lot of damage along the way. To make matters worse, NYC is slowly succumbing to rising sea levels, which threaten to sink coastal neighborhoods throughout the boroughs. In light of a possible environmental disaster (and the aftermath of Hurricane Irene), a group of architecture firms have united to tackle these issues with innovative green design. Taking lessons from levee design flaws in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina, these architects have created "soft infrastructure," a design concept based on priming the city to "deal with storms instead of fortify itself against them" by using natural 5th resources Internalike *onal coastal Disaster marshlands and and Risk building Conference more sustainable IDRC 2014 infrastructure like green roofs. ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Proposal for soc infrastucture to absorb wave energy source: ARO dlandstudio / Rising Currents
  52. 52. Conceptual design for a storm surge barrier across the Verrazano Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island source: Aerts, et al. (2009) 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects
  53. 53. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org NYC Comprehensive coastal protec*on plan
  54. 54. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org NYC Comprehensive coastal protec*on plan Increase coastal edge eleva*ons -­‐ Beach nourishment -­‐ Revetments -­‐ Bulkheads -­‐ Tide gates Minimize upland wave zones -­‐ Dunes -­‐ Offshore breakwaters -­‐ Wetlands, living shorelines and reefs -­‐ Groins Protect against storm surge -­‐ Integrated flood protec*on system -­‐ Floodwalls / levees -­‐ Local storm surge barrier -­‐ Mul*-­‐purpose levee
  55. 55. BRONX East Harlem Red Hook Strategies For low-­‐lying areas like Red Hook in Brooklyn, Hospital Row in Manhalan and East Harlem, the plan calls for a system that could include portable flood walls. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Portable flood walls and berms STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐areas.html?ref=nyregion
  56. 56. BRONX Astoria genera)ng sta)on Strategies The plan recommends that a flood wall be built around Con Edison's Farragut substa*on on the East River, and a levee along the East Shore of Staten Island. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Levees and flood walls STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN Farragut substa)on East Shore source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐areas.html?ref=nyregion
  57. 57. BRONX Newtown Creek Strategies At narrow inlets such as Newtown Creek and the Gowanus Canal, the plan calls for movable gates in the water to keep a storm surge from reaching low-­‐lying interior areas. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN Local surge barriers Gowanus Canal Rockaway inlet source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐areas.html?ref=nyregion
  58. 58. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Local surge barriers Newtown Creek surge barrier Strategies
  59. 59. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN Mul*purpose levees Lower ManhaNan The plan calls for a levee along the East River in ManhaNan that could also be used for something else, like parking, or commercial or residen)al development. source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐areas.html?ref=nyregion
  60. 60. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Mul*purpose levees Levee at South Beach Strategies
  61. 61. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Levee at South Beach Strategies Mul*purpose levees
  62. 62. BRONX Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland Jamaica Bay www.grforum.org Wetlands Bay Ridge Flats Saw Mill Creek ToNenville STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN Plumb Beach The city concluded that marshes and swamps, even trees, helped to reduce waves, and the plan calls for fostering them across the city. source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐areas.html?ref=nyregion
  63. 63. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 DELAY Zoning policy ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Wetlands Coney Island Creek wetlands and *dal barrier
  64. 64. Strategies 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Flushing Meadows Coney Island Creek Oakwood Beach ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Tide gates STATEN ISLAND BROOKLYN QUEENS MANHATTAN Saw MillCreek Tide gates would keep rising seawater from flowing into the city's drainage network.
  65. 65. Strategies Offshore breakwaters and jeues MANHATTAN BROOKLYN QUEENS City Island Sea Gate Built offshore, breakwaters made of rock would absorb the force of waves before they reach the beach. Jeqes, carefully placed, could do so as well 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 STATEN ISLAND ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland source: hNp://www.ny)mes.com/interac)ve/2013/06/12/nyregion/bloombergs-­‐plan-­‐to-­‐protect-­‐the-­‐coast-­‐focuses-­‐on-­‐these-­‐awrweaws..ghrtfmorlu?mre.of=rgn yregion
  66. 66. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Elevated construc*on Strategies
  67. 67. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Elevated construc*on Strategies
  68. 68. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Compe**on 2013-­‐14 Projects
  69. 69. Resiliency through the integra*on of key infrastructural elements that protects coastal neighborhoods and the en*re city of Hoboken beyond. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey
  70. 70. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org holis*c flood strategy Projects OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey
  71. 71. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org holis*c flood strategy Projects OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey Masterplan comprises four key elements: Resist – programmed hard infrastructure and sos landscape for coastal defense Delay – policy recommenda)ons, guidelines, and urban infrastructure to slow rainwater runoff Store – a circuit of interconnected green infrastructure to store and direct excess rainwater Discharge – pumps & alterna)ve routes to support drainage
  72. 72. OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey Hoboken New Jersey is exposed to *dal surge at Weehawken Bay to the North and the New Jersey Transit rail yards to the South. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects OMA plans rebuild by design defense strategy for jersey coastline 10.04.14 18:27 hoboken is exposed to tidal surge at weehawken bay to the north and the new jersey transit rail yards to the south at weehawken cove, a park landscape serves as a defensive barrier, protecting the region and its utilities from storm surges and flooding. these wetlands provide a natural filter, while simultaneously enhancing recreational amenities for the community and facilitating future development. permeable paving, rain gardens and bioswales help manage the city’s surface water – further reducing the risk of flash flooding while enhancing the cityscape. see designboom’s ongoing coverage of the rebuild by design competition here. At Weehawken Cove, a park landscape serves as a defensive barrier, protec)ng the region and its u)li)es from storm surges and flooding. These wetlands provide a natural filter, while simultaneously enhancing recrea)onal ameni)es for the community and facilita)ng future development. Permeable paving, rain gardens and bioswales help manage the city’s surface water – further reducing the risk of flash flooding while enhancing the cityscape.
  73. 73. Projects OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey Along the Hoboken light rail, rainwater storage ini*a*ves are connected to make a complete green circuit 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Nature and urban environments working together
  74. 74. OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey Park as wall Landscape as drainage circuit Pump sta)on hardened historic building Building as wall Landscape as wall Canal as water storage Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The development will offer flood defense and also provide public ameni*es
  75. 75. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects OMA – Office of Metropolitan Architecture Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge: a comprehensive strategy for Hoboken Hoboken, New Jersey
  76. 76. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org WXY Studio East River Blueway plan Projects
  77. 77. Projects 10-­‐mile flood-­‐preven*on barrier designed to func*on as public gardens and parkland for city residents. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org BIG Architects The BIG U A superstorm barrier that fits into the neighborhood. The system is designed to be woven into the social fabric of each neighborhood, taking the form of grassy knolls in one area and public art projects in another.
  78. 78. A protec*ve system around driven by the needs and concerns of its communi*es. Protects 10 con*nuous miles of low-­‐lying geography geography that comprise an incredibly dense, vibrant, and vulnerable urban area by shielding the city against floods and stormwater and providing social and environmental benefits to the community, and an improved public realm. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects BIG Architects The BIG U
  79. 79. Social infrastructure The plan comprises 3 systems, each created though consulta*on with local communi*es. Resilience infrastructure that doesn't present itself as a wall between the city and the water Goal: to make the waterfront more resilient but also more accessible and invi*ng to the ci*zens around it. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects BIG Architects The BIG U
  80. 80. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org HIGHER GROUND CIimate-­‐resilient Development Strategies for the Brooklyn Navy Yard Summerschool 2013 Project studio module University of Applied Sciences Bern College of Architecture, Wood & Civil Engineering-­‐ AHB Burgdorf Department of Architecture
  81. 81. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects
  82. 82. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects
  83. 83. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects
  84. 84. Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org FEMA Flood map showing Brooklyn Navy Yard Flood Hazard Layer
  85. 85. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects FEMA Flood map showing Brooklyn Navy Yard Flood Hazard Layer
  86. 86. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Projects
  87. 87. principles/focus: -­‐ Public space -­‐ green infrastructure at ground level as public space -­‐ Financing – Coastal landscape co-­‐financed by Public sector, local construc*on financed by companies and BNYDC -­‐ Transporta*on -­‐ Manhalan ferry connec*on -­‐ Local iden*ty -­‐ Iconic landscraper on Brooklyn waterfront 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 2 Projects
  88. 88. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 2 Projects
  89. 89. Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 2 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org principles/focus: -­‐ Mee*ng/communica*on – raised galleries serve as extension of public space -­‐ Spa*al quality – Projects take advantage of river views -­‐ Elevated ground plakorm facili*es connected to elevated promenade
  90. 90. Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 3 principles/focus: -­‐ Integra*on of public func*ons with public space on site -­‐ phased transforma*on of industrial building as storm-­‐proof crea*ve environment -­‐ building as communica*on hub between companies and general public
  91. 91. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 3 Projects principles/focus: -­‐ Integra*on of public func*ons with public space on site -­‐ phased transforma*on of industrial building as storm-­‐proof crea*ve environment -­‐ building as communica*on hub between companies and general public
  92. 92. Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 1 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org principles/focus: -­‐ Extension of public space into river -­‐ Wave-­‐force breakers: river ecosystem support -­‐ Oyster beds as soc infrastructure -­‐ Combina*on of structural and non-­‐structural measures
  93. 93. Projects 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Higher Ground BFH Studio Workshop 2013 Site 1 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org principles/focus: -­‐ Public waterfront space as collec*ve urban resource
  94. 94. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  95. 95. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org process
  96. 96. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Evalua*on / assessment Developing coastal adapta*on to climate change in the New York City infrastructure shed: process, approach, tools and strategies
  97. 97. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Rela*onships and dependencies flood insurance costs community empowerment adaptability/ scalability stakeholder par*cipa*on cross-­‐border coordina*on
  98. 98. par*al concepts for the par*al problems (concept varia*ons) 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 par*al problems a eg. circula*on b eg. volumetrics c eg. energy concept d eg. func*onal program e eg. protec*ve func*on Varia)ons of total solu)ons ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Process Flexible scenarios: morphological box as scenario planning tool
  99. 99. Process 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 3D ZONING PLAN ("Visual SWOT") -­‐ Defini*on of building envelope and func*onal distribu*on -­‐ Combina*on of resiliency strategies according to vulnerability profile
  100. 100. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  101. 101. Evalua*on Criteria atmosphere / civic urban quali)es 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org usability social compa)bility cost effec)veness durability environmental compa)bility
  102. 102. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Evalua*on Criteria Evalua3on criteria * • Protec*on Integra*on of network of resilience and resistance measures (architecture/infrastructure/landscape), Integra*on with exis*ng and planned flood protec*on projects and programs, adaptability, extension, • Context Integra*on within an adap*ve, mul*-­‐scalar, mul*-­‐strategy approach, combina*on/coordina*on of object-­‐specific, area, and large-­‐scale strategies including impacted inland zones to create mul*plier effects and system robustness including overloading scenarios, social/poli*cal viability, ecosystem support, compa*bility with exis*ng local and regional resources • Process Community par*cipa*on, stakeholder integra*on including community leaders from the beginning, itera*ve evalua*on and revision cycle through scenario simula*on modelling and stress-­‐tes*ng. • Flexibility Upgradeability, modularity for mul*ple scenarios, phasing capability, Scalability, adaptability, spa*al flexibility. • Urban quality Compa*bility with local character and mul*ple func*onality (public/commercial/private), Enhanced local iden*ty, public river access, historic values, views, city-­‐river rela*onship. • Urban circula*on Pedestrian and vehicular evacua*on routes, river traffic security. • Func*ons/program Spa*al diversity for different companies, programma*c flexibility, interfaces between companies and public. • Financing economic viability (PPP, local, state and federal funding), Low Cost-­‐use ra*o, acceptable planning, construc*on, opera*onal and maintenance costs, mul*-­‐*er financing models through public, private and commercial sectors at community, district, state and na*onal levels. • Legal framework own/lease/rent legal framework, owner/tenant acountability, cross-­‐border accountability and coopera*on, phased availability of land resources • Transferability Adapta*on / applica*on of strategies for implementa*on in similar condi*ons or scenarios * Based on goals and parameters as defined by New York City's Office of city planning, the Brooklyn Navy Yard Development Corpora)on and the Bern University of Applied Sciences.
  103. 103. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Condi*ons strategies Projects Processes Evalua*on criteria Conclusions
  104. 104. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Conclusions • The permanent and mul*-­‐scalar integra*on of disaster mi*ga*on measures must be approached at a systemic level, combining urban requirements and an understanding of the dynamics of natural systems in the development of an integrated approach FROM THE START. • Integrated and adaptable flood defenses should be implemented in place of isolated measures. • Effec*ve and economical capacity building can be achieved by combining structural and ecologically-­‐based measures at mul*ple scales which take advantage of exis*ng resources through an interdisciplinary approach. • Integrated master planning must incorporate a high degree of flexibililty based on climatological scenarios and developmental uncertain*es. • Transi*onal strategies are immediately necessary to adapt coastal urban environments to present and future flood risk. • Innova*ve strategies that can help guide communi*es on a sustainable path to living with water should be able to be replicated in similar situa*ons elsewhere. • Managed retreat cannot be categorically ruled out as a future scenario in specific urban zones. • Public awareness of and par*cipa*on in flood protec*on measures must be encouraged and embedded at the community level. • Par*cipa*on and coordina*on of public, commercial and private sectors necessary for innova*ve, durable , effec*ve and widely supported impementa*on.
  105. 105. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduc*on Support for implementa3on of Hyogo guidelines and strategies: Educa*on and training -­‐ Integra)on of flood mi)ga)on strategies into design and construc)on programs. -­‐ Strengthening of interdisciplinary curricula/course offerings between engineering and architecture. -­‐ Combining climate-­‐resilient design as a technical discipline with design as a primary driver of our built environment. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Design criteria -­‐ Total integra)ve performance assessment -­‐ Methodology -­‐ scenarios based on uncertainty factors -­‐ Benchmarking -­‐ effec)veness at mul)ple scales -­‐ poten)al for widespread stakeholder par)cipa)on -­‐ possibility for community par)cipants to rapidly and easily implement measures locally Asset protec*on -­‐ Thema)sing and priori)sing vulnerability reduc)on issues applicable for similar coastal asset operators
  106. 106. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduc*on Areas which should be given addi3onal considera3on within the Hyogo Framework for Ac3on: Urban quality -­‐ Deployment of flood protec)on measures which contributes to the quality of the physical environment during non-­‐emergencies. Urban nature -­‐ viable integra)on and expansion of natural environments as sos infrastructure for flood mi)ga)on. Protec*on for industry -­‐ Strengthened disaster mi)ga)on for economically cri)cal sectors opera)ng in coastal zones.
  107. 107. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Future developments “Sea level rise is unequivocal. It’s happening. The only ques*on is by how much. Construc*on around the waterfront and bay has to allow for unpredictable change. We can’t just build a big wall and forget about it.” —Guy Nordenson, structural engineer and principal, Guy Nordenson and Associates source: Vision 2020: New York City Comprehensive Waterfront Plan, New York City Department of City Planning, March 2011.
  108. 108. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The increasingly drama*c consequences of rising seas and violent weather urgently demand a rethinking of how we conceive, plan and construct our urban environments. Such a rethinking is a big challenge but also a chance to renego*ate our rela*onship with the natural environment and in the process to save lives, protect assets, and enable our coasts to con*nue to develop as vibrant zones of human ac*vity.
  109. 109. 5th Interna*onal Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integra)ve Risk Management -­‐ The role of science, technology & prac)ce‘ • 24-­‐28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Thank you

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