Wenchuan Earthquake _Forum_He guangxi.pdf

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Wenchuan Earthquake _Forum_He guangxi.pdf

  1. 1. LIVING CONDITIONS OF DISASTER-AFFECTED POPULATION IN AND AFTER WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE Main Findings of A Two-Round Survey in Wenchuan Earthquake Area Zhao Yandong He Guangxi Ma Ying, Jon Pedersen, Zhang Huafeng, Kristin Dalen Yandong, Guangxi, Ying Pedersen Huafeng Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies IDRC. IDRC Davos 2010.06.02 1
  2. 2. 汶川地震灾区居民重建恢复情况调查 Overview 研究设计与主要发现 2
  3. 3. Background • 2008.5.12: Wenchuan Earthquake • July, 2008: Post-Wenchuan Earthquake Rapid Needs Assessment Survey y, q p y – to provide an overall profile of local residents' living conditions, attitudes and policy needs – to facilitate the making of “the Overall Planning for Post-Wenchuan Earthquake Restoration and Reconstruction” Reconstr ction” – the first large-scale implementation of Rapid Need Assessment in China’s disaster management – 4526 households sampled, 3652 interviewed, with a response rate 80.7% • July, 2009: Survey on the Restoration and Reconstruction of Residents – to monitor the process of reconstruction and restoration in the earthquake area – to facilitate the mid-term assessment of the overall planning – 5549 households sampled, 4037 interviewed, with a response rate 72.8% – a panel survey based on the first survey: 2000 households in the first survey were tracked • Entrusted by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway • Conducted by CASTED and Fafo 3
  4. 4. Sampling and questionnaire • Same sampling and questionnaire framework were employed • Multi-stage and stratified random sampling – Two-stage sampling – 26 counties, 171 clusters (communities) – Stratified by the types of communities o Normal communities o Temporary settlements (camps) • Face to face questionnaire interview – questionnaire framework from Living Condition Surveys – basic demographic information, housing and infrastructure, education, health, di f d i h lh employment, agricultural production, social support and participation, social attitude, policy needs… 4
  5. 5. Main Findings 汶川地震灾区居民重建恢复情况调查 1. Housing Reconstruction and Infrastructure 2. Employment and Working Condition p oy e t a d o g Co d t o 研究设计与主要发现 3. Health Condition 4. Policy Needs 5. Social Participation and Social Trust 6. Social Attitudes 5
  6. 6. Housing reconstruction and infrastructure g • In 2008, 41% of the households lived in temporary houses • In 2009, this figure dropped to 10% 6
  7. 7. • Comparing to 2008, coverage of electricity tap water and flush 2008 electricity, toilet in 2009 have increased significantly 汶川地震灾区居民重建恢复情况调查 研究设计与主要发现 Housing infrastructure of households in earthquake-hit areas (%) 7
  8. 8. • Up to July, 2009, more than 60% of primary- and secondary school students were studying in permanent classrooms • 5% in entirely new school • 汶川地震灾区居民重建恢复情况调查 9% in partly new school • 28% in reinforced or repaired school 研究设计与主要发现 • 39% still in temporary classrooms 8
  9. 9. Health condition • In 2009, 69% of residents say their general health situation is “very good” or “somewhat good”, 5 percent higher than 2008 • In 2009, indicators of mental health are slightly improved comparing to 2008 Score on indicators measuring residents 'mental health (CHQ-12): higher score, better condition 9
  10. 10. Employment and working condition • According to ILO’s standard, unemployment rate in both years remains low – 2008: overall rate is 2 1% urban rate is 4 7% 2.1%, 4.7% – 2009: overall rate slightly dropped to 1.9%, urban rate dropped to 3.6% • However, among those currently employed, working conditions deserve improvement • only 16% have long-term employed jobs – 38% reported wage reducing comparing to before earthquake – 12% worried about possible job losing within next t ithi t two years – 3% worried that they might lose job due to the completion of reconstruction projects Unemployment rate in earthquake area (%) 10
  11. 11. Policy needs • Percentage of residents with no policy demands doubled o 2008: 7% o 2009: 14% • Main needs have shifted from basic survival needs to developmental ones Residents’ main needs for the reconstruction policy (%) 11
  12. 12. Social participation and social trust • Percentage of residents who have participated in public activities rose significantly – 2008: 13.8% – 2009: 43.1% • Comparing to 2008, the level of social trust in 2009 slightly dropped, but still clearly p g , g y pp , y higher than 2004 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 5 2004 2008 2 2009 1.5 1 0.5 0 Family Strangers government police media 人 导 体 人 人 人 府 察 生 的 领 媒 地 国 家 政 警 医 围 区 内 外 外 Neighbour Foreigner community leader doctor 周 社 国 在 住 12
  13. 13. Social attitudes • Satisfaction with current life remains stably high – 2008: 82% of residents are satisfied – 2009: 80% • People are generally confident for the future… – 61% believe their life will become better next year – 32% foreseeing no change – only 8% say that life will be worse 13
  14. 14. • Satisfaction with local government is dropping – Satisfaction with the central and provincial governments remains high in both years – However, satisfaction with local-level governments decreased significantly Public satisfaction with different levels of governments:2008-2009 (%) 14
  15. 15. • Sense of social injustice and inequality is increasing – as for the allocation of relief materials, percentage of residents feel ing unfair increased… o 2008:26% o 2009:32% % – 40% of residents feel that local social inequality is becoming larger than before earthquake 15
  16. 16. 汶川地震灾区居民重建恢复情况调查 Lessons learned 研究设计与主要发现 16
  17. 17. • Chinese government has shown its high efficiency in the reconstruction in housing, infrastructure, as well as employment housing infrastructure • Local people still feel problematic in some aspects, especially in justice, equality issues… local government will face more challenges… issues challenges • Social scientists should and could play a more important role in the management of risk/natural disaster disaster… – reconstruction is not only material but also social… – importance of needs assessment and policy evaluations – some findings and suggestions have been incorporated into policy making… • The third round survey is being planned… • International cooperation in future research is welcome
  18. 18. Institute • Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development (CASTED) – a policy research institute under the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) – mainly conducting policy research on s&t development strategy • Institute of Science, Technology and Society Science (ISTS) is one of the institutes of CASTED • Main research fields includes includes… – Sociological studies on risk and disaster www.casted.org.cn – Studies on s&t communities – Social environment of innovations 18
  19. 19. Thanks ZHAO Yandong: zhaoyd@casted.org.cn HE Guangxi: hegx@casted org cn hegx@casted.org.cn 19

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